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From The Spectator. ters, had not taken any action in the quesTHE PROSPECTS OF PEACE AND THE tion, and was vaguely believed to be unfaWISH FOR WAR.
vorable to that rash act, while there is every THE President's Message has by no means reason to hope that the Admiralty order wait settled the moot question on which so many one of those isolated departmental impulses, lives, and probably so many liberties, de- unapproved by the Cabinet as a whole, of pend. The issue between the United States which we have recently had so many inand Great Britain is, to use Lord Russell's stances. Certainly, if Mr. Lincoln had invaluable and really needful idiom, “con- : wished to mark his approval of what had spicuous by its absence,"—from which, as been done, he would also have wished to the bias may happen to lead them, men ar- elicit popular support for his policy, in which gue almost what they will. That there are case a paragraph in the Message might have those who wilfully shut their eyes to all roused the whole Union to enthusiastic defichances of peace in the hope of rousing the ance of England. As this is not so—as the English nation to the red-hot temper in which Northern press, especially the Republican war is inevitable, we are but too sorry to per- organs, are in a very marked degree more ceive. Yet no one who considers the pres- friendly and pacific than they were—and as ent phase of the matter can ignore three very we have every reason to hope that the bankplain results : 1. That the President is at ers and the whole money interest of the least anxious not to appeal to popular pas- North, who are absolutely essential to the sions, but to retain the ultimate decision Government, would be horror-struck by a within the grasp of the Cabinet ; 2. That rupture with England, we must conclude on his Cabinet is in earnest in the civil war, the whole that, so far as the tenor of the and is not, as has been suggested here, bent recent news from America bears upon the on finding in a rupture with England an ex- matter, we have, at least, a shade more hope cuse for hushing up the dispute with the of peace than we were able to entertain last South ; and, 3. That the slavery question week. the touchstone of Northern sincerity in this But while the American news is, at all conflict—is making rapid progress in the events, slightly more favorable to the hope North, as we have shown at length in an- of peace, it is perhaps at first sight less easy other column. Now, all these elements, in to decide whether the attitude of the Engthe most recent news from America, are, so lish people is so or not. If we could fairly far as they go, pacific. Mr. Lincoln's si- judge by the Times of the purpose of the lence leaves it in his power to yield, and nation, we should be forced to the conclurenders it more than probable that he will sion, not only that we are determined to go reply temperately and in a conciliatory spirit, to war if the American answer is a refusal even if he does not immediately yield. The of our demand, but that we wish it to be energy with which the Southern contest is unfavorable, and are anxious to leave no being carried on supplies the strongest pre- loop-hole for peace. It is curious that exsumption that he will not rashly paralyze all actly as the signs of a Northern crusade his efforts by bringing the English navy to against slavery have grown in number and sweep his fleet from the seas, and to raise importance, has the eagerness of the leading the blockade of the Southern ports. The journal for a war increased. But we greatly ripening of the slavery question ought to mistake the symptoms of the popular temper enlist the sympathies of England so far at if the Times does in this respect represent least on the side of the North as to render the people. That any sign of a disposition us exceedingly unwilling to become, if we to hector England into the relinquishment can honorably help it, the allies of the slave- of an important right, or to deter her from owning oligarchy. The only items of news the discharge of a national duty, would that are unfavorable to these hopes are the oblige us to declare war, we are all assured. resolution of thanks to Captain Wilkes in But that the nation desires any opportunity, the Lower House of Congress, and the Ad- -at all events, that it desires to avail itself miralty order approving of his conduct. of this most unfortunate opportunity,—for But, on the other hand, the Senate, which thrashing the North, is, we are certain, is the really important body on such mat- wholly false. Mr. Cobden may be mistaken
--we think he is-in recommending politi- But if they justify the act by the law of cal arbitration as the true solution of the contraband, and express their sincere regret quarrel. The question at issue between us for the irregularity of the way in which it is a legal one, and it would be a very bad was enforced, we join issue on a legal differprecedent for the future to refer the inter- ence, and the violence is entirely disavowed. pretation of international law to the judg. It is strange that the only paper which now ment of any ordinary umpire, however im- refuses to hear of temperate discussion was partial and honest. By the law we must be the very one which at first led the public to judged, for it is the law to which we appeal; believe that the Americans had law on their and if the law has not been violated, there side. The rapid change in the prospects of is no case to discuss. But while thus far the slave question has, we fear, much to do differing from Mr. Cobden, we must express with this change of tone. Nothing can be .our hearty conviction that the drift of pub- forgiven from the Government which conlic opinion is sincerely favorable to any templates emancipation. bona fide reference of the legal question, On the whole, then, we are disposed to be 89 long as the United States Government more hopeful, we will not say much, but defevince a sincere desire to conform entirely initely more hopeful, than we were last week, to the spirit of the law. Should they say, The causes for fear are still the same—the for instance, that they do not justify the in- ignorant insolence of the lower democracy formality of the seizure, and are heartily in America, and the craving for a war with willing to refer the point at issue to any the vulgar North among the Tories, real and legal tribunal with which England will be virtual, in England. The former may rensatisfied, we do not doubt for a moment that der the President's answer one which we the English people would wish to close with cannot even consider ; the latter may make such an offer, nor that the English Govern- it very difficult for us to get over any shade ment would accept it. As regards the in- of unpleasant significance, real or fanciful formality of the seizure by Captain Wilkes, even in such an answer as we could consider. an apology is really all that is needful. The But, on the whole, we feel no doubt that the injury to us is far less serious than it would contingencies of peace are cousiderable: have been had the vessel been carried into that it is, if strictly consistent with law and . a prize court, and though it is most impor- honor, the wish both of our Government
tant to establish the principle that questions and our people ; and that the chances are of law shall not be prejudged by nautical better than they were that a peaceful solucommon sense or nonsense, that point would tion, consistent with law and honor, will not be established by the apology, and the sub- be rendered impossible by the arrogance of Bequent reference of the question at issue ; the North. while we should gain by having the matter judged by a better tribunal than that of the American prize court.
From The Economist. In the event we have supposed, the whole The English nation is most anxious to do temper of the country-in this case very un- what is right, and to do no more, and the successfully indexed by the Times—would English Government is not less anxious. sanction the solution referred to; and the We mean to uphold the honor of England more so, that the anti-slavery drift, which quietly and firmly, at whatever cost, and the politics of the Federal Government are through whatever peril. But we would not now slowly but surely taking, makes all but even appear to force a quarrel upon the a very small knot of Englishmen more United States at a time of weakness and keenly conscious than ever of their uncon- rebellion. We would combine tenacity of querable reluctance to fight in effect for the resolve with suavity of manner. Even now Southern cause. It is simply absurd to say it is said that Lord Lyons is directed to with the Times that violent acts can only be impart the decisive and unfaltering instrucmet by violence. The whole question arises tions which have been sent him as mildly *as to the violence or the legality of the act. and peacefully as possible. He is to tell them If the Federal Government avow the vio- at first to Mr. Seward informally, and to lence, cadet quæstio, and the Times is right. I allow an interval, though of course only a brief one, to elapse before their final and the obstructions before their removal beofficial public communication. We shall comes impossible. Our naval squadron is demand our rights very firmly, but we shall said to be lying off Charleston. An admiral demand them also very quietly.
who did not shrink from responsibility, and we have had many such, -and they
have been our best men-would not have From The Press.
hesitated to interpos3 to prevent such an One of the criminal phases of Northern unrighteous and illegitimate measure of hosbelligerence which was commented upon tility. War or no war, it does not become with indignation in our columns a week ago us to permit a savage and barbarous work has since then, we are glad to see, been of this kind to be carried on under the prominently noticed and condemned in the a leading journal.” We allude to the sav- issue of the question now pending at Wash
very eyes of our fleet. And whatever be the age and malignant object with which two ington, we trust that orders will be immesuccessive expeditions of “ stone-ships" have diately transmitted to the British admiral on been directed against the coast and harbors the station to interpose at once, with our of the South. It is not an act of legitimate broadsides if necessary, to stay the work, war-it is not to assist the temporary block
and to assert alike the interests of the ade by checking sorties of ships of war. world's commerce and the rights of our These stone-laden hulks are to be sunk in
compion humanity. the narrow channels leading in to Charleston and the various commercial ports of the South, with the avowed object of ruining SOMETHING LIKE MANNERS. those cities forever by closing their outlets
An Irishman, in the old days of Protesto the sea. The hulks with their cargoes of tant Ascendency, was run over by a bishop's stones are to be sunk,-apparently have carriage, and merely inquired, in an humble already been sunk,-and it is calculated that manner, as he sat rubbing himself, “ What's the alluvial deposit brought down by the that for?” We feared that his docile race rivers will gather around them, forming an had become extinct, but the following adimpassable bar, and destroying forever the vertisement, which Mr. Punch cuts from a commerce of those " doomed cities ;” and provincial newspaper, shows that there are the Federal vessels of war are instructed to still persons who know how to behave keep watch over these obstructions, cease
respectfully under aggravating circumlessly sailing from one to another, to pre-stances :vent the Southerners from removing them,
“ GENTLEMAN RUN OVER IN CLAYTON till the accumulating sands have rendered SQUARE. If the Ladies who were in the the task impracticable. We lack words Carriage when it was driven over an old adequately to express our horror and indig- Gentleman in Clayton Square, on Monday nation at so diabolical a design. To secure last, between the hours of Twelve and One, for New York a monopoly of the commerce desire to know how he is, they are invited of the American continent, and to vent the to send to No. 34 Seymour Street.” rancorous malignity of the Federal Govern- Nothing can be more polite than this old ment, these Southern cities by the sea are to gentleman, and his delicate way of informbe reduced to desert places, and the jour-ing the ladies of his address savors of the nalists of New York proclaim their fiendish manners of the old school. We do not—no, exultation in the success of the project. This we will not—do such wrong to human natis not the hostility of men—it is the savagery ure as to suppose that he inserts the adof demons. We do not hesitate say that vertisement under the advice of some fiend. every naval power is called upon, in the like attorney, who has failed to find out the interests alike of commerce, humanity, and address of the ladies, and hopes to catch civilization, to interpose. Duty and inter- them this way with a view to legal damages. est alike demand that so savage and ruthless No, we repudiate the thought. The affair is a project should be stopped, and that, where a bit of the manners of the high-bred school the initial mischief has already been done, of other days. There was to be a splendid immediate steps should be taken to remove masked ball, at the court of the excellent
Louis XIV., and all the world worth men- | patriotic oratory has been delivered for some tioning was wrapped up in the costumes, years, with the happy consequences now beand dying for the splendid séte. A young fore the world. count, from Provence, was to be one of the 5. Several Platforms, forming a further most brilliant of the maskers. Three hours portion of the Stump machinery. before the fête, comes to him, dustily, a 6. The White House-name of “ Lincoln ” servant from the provincial château, and on the brass plate. informs him that his lordship’s father is 7. The coat in which Mr. James Gordon deceased. " You are a vulgar fellow, Fran- Bennett, editor of the New York Herald, was cois,” blandly replies the young nobleman, whipped by Eleazar P. Growky. “ and you judge the nobility by the standard 8. The coat in which Mr. James Gordon of the canaille. My father is too much of a Bennett, editor of the New York Herald was gentleman to die at such a moment. Come cowhided by Phineas X. Blazer. to me in the morning.” The old gentleman 9. The coat in which Mr. James Gordon of Clayton Square must surely be a de- Bennett, editor of the New York Herald was scendant of the high-bred young count. thrashed by Ebenezer V. Whopple. We hope he wasn't much hurt.-Punch. 10. A collection of nineteen whips with
which Mr. James Gordon Bennett, editor of
the New York Herald, was at various times THE AMERICAN EXHIBITION
flogged by nineteen slandered citizens. MR. Punch has great pleasure in an- 11. The boots with which Mr. James Gornouncing, in the most officious manner, that don Bennett, editor of the New York Herald, the directors of the International Exhibition was kicked by Epaminondas J. Buffer. have not forgotten the possibility of the ab
12. Six pairs of highlows, and five pairs of sence of Voluntary Contributions from the shoes, with which eleven other slandered citNorthern States of America. The subject izens have at various times annotated the has been taken into grave consideration, and editorial labors of Mr. James Gordon Bennegotiations have been entered into with the nett, editor of the New York Herald. Lords of the Admiralty and the Commander- 13. Remains of the brandy-smash in which in-Chief, in order to the adoption of means Mr. Seward pledged himself to insult Engfor supplying this deficiency, should it un- land on the earliest opportunity, and the fortunately occur. Without entering into glasses from which his sixteen previous details,-as the whole arrangement may be brandy-smashes had been imbibed by that rendered unnecessary by the arrival of statesman. Messrs. Mason and Slidell about the 28th
14. Flags of the Southern Confederacy, December, -Mr. Punch begs to say, that in captured by the Armies of the North. (Promthe event of the Federals declining to send ised conditionally only in the event of such contributions to the Exhibition, the space flags being discoverable.) now appropriated to such articles will be sup- 15. The Declaration of Independence. To plied through the exertions of gentlemen be reverently preserved, and returned to the connected with our naval and military ser- North when a statesman, worthy to fill the vice, and that among the Involuntary Con- place of George Washington, shall demand tributions from the North will be the follow-it. ing articles :
16. Specimens of Jerusalem Snakes, Ring1. The Falls of Niagara (American por- tailed Roarers, Regular Opossums, and other tion)—by the kind permission of the Cana- curiosities of American natural bistory. dian authorities, and to be returned when 17. A B'hoy.—It will be interesting to donc with.
compare this animal with his superior, but a 2. The American Eagle. The interesting member of the same genus, the Gorilla. animal will be provided with a large supply 18. Specimens of American Editorial of its natural food ; namely, Bunkum, to be Writings. (Disinfecting fluid will be found obtained from the offices of the New York in the same case, and labelled “Common newspapers.
Sense.") 3. Several bottles of Hail of Columbia. 19. Secret Treaty for the Partition of Eng4. Curious assortment of Stumps, on which land between the Emperor of Russia, Mr. Seward, and the King of the Cannibal Isl- howling and peals of convulsive laughter, ands.
like that of a multitude of violent idiots. 20. Mr. Brigham Young, the latest ally of Orations in a similar tone and spirit, full the North, and model of his Seraglio. of sound and fury, were delivered by Mr.
21. The original Book of Mormon, as about O'Rangoutang, Mr. G. O'Rilia, Mr. Fitzthe only original work which America has caliban, and other eminent Yahoos, who produced since Knickerbocker's History. gloated on the calamities which they antici
22. Specimens of American Apes, and Nat- pated for England, and expressed, as far as uralized Irishmen, stuffed.—Punch, 21 Dec. they were intelligible, the most truculent
animosity to the British Sovereign and peo
ple. Mr. O'Rangoutang created an imA SAFE DELIVERY AND A WISE DELIVERANCE FROM WAR.
mense sensation by brandishing a dagger, to
indicate how he would like to serve the alien WITHIN the last few weeks there has been should like to see the same thing take place the assembly. a General Gaol Delivery in England. We oppressor, in which performance he nearly
cut his own throat, to the great diversion of in America. For instance, if the Washington Government would only open the door of for the Pope and Captain Wilkes, and of
After giving several rounds of hurroos the prison in which Messrs. Mason and Slidell shouts and yells for Lord Palmerston and are confined, and set them free, what a fear- John Bull, the concourse of Yahoos sepaful difficulty would be overcome! War may rated gnashing their teeth, and retired to be said to hinge on the portal of that very their dens, whooping, shrieking, and utterprison-door. It is a kind of modern Temple of Janus, expressing Peace or War,
ing the most bloodthirsty execrations. Goeither as it is opened, or closed. Let us hope their malice, threw themselves down in the
ing home, many of them, in the frenzy of that the friendship of two such great nations dirt and rolled in it like dogs, yelping, as England and America will never be buried in those odious “ Tombs !”– Punch, 21 Dec. the lower orders of the canine species, to
wbining, and howling, after the manner of
which the Yahoo is nearly allied, being a THE IRISH YAHOOS.
creature between the mongrel and the
baboon.-Funch, 21 Dec. A GRAND meeting of Yahoog was held yesterday at the Pope's Head, for the pur
PATIENCE AND PREPARATION. pose of expressing joy and exultation at the prospect of the war which England is thought
“Let us be calm," say you, John Bright? likely to be involved in with America. The
Oh, yes, we will be calm ;
We'll show that we can arm.
By meek submission to a blow The O'Donoghyahoo, on rising, was re
You make a bully brave; ceived with much grinning, gibbering, chat- But if a ready fist you show, tering, and other demonstrations of ap
Your pardon he will cravo. plause. When the noise had subsided, he began raving, and continued for nearly an
Yes, life is precious, useful gold,
Nor idly to be lost ; hour, pouring forth torrents of foul but al
But if we would our honor hold, most inarticulate abuse of the Saxon, as he
We must not count the cost. was understood, as well as his sputtering and slavering enabled him to be, to style the ob- We seek no quarrel : but, if war ject of his malignant invective, meaning
Be foully on us thrust,
Unnerved it shall not find is, nor England and the English. His discourse
With sword made blunt by rust. terminated with a succession of shrieks and yells resembling those of a hyæna impatient We wait their answer calmly, but for his carrion, and he sat down foaming at
With hand upon the hilt: the mouth. The conclusion of the honora- If they the gate of peace would shut,
Be theirs alone the guilt. ble Yahoo's address was hailed with frantic
-Punch, 21 Dec.