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The Judge upon the Justice-seat,
The brown-backed beggar in the street,

The spinner in the sun,
The reapers reaping in the wheat,

The wau-checked nun

song of old

XX. In convent cold, the prisoner lean In lightless den, the robèd queen,

Even the youth who waits, Hiding the knife, to glide unseen

Between the gates :

Now let us raise a song of praise, like Miriam's A song of praise to God the Lord, for blessings

manifold ! He lifteth up, he casteth down ; he bindeth, mak

eth free; He sendeth grace to bear defeat; he giveth vic

tory! Fling out, fling out the holy flag broad in the

swelling air ! Its stars renew their morning song. All hail

the symbol fair ! For what the fathers did of yore, the sons have

learned to do; And the old legends, half-believed, are proven

by the new.


He nothing human alien deems
Unto himself, nor disesteems

Man's meanest claim upon him.
And where he moves the mere sunbeams

Drop blessings on him;


Because they know him Nature's friend, On whom she doth delight to tend

With loving kindness ever, Helping and heartening to the end

His high endeavor.


Therefore, though mortal made, he can Work miracles. The uncommon man

Leaves nothing commonplace : He is the marvellous. To span

The abyss of space,

The East and West have shaken hands, twin

brained and twin at heart; In the red laurels either wins, each has a broth

er's part. Oh, hear ye how from Somerset the voice of tri.

umph calls ! Hear how the echoes take it up on Henry's con

quered walls ! And wilder yet the thrilling cry: Fort Donelson

is ours ! Like chaff before the roaring North fly fast the

rebel powers. New Orleans sees her doom afar, and lifts a

palsied arm, And haughty Richmond's drunken streets are

sobered with alarm. Up Carolina's frantic shore the tide rolls black

and dire; The thunder's voice is in its heart, its crest

avenging fire ! Proud Charleston trembles in her sin, Savannah

bows her head, And Norfolk feels the firm earth shake beneath

the Northmen's tread. On inland slopes and by the sea are wreck and

flying foe; And fresh in that unwonted air the flowers of

freedom blow !

XXIV. To make the thing which is not be, To fill with Heaven's infinity

Earth's finite, to make sound The sick, to bind the broken, free

The prison-bound,


To call up spirits from the deep
To be his ministers, to peep

Into the birth of things,
To move the mountains, and to sweep

With inner wings


The orb of time, is his by faith;
And his, whilst breathing human breath

To taste before he dies
The deep eventual calm of death,

Life's latest prize.

Then honor, under God, to those, the noble men

who plan, And unto those of fiery mould who flame in bat

tle's van! For, oh, the land is safe, is safe ; it rallies from

the shock! Ring round, ring round, ye merry bells, till every

steeple rock! Loud let the cannon's voice be heard! Hang all

your banners out! Lift up in your exultant strects the nation's tri

umph-shout! Let trumpets bray and wild drums beat; let

maidens scatter flowers! The sun bursts through the battle smoke. Hurrab, the day is ours !

- Boston Advertiser.

If such a man there be, howe'er
Beneath the sun and moon he fare,

That man my friend to know
To me were sweeter than to wear
What kings bestow.

-All the Year Round.


No. 929.-22 March, 1862.


PAGE 1. Capt. Slaymaker and the Second Iowa Regiment, Fort Donelson,

626 2. Newton as a Scientific Discoverer,

Quarterly Revier,

627 3. The Contest in America, by John Stuart Mill, . Fraser's Magazine,


648 4. Retrospect of the American Difficulty,

Macmillan's Magazine,

657 5. The United States,

Good Words,

664 6. The Latest Thing in Ghosts,

Once a Week,

665 7. The Earthquake of Last Year, .

All the Year Round,

667 8. Cartes de Visite, .

Once a Week,

673 9.

Chambers's Journal,

677 10. A Chinese Case of Breach of Promise of Marriage, Dublin University Magazine, 682

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SHORT ARTICLES.—Danger of Bad Milk, 647. Pure Water to Towns, 647. Dialect of Leeds, 666. Wild Boars on Vesuvius, 672. Mark Lemon's Lectures, 672. Mignet's Paper on the Life and Works of Henry Hallam, 672. A Gigantic Cephalopode, 688. Sounds by Galvanic Currents, 688. Ammonia from the Waste Gases of Coal, 688.


For Sis Dollars a year, in advanco, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING Age will be punctually for warded free of postage.

Complete sets of the First Series, in thirty-six volumes, and of the Second Series, in twenty volumes, handsomely bound, packed in neat boxes, and delivered in all the principal cities, free of expense of freight, aro for sale at two dollars a volume.

ANI VOLUME may be had separately, at two dollars, bound, or a dollar and a half in numbers.

ANY NUMBER may be had for 13 cents; and it is well worth while for subscribers or purchasers to complete any broken volumes they may have, and thus greatly enhance their value.

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When a brave young hero dies.”—T. Haynes Bayley. IN MEMORY OF CAPT. JONATHAN SMITH SLAYMAKER, Who was killed in the moment of victory, at the capture of Fort Donelson, 14 February,

1862. Aged 27 years. He was one of threc sons given to the army side, their bright bayonets glittering in the sun. by Samuel F. Slaymaker, Esq., York, Penn- The firing slackens. sylvania, and was nephew of the late Gen- “What is more wonderful is, that Capt. eral Persifor Frazer Smith. For several Stone's battery of riflcd 10-pounders, close beyears he had been in business at Davenport, horses plunging and riders whipping: Upward

hind the brigade, is tugging up the hill, the Iowa, and on the breaking out of the rebel- they go, where never vehicle went before, up the lion, volunteered as Lieutenant of a com- precipitous and clogged sides of the hill." No pany of the Second Iowa Regiment. He sooner on the crest than the guns are unlimbered, was soon promoted, and for some time had the men at their posts. Percussion sliells and been acting on Gen. Curtis' staff.

canister are shot from tho Parrot guns at the

flying cnemy. The day is gained a position THE FINAL CHARGE.

is taken the troops surround the guns, and the A lull followed the storm. Our armies enemy bas deserted his post. The 34-pounder were preparing for the grand coup de main, which had caused so much havoc is silenced by by which the place was to be taken. Says Col. Cook's brigade, and the rebels fly to the the correspondent of The World :- main fort in alarm. The day is gained! The " The task of accomplishing this delicate air, and in a few minutes all is lushed.

foc is running! Cheers upon chicers rend the and dangerous cntcrprisc was accorded to Gen. Smith. °His division was divided for the attack of for the night. The surrender followed, as

“In fifteen minutes the lines were disposed into tiro brigades, one under Col. Cook, includ- the reader knows, on the next morning." ing the Seventh Illinois, Twelfth Iowa, Thirteenth Missouri, Fiftieth Illinois, and Fifty-Sec

THE SECOND IOWA COMPLIMENTED. ond Indiana ; Col. Lauman with the Second, Despatch sent to the Adjutant-General of Seventh, and Fourteenth Iowa, Twenty-fifth the State of Iowa :Indiana, and Thirteenth Missouri.

"St. Louis, Feb. 19, 1862. “ Col. Cook took tho right of the attack, men- “ Adjt. N. B. BAKER : The 20 Iowa Infantry acing the centro of the enemy's position. Op- proved themselves the bravest of the brave. posed to them were six Tennessee regiments, They had the honor of Icading the column with the Second Kentucky Regiment. Col. which entered Fort Donelson. Cook took liis inen straight up the side of the “H. W. HALLECK, Major-General.” hill at the highest portion of ihe fortifications and the furthest removed from the river. The

Extract of a letter from Col. Lauman, to regiments went gallantly up the sides of the hill

, his sister in York, Pa.: and then encountered the barricade of felled tim

S“HEAD-QUARTERS OF U. S. FORCES, ber and brushwood. The cnemy's infantry kept

Fort Donelson, Tenn., Feb. 18, 1862. a rain of tiro upon them. A 34-pound gun in “ We have liad a great victory, of which you battery poured down grape and shell upon them. will be apprised long before this reaches you, not, lowever, with very fatal cffect. The men and I only write a few lines to say that I passed stood it without flinching, the lines remaining through unscathed, whilst many a poor fellow unbroken. In accordance with the plan of at- shed his blood for the cause. tack, it was decided that the brigade of Col. Cook “Poor Jack Slaymaker lost his life in making should engage the enemy on the right, while the one of the most brilliant charges on record. brigade of Col. Lauman should make the entree “ He had, with his regiment, reached the into the works further on the left. Ho kept up breastwork, and passed in, when a ball struck an incessant fire of infantry, engaging the Ten- him in the thigh, and sovered the main artery, nessceans, who were safely ensconced behind and he bled to death in five minutes. I enclose the carthworks.

you a lock of his hair, which I severed myself, “ The Second Iowa led the charge, followed by which you will hand to his bereaved parents. He the rest in their order. The sight was sublime. was as bravo and gallant a soldier as cver carOnward they sped, licedless of the bullets and ried a sword. After he was wounded, he raised balls of the enemy above. The hill was so steep, himself on his side, waved his sword, and called the timber clearel, that the rebels liad left a gap on his men to go forward, then sank down and in their line of rifle pits on this crest of hill. died. Througlı this gap they were bound to go. Right "I could not help shedding tears as I bent up they went, climbing up on all-fours, their orer lis inanimate remains. line of dark-bluo clothing advancing regularly “ He was a good and steadfast friend of mine, forward, the white line of smoke from the top of and I mourn him very much. It is melancholy the works opposed by a line from our troops. to think that the first iime he was under my com

“ They reach the top! Numbers fall! The mand should be the last. But he died gloriously, suspense is breathless! Sce, they climb over what more can a man do for his country! the works! They fall-they are lost! Another “I mingle my tears and sympathics with his group, and still another and another, close up parents in this their great affliction. I gave an the gip! All is covered in smoke! The lodg - order for the free transportation of his remains ment is made-the troops swarm up the hill. I to St. Louis yesterday."




From The Quarterly Review. not appear a somewhat presumptuous limit1. Memoirs of the Life, Writings, and Dis-ing of the possible capacities of the human

coveries of Sir Isaac Newton. By Sir race, it might almost be said with confidence David Brewster, London, 1855.

not only that Newton stands by himself, 2. Addresses on popular Literature, and on the above all who went before him, and all who

Monument to Sir Isaac Newton. By Henry, have followed in the century and a half of brilLord Brougham, F.R.S. London, 1858. liant scientific discovery which has elapsed

Of all the laborers in the field of science since his death, but that it is (so far as any since the world began, it is remarkable that such speculation can be trusted) impossible there is but one who has attained a popu- that any competitor can ever place himself lar as distinguished from a scientific famc. on the same level with the great interpreter There are multitudes whose achievements are of the motions of the heavens and the earth. recognized in the republic of science, and No one can say that the genius which not a few whose names are honored through- guided Newton through his rapid career of out the educated classes of every country discovery may not be equalled or surpassed within the range of civilization; but if we in some future age of human progress;

but were to seek for a reputation which has not the force of Lagrange's observation must only illumined the study of the recluse and ever remain, that there can only once be the salons of society, but has penetrated even found a system of the universe to establish. to the nursery and the cottage, we should On the other hand, it is not difficult to dishave to travel beyond the bounds of phys- cover many reasons for the broad expanse ical or mathematical science to find another and the deep root of Newton's fame, which name to set beside that of Newton. Colum- have but a remote connection with the merit bus and Galileo might perhaps be cited as of which that fame is the enduring memorial. parallel instances; but it was the adventures The laws which govern the award of fame of the one, and the torture supposed to have would furnish a curious subject of inquiry. been inflicted upon the other, that made The principles on which the critic or the histheir names familiar to a wider circle than torian acts, in meting out the due meed of a scientific reputation commonly embraces. praise to each workman on that great temThose who love to dilate upon the unerring ple of science which has occupied all past instincts of the mass of mankind may fancy generations, and must remain unfinished by that they find in this unexampled apprecia- the labors of all generations to come, are tion of the glory of the great English philos- very different from those on which the judgopher an additional proof of their untenable ment of universal opinion, with a justice of theory; while the more sceptical observers its own, is based. The dignity of the subof the progress of human affairs may be ject matter has at least as much voice in the tempted rather to question the title of New- decrees of fame as the powers displayed by ton to the solitary eminence which has been the rival aspirants for the honor of an imawarded to him, than to acknowledge the sa- mortal reputation. The artist who decorates gacity with which people of all ranks, and a chapel or a shrine, may show as much exthe learned of all nations, have concurred in cellence as the architect who designs a cathethe selection of their chief scientific hero. dral; but the grandeur of his work reflects There is a flavor of truth about both of these a lustre on the one which his fellow-workextreme views. That the popular verdict man may in vain aspire to share. So, in the which has placed Newton on a pedestal conduct of the affairs of the world, the greatapart from all rivals, whether contemporary ness of the sphere in which a man has lived or of an carlier or a later age, is right, is es- has far more to do with his enduring reputatablished by the common consent of all who tion than the sagacity or the heroism which have proved themselves qualified to pro- he may have displayed. The same powers nounce upon so high a controversy, and is which, in the ruler of an empire, would inconfirmed by cvery additional detail which sure an immortality of fame, may be cxhibthe industry of our times has brought to ited by the governor of a province with no light of the pursuits and the methods of the other reward than the cold approbation of greatest inquiring mind which has ever grap- bis superiors, followed by the oblivion which pled with the problems of nature. If it did has settled on many of the greatest names.

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