Review.” It was selected from the many able articles which had appeared in that celebrated Quarterly during the twenty preceding' years, and incorporated in a volume entitled, “ Theological Essays reprinted froin the Princeton Review.” It has thus passed into the standard theological literature of the country.

While residing in Connecticut he was an active member of the “ Pastoral Union;" a body who originated the “ Theological Institute" at East Windsor, now of Hartford. In 1841 he was appointed to preach the annual sermon before that body. They met that year with Dr. Cleaveland in New Hlaven. The talents of the speaker, and his known opposition to Dr. Taylor's speculations, awakened an interest in those favoring them both in New Haven and in the vicinity. A large assembly was convened. One who was then a youth has given a picture of the scene. The preacher's subject was controversial, “the Self-love Theory," as propounded by Dr. Taylor. He argued against it with all the energy he could command. Dr. Taylor himself was present, together with several of his students, who were busy taking notes. The sermon was delivered “ with boldness and dignity." We can well believe that the “true manliness of the

was aroused. We cannot doubt that like “ the warhorse whose neck is clothed with thunder," and who "smell. eth the battle afar off," he bravely entered the conflict. The more strongly he was opposed, and the more imminent the peril, the bolder and more determined he always became. On such occasions he manifested a noble fearlessness of man. If great men were before him, he felt that God was greater; if talent and learuing were to be reverenced, God was to be reverenced infinitely more. When the ramparts of truth were assailed, he never trembled to stand in the breach. The character and object of the “Union” justified the choice of his theme, and his Christian heroism would not suffer so fitting occasion of defending a fundamental principle of the gospel to pass unimproved.


“In the summer of 1841, the family circle was for the first time broken by the marriage of one of its members. His second daughter then became the wife of Capt. A. Hawley, of Bridgeport. Though the occasion afforded a pleasing excitement in the family, yet it called forth the tender anxieties of the mother, and led her to reflect that she might soon be called to part with others of her little flock.

* When the parting hour came, and the young bride, amid many tears, took leave of her parents, asking at the same time their forgiveness for all the trouble she had cost them, there was much weeping. The family group gathered about the door, and looked after the carriage that bore away their daughter and sister, and they felt that it would never be as it had been before."

Rev. John Hunter, Dr. Woodbridge's successor at Bridgeport, graced the occasion with a poem.

The church in IIadley, over which he had presided for upwards of twenty years, had been ruptured in consequence of some disagreement relative to the location of their “meeting-house.” The portion of the church wishing it to remain on its old site withdrew, and organized themselves into a new church called the “Russell Church," after the first minister of the town. The portion in favor of moving the “meeting-house” had removed it from the main street into the East Street, and worshipped there. This left the inhabitants of the main street by themselves, constituting a small but pleasant parish. They extended a call to Dr. Woodbridge, who had been absent from them nearly twelve years, to assume the pastorate over them. He accepted the call, and requested a dismission from his church in New Hartford. They were united in him, and were enjoying his ministry. But learning that it was his wish to leave, and seeing a propriety in his spending the evening of his days among the people of his first and longest love, they yielded their assent, and manifested much kindness both to himself and his family on their departure.

His daughter thus describes the removal :

“ As it was in the depth of winter, the people of the parish, with affectionate zeal, sent carriages and wagons to convey himself and family, with their furniture, back to the old homestead. As Mrs. Woodbridge looked from the window of her house, and saw the wagons approach



ing, driven by old friends and neighbors, she could not refrain herself; she wept as she recalled the beautiful scripture narrative of Joseph sending for his father Jacob. It was pleasant to her to return to the well-known village, though many changes had taken place there in her absence. It was the same, yet not the same. The parish had become divided, so that now there were three churches where formerly there had been but one. Many had died; many had married and removed. Children had grown to man's and woman's estate, and other children had been born. Yet the mountain, the river, the old elms, and the old familiar houses remained the same. There were also very many pleasant and well-known faces. Two of the excellent deacons were yet living and active.”

Says another :

“When Dr. Woodbridge, with his family, re-entered the old parsonage, his wife, in the fulness of her heart, exclaimed, “I have never felt at home since we left this dear old home, and I never want to leave it again.' 'My dear,' said Dr. Woodbridge, ‘you never shall leave it again.'"

“How glad, once more at home, sweet home!
Charmed is the tie that binds me here;
Dear, loved spot! hold me, hold me fast,

Quiet for aye.” He was installed over the Russell Church Feb. 16, 1842, in the fifty-eighth year of his age.




His second installation over a portion of his old flock, and the revival of spiritual friendships of former days, was an event of surpassing interest to himself as well as to many others, who had wept at his departure more than eleven years before.

It was a joy to him to return from the feverish excitement of his wanderings, often amid strangers and the occasional hostilities of those who could appreciate neither his intellectual abilities, the grandeur of his moral integrity, nor the nobleness of his attachment to revealed truth, - to what he might reasonably consider his permanent home in the quietude of his old country parsonage, and to the genial intercourse of an intelligent and guileless people, who knew little of the ambitions, the insincerities, often treacheries, of those who deem themselves the leaders of fashion and the models of genteel life. It was indeed an occasion of tender associations. They remembered with the finest sentiments of Christian gratitude the spiritual profit and comfort they had received from bis ministry when life was in its freshness. To not a few the scene of their first espousals to Christ and their public recognition of covenant obligations, came up joyfully and solemnly in review; and it was to them a pleasant thought that he who had performed the toucbing services of their introduction into the visible family of the Saviour, applied the waters of baptism to themselves or to their children, and who had ever afterwards dwelt in the sanctuary of their consecrated associations, was again to be their minister and pastoral

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friend. Others were carried back to those impressive scenes when the Holy Ghost gave unmistakable tokens of his presence in subduing the strong in sin at the feet of Jesus; and anticipated the welcome return of such visitations of reviving' mercy. They all received him with rather the more than the less of gladness, because he was a veteran warrior who had been in many a hard-fought field ; and who again stood among them with his garments, though worn, yet unsoiled, bis armor, though battered, yet untarnished, and though gray-headed, with his cye undimmed and his natural force unabated; humbled and refined indeed in the furnace, yet a better man, a riper Christian ; and as such, the better qualified to be their companion through the remaining perils of the way to the heavenly Zion.

The manner in which he acquitted himself before the council convened to install him in his pastoral office, quickened and confirmed their sentiments of respect for his talents, his biblical learning and devotion to his sacred calling. Most, if not all, of the neighboring pastors who wrought, counselled, and prayed with him during his first ministry in Hadley, had either been dismissed from their parishes, or had passed to “the better land." In his old ministerial home he stood among his younger brethren a comparative stranger, known indeed by fame to all, yet personally to but few. Dr. Heman Humphrey was on the council, and presided over it as moderator ; the other ministerial members were mostly young men.

When they reached the point of examining the candidate, the young members of the council, knowing his reputation for profound theological learning, shrunk from proceeding. The moderator perceiving their embarrassment, and being himself thoroughly acquainted with the Doctor, having the utmost confidence in his theological soundness and his ample qualifications for the pastoral office, had no desire, on his own account, to ask any questions by way of examination. He proposed to him to give such voluntary statements concern

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