Oldalképek
PDF
ePub

religious feeling; none lived on terms of intimacy with him, who did not love him. With the exception of the last beautiful edition of the Greek Testament, printed in small octavo at the Clarendon press, Dr. Lloyd put forth no publication in his own name. A work upon the Liturgies was ready for the press; and some of the old Catechisms were actually in the printer's hands. But many important publications, there is reason to believe, were put forth by others under his sanction and by his advice, and some articles that appeared in the Reviews are supposed to be his. He publicly avowed the article No. VII. which appeared in the “British Critic” (October, 1825), entitled, “View of the Roman Catholic Doctrines.” It were superfluous to add, that the article evinces much knowledge, and exhibits in a clear view the errors of the Romish church; but while the Romish doctrines respecting invocation of saints, image worship, transubstantiation, absolution, penance, confession, &c. are thoroughly sifted and exposed; there is a studious disclaiming of any “the most remote intention of bringing any insinuation against the Roman Catholics of France, England, or Ireland.” “We have brought no charge,” it is said, “against those individuals of this empire who adhere to their ancient faith; we have not willingly imputed to them any tenets they disclaim, or accused them, in any way, of insincerity, dishonesty, or disguise. Our full belief is, that the Roman Catholics of the United Kingdom, from their long residence among Protestants, their disuse of processions, and other Romish ceremonies, have been brought gradually, and almost unknowingly, to a more spiritual religion and a purer faith.” In another passage a distinction is made between the principles and the practice of the Romish church. “The Church of England,” it is said, “is unwilling to fix upon the principles of the Romish church the charge of positive idolatry; and contents herself with declaring, that the Romish doctrine concerning the adoration, as well of images as of relics, is a fond thing, vainly invented, and grounded upon no warranting of Scripture, but rather

repugnant to the word of God.” (Art. XXII.) “But in regard to the universal practice of the Romish church, she adheres to the declaration of her homilies; and professes her conviction that this fond, and unwarranted, and unscriptural doctrine has at all times produced, and will hereafter, as long as it is suffered to prevail, produce the sin of practical idolatry.” In 1827, Dr. Lloyd was advanced to the See of Oxford on the death of Bishop Legge; but he seldom appeared in the House of Lords, and never spoke until the last Session. On the memorable 2d of April, 1829, the second reading of the Roman Catholic Relief Bill was moved by the Duke of Wellington. After a speech delivered by the Archbishop of Canterbury in opposition, and seconded by the Primate of Ireland, fourth in the debate rose Bishop Lloyd, to support the Bill, impressed with the importance of the proposed measure, and urged by an imperious sense of duty. Master of his subject, he delivered a luminous and argumentative speech with ease, with spirit, and with eloquence, producing the strongest effect in the House, convincing the minds of some, and listened to by all with the deepest interest and attention. The main point on which he insisted, was the necessity of the measure; and he combated the notion that the introduction of Roman Catholics into the Houses of Parliament would be an irreligious act, bringing down God's judgment upon the nation, declaring that he had received no new lights, and referring to the opinions which he had expressed before his advancement to the Bench. The conclusion of his speech was singularly beautiful; it is thus given in the “Mirror of Parliament:” — “My Lords, I hope I have not diminished the dangers of the Irish Church: they are assuredly very great; but the question now before us is, not whether the Church of Ireland is in danger, but whether the measure now proposed by his Majesty's government is calculated to diminish or increase that danger. My Lords, after what I have heard with great sorrow from the Primate of that Church, I will not venture to express a strong opinion on the subject; but this I must say, that I think I can see in this measure some faint gleam of hope, and hail the dawning of a brighter day. My Lords, I hope that this measure will carry English capital into Ireland; and that Protestants will go along with it. I hope that those who have hitherto lived out of their country, in consequence of its troubles and disturbances, will, many of them, return thither, and encourage every thing that is peaceable and good. I hope that the Protestant ministers will now find a more willing audience, and their instructions a readier admission into the hearts of those who hear them. “But, my Lords, I will say no more on that point. This is the only part of the subject which has for some years past pressed on my mind, and made me hesitate as to the propriety of measures similar to the present; and let not, I beseech you, my doubting hopes influence your judgments on this momentous part of the question now before your Lordships. Give to the Church of Ireland your most solemn and serious consideration. Do not, I entreat you, treat with scoffs, or levity, or disrespect, the fears, perhaps the too just fears, of those who are alarmed and agitated for her safety. In the aristocracy of England the Church of England has hitherto found her firmest guardians and supporters; here let the Church of Ireland find them too. On your care, and vigilance, and religion, let the United Church of England and Ireland securely rest. Preserve her against the intrigues of the cunning, the lust of the avaricious, the violence of profligate and rebellious men. Preserve her inviolate against that day (a day which shall assuredly come), when Ireland shall, at last, be converted to a holier doctrine and a purer faith. Preserve her inviolate against that day, when the sons of Ireland, returning from a longer than Assyrian captivity, shall find that the Temple of the Lord has been already built, and the foundations have been long since laid; and if ye shall do this, whatever may be the event of your deliberations (as the event is assuredly in the hands of Providence),

still posterity shall say, - that posterity, of whose judgment we have been not unkindly or ungenerously reminded,—posterity will say, that the Peers of England, when they admitted the lay members of the Catholic body into the communion of the legislature, still did not put God out of the question, but went about Sion, and marked well her bulwarks that they might tell them that come after.” Some parts of his speech having been misrepresented, and other parts misunderstood, a series of attacks was made on him both in the House and out of it. These attacks induced him to think of publishing a correct copy of it; and perhaps it were to be wished that he had so done. For either it would have silenced clamour, or, if it had provoked a reply, it would have called forth also the strong powers of his mighty mind to defend and explain the positions which he had laid down, and have established the character of Bishop Lloyd as one of the soundest reasoners on the Episcopal Bench, and one of the firmest defenders of the Church of England. But enough of politics. In private life Bishop Lloyd was one of the most amiable of human beings, keenly alive to every domestic tie and every domestic duty, frank and open-hearted, generous, affectionate, considerate, the delight of his family and friends, and adorning and improving society with numerous and well-timed remarks, arising from fertility of ideas, a retentive memory, and a peculiar felicity and accuracy of observation. In the full possession of health and every earthly blessing, he went on Saturday, May 2, 1829, to the dinner given by the Royal Academicians at Somerset-house. He returned home unwell, having, as he afterwards stated himself, been inconvenienced by a current of air in which he sat. The illness, which after death was incontestably proved to be inflammation of the lungs, was at first considered trifling, and afterwards pronounced hooping-cough; but at length it exhibited dangerous symptoms, and, after a revival of false hopes on the 28th and 29th, terminated fatally on Sunday, May 31. He died in London at a house which he had taken for the season, in Whitehall-place; and his remains were interred on

the Saturday following in the Benchers' vault, under the chapel of Lincoln's Inn. The funeral, which was strictly private, was attended by relations only, with the exception of his chaplains, and of Mr. Secretary Peel, and his brother the Rev. John Peel.

In 1822 Dr. Lloyd married a daughter of Colonel Stapleton, of Thorpe Lee, in the county of Surrey, and has left his widow with a family of one son and four daughters, the eldest only six years old.

To the “Gentleman's Magazine” we are indebted for the foregoing Memoir.

« ElőzőTovább »