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according action affections ancient animals appear Aurelius beauty become believe benevolence causes character Christian Cicero civilisation conception condition consequences continually course death derived desire distinct Divine doctrine duty emperor empire enjoyment equally especially evil example excellence existence extreme fact favour feelings followed give Greek habits hand happiness Hist human ideas imagination important influence intellectual interest Italy kind latter leading less lives maintained mankind manner master means mind moral moralists motive nature never object observed opinion original pain passion perfect period philosophy pleasure political position possible present principles probably produce prove question reason regarded religion religious remarkable represent Roman Rome says Seneca sense simply slaves society sometimes spirit stoicism Stoics suffering teaching theory things thought tion true utilitarian vice virtue whole writers
61. oldal - And I gave my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I perceived that this also is vexation of spirit. For in much wisdom is much grief: and he that increaseth knowledge increaseth sorrow.
42. oldal - As between his own happiness and that of others, utilitarianism requires him to be as strictly impartial as a disinterested and benevolent spectator. In the golden rule of Jesus of Nazareth, we read the complete spirit of the ethics of utility. To do as you would be done by, and to love your neighbour as yourself, constitute the ideal perfection of utilitarian morality.
8. oldal - Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well as to determine what we shall do.
16. oldal - That men should keep their compacts, is certainly a great and undeniable rule in morality; but yet, if a Christian who has the view of happiness and misery in another life, be asked why a man must keep his word ? he will give this as a reason: Because God, who has the power of eternal life and death, requires it of us.
12. oldal - For moral philosophy is nothing else but the science of what is good and evil in the conversation and society of mankind. Good and evil are names that signify our appetites and aversions, which in different tempers, customs, and doctrines of men are different...
14. oldal - And from this account of obligation it follows, that we can be obliged to nothing, but what we ourselves are to gain or lose something by ; for nothing else can be a ' violent motive ' to us. As we should not be obliged to obey the laws, or the magistrate, unless rewards or punishments, pleasure or pain...