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of Lieut-Colonel Geary, of tlie lOth Dragoons. Mr. Toll's three sons, viz., Charles Toll, Esq., the Rev. Ashburnham Philip Toll, and Richard Newman Toll, M. D., all successively took the name of AVuwmn, by the King's sign manual.
Dr. Newman, then Richard Newman Toll, commenced his medical studies at his native town, as pupil to the late eminent Dr. Ker, who was at tliat time surgeon to the Horse Guards Blue, generally quartered at Northampton. Mr. Toll remained three years with him, and went from thence to St. Bartholomew's Hospital; and afterwards, for one year, was assistant to Mr.Bromfield, then Queen's surgeon. Soon after Mr. Toll passed his examination before the Royal College of Surgeons ; and in November, 1775, from the excellent testimonials given him by Mr. Bromficld and Mr. 1'ercival Pott, he was recommended to His Majesty for .the purchase * of the surgeoncy of the 4th, or Queen's own Regiment of Dragoons. His Commission was dated 22d Nov. 1775.
On the I6th of June, 1777, Mr. Toll was married at Hamilton, county of Lanark, to Miss Purdie, eldest daughter of Mr. Purdic, of that place. In October, 1778, the University of St. Andrew's conferred upon him the degree of M. D.; and in 1790, finding his family increasing, lie determined on retiring from the 4th, then at Worcester, in which city he at one time intended to settle. Honourable mention is made of Dr. Toll (with other army surgeons) in the Gentlcrnan's Magazine, for April, 1790 (vol. Ix. p. 305.), when he retired from the army.
Dr. Toll subsequently settled at Hamilton, where he practised as a physician for some years with credit to himself, and was much respected.
In 1802 Dr. Toll took the name of Newman, by the King's sign manual, Ac. on the death of his brother, the Rev. A. P. Newman, without issue, agreeably to the will of his^ great aunt, Frances, daughter of Sir Richard Newman, Bart., and sister and heiress of Sir
'* A few years after the sale of Medical Officer's Commissions was abolished. Mr. Toll gave 500/. for his Commission, and sold it for the same cum.
Samwcll Newman, Bart., of Fivehead Magdalen, Dorsetshire.
At the end of the year 1805, Dr. Newman retired from practice, and fixed liis residence in the neighbourhood of Bristol; living quite retired till his death.
In his prime, his taste in music was very refined and well cultivated ; he was an enthusiast in the works of Handel particularly; and the ancient authors were all his favourites. He never neglected, while be was able, to attend Cathedral service, where it was within bis reach ; and during his residence in London he was acquainted with most of the great professional and amateur performersoftheday. Howasanentertainingand cheerful companion, and was wrapt up in his family circle. His intimate acquaintance with the works of the English Poets, particularly Sliakspeare, and a retentive momory, tended to enliven many an hour of his life.
His remains were deposited in his family vault, in Thornbury Church, on the Gth of October; his two sons, four of his ?ons-in-law, and one grandson, attended his funeral. His tenants met and joined the melancholy procession at Alveston.
Dr. Newman has left two sons, HenryWenman and Ashburnham*Cecil, both unmarried, and seven daughters: Mary, the eldest, was married in 1805, to Captain John Wilson Smith, of the 14th Regiment of Foot; he died the following year, leaving one son: secondly, to W. Jack, Esq., a merchant in Glasgow, by whom she has two daughters and one son. Anne, the second daughter, died unmarried in 1804. Eliza-Ann, the third daughter, was married in 1804, to Robert Lockhart, Esq., of Castle Hill and Camnethan, co. Lanark, and died in 1816, leaving three sons and four daughters. Charlotte, the fourth, was married first in 1815, to John Thomson, Esq., of Kilbank, co. Lanark, a merchant in Bristol, and had a son; secondly, to Major James Price Hely, of His Majesty's service. Susan, the fifth daughter, was married in 1821, to James Joseph Whitcuurch, Esq. Isabella, the sixth, in 1818, to John Joseph Goodenough, D.D., Rector of Bow Brickhill, Bucks, and Master of Bristol Grammar School. They have two sons and four daughters. The seventh, and youngest, Frances, was married in 1826, to William Killigrew Wait, Esq., of Westlmry Lodge, a merchant in the city of Bristol, and has two sons.
Dr. Newman's widow survives him, and he is succeeded in his Gloucestershire estates by his eldest son, Henry Wenman Newman, Esq., who is in the Commission of the Peace and Lieutenancy of Gloucestershire, and holds the commission of Captain of a Company in the militia of the same county. — Gentleman's Magazine.
PARKE, John, Esq., the celebrated musician; and a man alike distinguished by professional excellence and private worth; August -2. 1829.
Mr. Parke was born in the year 1745. For the theory of music, he studied under Baumgarten; and, as an instrumental performer, under Simpson, the best hautboy-player of his time. In 1776, he was engaged by Smith and Stanley, the successors of Handel, to play the principal hautboy parts in the oratorios during Lent; performances which were then honoured nightly by the presence of their Majesties. He was next engaged at Ranelagh, where there was a band of first-rate performers, led by Hay, first violin to the Queen, Crosdill playing the violoncello. This engagement occupied three nights in the week; the other three nights Mr. Parke played at Alarylebone Gardens, which were then in the zenith of their fame, under Pinto, the celebrated violinist.
In 1768, Mr. Purke was engaged to play the principal hautboy at the King's Theatre. About the year 1770, he succeeded Fischer, the hautboyist from Dresden, as hautboy-concerto player at Vauxhall; a situation which be continued to fill many years with universal applause. About the same period, Garrick engaged him at Drury Lane Theatre on the most liberal terms; and he and Garrick ever afterwards lived on the most intimate and friendly footing. Soon afterwards, he was honoured with the patronage and esteem of His Royal Highness tin- late Duke of Cumberland. The Duke, it will be remembered, was passionately fond of the science. He would sometimes call upon Parke in the morning, and order his band to have some music at his bouse, on which occasions His Royal Highness always played the tenor. Besides this, the Duke generally had music three mornings in the week, either at Cu mberland House or at Windsor Lodge, VOL. XIV.
where Parke frequently attended. To the Duke's patronage he was also indebted for the honour of being musician in ordinary to His late Majesty.
It was at one of Queen Charlotte's concerts, at Buckingham House, in the autumn of 1783, that Mr. Parke was introduced to our present Sovereign, then Prince of Wales, who, professing himself delighted with his performance, did him the honour to desire his presence at Carlton House. He accordingly attended, and was immediately attached to the Carlton House band, on a salary of lOOi. a year.
Mr. Parke was now in high repute. He performed at the professional concert, — at the concert of ancient music, which their late Majesties attended every night, — and at many private concerts. For nearly forty years he was also regularly engaged at all the great provincial music meetings.
Having long been in the receipt of a handsome income, and living prudently, though respectably, Mr. Parke was enabled to retire from the duties of his profession about eighteen years since. He composed many concertos for his own performances, but could never be prevailed on to give them to the world. Mrs. Beardmore, who died at an early age, in the year 1822, was his eldest daughter. She was one of the finest pianists and orchestral singers of this country. Mr. Parke has left an amiable widow, one oilier daughter, and a son, who, for his improvement as an architect, has traversed all the classic and interesting regions of the globe. It should be mentioned that Mr. Parke has left behind him an interesting manuscript sketch of the general state of music in England during the last forty years — \fnnthly Magazine.
PHILLIPS, Wiliam, F.G.S.; 1828.
Mr. Phillips was one of the Society of Friends, and well known by some popular works on Geology. These were, "An Outline of Mineralogy and Geology," 1815; " An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy," 1816; third edition, enlarged, with numerous woodcuts of crystals, 1823. Dr. Fitton, in his late annual address to the Geological Society, thus notices his labours: —
"Among the members whom we have lost during the past year, we have had to regret the death of Mr. William Phil, lips, who had been for several years distinguished by his acquirement* and P P
publications on Mineralogy and Geology ; and whose name stands very creditably prominent in the list of persons, fortunately numerous in England, who, though constantly occupied in commerce, increase their own happiness, and promote useful knowledge, by devoting their hours to the pursuit of natural science.
"Mr. Phillips was the author of several papers in our Transactions, all of them containing proofs of the zeal and effect with which he pursued his enquiries. It was after the invention of Dr. Wollaston*s reflective goniometer, that his assiduity and success in the use of that beautiful instrument enabled him to produce his most valuable Crystallographic Memoirs; and the third edition of his elaborate work on Mineralogy contains perhaps the most remarkable results ever yet produced in crystallography, from the application of gonioraetric measurement, without the aid of mathematics. In our fifth volume, Mr. Phillips has compared some of the strata near Dover with those of the opposite coast of France; and has proved, thiit the cliffs on the two sides of the English Channel, though evidently portions of strata once continuous, must always have been separated by a considerable space. He was the author likewise of several detached works, which have materially promoted the study of mineralogy and geology. But the service for which he principally claims the gratitude of English geologists, is his having been the proposer of the Geological "Outlines of England and Wales;" in which his name is joined to that of the Rev. William D. Conybeare; a book too well known to require any new commendation, and to the completion of which we all look forward with increasing interest and expectation." — Gentleman's Magazine.
PLOWDEK, Francis, Esq. LL.D , at his apartments in the Rue Vaugirard, Paris; at an advanced age.
This gentleman was a member of the eminent Catholic family of the name, and brother to the Rev Charles Plowden, a Roman Catholic priest, and tutor at Stoneyhurst, author of several professional works, and to the Rev. Robert Plowdcn, priest at Bristol. The barrister's first works were: "An Investigation of the Native Rights of British Subjects, 1784,"8vo.—" A Supplement to the same, written in relation to the case of the Earl of Ncwburgh, a de
scendant of the Earl of Dcrwentvt-ater, 1785." —" Impartial Thoughts upon the beneficial consequences of enrolling all Deeds, Wills, and Codicils,affecting Lands throughout England and \VaIes, including a draught of a Bill proposed to be brought into Parliament for that purpose," 1789, 1790, 8vo. —" The Case stated, by Francis Plowden, Esq. Conveyancer, of the Middle Temple; occasioned by the Act of Parliament lately passed for the relief of the English Roman Catholics, 1791," 8vo.
In 179'-', Mr. Plowden published "Jura Anglorum ; the Rights of Englishmen; being an historical and legal Defence of the present Constitution," 8vo.; and at the Enca?nia at Oxford, on the 5th of July, in the following year, the honorary degree of I). (',!.,. was conferred upon him. In 1794, it was attacked by an octavo pamphlet, called "A Letter to Francis Plowden, Esq., Conveyancer, of the Middle Temple, on his Work entitled 'JuraAnglorum.' By a Roman Catholic Clergyman." Dr. Plowden's next publications were, " A short History of the British Empire duiing the last Twenty Months; viz. from May, 1792, to the close of the year
1793. London. 1794," 8vo "A
friendly and constitutional Address to the People of Great Britain, 1794,"8vo. In the title-page of this he styled himself "LL. D. of Gray's Inn, Conveyancer." In the same year, John Reeves, Esq., another well-known legal and political writer, printed " The Malcontents; a Letter to Francis Plowden, Esq. ;" and there was also " A Letter from an Associator to Francis Plowden, Esq."
The next productions of Mr. Plowden were, " Church and State; being an Enquiry into the Origin, Nature, and Extent of Ecclesiastical and Civil Authority, with Reference to the British Constitution, 1795," 4to. — "A short History of the British Empire during the Year 1794. London, 1795,"
8vo "A Treatise upon the Law of
Usury and Annuities," 179C, 1797,
8vo "The Constitution of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland,
In 18O3 appeared, in two quarto volumes, his grand work, entitled "An Historical Review of the State of Ireland, from the Invasion of that Country, under Henry II., to its Union with Britain in ISO1. London, 1 K03." Of this, an elaborate critique, by Sir Richard Musgravc, the author of the His14. ; and Mary, the youngest, was married Feb. 2. 1800, to John Morrough, Esq. of Cork. — Gentleman's Magazine.
tory of the Irish Rebellion, appeared in the British Critic, continued through more than one number; and which was afterwards published in a separate form, "with " additions, corrections, and an appendix, under the title of " Strictures upon an Historical Review of the State of Ireland, by Francis Plowden, K-'|; or, a Justification of the Conduct of the English Governments in that Country, from the Reign of Henry the Second to the Union of Great Britain and Ireland." Mr. Plowden published, in reply, two pamphlets, one entitled, " A Postliminious Preface to the Historical Review of the State of Ireland ; containing a Statement of the Author's Communications to the Right Hon. Henry Addington, &c. upon the Subject of that Work; Strictures upon the British Critic, and other Traducers of the Irish Nation; and, also, Observations on Lord Redesdale's Letters to the Earl of Fingal, 1804," 4U. ; and the other, "An Historical Letter to Sir Richard Musgrave, Bart., occasioned by his Strictures on the Historic.il Review, 1805," 8vo. In 18O6, Mr. Plowden published "The Principles and Law of Tithing illustrated, adapted to the Convenience of all Persons interested in Tithes," royal 8vo.; in 1807, " A Refutation of the Charge of having improvidently and maliciously advised the Prosecution in the Case of the King versus Graham," 8vo.; and, in 1812, an octavo edition, in five volumes, of "The History of Ireland, from 1172 to 1810."
At the Liffbrd Assizes, April '!. 1813, Mr. Plowden was prosecuted by Mr. Hart for a libel contained in the History of Ireland A verdict of 5000/. damages was obtained against him: the consequence of which was his retirement to France, where he passed the remainder of his life, we fear not without pecuniary difficulties.
Mr. Plowden's lady died at her son'sin-law, the Earl of Dundonald, at Hammersmith, in July, 1827. She also was an author ; and published, in 1800, "Virginia; a comic opera, in three acts." Their eldest son, Captain Plowden, was shot in a duel in Jamaica, where he was aide-de-camp to General Churchill. The eldest daughter, AnnaMaria, became the third Countess of Archibald, ninth and present Earl of Dundonald, in April, 1819, and died Sept. 18. 18-J2; Frances-Penelope, another daughter, died Nov. 16.1796,aged
PYTCHES, John, Esq.; May 15. 1829; in the King's Bench Prison; aged fifty-five.
He was born at Gazeley, in Suffolk, in 1774, and resided for some years at Groton House, in that county. In 1802 he was returned a burgess in Parliament for Sudbury, being elected on the popular interest. In 1SO5 he joined in the vote of censure moved against Lord Melville by Mr. Whitbrrad. At the general election in 1806 he was again returned for Sudhury, as the second on the poll, having 493 votes. At the election in 1807 he again offered himself, but was unsuccessful. The candidates on this occasion were Sir J. C. Hippisley, Bart, who polled 460 votes; E. F. Agar, Esq., who polled 433; Mr. Wells, who polled 245 ; and Mr. Pytches, who polled 174. Ilcmarried the only surviving daughter of the late John Revet, of Brandeston Hall, Esq., by whom he In-- left issue a son and daughter; the former of whom has assumed the name of Revet. In 18O9 Mr. Pytches published proposals for, and a specimen of, an English Dictionary, which should supersede that of Dr. Johnson's, under the following title, "Plan of a New Copious English Dictionary," fol.: but there the project ended. His other publications are, "Speeches in the House of Commons, from 18O2 to 1805," 8vo.; and " Prize Enigmas" in the Gentleman's Diary. On the 29th of April, 1818, a petition was presented by him to the House of Commons against the oppressive enactments of the copyright act. — Gentleman's Magazine.
ROCHE, Eugcnius, Esq., Editor of the Courier Newspaper; at his house in Hart Street, Bloomsbury; November 9. 1829 ; aged 43.
In recording the death of Mr. Roche, we have to lament the loss of a gentleman whose kindness of heart and amiability of manners endeared him to all who had the pleasure of his acquaintance. This common-place panegyric, applied to Mr. Roche, is literr.lly correct; but his claims upon our recollection are those of a public character — of one who laboured, unostentatiously, in
the field of literature — who silently held forth to his brother-labourer the friendly band of assistance — and who so shaped his course through the angry ocean of poliiics and contending opinions, as to command not merely the respect but the love of all parties, with, out compromising his own integrity. Every transaction of his life — nay, every sentence which fell from his pen (and this, when speaking of a political writer, is an extraordinary assertion), were distinguishable by sincerity of intention, and kindliness of feeling. Few men, we believe, of purer intention ever lived.
Mr. Roche was a scion of the house of Fermoy — distinguished in history by its heroic conduct in the cause of the unfortunate Charles — its devoted attachment to that cause, — Lord Roche having contributed a large portion of his pay, obtained from a foreign service, to the support of Charles II. when in exile; and, by the profligate return made by that monarch for such conduct, his benefactor's widow having been an aged and miserable beggar in the streets of Cork.
We can scarcely call Mr. Roche an Irishman, although he was born in Dublin, in 1786 ; for his parents emigrated with their family to France before he had attained the age of two years. In France Mr. Roche remained until he was eighteen, and received there a liberal education ; in the course of which he distinguished himself by obtaining various prizes. His father (who is still living) held a situation as professor of modern languages under the French government; and strongly enforced on his children the necessity of studying the English and Italian languages: so that Mr. Roche, when he made his way into England in 1804, was an accomplished scholar, having composed various poems in French (which may be called his own tongue), in English, Italian, Latin, and Greek.
Mr. Roche brought with him to London the strongest letters of recommendation to Messrs.Hoare, of Fleet.street, by whom he was received in the kindest manner, particularly by the late Mr. Hoare, in whose house he was a guest for nearly two years.
Before Mr. Roche had attained the age of twenty, he was editor of The Day, a morning newspaper; and, as editor of it, he suffered twelve months' imprisonment for a paragraph adjudged to be a
libel on the government, although it was distinctly understood that such paragraph had been inserted by the proprietors of that journal without his knowledge.
On his liberation from confinement, Mr. Roche bcame editor of The National Register, a weekly paper; and, subsequently, the editor of a magazine called Liler-iry Recreations- It is a curious fact, which, we believe, has not been before mentioned, that in this periodical were printed some of the earliest productions of Lord Byron, Allan Cunningham, and Gaspey. Lord Byron's verses beginning with," There is a mystic thread in life," were enclosed to the editor in a note, stating, that if they were deemed worthy of insertitm in his valuable publication, they were quite at his service; and, if inserted, his Lordship requested that some copies of the magazine should be sent to him.
On the demise'of his Literary Recreations, Mr. Roche took a distinguished share in the editorship of the Morning Post; and it is rather a strange fact in the history of the press, that, after twenty years, he should have returned to the editorship of the Day, the title of which had been changed into the Ntn- Times, and has since been transformed into the Morning Journal. Before this latter change, however, took place, Mr. Roche became a shareholder in the Courier, and editor of that paper.
Mr. Roche's death, notwithstanding he had been for some time past in bad health, was unexpected. His confinement had not exceeded a fortnight; and on Monday morning, the 9th of Nov., 1829, at six o'clock, he expired at his house in Hart Street, Bloomsbury Square.
The only publications of Mr. Roche that bear his name arc two tragedies, called " The Invasion," and " William Tell:" the latter of which was in rehearsal at Drury Lnne when that theatre was destroyed by fire, and was consequently never produced. Mr. Roche also appeared as the author of words to a set of French melodies arranged by Mademoiselle Jams. Of Mr. Roche's editorial labours, or contributions to various temporary publications, it is impossible for us to speak; but we know that he has left numerous manuscripts behind him, which will secure for him the recollection of posterity. From tlicse we trust a judicious selection will be made tor publication. One poem,