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perial logic, pray read the emperor's re- , hit at the Kaiser. A postscript to Lady Osscript on the suppression of Popery; it is a sory, of that date, informs her of Walpole's model of reasoning that may be applied to having just seen in the Public Advertiser a the restoration of Popery here, for it shows passage in a letter from the emperor to the that everything tient uniquement de la volonté pope, which, says he,“ informs me how little libre et arbitraire des princes de la terre-did the delegates of heaven have occasion to you ever see so happy an union as that of read. Cæsar tells St. Peter, that he poslibre and arbitraire ?” In another, to Par- sesses in his own breast a voice which tells son Cole (Feb. 14), after some allusions to what, as legislator and protector of Religtheir political differences and mutual tolera- ion, he ought to pursue or desist from ; and tion : “ The emperor seems to be of our that voice, with the assistance of dirine party; but, if I like his notions, I do not grace, and the honest and just character admire his judgment, which is too precipitate which he feels in himself, can never lead to be judgment.” And a following one him into error.' There ! Madam, there is (Feb. 22) explains the allusion : "The act imperial infallibility to some purpose! of the emperor to which I alluded, is the Henry VIII. undoubtedly felt the same ingeneral destruction of convents in Flanders, spiration when he became head of our and, I suppose, in his German dominions Church. . . . That inward voice, which the too. The pope suppressed the carnival, as Greeks called Gastromuthos, prattles to every mourning, and proposes a journey to Vienna monarch before he can speak himself, and to implore mercy. This is a little different did so to Henry VI. in his cradle, though he from the time when the pontiffs trampled on lived to lose everything.”—The next is to the necks of emperors, and called it tram- Sir Horace Mann, in April of the same year : pling super aspidem et draconem.” The “ The emperor destroys convents and humsame week Horace writes to Mann, at Flor-bles the pope ; the Czarina preaches toleraence : “You say that the emperor had con- tion, but protects the Jesuits ; and these two sented to receive the pope, from whom he philosophic sovereigns intend to divide Conhas taken at least a third of his tiara. We stantinople, after sacrificing half a million of had heard that Cæsar added, that his holi- lives! In one age, religion commits massaness' visit would be to no manner of pur- cres; in another, philosophy. Oh! what a pose. Perhaps the monarch would not dis- farce are human affairs !” That was Wallike to return the super aspidem et basilicum pole's favorite text, when homiletically discalcabis—yet he may find an aspic under his posed. feet. There is more than metaphoric poison In 1784, when Joseph quarrelled with the still left in the vipers of the Church.” Dutch for the navigation of the Scheldt,
Our next excerpt, from a letter to Cole, Walpole writes to his friend at Florence : dated March 9, 1782, is extra noteworthy. "Your Lord Paramount seems to be taking “ I do not know whether the emperor will large strides towards Holland,”—and afteratone to you for demolishing the cross, by wards again, “Newspapers tell me your attacking the crescent. The papers say he Lord Paramount is going to annihilate that has declared war with the Turks. He seems fictitious state, Holland. I shall not be surto me to be a mountebank who professes prised if he, France, and Prussia divide it, curing all diseases. As power is only pana- like Poland, in order to settle the Repubcea, the remedy, methinks, is worse than lic! perhaps may create a kingdom for the the disease. ... I do not approve of con- Prince of Orange out of the Hague and five vents : but, if Cæsar wants to make soldiers miles round.” In a subsequent epistle (Nov. of monks, I detest his reformation, and think 8): “I shall not wonder if Cæsar, after that men had better not procreate than com- ravaging, or dividing, or seizing half Eumit murder,--but what avail abstracted spec- rope, should grow devout, and give it some ulations? Human passions wear the dresses novel religion of his own manufacture.” of the times, and carry on the same views, Anon the papers tell Horace the Dutch are though in different habits."-We must pass drowning their country to save it: he does on to February, 1783, to get another such not know much, he writes to Mann (Dec. 2), * Walpole's Letters, vol. viii. pp. 143, 151, 154,
“ of the war between the Austrian Eagle 161, 166.
and the Frogs, though they say it grows very
serious. The latter began the attack by a trian bird of prey set about his reform, the deluge "--which means, their opening the nobility of Flanders presented a memorial to dykes. “Your holy neighbor, no doubt, re- him, observing that most of the monastic joices that the Huguenot commerce is had not been royal foundations, and therethought a preferable morsel to the temporal fore they hoped from his imperial equity that ities of the Church, which I suspect to have he would restore to the respective families been a weighty ingredient in Cæsar's late the lands which their ancestors had given reformations, as they were in Luther's (of away from their posterity to the Church. whom, by the way, Walpole could never Cæsar made no reply, for he could make none speak well]. Nor will he squander them as that had common sense-but he did not seize Henry the Eighth did, on his courtiers.” an acre or a ducat the less.” To her LadyNor did he, as we have seen Allison remark- ship again (Sept. 17), à propos of her lord's ing; but Walpole implies that Joseph would shooting campaign in Northampshire : "Joappropriate them to himself, or spend them seph II., who is as keen a sportsman as Lord on war,—which he did not.
Ossory, is going to shoot in Holland ; Lord Early next year, the same letter-writer Rodney, who is just arrived from Spa, brings, tells the same recipient (Feb. 2, 1785): that forty thousand men are on their march. “The great scene that Europe expected is Others add, that this imperial murderer is in said to be laid aside, and that France has danger from a swelling in his side-I hope signified to the Dutch that they must sub- he will die soon! His death would save two mit to the emperor, and that they will— hundred thousand lives to Europe at least.” happy news for one or two hundred thou- The same good wishes again next month sand of the living! Whether the mass of (Oct. 27): “When General Johnstone remurder will be diminished in future by that turned [from Vienna) a fortnight ago, I told arrangement is another question. The re- him I hoped he had left everybody well in vival of the kingdom of Austrian Lombardy Germany but the emperor.” To Mann (Oct. —which, says Walpole in a foot-note, is what 30): “ You may be sure I am glad that Cæsar the emperor meditated-looks as if the is baffled. I neither honor nor esteem him. eagle's eastern wing would expand itself as if he is preferring his nephew to his brother, well as the western.” Again (July 25): it is using the latter as ill as the rest of the
Though three millions sterling from the world.” (This refers to the election of King plunder of convents is a plump bellyful, I of the Romans.)– To the Earl of Strafford, don't believe the Austrian Eagle will stop in August, 1786 : “ We shall be crammed, I there, nor be satisfied with private property: suppose, with panegyrics and epitaphs on ... He has shown that he thinks nothing the King of Prussia ; I am content that he holy but the holy Roman empire. ... One can now have an epitaph. But, alas! the can care little about the upshot of such emperor will write one for him probably in squables. Were I to form a wish, it would blood ! and while he shuts up convents for be in favor of the pontiff rather than of the the sake of population, will be stuffing hosemperor ; as churchmen make conquests by pitals with maimed soldiers, besides making sense and art, not by force and bloodshed, thousands of widows !” (To which is aplike princes." The italics are Walpole's pended a sort of historical parallel from the
reign of Henry V.)- The Brabant business He underscored that sentiment of hypo- in 1787 adds fresh fuel to Walpole's flaming thetical preference, because he had a strong wrath. “Have you seen, Madam," he asks feeling on the subject. This he shows by re- Lady Ossory (Sept. 6), “ the horrible maniterating it, in a letter to Lady Ossory (Au- date of the emperor to General Murray? gust 10, 1785): “Cæsar is said to have al- Think of that insect's threatening to sacriready realized three millions sterling by the fice thousands of his fellow pismires to what suppression of monarchism ; and by that he calls his dignity! the dignity of a mite, wealth he will purchase a deluge of blood ! that supposing itself as superior as an earSuch reformers make one regret Popery! wig, meditates preventing hosts of its own
. . I have been told that when this Aus- species from enjoying the happiness and the * Walpole's Letters, vol. viji. pp. 174, 337, 360, moment of existence that has been allotted 500, 518, 520, 629,530,539, 575.
to them in an innumerable succession of
ages ! But while scorn, contempt, and Sicilian Dionysius, and has seen numbers of hatred kindle against the imperial insect, his innocent subjects massacred, etc. Joseph, admiration crowds in for the brave pismires with the flippancy of a French prater, has who so pathetically deprecate their doom, violated oaths and laws, and plundered, in yet seem resigned to it. I think I never order to support an unjust war of ambition, read anything more noble, more touching, while he is the tool of the northern Semirathan the Remonstrance of the Deputies to mis, whom I call by a name that sounds Prince Kaunitz.”—In June, 1787, we have quite Russian, Catherine Slay-Czar." Walpole hitting out at “ two such bloody- There is hardly any recognizing in Walminded vultures, cock and hen, as Catherine pole's Cæsar the kindly, simple, modest unand Joseph. ... Oh! I wish Catherine and pretending, well-meaning Kaiser Joseph of Joseph were brought to Westminster Hall whom we read in ordinary history and essay. and worried by Sheridan!” Richard Brins- 1-But he happened to fall within Lord Orley had just delivered his Begum speech.- ford's select circle of cherished aversionsAgain, in September: "I am glad that those an entrance into which was greatly faciligigantic incendiaries, the Russian Empress tated in the case of royalty; and so it came and Austrian Emperor, are so hampered, to pass that for long years his name was disappointed, mortified ; nay, I prefer to consistently and systematically blackened by them "—this is to the Countess of Ossary-one of the best of good haters. “the — of Babylon and Pagan Turks, who About two months after the last quoted were living quietly and honestly on the extract was written, Kaiser Joseph was a cheats and robberies of their predecessors dead man. He had worn himself out by inand forefathers, and disturbed nobody.” cessant exertions, mental and bodily. His With one other piece of invective we will last hours gave evidence of an affectionate conclude these Horatian amenities. It is warmth of feeling, and he is said, on good from a letter in December, 1789, to the same church authority, to have made an edifying lady of title and taste: "I was in town on end. He expired, very tranquilly, on the Wednesday, and was told that the emperor 20th of February, 1790, in his forty-ninth had made a truce for two months with the year. He was handsomely made-with a Flemings, which was likely to be followed by pair of eyes engagingly expressive and a peace. I am glad that they will be relieved, “ beautifully blue.” Hence the saying, and that He is baffled and mortified. There " imperial blue,” according to Menzel, to is a wide difference between Joseph and denote that color in other besides imperial Louis (the Sixteenth], as between their pres- eyes. ent situations. The latter, without being an aggressor, was willing to amend a very bad * Walpole's Letters, vol. ix. pp. 3, 12, 26, 28,
65, 108, 122, 128, 144, 146, 240. government, and has been treated like a
SAAKSPEARE'S GARDENS are saved to the tory if we did not add that this “Holy Land” public forever! New Place was not sold yes-, of England, as we have ventured to call it, will terday, as advertised, by auction, but was dis- be conveyed, under trust, to the Mayor and poser of on the 22d inst. by private contract. Corporation of Stratford-on-Avon. Henceforth The purchase-money was £1,400. Half of that it is the honorable mission of that municipality sum has been already subscribed ; and there to guard this hallowed ground. They are nomcannot be the slightest doubt but that the other inally the proprietors, on the reasonable condihalf will be immediately forthcoming, and that tion that never shall a building be crected in the Mr. Halliwell, who has, in the mean time, gardens, and that to the latter the public shall secared the property, will have no reason to do be freely and gratuitously admitted forever. It other than congratulate himself on his assuming is impossible, so far, that anything could be what we may well call this national agency. more complete and satisfactory than this arMr. Sheridan, M.P., and Mr. G. L. Prender-rangement, the accomplishment of which is most gast, author of a “ Concordance to Milton,"creditable to Mr. Halliwell. It only remains have each subscribed £100, and Mr. Payne for the public to supply the remainder of the Collier and other gentlemen have expressed purchase-money, and ibns have the privilege of their readiness to contribute to the good end in sharing in a worthy deed-one of moment view. In affording this intelligence, we feel it enough to almost stir the honored dust that lies would be altogether incomplete and unsatisfac- close by in Stratford Church.- Athenaeum, 30 Oct.
A POET'S GRAVE.
While memory bids me weep thee
Nor thoughis nor words are free. QUINNAHUNG NECK (Hunt's Point), a spot The grief is fixed too deeply, well meet for such occupancy, is the last rest- That mourns a man like thee. ing-place of the mortal remains of Joseph Rod
- Protestant Churchman. man Drake, author of “ Culprit Fay," and “The American Flag." His own gentle Bronx runs near the grave, and naught intrudes on the luxury of silence and solitude, save the sighing
QUA CURSUM VENTUS. of the zephyrs and the lullaby of the ocean.
BY ARTHUR HUGH CLOUGH. Here he was wont to wander in the days of childhood ; here the spring-tide of his years As ships becalmed at eve, that lay, was passed. Autumn and winter he had none,
With canvas drooping, side by side, so short was his career. In anticipation of such Two towers of sail at dawn of day a scene, he seems thus to have attuned his heart
Are scarce long leagues apart descried ; to melody :
When fell the night, upsprung the breeze, “Gray o'er my head the yellow-vested willow And all the darkling hours they plied,
Ruffles his loary top in the fresh breezes, Nor dreamt but each the self-same seas Glancing in light, like spray on a green billow,
By each was cleaving side by side : Or the fine frost-work which young Winter freczes,
E'en so—but why the tale reveal When first his power, in infant pastime trying, Of those whom year by year unchanged, Congeals sad Autumn's tears, on branches ly- Brief absence joined anew to feel ing.”
Astounded, soul from soul estranged. A square pillar marks the poet's grave, bear. At dead of night their sails were filled, ing the following inscription :
And onward each rejoicing stecred
Ah, neither blame, for neither willed
Or wist what first with dawn appeared !
To veer, how vain! On, onward strain,
Brave barks! In light, in darkness too,
Through winds and tides one compass guides
To that and your own selves be true.
But o blithe breeze ! and O great scas,
Though ne'er, that earliest parting past, The following lines on the death of Drake On your wide plain they join again, are from the pen of Fitzgreen Halleck :
Together lead them home at last.
One port methought alike they songht,
One purpose hold where'er they fure, None knew thee but to love thee,
O bounding breeze, O rushing scas !
At last, at last, unite them there!
Say not the struggle naught availeth,
The labor and the wounds are vain,
The enemy faints not, nor faileth,
And as things have been things remain. When hearts whose truth was proven, Though hopes were dupes, fears may be liars, Like thine, are laid in earth,
It may be in yon smoke, concealed
Our comrades chase e'en now the fliers,
E’en now possess the peaceful field ;
For though the tired wave, idly breaking, To clasp thy hand in mine,
Seems here no tedious inch to gain, Who shared thy joy and sorrow,
Far back through crcek and inlet making, Whose weal and woe were thine
Came, silent flooding in, the main-
And not through eastern windows only
When daylight comes, comes in the light, And though I've oft essayed it,
In front the sun climbs slow--how slowly ! I feel I cannot now.
But westward, look ! the land is bright.
THE LIVING AGE.
ERRATUM.--No. 918, p. 18, seventh line from the last-instead of 86° 56', read 80° 56'.
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