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per ann.; and the greater part of his property in the funds, which amounted to about 600,000l. The seventh Earl survived until 1823, but left no children. His Countess, who was the only daughter and heiress of Samuel Haynes, Esq. is still living. The title then devolved on the subject of this memoir. His Lordship was born Nov. 11. 1756, the younger of two sons of the Right Rev. John Lord Bishop of Durham, by Lady Anna Sophia Grey, daughter and coheiress of Henry Duke of Kent. He was educated at Eton, and afterwards at All Souls College, Oxford, where he attained the degree of M.A. in 1780. In the same year his father appointed him a Prebendary of Durham. In 1781 the Duke of Bridgewater presented him to the Rectory of Middle in Shropshire; as he did in 1797 to that of Whitchurch in the same county; and he retained them both until his death. Mr. Egerton was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1784, and of the Society of Antiquaries in 1791. In 1796 he published in 4to. an edition of the Hyppolytus of Euridipes, “cum scholiis, versione Latina, variis lectionibus, Valckenari notis integris, et selectis aliorum vv. dd. quibus suas adjecit Fran. Hen. Egerton.” By this learned work, which is described in the preface as partly the result of what he had gathered at Eton from his masters Drs. Foster and Davies, Mr. Egerton acquired considerable credit. Another classical production of the same editor was “A Fragment of an Ode of Sappho, from Longinus; also an Ode of Sappho, from Dionysius Halicarn.” in 8vo. In 1793 Mr. Egerton communicated to the fifth volume of the “Biographia Britannica,” a Life of Lord Chancellor Egerton, extending to 19 pages. This memoir, greatly enlarged to 80 folio pages, still after the form of arrangement adopted in the “Biographia Britanmica,” was reprinted for his private use in 1798, the number being 250 copies. It was then entitled “A Compilation of various authentic Evidences and historical Authorities, tending to illustrate the Life and Character of Thomas Egerton, Lord Ellesmere, Viscount Brackley, Lord High Chancellor of England, &c. &c. &c. and the Nature of the Times in which he was Lord Keeper and Lord Chancellor.” This long article he in 1802 persuaded the booksellers to reprint for the sixth volume of the “Biographia Britannica,” then in progress;
together with a memoir of his father, the Bishop of Durham, which had previously been prefixed to the third volume of Hutchinson’s “History of Durham.” That portion of the “Biographia Britannica,” when still unfinished, was consumed at the fire of Mr. Nichols's printing-office in 1808. There is, however, an edition of it in folio, “printed for private distribution,” which bears the date 1807, and has the addition of a Memoir of Francis third Duke of BridgeWater. In the xviiith volume of the Transactions of the Society of Arts, is a description, from Mr. Egerton's pen, of the underground Inclined Plane, executed by the late Duke of Bridgewater, at Walkden-Moor, in Lancashire. This was afterwards printed in French, Paris, 8vo. 1803; and another of Mr. Egerton’s productions is entitled “A Letter to the Parisians, and the French Nation, upon Inland Navigation, consisting of a Defence of the public Character of his Grace Francis Egerton, late Duke of Bridgewater, including Notices and Anecdotes concerning Mr.James Brindley.” This was printed in two parts, 8vo. 1819 and 1820. In January 1808, Mr. Egerton, and his sister Lady Amelia, the wife of Sir Abraham Hume, were raised, by His Majesty's sign manual, to the rank of Earl's children ; and on the 21st of October, 1823, he succeeded his brother in his titles. His Lordship had for many years resided entirely at Paris. He printed there in 1814, “Lettre inédité de la Seigneurie de Florence au Pape Sixte IV. 21 Juillet, 1478.” 4to. He also continued to amuse himself with domestic biography; and in 1826 he printed for private circulation some “Family Anecdotes,” from which extracts will be found in the Literary Gazette for 1827, pp. 12]. 153. The Earl's singularities were a general topic for conversation at Paris. He had, at the time of his death, his house nearly filled with dogs and cats, which he had picked up at different places. Of the fifteen dogs which he kept, two were admitted to the honours of his table, and the whole of them were frequently dressed up in clothes like human beings. Sometimes a fine carriage, containing half a dozen of them, was seen in the streets drawn by four horses, and accompanied by two footmen. In his last days, when so debilitated as to be Royal Society as of right, as a further remuneration and reward to such person or persons as the said President shall or may so nominate, appoint, and employ as aforesaid. And I hereby fully authorise and empower the said President, in his own discretion, to direct and cause to be paid and advanced to such person or persons, during the writing of the aforesaid work, the sum of 300l. sterling, and also the sum of 500l. sterling to the same person or persons during the printing and preparing of the same work for the press, out of and in part of the said sum of 8,000l. sterling. And I will and direct that the remainder of the said sum of 8,000l. sterling, or of the stocks or funds wherein the same shall have been invested, together with all interest, dividend ordividends accrued thereon, be tranferred, assigned, and paid over to such person or persons, their or his executors, administrators, or assigns, as shall have been so nominated, appointed, and employed by the said President of the said Royal Society, at the instance and request of the said President, as and when he shall deem the object of this bequest to have been fully complied with by such person or persons so nominated, appointed, and employed by him as aforesaid.” (A splendid work on this subject was written by his Lordship, and privately printed by Didot some years back.) The family manuscripts and papers, together with a lock of his mother's hair, and a particular letter written by her to himself, and delivered, at her request, after her death, he hopes may be permitted to be deposited and kept as heirlooms in the family mansion at Ashridge, —a permission which was refused to him by his brother, theformer Earl of Bridgewater, with whom the late Earl does not appear to have been on friendly terms, although he hopes “God will forgive his brother as he does.” His own manuscripts and autographs he leaves to the British Museum, with the interest of 7,000l. to the librarians who are to be appointed to take care of them, and 5,000l. to augment the collection of MSS. of that Institution. He does not even mention his nephews by marriage, Lord Farnborough or Lord Brownlow, who will succeed to the mansion of Ashridge and most of the entailed property, after the death of the Countess of Bridgewater. His servants are to occupy their stations in his grand hotel in the rue St. Honoré, in Paris, for two or
unable to leave his own grounds, he is said to have adopted a strange substitute for the sports of the field, to which he had been addicted. In the garden at the back of his house, there were placed about 300 rabbits, and as many pigeons and partridges, whose wings had been cut. Provided with a gun, and supported by servants, he would enter the garden and shoot two or three head of game, to be afterwards put upon the table as his sporting trophies' The Earl's remains were brought to England for interment. His will has been proved in the Prerogative Court, Doctors' Commons, by John Charles Claremont, Esq. (a banker, and partner in the house of Lafitte, in Paris), Thomas Phillips, Esq. and Eugene Auguste Barbier, Esq. who are the executors. The will is long and very extraordinary, and there are added several codicils equally extraordinary. . . His Lordship leaves legacies to all his servants, and some larger legacies to private individuals. He, however, adds that, in case he should be either “assassinated or poisoned,” the legacies are all to be void. He leaves 8,000l. to the President of the Royal Society, “to be applied according to the order and direction of the said President of the Royal Society, in full and without any diminution or abatement whatsoever, in such proportions and at such times, according to his discretion and judgment, and without being subject to any control or responsibility whatsoever, to such person or persons as the said President for the time being of the aforesaid Royal Society shall or may nominate or appoint and employ; and it is my will and particular request that some person or persons be nominated and appointed by him to write, print, publish, and expose to public sale, one thousand copies of a work • On the Power, Wisdom, and Goodness of God, as manifested in the Creation,” illustrating such work by all reasonable arguments; as, for instance, the variety and formation of God's creatures, in the animal, vegetable, and mineral kingdoms; the effect of digestion, and thereby of conversion; the construction of the hand of man; and an infinite variety of arguments; as also by discoveries ancient and modern in arts, sciences, and in the whole extent of literature. And I desire that the profits arising from and out of the circulation and sale of the aforesaid work shall be paid by the said President of the said
three months; after which it is to be sold, together with all his furniture, plate, and jewellery. In his will nothing is intimated relating to his favourite dogs. The personal property amounts to 70,000l. — Gentleman’s Magazine. BUTLER, the Hon. Lady Eleanor; at Plasnewydd Cottage, Llangollen; June 2, 1829. This celebrated lady was the third and youngest daughter of Walter Butler, Esq., by Eleanor, eldest daughter of Nicholas Morris, Esq., of the Court, co. Dublin. Her only brother, John, claimed and obtained his ancestral Earldom of Ormond in 1791. Her eldest sister, Lady Susan, was married to Thomas Kavanagh, Esq., of Borris, co. Carlow; and was mother to Thomas Kavanagh, Esq. who married his cousin, the late Lady Elizabeth Butler, sister to the present Marquess. Her second sister, Lady Frances, was married to another gentleman of the Kavanagh family. The three sisters all assumed the title of Lady, probably by Royal authority, on their brother's recovery of the Earldom. It was about the year 1779 that Miss Butler and her companion, Miss Ponsonby (a cousin of the Earl of Besbo. rough, and half-sister to the present Chambre Brabazon Ponsonby Barker, Esq., who married Lady Henrietta Taylour, sister to the present Marquess of Headfort), first associated themselves to live in retirement. It was thought desirable by their families to separate two individuals who appeared to cherish each other's eccentricities; and after their first departure together, they were brought back to their respective relations. Miss Butler resolutely declined marriage, of which she was said to have had five offers; and the ladies soon after contrived to elope a second time, taking a small sum of money with them. The place of their retreat, in the Vale of Llangollen, was confided only to a female servant; and they lived for many years unknown to their neighbours by any other appellation but “the Ladies of the Vale.” Miss Butler was tall and masculine, always wore a riding habit, and hung up her hat with the air of a sportsman. Miss Ponsonby was fair and beautiful, and ladylike. In 1796 the poetess, Anna Seward, celebrated the charms of “Llangollen Vale,” with large eulogiums on the secluded pair. It appears that the disposition of Lady Eleanor was the more lively of the two,
CAMERON, Sir Ewen, of Fassifern and Collert, co. Argyll, and of Arthurstone, co. Angus, Bart., father of “the valiant Fassifern,” slain at QuatreBras.
Sir Ewen was 90 years of age. He was the eldest son of John Cameron, of Fassifern, by Jean, daughter of John Campbell, of Achaladder, and nephew to Donald Cameron, of Lochiel, who was chief of his clan, and forfeited his estates by joining in the rebellion of 1745.
Sir Ewen married Louisa, daughter of Duncan Campbell, of Barchaldine. Their eldest son was John, Colonel of the 92d foot, who, in reward for his distinguished services in Holland, 1799; in Egypt, 1801; and during the whole of the Peninsular war; but more especially in the actions of Arroyo Moulino, Oct. 28. 1811; the Pass of Maya, July 25. 1818; the passage of the river Gave, at Arriverette, near Bayonne, Dec. 13. 1813; and the capture of Acre, Feb. 17. 1814; —was honoured by the following heraldic insignia, pursuant to a royal warrant, dated May 20. 1815. To the arms of Cameron, which are Gules, three bars Or, were added the honourable augmentations of, On a bend Ermine a sphinx between two wreaths of laurel Proper; and on a chief embattled a view of a fortified town, and thereunder, the word Acre; also a crest of augmentation, a Highlander of the 92d foot, up to the middle in water, grasping in his right hand a broad-sword, and in his left a banner, inscribed “92d,” within a wreath of laurel : as supporters, on either side, a Highlander in the uniform of the 92d regiment, in the exterior hand a musket; and as mottoes, on the first crest, ARRiver ETTE; under the arms, MAYA. Col. Cameron was slain at Quatre-Bras, June 16, 1815; and his loss is particularly lamented in the Duke of Wellington's despatch of June 29. The titled bestowed, in consequence, upon his father, was the free spontaneous gift of our gracious Sovereign, who thus sought to alleviate the sorrows of the aged chieftain, by reflecting back upon him the honours earned
by his gallant son. The Baronetcy was announced in the London Gazette, in September, 1815, but it appears not to have been created by letters patent till March 8, 1817. Sir Ewen Cameron's other children were two other sons; 2. Sir Duncan, who has succeeded to the baronetcy, and is a barrister-at-law ; 3. Patrick, a Captain in the service of the East India Company ; and three daughters: 1. Mary, who was married to the late Alex. Macdonald, Esq. of Glanco, and is now dead; 2. Jean, married to the late Roderick Macneil, Esq. of Barra, and is also deceased; 3. Catherine, married to the late Colonel Duncan Macpherson, of Clunie. Sir Ewen married, secondly, Katherine, daughter of Major Macpherson, and widow of Buchanan; but by her he had no issue. — Gentleman's Magazine. CAR HAMPTON, the Right Hon. John Luttrell Olmius, third Earl of, Viscount Carhampton, of Castlehaven, in the county of Cork, and Baron Irnham, of Luttrellstown, in the county of Dublin; March 17. 1829; at his house in Devonshire Place; aged 88. The family of Luttrell, which, by the death of this Earl, has disappeared from the ranks of the peerage, was anciently seated at Irnham in Lincolnshire, an estate which has descended from them, through heiresses of Hilton, Thimelby, Conquest, and Arundell, to the present Lord Clifford. Robert Luttrell (a younger brother of Sir John Luttrell, Lord of Dunster in Somersetshire, and one of the first Knights of the Bath, made at the Coronation of Henry the Fourth in 1399) died in 1436, seised of the castle and lands of Luttrellstown, eo. Dublin (originally granted to Sir Gregory Luttrell by King John); and his great-grandson, Sir Thomas, was Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, and a Privy Councillor, in Ireland, in the reign of Henry the Eighth. Sixth in descent from the Judge was Simon Luttrell, Esq. (father of the deceased peer) who was created Baron Luttrell in 1768. In 1737 he had married Maria, daughter and at length heir of Sir Nicholas Lawes, Knight, many years Governor of Jamaica; and on the 2d of October, 1771, their eldest daughter, Anne, the widow of Christopher Horton, of Calton in Derbyshire, Esq. was married to his Royal Highmess Henry-Frederick Duke of Cumber
land, brother to King George the Third. It need scarcely be here remarked, that her strict propriety in her exalted station, her prudence, amiable manners, and virtues, frequently received the commendations of the late ornaments of the British throne. Her father was subsequently created Viscount Carhampton in 1781, and Earl of Carhampton in 1785.
The nobleman now deceased, who was third son of the first Earl, manifested at a very early period of his life a passion for the naval profession. He was in consequence entered, at the close of 1752, a student in the Royal Naval Academy at Portsmouth; and after a successful completion of this branch of education, he was so highly extolled by the Governor of the Academy for his quickness of perception and striking talents, that in February 1755, the late Earl Howe, then Captain of the Dunkirk of 64 guns, applied to the Admiralty for him. Young Luttrell was discharged from the Academy into that ship accordingly, and continued in her until the spring of 1758; when, upon Lord Howe giving up the command of the said ship to the Hon. Capt. R. Digby, Mr. Luttrell was entered for the quarter-deck of the Namur, under the heroic Boscawen; and serving in her at the siege of Louisbourg in 1759, obtained a commission as Lieutenant, in reward for many prompt and courageous exertions in conducting a line of boats to the shore. His first service as Lieutenant was in the Dublin, of which Captain (afterwards Lord) Rodney had the command. His advancement to the rank of Commander was under the favour of the distinguished Lord Anson, who in April 1761 appointed him to the Druid sloop of war; and in her he served under the late Admiral Keppel at the siege of Belle Isle. His further promotion was owing to the handsome report of Commodore Keppel, for his uncommon activity; and in August 1762 he was appointed Captain of the Mars, ship of the line, and received orders to proceed in her to America: she was subsequently ordered to sail to Jamaica; but upon the peace taking place in 1763, was recalled to England, and in the course of that year paid off, and laid up at Portsmouth.
After an interval of less than two years, Captain Luttrell was again called into service, and appointed to the Achilles guard-ship, which he commanded from 1765 to 1768.
When the hostilities between England and her revolting cólonies in America led to a war against France and Spain, Captain Luttrell was ordered to proceed to Jamaica, in the Charon 44, at which time Sir Peter Parker was Commanderin-chief on that station. Sir Peter, well satisfied with the Captain's professional abilities and general powers of mind, gave him, in 1779, the command of a squadron; and proceeding with these ships, in co-operation with a land force, he attacked the Spanish settlement of St. Fernando d’Omoa, where two rich galleons and several ships of merchandise, with 250 quintals of quicksilver and three millions of dollars, were captured; and the whole of the forts and batteries fell to our arms." The Earl of Sandwich, on this occasion, addressed a private congratulatory letter to the Captain ; and the public letter of Mr. Secretary Stephens, bearing date the 18th of December, 1799, ended with the following most gratifying paragraph : —
“Their Lordships,” meaning the Lords of the Admiralty, “immediately laid your letter before His Majesty, who was graciously pleased to express his
* It was on this occasion that the following circumstance occurred ; – A sailor, who singly scrambled over the wall of the fort, with a cutlass in each hand, thus equipped, fell in with a Spanish officer just roused from sleep, and who, in the hurry and confusion, had forgotten his sword. The tar, dis. daining to take advantage of an unarmed foe, and willing to display his courage in single combat, presented the officer with one of the cutlasses, saying to him, “I scorn any advantage; you are now on a footing with me.” The astonishment of the officer at such an act of generosity, and the facility with which a friendly parley took place, when he expected nothing else but (from the hostile appearance of the foe) to be cut to pieces, could only be rivalled by the admiration which his relating the story excited in his countrymen. Upon this circumstance being mentioned to Sir Peter Parker, at the return of the squadron, he appointed the intrepid fellow to be boatswain of a sloop of war. A few years after, in a fit of either madness or intoxication, he forgot his situation, and struck the Lieutenant of the Ferret sloop of war, for which he was tried by a court-martial, condemned to suffer death, and executed.
approbation of the manner in which the service entrusted to you has been conducted.” Upon the war being brought to a termination, Captain Luttrell, towards the middle of 1783, became a candidate for one of the appointments which Mr. Fox's India Bill provided in favour of three or four Post Captains of known activity and experience. Our country's boast, Captain Horatio Nelson, was a claimant for one of these offices, as his published letters to his uncles, Captain Suckling, the Comptroller of the Navy, and Mr. Commissioner Suckling, Chairman of the Board of Customs, will show. Mr. Fox's Bill, however, did not pass; but on Mr. Pitt coming into office, although he could not confer on Captain Luttrell any appointment under his newly-framed India Bill, he offered him a seat at the Board of Excise, and it was embraced at the close of 1784. In this office Captain Luttrell (who assumed the name Olmius, that of his first wife's family, in 1788, by authority of the Royal sign manual) remained till the middle of the year 1826, when, after a service of more than forty years in that department, which, it must be observed, was preceded by a service in the Navy of thirty years, he retired. During the last five years of his continuance in the Excise department, he was possessed of the family rank and titles; having succeeded to his brother Henry Lawes, the second Earl, a General in the Army, and Colonel of the 6th Dragoon Guards, April 25, 1821. But, although Earl of Carhampton, he possessed not the Luttrell estate; it had long been distributed amongst the numerous family of his Lordship's father; and his continuation so long in office with a humble salary may probably be attributed to his limited revenue from other sources. Lord Carhampton had, however, always the interests of his naval profession at heart; and previous to the war against France, which commenced in February 1793, he proposed to relinquish his civil office provided he should be encouraged to look for a command on the attainment of his flag rank; and his proposals on the subject were submitted to the Earl of Chatham. No opening at the time offered; but the proposal was recorded. On his final retirement his Lordship's name was restored to the Navy List among the retired Captains. His Lordship married, first, July 1. 1766, the Hon. Elizabeth Olmius, only