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the premature loss of one thus highly and amiably gifted more intensely felt or more deeply deplored. The Ceylon Gazette contained the following tribute to his memory : — “Colombo, Saturday, May 24, 1828. “It is with feelings of no common regret, in which we are sure that our readers will fully sympathise, that we have to announce the death of the Honourable Henry Matthews, Esq., Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Ceylon. This melancholy event took place at his house at Mutwall, at one o'clock in the morning of last Tuesday, 20th May; and in the evening of that day, his remains were interred in St. Peter's Church, in the Fort of Colombo, with the honours due to his rank. The funeral was attended (his Excellency the Governor being absent from Colombo) by the Chief Justice, the members of His Majesty's Council, the gentlemen of the several services, civil and military, and other European inhabitants of the place; by the second Maha Modeliar, and many of the principal Modeliars and Chiefs, as well as a considerable number of the most respectable natives, desirous of testifying their respect to the memory of the deceased. Mr. Matthews was born in 1789. He was educated at Eton, and afterwards became a Fellow of King's College, Cambridge. In 1817 he left England for the Continent on account of ill health; and on his return in 1819, published his “Diary,” which is well known, and generally admired. In the latter end of 1821, having been previously called to the Bar, he was appointed Advocate Fiscal of Ceylon, and fulfilled the duties of that office, with the warm and unqualified approbation of His Majesty's Government, till last October; when he was promoted to the Bench, on the vacancy occasioned by the death of Sir Hardinge Giffard. The short period during which it was permitted to Mr. Matthews to exercise his judicial functions, fully realized the expectations even of those who had been in the habit of listening to and admiring his brilliant efforts as an Advocate. His natural talents were of the very highest order. Strength of mind, quickness of perception, and accuracy of judgment, directed and tempered a warmth of feeling which influenced every action of his life, and an ardour in the discharge of his public duties which neither fatigue nor bodily suffering could damp, nor anything but
death itself extinguish. His attainments, independently of such as were incidental to his profession, were those of an elegant scholar and a polished gentleman. It is scarcely necessary to add, that the death of such a man is a severe loss not only to his profession, but to the public. But it was in the private relations of life, and above all in the bosom of his family, that it was most pleasing to contemplate his amiable and endearing qualities. As a husband and a father, his conduct was above all praise. Such indeed was his devotedness to the dearest objects of his affections, that he might have been supposed to be wholly absorbed in them, if the number of his friends, who now deplore his loss, did not testify that his heart was as capacious as it was open and accessible. His highly cultivated mind and extensive information, his manly and generous sentiments, and the playfulness of his imagination, rendered him the charm and delight of society; and not to love him, was scarcely possible. Kind and affectionate as was his life, his end was in every way worthy of it. On the bed of sickness and of death, his body worn down by lingering disease, he was still the same ; his thoughts still fixed on every one, rather than himself. Fortitude the most undaunted, resignation the most exemplary, marked his last moments; and gave proof, cheering and undeniable, of a mind calmly conscious of its own rectitude.” – New Monthly Magazine. MAWE, Thomas, Esq. Author of “Travels in the Interior of Brazil,” &c. andMember of the Mineralogical Society Jena; Oct. 26, 1829; at his residence in the Strand, after an illness of severe and protracted suffering. Mr. Mawe was in the 65th year of his age; and, through a long life of honourable and successful exertion, few individuals have been more actively or usefully engaged in literary and scientific pursuits. To his enterprise and talent this country was indebted for the most faithful and interesting description of the Brazilian States, which he traversed in the year 1810, under the sanction and auspices of the Prince Regent of Portugal (afterwards King John VI.), for the purpose of inspecting the extensive gold and diamond districts of that empire; being the first Englishman to whom such a permission was granted. His “Travels in the Interior of Brazil,” which first appeared in 1812, took immediate rank amongst the most valuable standard Mulgrave, in the action off Ushanl, between Keppel and D'Orvilliers.
works of that class; and have not only gone through numerous editions in England and the United States of America, but have also been translated into almost all the continental languages, and published in France, Sweden, Germany, Russia, Portugal, and Brazil. Mr. Mawe also contributed essentially to Lamarck's Concliology; published Lessons on Mineralogy and Geology, which volume has gone through many editions; a Treatise on Diamonds; the Linnean System of Conchology; and other useful and successful works. As a mineralogist, Mr. Mawe was deservedly held in the highest estimation, for the variety and importance of his information, and the facility with winch he developed the principles of his favourite science. la the domestic relations of life, as a husband and as a father, he was warmly affectionate, and fondly solicitous for the happiness of his family; as a friend, he was kind, sincere, and stedfast; and in his intercourse with mankind, the cheerfulness of his disposition, the unblemished integrity of his character, the instructiveness of his conversation, and the sunvity of his manners, won for him the respect, the esteem, and the regard of all who knew him. — Literary Gazette*
MONCKE, George Paris, Esq. Captain II. N. ; at Dunkirk ; Nov. 14. 1828.
This officer was the only son of a Captain in the Royal Horse Guards. He entered the Navy in June, 1775, as a midshipman on board the Worcester 64, commanded by Capt. Mark llobinson, and forming part of a small squadron of observation then aboutto proceed on a cruize off Cape Finisterre, under Commodore Sir Peter Parker.
In March, 1777, Mr. Monke was transferred to the Fox, of 28 guns, Capt. P. Fotlieringham. That ship was captured by two American frigates, June 8th following (though afterwards retaken on its way to Boston by Capt. John Brisbane, of the Flora frigate). Mr. Monke was taken in one of them to Boston, where he remained in close confinement for several months. After that period he and his fellow prisoners were exchanged, and reinstated in their former posts on board the Fox ; which ship returned to England in February, 1778.
We next find the subject of this memoir serving in the Courageux 74, and acting as Aid-dc-camp to Capt . Lord
In Sept. 1780, being strongly recommended by Lord Mulgrave, Mr. Monke was appointed to act as Lieutenant of the Harpy fire-vessel, in which he continued until Nov. 1781; when he received a commission for the Warrior 74, Capt. Sir Jami-s Wallace, under whom he served as fourth of that ship in Rodney's battle with De Grasse, April 9 and 12. 1782; on which days her total loss amounted to five killed and 21 wounded. He also assisted at the capture of two French 64-gu-n ships, one frigate, and a corvette, in the Mona Passage, on the 19th of the same month.
On the arrival of the victorious fleet at Jamaica, Lieut. Monke was appointed first of Le Jason 64, Capt. John Aylmer, with whom he returned home in the month of October following; that ship having miraculously weathered the tremendous hurricane, whi.h proved so fatsl to the Centaur, llamillics, Villede-Paris, Glorieux, and Hector, as well as to numerous merchant vessels which had sailed for lingland under the protection of Rear-Admiral Graves.
In 1790 Lieutenant Monke was appointed to command the Speedwell cutter, and employed on various services, under the orders of Lord Howe. In 1792, while cruising on the Yorkshire coast, he captured the Hell-afloat, a very fine smuggling cutter of 14 guns, the exact number mounted by his own vessel.
A short time previous to the commencement of the French revolutionary war, Lieut. Monke proceeded to Hamburgh, for the purpose of bringing over a number of British sailors, who had recently been wrecked in different vessels on the coast of Jutland, and he succeeded in prevailing on a hundred of them to embark with him in the Speedwell. During the passage home — a very stormy one, and prolonged by contrary winds—.hefound himself obliged to keep the deck night and day, in order to secure these men for the Navy, it being known that they intended, if possible, to seize the cutter, run her ashore, and thus avoid impressment. In consequence of the fatigue he endured on this occasion, his health was so seriously injured as to render it necessary for him to resign his desirable command in Aug. 1793.
Lieutenant Monke's subsequent appointments were to the Maidstone friSate, and Ville-de-Paris, of 110 guns, from which latter ship he was promoted to the rank of Commander, in March 1797.
Finding himself now possessed of much unwishcd-for leisure. Captain Monke compiled, and in 1799 published , " A Vocabulary of Sea Phrases, and Terms of Art used in Seamanship and Naval Architecture." The work consists of two pocket volumes, in English and French, containing all the orders necessary for working a ship, and carrying on the duty, as well at sea as in port; by means of which an English prize-mastet, however ignorant of the French nautical language, may navigate a ship of that nation with part of her own crew, whenever circumstances, for a while, prevent a sufficient numher of British seamen being put on hoard for that purpose. In July 1808 Captain Monke was appointed to the Centurion 5O, armed enjlule* and ordered to convey naval stores to Halifax. We subsequently find him commanding the Statiral frigate pro temp, and assisting at the reduction of Guadaloupe. His post commission bears date Jan. 12. 1810.
We now arrive at the unfortunate conclusion of Captain Monke's professional career. In Oct. 1810, he assumed the command of tlie Pallas 32, and proceeded from the Frith of Forth to cruise for a month on the coast of Norway, where his boats, under the direction of Lieut. M'Curdy, captured, in the cove of Siveraag, two Danish cutter-privateers of inconsiderable force. Returning to Leith Roads, pursuant to his orders, he had the misfortune to be wrecked near Dunbar, in the night of Dec. 18., his pilots having mistaken the light issuing from a lime-kiln for the light on the Isle of May, and the latter for that on the Bell Rock. It is not a little singular that, at the very same time, the N'ymuh 36, Capt. Edward Sneyd Clay, though not in company with the Pallas, went ashore under exactly similar circumstances, and was also totally wrecked within a short distance of her.
Capt. Monke was not afterwards employed. — Abridged from Marshall's Ro'/at Nuvtil JHitgraiih'/.
MONTGOMERIE, Lieut.-General James, Colonel of the :10th foot, M. P. for Ayrshire; youngest brother to the late, and great uncle to the present, Earl of Eglintoun; April 13. 1829; at Bath.
Lieut.-Gen. Montgomerien-asthefifth and youngest son of Alexander Montgomerie, of Coylsfield, Esq. (greatgrandson of Alexander sixth Earl of Eglintoun), by Lillias, daughter of Sir Robert Montgomerie, Bart. He was appointed Ensign in the 51st foot, Sept. 13. 177S, and joined the regiment at Minorca early in 1774. At the close of 1775, he exchanged into the 19th foot, and was appointed Adjutant by Gen. James Murray. In 1776 he returned with his regiment to England, and succeeded to a Lieutenancy July 22. 1778. In February 1780 he was appointed- to a Company in the 93d, and sailed with an expedition to the West Indies. Soon after arriving at Jamaica, the 95d was drafted and sent home; Capt. Montgomerie remained in that island on the Staff, as Major of Brigade to Gen. Garth, hut returned to Europe at the end of 1781.
On the reduction of the corps at the peace of 1783, Capt. Montgomerie was placed on half pay; but in November 17SG purchased into the loth foot, and joined in Jamaica. In 1790 he was sent to England on the recruiting service; in February 1793 he rejoined his regiment, and continued with it until 1794. On his return to Great Britain, he was appointed Major of Brigade to Major-Gen. Bruce ; and in March 1794 received the brevet of Major. In May 1795, having been appointed Lieut.-Colonel of the 6th West India Regiment, he sailed with the officers to Martinique, in order to raise that corps; but not succeeding, he offered his services in the expedition under Sir Ralph Abercromby in 179B, was removed April 5. that year to the 31st Light Dragoons, and appointed by that General to command the troops at St. Kill's. He remained there till exchanged in 179S into the 45th, which regiment he joined at Dominica, but was shortly after obliged to return to England from ill health.
lie was appointed Colonel by brevet April 29. 1802, and in 1804 Lieut.-Colonel of the 6'4th foot. In February of the latter year ho was appointed Brigadier-General in the West Indies. He sailed in March with Sir William Myers, Commander of the Forces, and was selected by him to hold the civil and military command at Tobago. In 1805 he was removed to the Colonies of Demcrara and Berbice, where he remained until November, 1808; during the greater part of which time he acted as Go
vernor of tliose Colonies. He was then removed by Gen. Beckwith to Dominica, and in 1809 returned to England. He received the rank of Major-General in that year, the Colonelcy of the 74th regiment iu 1813, the rank of Lieut.General in 1814, and the Colonelcy of the SOth regiment in 1823.
Lieut.-Gen. Montgomerie was first returned to Parliament as Knight for Ayrshire in 1818, and was re-elected in 1820 and 1826. — Royal Military Calendar; and Gentleman''t Magazine.
NARES, the Rev. Robert, M.A., F.R.S., F.S.A., V.P.R.aL., Archdeacon of Stafford, Canon Residentiary of Litchfield, and Rector of Alllmllows, London Wall; March 23. 1829; at bis house in Hart Street, Bloomsbury; aged 75.
Few individuals have departed from this life more deeply and universally lamented by the literary world, and the private circle of attached and distinguished friends, than this accomplished man. Anexemplary divine, aprofound scholar, a laborious and judicious critic, and an elegant writer, his intimacy was courted as earnestly for the instruction it supplied as for the taste and vivacity of manners by which it was embellished; and the merit of those varied talents was exalted by that unassuming modesty which uniformly marked and adorned his character.
He was born at York, on June 9th, 1753 ; the son of Dr. James Nares, an eminent composer and teacher of music, and who was for many years organist and composer to Kings George II. and III.* His uncle, the Hon. Sir George Nares, was for fifteen years one of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas. Educated at Westminster School, be became a King's Scholar at the head of his election in 1767; and was subsequently elected in 1771 to a studentship »f Christ Chnrch, Oxford, where he took the degree of B. A. 1775, and M. A. 1778, and about the same time took orders. From 1779 to 1783 lie resided in the family of the late Sir Watkin Williams Wynne, as tutor to his sons,
* Of this gentleman, there is a satisfactory memoir in the "Biographical Dictionary." He died Feb. 10. 1783.
the present Baronet and his brother tlie Right Hon. Charles Williams Wynne; and from 1786 to 1788 they were under his tuition at Westminster School.
In 1782 he obtained from Christ Church the living of Kaston Mauduit in Northamptonshire, and shortly after that of Doddington in the same county, and in the patronage of the Lord Chancellor. In 1787 he was honoured by the appointment of a Chaplaincy to his late Royal Highness the Duke of York; and in the ensuing year he was nominated an Assistant Preacher of the Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn, where for fifteen years a learned auditory duly appreciated his powers of argument and depth of erudition. In 1790 he assisted in completing Bridges's "History of Northamptonshire," and wrote the preface to that work. In 1795 he was elected F.S. A., and in the same year became one of the assistant Librarians of the British Museum; and afterwards Librarian for the MS. department, where he prepared the Third Volume of the Harleian Catalogue of MSS. published by the Record Commission. This situation he resigned in 1807. In 1798 he was presented to the Rectory of Sharnford, in Leicestershire, which he resigned in 1799, on being collated to the Fifth Stall of the Canons Residentiary of Litchfield; and in the following year was appointed Archdeacon of Stafford. In 1804 he was elected F. R. S. In 1805 he was presented to the living of St. Mary, Reading, which he resigned in 1818 for that of Allhallows, London Wall.
The Archdeacon was thrice married, and left no issue. In 1784 to a daughter of Thomas Bayley, Esq. of Chelmsford. In 1794 to a daughter of Charles Fleetwood, Esq. In 18OO to a daughter of the Rev. Dr. Smith, many years Head Master of Westminster School; and she survives to lament her loss.
His publications were as follows: —'
1. " Periodical Essays, No I. Dec. 2. 1780. — No. X. Feb. 3. 1781."
3. "An Essay on the Demon, or Divination of Socrates," 8vo. 1782.
3. " Elements of Orthoepy; containing a distinct view of the whole Analogy of the English Language, so far as it relates to Pronunciation, Accent, and Quantity, 1784," 8vo.
4. " Remarks on the favourite Ballet of Cupid and Psyche; with some Account of the Pantomime of the Autients, 1788," 12mo.
5. "Principles of Government deduced from Reason, &c. 1792," 8vo.
6. "An Abridgement of the same, adapted to general instruction and use; with a new Introduction, 1793," 8vo.
7. " Man's best Right; a serious Appeal in the name of Religion, 1793," 8vo.
8. In the same year he commenced the British Critic, in conjunction with the Rev. W. Beloe. The editorship was entrusted to the judgment, sagacity, learning, and acuteness of Mr. Nares; and the vigour and perseverance with which the British Critic was conducted through difficult and dangerous times are well known. To each of the half yearly volumes of the British Critic was prefixed n Preface, always written by Mr. Nares, recapitulaiing the literature of the period. Mr. Nares proceeded with the work till the end of the forty-second Volume, and then resigned it to others.
9. "Discourses preached before the Hon. Society of Lincoln's Inn, 1794," 8vo.
10. " A Thanksgiving for Plenty, and a Warning against Avarice; a Sermon , preached at the.Cathedral at Litchfield.on Sunday, Sept. 20. 1801," 8vo.
11." The Benefit of Wisdom, and the Evils of Sin; a Sermon preached before the Hon. Society of Lincoln's Inn, on Sunday, Nov. 6. 1803, and published at the request of the Bench," 8vo.
12. "A connected and chronological View of the Prophecies of the Christian Church; in 12 Sermons, preached in Lincoln's Inn Chapel, from the year 18OO to 1804, at the Lecture founded by Bishop Warburton, 1806," 8vo.
13. " Essays and other occasional Compositions, chiefly reprinted, 181O," 2 vols. small 8vo.
14. "Protestantism the Blessing of Britain; a Fast Sermon, preached at the Cathedral of Litchfield, on Wednesday, February 28. 1810," 8vo.
15. " On the Influence of Sectaries, and the Stability of the Church; a Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Archdeaconry of Stafford, on the days of Visitation, at Cheadle, Stafford, and Walsall, in June, 1812," 4to.
16. "The Veracity of the Evangelists demonstrated, by a comparative View of their Histories, 1816," 12mo.
17. " A Glossary; or Collection of Words, Phrases, Names, and Allusions to Customs, Proverbs, &c. which have been thought to require Illustration in
the Works of English Authors, particularly Shakspeare and his Contemporaries, 18-22," 4to.
18. " A Volume of Sermons on Faith and other Subjects, 1825," 8vo.
19. In 1815 Mr. Nares edited Dr. Purdy's Lectures on the Church Catechism, &c. to which he prefixed a Biographical Preface, giving some account of the Author, and of two of his most intimate friends, the Rev. T. Butler and Lawson Huddleston, Esq. men of distinguished talent and worth.
In 1798 Mr. Nares, in conjunction with the Rev. W. Tooke and the Rev. W. Beloe, revised and enlarged the General Biographical Dictionary,in 15 vols. 8vo. Mr. Tooke's portion of the work was Vol. I. to V. Mr. Nares's, Vols. VI. VIII. X. XII. and XIV.; and Mr. Beloe's, Vols. VII. IX.XI.XIII. and XV. This edition was enlarged by no less a number than 3424 lives, either entirely new written, or for the first time added.
To the Sermons of the late Dr. Vin. cent, Dean of Westminster, published in 1817, Archdeacon Nares prefixed a Life of that excellent and learned person.
Mr. Nares materially assisted in the establishment of the Royal Society of Literature; and in 1823 was elected one of the first Vice-Presidents. In 1824 he contributed to the Society " An Historical Account of the Discoveries that have been made in Palimpsest (or Rescript) Manuscripts :" and, in 1826, "A Memoir on the Religion and Divination of Socrates." He contributed, also, to the Archeeologia of the Society of Antiquaries, " Observations on the Discoveries of Part of a Sarcophagus at Reading Abbey, supposed to have contained the Remains of Henry I." (Vol. XVIII. p. 272.)
To the Gentleman's Magazine Mr. Nares was a frequent and most acceptable contributor.
Such is the imperfect memorial of this estimable man from the pen of one attached to him since infancy, and one who best knew his virtues and acquirements. — Gentleman's Magazine.
NEWMAN, Rich. Newman.M.D.; at Clifton; Sept. 29. 1829; in his 77th year.
He was born at Northampton, on the 8th of November, 1752, and was third son of Ashburnham Toll, Esq. of Preston Deanery, formerly an attorney of Northampton, by Miss Geary, daughter