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counts with the utmost precision and unceasing attention.
The remains of Mr. Carter were interred in the church-yard of St. Peter's in the East Gate, Lincoln, in the same vault with his late excellent wife, whom he survived fifteen years. By her he had issue two sons and two daughters, viz. 1. John Vavasour, formerly of Lincoln college, Oxford, and afterwards an Ensign in the SOth foot, who died during the Peninsular war of a " coup de soleil," at Ciudad Rodrigo; 2. William Elmsall, a solicitor in Lincoln; 3. Anne Button, wife of the Rev. T. F. Beckwith, Vicar of Retford in Nottinghamshire; 4. Augusta Elizabeth, who died in her infancy.—Gentleman's Magazine,
CHAMBERS, Sir Charles Harcourt, one of the Judges of the Supreme Court at Bombay; Oct. IS. 1828 (five days after receiving the address inserted in the memoir of Sir Edward West); aged 33.
This gentleman was a nephew of the celebrated Sir Robert Chambers, Chief Justice of Bengal, who died in 1803. He was formerly Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, where he proceeded B. A. 1809, M. A. 1814. He received the honour of knighthood, Nov. 21, 1823, being then appointed a Judge in Bengal; and was removed to Bombay in 1827,—Gentleman's Magazine.
CHAMBERS, Rear-Admiral Williim; to the inexpressible grief of his family and numerous acquaintance; at Hugby, Sept.28.1829; in his 82d year.
He was the fifth son of the late Thomas Chambers, Esq. of Studley in Warwickshire, at which place, and at Tanworth in the same county, his family have resided on their own estates ever since the reign of Edward the Third. He entered the naval service in 1758, as a Midshipman on board the Shrewsbury, 74 guns, under the auspices of Captain (afterwards Admiral) Sir Hugh Palliser, with whom be served at the reduction of Quebec in 1759, and until the conclusion of the war in 1763.
During the ensuing peace he served in the Preston of 50 guns, commanded by Capt. Alan Gardner, and bearing the flag of Rear-Admiral Parry, Commander-in-chief on the Jamaica station . he subsequently joined Commodore Gambier in the Salisbury, and by that officer was made a Lieutenant into the Mermaid frigate, on the coast of North America, in 1771.
At the commencement of the American war he was appointed Second Lieutenant of the Active frigate, one of the squadron under Sir Peter Parker, destined to act against Charlcstown in South Carolina; which ship had the honour of leading her consorts to the attack made on Sullivan's Island, June28. 1776. Tbe Active on that occasion had her First Lieutenant (Pike) killed, and eight men wounded. From the Active he was removed, as First Lieutenant, into the Montreal frigate, Captain Douglas; and in June 1778 he was nominated to the command of the flotilla on Lake Champlain, where he continued till the peace in 1783, when iie was sent home with dispatches from Sir Frederick Haldimand, the military Commanderin-chief; through whose recommendations he was immediately promoted to the rank of Commander: and a statement of his meritorious conduct on many trying occasions being subse. quently laid before the King, he was rewarded with a commission as PostCaptain, dated Aug. 15 in the same year. His superannuation as a RearAdmiral took place Nov. 21. 1805.
Marshall's Royal Naval Biography.
COXWELL, the Rev. Charles, of Ablington House, in the county of Gloucester, one of his Majesty's Deputy Lieutenants and Justices of the Peace, and during upwards of fifty-nine years Rector of Barnsley in the same county; February 24. 1829 ; aged 88 ; deeply lamented by his widow and a numerous family.
Mr. Coxwell was of Pembroke College, Oxford, M. A. 1763. He was ordained at the usual age, and entered early on the duties of his ministry. In all the relations of life he was highly exemplary. As a husband, tender and affectionate; as a father, kind and indulgent ; as a master, mild and steady; in the exercise of the several and relative duties, ruling well his own household; as a magistrate, patient, upright, impartial, and firm; in the humble but useful province of a parish priest, singularly attentive to the spiritual and temporal wants of his parishioners; in reading the Liturgy, sedately devout; in his addresses from the pulpit, plain and impressive; clear in his exposition of the doctrines, persuasive in enforcing the precepts, of the Gospel. In his private intercourse, soothing, conciliating, and instructive; encouraging the well disposed, and reproving, with calmness and excessive mildness, where reproof was necessary, and securing the attention of his spiritual patients by interesting himself in their welfare ; gifted with uncommon benevolence of mind, and seconding that benevolence by diffusive charity ; discriminating between the meritorious and the profligate, but contributing to the necessities of all. When age and infirmity had disqualified him for the discharge of the duties of his profession, and he could no longer address his congregation in the public exercises of their devotion, he continued still alive to the wants of the necessitous, and his hand was always open to administer relief. Let this not be considered as the fulsome language of unmeaning panegyric: the writer of this article knew him well during a long series of years, and records only what is just. Those gentlemen of the county who knew him best will bear testimony to his unimpeachable integrity, and to the amiableness of his general character; and those who were the happy objects of his instruction, will unite in acknowledging the correctness of the statement, and in lamenting that they are deprived of so valuable a man. — Gentleman's Magazine.
CREWE, the Right Hon. John Crewe, Lord, of Crewe in Cheshire; at his house in Grosvenor Street; April 28. 1829; aged 86.
His Lordship was descended from the ancient family of Crewe, which was veated at tbe place of that name in Cheshire in a very early period of our history. The estate was alienated from the family by an heiress in the reign of Edward the Third, but was recovered by purchase by Sir Ranulph Crewe, who was Chief Justice of the King's Bench. Sir Ranulph's grandson John had an only daughter and heiress, who married John Offley, Esq. of Madeley in Staffordshire (of the family of Thomas, who was Lord Mayor of London in 1556J, whose son John, on succeeding to his grandfather's estates, took the name of Crewe, and was grandfather to the subject of this memoir.
Lord Crewe was the eldest son of John Crewe, Esq. Knight in Parliament for Cheshire, from 1734 to his death in 1752, by Anne, daughter of Richard Shuttleworth, Esq. of Gospworth in Lancashire. He was baptized at St. George's Hanover Square, in 1742; and educated under Dr. Hinchcliffe, who afterwards married one of his sisters,
and became Bishop of Peterborough. He served Sheriff for Cheshire in 1764, and entered Parliament on a vacancy for the town of Stafford in 1765. At the general election in 1768 he was returned for the county of Cheshire, as he was on the five following occasions. He was a constant partizan of the Whigs, and a member of the Whig Club; and when they came, into power with Mr. Fox, was created a Peer, Feb. 25. 1806.
During the whole of his parliamentary career (a period of more than 60 years) he was steady and consistent in his support of the popular side, and his latter days were cheered by the signal triumph of his principles in favour of the Catholics. To his relations he was generous and affectionate ; and no landlord ever took more sincere pleasure in hearing, or rather knowing, that his tenants were prosperous. To his servants he was kind and indulgent, yet exempt from the weakness of favouritism, so common to old age. Accordingly, his household had none of the abuses incidental to old governments, but was well regulated to the last; for he exacted from his domestics the same politeness and attention to his friends and visitors, of which he in his own person never failed to show them a distinguished example. His establishment and way of living was a model of perfection ; all was good, hospitable, and handsome, but without ostentation; and tbe sight of the venerable and courteous old Baron in his noble mansion (precisely as his ancestor had constructed and decorated it) was one of the pleasantest that a friend or neighbour could behold: for, among other merits, he had the singular advantage of a total and entire exemption from all ill-humours; and the sun not only "never went down upon his wrath," but never witnessed it for two minutes together.
Lord Crewe married, in 1776, Frances Anne, only daughter of Fulke Greville, Esq. British Minister at Munich, and great grandson of the fifth Lord Brooke, ancestor to the present Earl of Warwick. By that lady, on whom some lines by Mr. Fox have been preserved, and who died Dec. 23. 1818, his Lordship had two sons and two daughters: 1. the Right Hon. John, now Lord Crewe, a Lieutenant-General in tbe army; he married in 1807, Henrietta Maria Anna, only child of George Walker, Esq. who assumed the name of Hungerford, and by her, who died in 1820, has one son and two daughters; 2. and ::. Richard and Frances, who died young; and 4. the Hon. Emma, married in 1809 to Foster Cunliffe, Esq. eldest son of Sir Foster Cunli0e, Bart. — Gentleman's Magazine.
CROWE,the Rev.William, B.C.L. Public Orator of the University of Oxford, and Rector of Alton Barnes in Wiltshire; Feb. 9. 1829; aged 83.
Mr. Crowe was a native of Winchester: his parents were persons in a humble rank of society; and at an early age he became one of the choristers in the College Chapel. In that situation his promising talents attracted notice, and, agreeably to a practice, now, we regret to say, disused, he was selected from the choristers, and placed on the foundation of the school. Having made considerable proficiency in classical studies, he was, at the usual period, removed to a Fellowship at New College, Oxford, where he took the degree of B. C. L. in 1773; and was appointed to a Tutorship. He filled that situation formalty years with ability and success; his manner, as little marked by the repulsive distance, as his instruction was by the pedantry, of other lecturers, soon acquired for him the attachment and affection of his pupils.
In 1781 he published a Sermon, preached before the University, on Exodus xii. 24.; and in 1782 he was presented by his College to the Rectory of Alton Barnes. In 1784 he was elected Public Orator, on the resignation of the Rev. James Bandinel, D. D. On the many occasions when his talents were called forth in this situation, his .orations, pregnant with classical spirit, gave the fullest evidence of his attainments as a scholar, nor did they degenerate into that tautology which the recurrence of similar topics is calculated to produce.
In 1786 Mr. Crowe at once established himself in general estimation as a poet, by the production of " Lewesdon Hill," which, amid the great dearth at that period of poetry at once good and new, met with the most distinguished success. As a piece of local descriptive poetry, it must be ranked among the happiest efforts of the kind. The objects are well selected, and the various incidents connected with them introduced without disturbing the order and harmony of the scene. The style is city after a short illness.—Gentleman's Magrtxine.
clear, nervous, and forcible; and in the employment of blank verse Mr. Crowe was eminently successful.
"Lewesdon Hill" arrived at a third edition in 1604.
In 1788 Mr. Crowe published the Creweian Oration he had that year delivered, its topic being the centenary of the Revolution; and in 18OO another, of which the subject is poetry. In the notes to the latter he has inserted a beautiful translation of the well-knowu passage in Lucretius, lib. i. ver. 67, &c.
In conjunction with Thomas Caldecott, Esq. of the Inner Temple, his friend and contemporary at New College, Mr. Crowe projected an edition of Shakspeare. They published Hamlet and As you like it, in octavo, 1S12, as a specimen of their labours; and the surviving editor may yet produce the whole.
Mr. Crowe devoted a considerable portion or" his leisure to the study of architecture, and occasionally read lectures on that subject in the University. His last publications were a collection of his poems, and a Treatise on English Versification, both which appeared in 1827. In the dedication of the latter to Mr. Caldecott, he acknowledges the material assistance derived from him in the completion of the work.
In the enjoyment of a green old age, Mr. Crowe continued until a very late period to deliver the Creweian Oration, alternately with the Professor of Poetry, at the Commemoration Festivals; and his remarkable appearance in the rostrum, united to the powerful enunciation of his periods, imparted a striking interest to the performance. The occasional singularity of his costume was but a token of the peculiarities which, in some degree, marked his whole manner. His contempt of personal indulgences wasexhibited in his continuance, down to a late period, to pursue his journeys from Alton to Oxford on foot; and it is not long since members of the University, in the course of a summer evening's walk, have encountered that personage, hastening forward with almost youthful vigour, with his coat thrown off across his stick, whom they were shortly to hear resounding the praises of academical worthies and benefactors, in all the richness of his copious and classical declamation. FoV the last two years Mr. Crowe had been recommended to reside in Bath during the winter months, and he died in that
CURTIS, the Rev. Charles, M.A., Rector of Solihull in Warwickshire, and of St. Martin's, Birmingham ; Jan. 12. 1829; aged 72.
Mr. Curtis was the youngest brother of the worthy Alderman and Baronet, Sir William Curtis, who died only six days after him. The subject of the present article was a Member of St. John's College, Cambridge, where he proceeded B. A. 1779, M. A. 1782. He was presented to his Birmingham church in 1781, by W. Tennant, Esq.; and to Solihull in 1789, by the Earl of Plymouth and others.
Mr. Curtis was not an author; but in 1792 his name became known from the titlepage of a pamphlet by Dr. Parr, which that great polemic contributed as his share to the stormy discussions on the French revolution, and which lie was pleased to entitle " A Sequel to the printed Paper lately circulated in Warwickshire, by the Rev. Charles Curtis, brother to Alderman Curtis, a Birmingham Rector." A reply was published under the title of " Quintus Curtius rescued from the Gulf: or, the Retort Courteous to the Rev. Dr. Parr, in answer to his learned Pamphlet, intitled, 'A Sequel,'&c."» Dr. Johnstone, the biographer of Dn Parr, has observed, that " As to the controversy introduced and carried on in The Sequel, I fear few persons at the time deemed it of much importance. Most men, indeed, thought the solemn asseveration of a gentleman should be admitted; and, after all, there was not much dignity in drawing together this artillery of learning and argument, //"there were no solidity to be crushed, and only feebleness to be annoyed. And let me add that, in the introduction of the name of Alderman Curtis, and of the subsequent remark about his personal appearance, there was not only no dignity, but there was great indecorum and petulance. As a party-man, SirWilliam Curtis had risen to eminence among his fellow citizens, and to high reputation as an Englishman. By a popular election, in the most populous and most commercial city of the most enlightened country of the civilised world, he was chosen to re
• See the memoir of Dr. Parr, in the tenth volume of the Annual Biography and Obituary.
present the liverymen of London in Parliament; and for thirty-six years, with the exception of one Parliament only, he continued iheir representative. By his activity in business, his deep-searching sagacity, and his native powers of intellect, he gained their confidence, and deserved it. With manly boldness he avowed his opinions, and his constituents were never deluded by false colours or hypocritical pretences. During the whole of his political life, he was a Tory in principle and practice; and with a firm step, and unaltered steadiness, he supported the measures of the Government during the perilous times of the French war. I hope he will long enjoy, in health and peace, the honours and the fortune he acquired by consistency and integrity; and if this page should ever meet his eye, that he will consider it as a tribute of affection, as well as a declaration of the truth."
However bitter, observes Dr. Johnstone subsequently, were Dr. Parr's sentiments at the time, they were soon appeased; and he concludes by mentioning, that "in 18O9 I dined with Dr. Parr at the Rev. Mr. Curtis's table."
Mr. Curtis was twice married; first to Dorothy, second daughter of the Rev. John Wilde, of Bell Broughtonin Worcestershire, by whom he had, 1. William, who married his cousin Mary, daughter of Timothy Curtis, Esq., and had one son; 2. Charles, who married Miss Charlotte Hensley, of Hackney, and had issue; K. John, who was an officer in the artillery in India, and Is deceased; 4. James, a senior merchant, and Judge of Nuddeah, in Bengal; 5. Timothy, n captain in the Royal Navy, who married his cousin Rebecca Mary, daughter of Sir William Curtis, Bart.; 6. Dorothy. Mr. Curtis's second wife was Sarah, fourth daughter of Thomas Wilkinson, Esq., merchant of Rotterdam, and by her he had, 7. Thomas; 8. Henry ; and, 9. George.—Gentleman's Magazine.
CURTIS, John, Esq., M.D.; May 12. 1829; at Cowley ; aged 74.
Dr. Curtis was born at Alton, in Hampshire, and descended pf a respectable family there, of the persuasion of Quakers for many generations. He acquired his attainments in classical and general literature at the well-known school of Burford in Oxfordshire; and was apprenticed to his brother, the celebrated botanist, then practising as a surgeon, who may be considered in some degree as the British Linnams, and whose Botanical Magazine has been so long the favourite publication with every lover of science.
On finishing his apprenticeship he diligently attended the lectures of Dr. Fordyce, Mr. Cline, and the other celebrated teachers of the day, joined with the practical instructions afforded by the hospitals; and having completed his professional studies he settled at I - bridge. He afterwards formed a matrimonial connection with the amiable and accomplished Miss Davis, of Reading, of the same persuasion; and by this lady he had several children, who survive him.
From his brother, Dr. Curtis naturally acquired a taste for natural history. He possessed a choice assemblage of plants; and, being particularly fond of ornithology, has left a small but interesting collection of preserved British birds—many the produce of his own sport. So delicate was his ear, and so much attention had he paid to its cultivation, that he could distinguish by its note every bird within hearing. It may here be mentioned that he was a considerable contributor to the Zoological Gardens nnd Museum; for it was his general observation that British ornithology was not sufficiently known. The department of a country physician gave him a taste for every thing rural, both in study and conversation. His taste rendered him a fit companion for his patients; and lie was enabled both to please himself, and to instruct and amuse others. He was on an intimate footing with the first families in his neighbourhood, and equally domesticated in society as the friend or as the medical attendant. As a physician, Dr. Curtis united great experience with sound judgment; but, though thus gifted, he never showed an overweening confidence in himself. Few physicians had a better knowledge of the treatment of fever; and, though he prided himself on his attachment to the doctrines of the old school, he was the first to introduce vaccination into his neighbourhood. lie was in frequent attendance with the first names of the profession, by all of whom he was highly respected, and by none more so than by his late friend Dr. Pope, of Staines, with whom he maintained an uninterrupted friendship for more than half a century.
Some years before his death, Dr. Curtis felt anxious to limit the fatigues of
his practice, and to confine his attention to his particular friends. As a step to this he took his degree of M.D.,when the testimonials, both to his character and acquirements, were of the first description.
Dr. Curtis's early habits of life, and natural activity, joined to a good constitution, enabled him to enjoy a length of uninterrupted health. He was at last seized with some symptoms which showed his constitution beginning to give way, and which he himself considered as forebodings of his end. They were not for some time alarming to his medical friends ; but they suddenly took an unfavourable issue, in spite of the best exertions of his physicians; and he died with that resignation and fortitude which is the consequence of a well-spent life. He was attended in his last moments by Dr. Tattersall, Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, Mr. Green of St. Thomas's Hospital, Mr. Stilwell, and by his eldest son, Mr. J. Harrison Curtis, Aurist to his Majesty, so well known for his improvements in the department of acoustic surgery. In conclusion we may remark, that the poor in his neighbourhood have by his death lost their best friend: for his liberality was unbounded ; and whenever applied toby objects of distress, it was his motive to do good to his fellow creatures, and not to be actuated by views of pecuniary remuneration. — Gentleman'* Magaxine.
CURTIS, Sir William, Bart., Alderman of Bridge Ward, and Father of the Corporation of the city of London, and formerly one of its Representatives in Parliament, President of the Artillery Company, and of Christ's Hospital; January 18.1829; at his house at Ramsgate ; aged 77.
The family of Sir William Curtis was originally from Nottinghamshire. His grandfather and father were settled at Wapping, and established there so extensive a trade in sea-biscuit, as to supply with th:u article a considerable part of our foreign and domestic trade. The latter, at his deuth, left by Mary, daughter of Timothy Tennant, of Wapping, Esq. five sons; Timothy, James,William, George, and Charles. The fi rst and third succeeded to support the firm of the original house. James is now the only survivor, and is distributor of Sea-policy stamps. George was Captain in the service of the East India Company,and of the Elder Brethren of the Trinityhouse, and died in 1819. Charles, the