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of some length, entitled " London in a Thousand Years," we have seen, and can allude to it with confidence of the favourable reception which it will experience.
Mr. Roche was twice married, and has left a widow and large family to deplore his premature loss. — Literary Gazette.
SANDERSON, Mr. Thomas; at Shield Green, Kirklinton, Cumberland; Jan. 15. 1829; aged about 70., and under singularly-awful circumstances.
Mr. Sanderson was a remarkable character, for many years resident at Shield Green, Kirklinton, on the romantic banks of the river Lyne. He had been busily engaged in preparing some essays and poems for publication, and had lately said to his friend, Mr. Holmes, of Lyne Cottage, " I am going to be industrious this winter; I shall work by candle-light,'*—a very unusual circumstance with him, as he generally retired to rest soon after night-fall, and rose early in the morning. In pursuance of his new resolution, he prosecuted his literary labours to (forhimj a late hour, but certainly not after midnight; and appears to have made up a cheerful fire of wood, having in a corner of his cottage, near the fire-place, a considerable quantity of dried faggots, sticks, and whins (furze). The same room served him for " parlour,- kitchen, and hall." Here were his manuscripts (in a large box), a rather valuable collection of books, and various domestic utensils. The outerdoor of the cottage was situated at the back part of the premises, and opened into a passage, at the end of which, between the room-door and the wall which divided his from an adjoining tenement, was placed his bed, the only one belonging to the household. When Mr. Sanderson retired to rest, between eleven and twelve, he is supposed to have left some sticks burning in the grate; some of these had probably fallen out soon afterwards, and ignited the combustible materials strewn upon the floor. The fire was first discovered by the inmates of the adjoining tenement, who had just time to escape; and the alarm being instantly given at a farm-house hard by, the farmer, his man, and a boy, used their utmost exer
tions to counteract the flames. Mr. Sanderson, it was evident, had not effected his escape, as his door was fastened, and no one had seen him. After several attempts, the door was at length forced in, and he was found lying behind it, dreadfully scorched by the fire, which was blazing all around him; even his shirt had been burnt entirely from off his back, after he had left his bed. The farmer, not being able to enter on account of the beat, laid hold of one of Mr. Sanderson's legs, and endeavoured to draw out his body; finding this difficult, on account of some boxes which stood in the way, he at length got hold of one of his arms, but it had been so fearfully burnt, that the skin and flesh gave way. However, he at length succeeded in getting out the body, and in removing it from the scene of destruction. From the dreadful manner in which the head and body were scorched, it was left for dead upon tire green near the door, as there was no sign of animation, and it presented the most frightful appearance, having been burnt completely black. The only ports left untouched were the legs below the knees, which had been preserved by some boxes, and a portion of the right cheek, and the palm of the right hand, on which Ins cheek is supposed to have rested while he was in u reclining position behind the door. The flames were still raging with great fury, and much that was valuable was yet within their reach; therefore the body was neglected, and left upon the green for nearly two hours, exposed to a piercing atmosphere. But what was their astonishment when, on going to remove the body of Mr. Sanderson, they found it gone! Animation had relurned, and he had walked or crept to some distance from the spot where he was laid down. After a search he was discovered standing against a tree, presenting such a horrid spectacle as human eye scarcely ever beheld. When he was first spoken to, he enquired where he was, and said, " For (jod'a sake, let me have a bed to die on; I shall not be long in this world." He was then taken to a farm-house, and put to bed, where he lay conversing about his affairs, apparently suffering little pain, and the next day calmly breathed his last. Whilst he was thus conversing, he gave directions respecting his funeral. After be had been put to bed, he anxiously enquired after his manuscripts, which he was told had fallen a prey to
the flames. He replied, in a manner that evinced both a deep concern and a longing after literary fame, —" Then all is lost!" A short time before he died, he faintly articulated, " I die, as I have lived, in peace with all mankind." The manuscripts above alluded to were nearly saved, but an ultoward accident consigned them all to destruction. The farmer, at the imminent hazard of his own life, rushed through the flames to preserve the literary treasure, which he knew was deposited in a chest. He succeeded in laying hold of the chest, which was partially burned; but as he was making his way out with it the bottom gave way, and all the manuscripts fell a prey to the destructive element. The unfortunate sufferer saidj that when he rushed from his bed, he reached the door in a stnte of perfect sensibility, which he remembered well, but he became confused by the dense smoke, and a sense of the imminent danger to which he was exposed; and he was convinced that he might have made his escape, had he not in his confusion, whilst endeavouring to unlock the door, always turned the key the wrong way. — Mr. Sanderson was the son of the llev. Mr. Sanderson of Sebergham, Cumberland, and was born in 1758; consequently he was in his 71st year. There was little of incident in bis life. Carefully and classically educated, he for some years taught a school with success. He had an aversion for the bustle of the world; he neglected the Graces, and courted solitude; yet he was sensibly alive to the charms of literature, and his heart was thoroughly imbued with the best feelings of our nature* In religion a sincere Christian — in politics an ardent lover of his king, country, and constitutional order. His personal appearance, latterly, was strongly indicative of the seclusion and loneliness of his life. His head and eye were fine; but his general conformation was little in unison with the laws of elegance; while, from long practice, his speech and his garb alike partook of rusticity. These peculiarities, however, were of no moment. If the casket were rough, the jewel within was of the highest value. Heart, soul, knowledge, talent, honour, "melting charity," and brotherly love, were there. As an author, Mr. Sanderson first became known to the public by prose and poetical pieces, published many years ago, under the signature of "Crito," in the Cumberland Packet,
then the only newspaper in Cumberland. Subsequently he occasionally contributed to the literary department of the Carlisle Journal. In 180O, he published, in Carlisle, a small volume by subscription, entitled, ** Original Poems, by Thomas Sanderson," adopting from Horace the motto, "Supplex populi suffragia capto." His uniformly neat manner of expressing himself in writing is exemplified in his " Advertisement" to that work, dated " Burnside, August 16. 1800:"—
"A great part of the following poems was written in a sequestered village in the north of Cumberland. If the reader find pleasure in their perusal, I shall not consider that I have written wholly in vain; if he complain of wearisomeness and shut the book, I shall not, like many unsuccessful candidates for the laurel, charge him with want of taste and discernment; but consider myself deficient in those powers which are necessary to the success of every work, whether its object be pleasure or instruction."
The poetry in the volume is on various subjects, and various in merit. We could willingly dwell upon it, and cull that which would gratify the reader who has never met with the volume; but the length of this article forbids us. We, however, extract the following stanzas, because they present a faithful picture of the author's peaceful and humble mind: —
"Heaven! while Ambition's sons aspire
To reach the heights of wealth and
power, O let me to the vale retire,
Where Quiet twines her silent bower. There let my humble heart receive
The bliss that peaceful life affords; Another's pleasure let rre give
To Gratulation's lively chords. Or, 'mid the shade of human days,
With kindred sadness let me roam, Catch the long sigh Misfortune pays,
And makeCompassion'scell my home. Hence in each tender feeling tried,
My lowly lot I'll prize the more; And thoughtful o'er life's ocean glide,
Till silent rest the dashing oar!"
After the establishment of the Carlisle Journal no other periodical was favoured with Mr. Sanderson's occasional productions. Its columns contain various prose essays and poetical pieces from his pen. The former are of great merit,
and include an animated Memoir of the late Rev. J. Boucher, MA., to whom the author had previously (in 1800) addressed a Poetical Epistle " on his arrival from America.'* Brown, the African traveller, was closely related to the deceased; and he had nearly completed that enterprising man's life, intending it for his announced " Prose and Verse." Alas! it is now like the author—no longer in existence.* No man could be more respected tlian Mr. Sanderson was by his neighbours. He was by them familiarly termed " Master," in allusion to his former vocation. It is said " there is a tear for all who die—a mourner o'er the humblest grave; " and for the melancholy fate of poor Mr. Sanderson, many a tear was shed by rustics not much accustomed to the "melting mood." His character was marked by many harmless eccentricities; but talents of a high order, united to a mild and peaceful disposition, had gained him the approbation and respect of all classes of men with whom he was acquainted. We wish we could add that his confiding good-nature had never been abused by pretended friends. Mr. Sanderson was passionately fond of rural scenery, and no inducement whatever could prevail upon him, for any length of time, to quit the delightful scenes amongst which he luxuriated on the banks of the Lyne. He had no wish to leave, even in death, the spot to which he had been so strongly attached in life; and his dying request was, that he might be buried in Kirklinton church-yard. His request was complied with, and his remains were attended to the grave by a large and respectable body of his neighbours, who sincerely regretted the deplorable event whicli had deprived them of a worthy and excellent neighbour. — Cumberland Pajter.
SANDYS, William, Esq., of Lanarth, in Cornwall, formerly LieutenantColonel on the Bengal establishment; August 21. 1829 ; at Plymouth, deeply regretted; aged 70.
This officer was appointed a Cadet in 1779; and received the commission of Ensign July 29. that year. In 1780, when the belligerent fleets of France and
* His longest prose work is "An Essay on the Manners and Customs of the Cumberland Peasantry," prefixed to the last edition of the Poetical Works of Mr. Robert Anderson.
Spain were off Plymouth, he lost hi* passage and passage-money to India, by serving as a volunteer on board the Monarch, Captain Adam Duncan, without pay or reward ; and, in consequence thereof, he was allowed to proceed to India without prejudice to his rank. In Jan. 1781 he arrived at Fort St. George, and having been promoted to a Lieutenancy in March, commanded a company of cadets, then embodied as part of that garrison, when Hyder Ally was in the vicinity. At the end of that year he applied to join General Goddard's detachment, then serving at Bombay, and where he arrived in 1 782, and was appointed to command a light infantry company.
In 1788 he was appointed, by Lord Cornwallis, deputy Judgc-AdvocateGencral; and in 1790 he was made, in addition, Adjutant and Quarter-master to the two battalions of volunteers, then about to proceed with his Lordship to Fort St. George; where he arrived in Jan. 1791, and was immediately put in charge of all the extra cattle belonging to the East India Company. This charge increased during the war, and this officer became the agent for the carriage of the public camp-equipage of the whole army; in which situation he continued until the termination of hostilities, by the peace of Seringapatam, in March, 1792.
At the storming of Tippoo's lines, on the night of Feb. 6. 1792, this officer was one of those who conveyed the orders of Lord Cornwallis, principally to the 74th regiment, within the bound hedge. On the morning of the 7th he was directed by his Lordship to proceed cautiously (with as many troopers as he judged necessary) towards the Carri Ghaut hill, to which his Lordship meant to retire when the day broke, to ascertain whether it was in possession of the British or the enemy . for, although the hill was not three-quarters of a mile in the rear in the centre column, no communication from it had been received. He was well mounted, but found much difficulty in tracing his way. From the flashes of the guns ho could only discover the hill at intervals; and in crossing a ravine he lost the troopers. He continued, however, to advance cautiously, but it was so dark, that he arrived close upon the hill before he well knew where he was. He heard a sentry cough, and immediately challenged three times: but no answer being reactive part of the campaign of 17 92--S he had 184 elephants under his charge. The choice of the appointments at that time vacant was given, by Lord Cornwallis, to this officer, and he chose that of Fort-Adjutant; to which afterwards was added the Barrack-mastership of Fort William, which he held during the years 1794, 5, 6, and 7, acting as Town-major frequently; and he was appointed Aid-de-Camp to the acting Governor-General.
turned, he now imagined that the hill was in possession of the enemy. All was still and quiet; but being unwilling to return without accomplishing the object for which he was sent, he asked, in a loud voice, "Who commands?" intending that his voice should reach the top of the hill; when, to his astonishment, a voice, which he knew to be that of Colonel Close, the Deputy AdjutantGeneral, replied, seizing the reins of his horse at the same time, " General Medows!" He found himself close upon the column, and saw the General, Colonel Cockerel!, and several other officers. General Medows asked if Lord Cornwallis was well; and having answered a few more questions, Lieutenant Sandys was impatient to return to his Lordship, and galloped away. At this time the day had so far advanced, that a person might be discovered at the distance of fifteen or twenty yards. He soon met Lord Cornwallis, and the troops, retiring from under the cannon of the fort towards the hill; and astonished his Lordship by reporting that he had found General Medows' army under the Carri Ghaut hill. The army arrived at the CarriGhaut hill just before it was daylight, and before the enemy perceived that the centre column had retired. His Lordship now gave orders for the relief of the troops on the island, and soon after the enemy commenced their attack upon Sihbald's redoubt.
With regard to the nature of the appointment held by this officer, it may be observed, that the convenience of corps and individuals depending upon the exertion of the agent for the carriage of camp-equipage, subjected him to almost constant personal exertions throughout the range of an extensive line, and to litigious and Controversial correspondence; yet Lord Cornwallis acknowledged that he had never received any complaints of partiality in allotment, or of n want of exertion to give immediate remedy or assistance when required by corps. In 179:! he returned to Bengal, having had under his charge, during sixteen months of the most active period of the war in Mysore, 102 elephants, 10OO head of other cattle, with about 700 people attached to them. The whole of his salary (there were no emoluments) amounted to 2400 pagodas; and he was obliged to keep three horses to perform his duties, of which foraging was a principal one. In the
In 1798 he was appointed agent for the supply of military stores, which office he held until about to embark for Europe, in Jan. 1803, when he was promoted to the rank of Major; having, in the intermediate time, been directed by Lord Wellesley, the Governor-General, to act as Adjutant-General to the army in Bengal, still continuing to hold the appointment of Agent of Stores.
It should here be noticed, that shortly after the arrival of Lord Wellesley in Bengal, in consequence of orders from the Court of Directors, his Lordship canvassed and sifted, for six months, with singular scrutiny, and the unwearied application of the public officers, the appointment of this officer as Agent of Stores; and in May the Marquess rescinded the orders respecting his appointment, which he had issued in December preceding; and at his public levee on the King's birth-day, in I8OO, his Lordship stated, that the investigation, although most severe, had done this officer much honour, and he congratulated him upon the result. Lord Wellesley further added, that he had, in consequence thereof, extended his appointment upon the old footing for six months; and it was renewed, from time to time, while he remained in India, his Lordship declaring, that the gains were as exclusively and fairly this officer's own as much as any merchant's; the risks being his own, and the supplies, on urgent demands, particularly in the last Mysorean war, always readily furnished, and often upon his own advances and credit; and that he saw not how the public interests could be better promoted than by a continuation of the same system.
Lieutenant-Colonel Sandys attained the rank of Captain in 1796, Major 180.1, and Lieutenant-Colonel 1804 ; he retired from the service in 1805. — Eatt India Military Calendar.
SCOTT, Jonathan, Esq. LL. D.; at his residence, St. John's Row, Shrewsbury, February 11. 1829; aged 75.
Dr. Scott was the third son of Mr. Jonathan Scott of Shrewsbury, by Mary daughter of Humphrey Sandford, Esq. of the Isle near that town. He received the rudiments of his education at the Royal Free Grammar School in his native town, which he left for India at the early age of twelve. He continued to reside in that country for many years, during which he proceeded diligently to study its languages and history; and became a Captain in the Hon. East India Company's service. His rising abilities and meritorious conduct soon gained him the patronage of Warren Hastings, Esq. then Governor-general of Bengal, &c. to whom, from his excellent knowledge of the Persian language, he was appointed Persian Secretary, and he was also elected a member of the Asiatic Society, Calcutta.
In Oriental literature in general Dr. Scott was well skilled ; perhaps equalled by few of his contemporaries; and has added much to the store of information respecting the extensive empire of Hindostan.
History was his favourite study, with which, in a political and civil point of view, he was well acquainted.
On his return to England for retirement, he was not allowed to remain inactive, but received the appointment of Oriental Professor at the Royal Military and East India Colleges, &c. a situation which he filled with great credit, and the University of Oxford conferred upon him the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws, June 26. 1805. As an author he will long be remembered in the following works which he published.
In 1786, " A Translation of the Memoirs of Eradut Khan (a nobleman of Hindoostan),containing interesting anecdotes of the Emperor Alumgeer Aurumgzebe, and of his successors Shaw Aulum, and Jehaundar Shaw, in which are displayed the causes of the very precipitate decline of the Mogul Empire." Quarto, pp. 96.
In 1791, "A Translation of Ferishta's History of Dckkan, from the first Mahummedan conquests, with a continuation from other native writers of ihe events in that part of India, to the reduction of its last monarchs by the Emperor Aulumgeer Aurumgzebe. Also the reigns of his successors in the empire of Hindoostan to the period of publication. With the History of Bengal
from the Accession of Aliverdee Khan to the year 1780." 2 vols. quarto, pp. 411. 461.
This work contains several notes showing the History and Manners of the Natives, and illustrating foreign customs and uncommon names.
In 1798, an " Historical and Political View of the Decan," including a sketch of the extent and revenue of the Mysorean Dominions, as possessed by Tippoo Sultaun at the commencement of the war in 1798." Octavo, pp. 56.
This pamphlet contains an appendix, preceded by a refutation of some strictures on the accuracy of the revenue statements, and showing the alterations which have happened in the finance and relative condition of the Prince Tippoo, in consequence of the partition treaty concluded in 1792, and subsequently to the time when the pamphlet was published.
In 1799, "Bahar Danush; or, Garden of Knowledge, an Oriental Romance translated from the Persic of Eiwaint Oollah." 3 vols. octavo.
In 180O, "Tales, Anecdotes, and Letters, from the Arabic and Persian.'* Octavo, p. 446.
In 1811 he published, in six volumes, "The Arabian Nights' Entertainments,'' carefully revised and corrected from the Arabic ; to which he added a selection of new tales, then first translated from the Arabic originals. To these he prefixed a copious introduction, interspersed also by many valuable notes illustrative of the religion, manners, and customs of the Mahummedans.
Dr. Scott was a gentleman possessed of a disposition the most kind and generous, quite retired in his habits, and unostentatious in his manners; whilst his extreme modesty in reference to his literary productions and mental endowments was remarkable, though he was on all occasions most ready to foster and encourage the dawn of rising talent in others; and his townsman, the present Professor of Arabic in the University of Cambridge, is known to have participated in his valuable instructions. He was warmly attached to the Church of England, and adorned the doctrines which he professed by the kind and efficient aid he afforded to every deserving object.
Nothwithstanding the effects of a long residence in an eastern clime, laborious study, and a protracted life, had considerably enfeebled him, yet the energies