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mind of the highest powers, and of the finest sensibilities. With much less enthusiasm from temperament, Dr. Wollaston was endowed with bodily senses of extraordinary acuteness and accuracy, and with great general vigour of understanding. Trained in the discipline of the exact sciences, he had acquired a powerful command over his attention, and had habituated himself to the most rigid correctness, both of thought and of language. He was sufficiently provided with the resources of the mathematics to be enabled to pursue with success profound enquiries in mechanical and optical philosophy, the results of which enabled him to unfold the causes of phenomena not before understood, and to enrich the arts, connected with those sciences, by the invention of ingenious and valuable instruments. In chemistry, he was distinguished by the extreme nicety and delicacy of his observations; by the quickness and precision with which he marked resemblances and discriminated differences; the sagacity with which he devised experiments, and anticipated their results; and the skill with which he executed the analysis of fragments of new substances, often so minute as to be scarcely perceptible by ordinary eyes. He was remarkable, too, for the caution with which he advanced from facts to general conclusions; a caution which, if it sometimes prevented him from reaching at once to the most sublime truths, yet rendered every step of his ascent a secure station, from which it was easy to rise to higher and more enlarged inductions. Thus these illustrious men, though differing essentially in their natural powers and acquired habits, and moving independently of each other, in different paths, contributed to accomplish the same great ends—the evolving new elements; the combining matter into new forms; the increase of human happiness by the improvement of the arts of civilised life; and the establishment of general laws, that will serve to guide other philosophers onwards through vast and unexplored regions of scientific discovery.”

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FOUNDER OF THE ASSOCIATIONS FOR PROTECTING LIBERTY AND PROPERTY AGAINST REPUBLICANS AND LEVELLERS

During a long, useful, and honourable life, Mr. Reeves took part in so many matters of importance, that, barely to mention his more prominent actions, and name his various works, will completely fill the space to which our notice must be limited. He was born on the 20th of November, 1752, and received his education on the foundation of Eton; but failing in his expectation of succeeding to King's College, Cambridge, he entered himself of Merton College, Oxford, where he took the degree of Bachelor of Arts. From thence he was elected to a scholarship at Queen's, became a Fellow there, and took the degree of Master of Arts, May 21, 1778. In the course of his academical pursuits at Eton and at Oxford, he impressed upon the minds of all who knew him a very high opinion both of his heart and of his head; an opinion which the uniform tenour of his subsequent conduct fully justified and confirmed. It was an observation often made by Judge Blackstone, and which he always expressed with great concern, that “too many of the members of our Inns of Court kept regular terms, and put on the gown, before they seriously applied to such studies as could alone enable them to wear it with due credit.” Mr. Reeves was a striking exception to the general justness of this remark. Having entered himself as a student in the Middle Temple, he did not attempt to appear in the

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professional robe until he had given proofs of professional knowledge. About a year previous to his introduction at Westminster Hall, he published “A Chart of Penal Law," and “ An Inquiry into the Nature of Property and Estates, as defined by the English Law;" both of which pieces obtained a considerable share of public approbation. When, therefore, he solicited, according to form, the rank and privileges of a barrister, the benchers who granted his request might very properly say to him in the words of the old Roman,

“ Sume superbiam quæsitam meritis." Mr. Reeves was called to the bar in 1780, and no doubt was then entertained of his proving one of its most distinguished ornaments. But he soon found the wrangle of altercation very little suited to the natural turn of his temper. Endowed with the happiest talents for investigating truth, and for displaying it with force and evidence, he felt an unconquerable antipathy to the indiscriminate defence of right and wrong. After exerting himself, therefore, with ability and success, upon several important occasions, he gradually withdrew from active practice in the courts.

But in discontinuing his attendance at Westminster Hall Mr. Reeves did not forget the duties of his profession, nor the services which every man of science owes to the great body of society. He published, in 1783, the first volume in quarto of his “ History of the English Law,” ending with the wise establishments of Edward the First, and in the course of the next year the second volume appeared, continuing the narrative to the close of Henry the Seventh's reign. Several treatises had before been written to elucidate different parts of so interesting a subject; but Mr. Reeves's discussion of it was perfectly new, accurate, and satisfactory. He did not carry his readers back into the dark mist of Saxon antiquities, nor did he vainly endeavour to fill up the chasms of authentic record by ingenious conjecture; but he wisely began his historical details at the time of the Norman invasion, when a new order of things arose,when something like a regular system

No. XX.

JOHN REEVES, Esq. F.R.S. F. A. S.

FOUNDER OF THE ASSOCIATIONS FOR PROTECTING LIBERTY

AND PROPERTY AGAINST REPUBLICANS AND LEVELLERS.

During a long, useful, and honourable life, Mr. Reeves took part in so many matters of importance, that, barely to mention his more prominent actions, and name his various works, will completely fill the space to which our notice must be limited.

He was born on the 20th of November, 1752, and received his education on the foundation of Eton; but failing in his expectation of succeeding to King's College, Cambridge, he entered himself of Merton College, Oxford, where he took the degree of Bachelor of Arts. From thence he was elected to a scholarship at Queen’s, became a Fellow there, and took the degree of Master of Arts, May 21. 1778. In the course of his academical pursuits at Eton and at Oxford, he impressed upon the minds of all who knew him a very high opinion both of his heart and of his head; an opinion which the uniform tenour of his subsequent conduct fully justified and confirmed.

It was an observation often made by Judge Blackstone, and which he always expressed with great concern, that “too many of the members of our Inns of Court kept regular terms, and put on the gown, before they seriously applied to such studies as could alone enable them to wear it with due credit.” Mr. Reeves was a striking exception to the general justness of this remark. Having entered himself as a student in the Middle Temple, he did not attempt to appear in the

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