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practice in the state courts is exceedingly diversified, and is undergoing constant changes. That of New-York in particular has been essentially altered by the late revision of the statute law; and the science of special pleading, . (curious, logical, and masterly as it is,) has fallen into very considerable disuse and neglect in almost every part of the country, without the prospect, or perhaps the hopes of revival. The general principles of equity have also been stated in the course of the work, so far as they were applicable to the various subjects which came successively under review; but, for the reasons already mentioned, in reference to suits at law, I have not undertaken to meddle with the remedial branch of equity jurisprudence. The law of crimes and punishments is, no doubt, a very important part of our legal system, but this is a code that rests in each state upon an exact knowledge of local law; and, since the institution of the penitentiary system, and the almost total abolition of corporal punishment, it has become quite simple in its principles, and concise and uniform in its details. Our criminal codes bear no kind of comparison with the complex and appalling catalogue of crimes and punishments, which, in England, constitutes the basis of the system of the pleas of the crown.

I trust I have already sufficiently discharged my engagements with the public, and I now respectfully submit these volumes to the candour of the profession, though not without being conscious of the imperfection of the plan, and still more so of the manner of the execution.

THE END.

INDEX.

N. B.- The Roman numerals refer to the volume, and the

figures to the page.

Affreightment, ii. 157.

dissolution of it,
ABANDONMENT on a policy, iii.

ii. 199.
265. Agents, how constituted, ii. 477–
effect on freight,

481.
iii. 278.

power and duty, ii. 481–
Abeyance, iv. 251. 253. 354.

495.
Absconding and absent debtors,

lien, ii. 495-504.
ii. 327-329.

revocation of them, ii.
Absolute rights, ii. 1.

504.
Acceptance of goods, ii. 395– - cease, ii. 504-508.

397. Aliens, ü. 43-55.
of a bill, iii. 54.

rights as to land, ii. 53.
- supra protest, üi. 57.

58-61.
Accession, ii. 293-297.

- mortgagees, ii. 54.
Accumulation of profits, iv. 278 Alien enemy, his character, i. 70.

280.

- cannot sue, i. 65.
Adjudications, i. 442-445.

- under protection, i.
Adjustment of general average,

54. 71. ii. 55,
iii. 192196, | Alien intestate, ii. 58.

of partial loss, iï. 280. Alienation of land, iii. 406. iv.
Admeasurement of pasture, iii.

434. 438.
337. | Allies in war, i. 47, 48. 66. 157.
Administration of estates, ii. 332 Allegiance, ii. 33-43. iii. 409.

-338. 343. 350. Allodial, üi. 390. 396. 398. iv, 3.
effect of domicil, Allodium, iii. 398. 411.

ï. 344-359. | Alluvion, iii. 345.
- title to, ii. 332- Alternative remainders, iv. 244.

335. 337. Ambassadors, i. 14. 37–40.
Administrators, ii. 332-338.

- violation of them,
Admiralty, and common law

i. 170.
bounds, i. 342–346. | Ancestor, debts of, iv. 415. 417.
- criminal jurisdiction, Ancient lights, iii. 361.

i. 337–342. Animus manendi, i. 72.
proceedings in, i. 354. Animals feræ naturæ, ii. 281.
Advancement to a child, iv. 413. | Annuities, iii. 367.
Adverse possession, iy. 438, 439. Antenati, č. 34.49.
Adultery, divorce-for, ii. 82. 1 Ante-nuptial agreements, ii. 144.
Vol. IV.

67

Appellate jurisdiction, i. 295. | Bailment, locatio operis, ü. 451.
Supreme Court U. S. 303. 305.

463.
Appendant of common, iii. 323.

- carriers, ii. 464.
Appointment under a power, iv. Bank, U.S. i. 233-239.

340. - not taxable, i. 398.
--- to offices, U. S., i. Bankruptcy, ii. 356.

268. | Bankrupt laws, ii. 321, 322.
Appointor of a power, iv. 310. | Banks of rivers, iii. 330. 342 345.
Appointee of a power, iv. 310. Bargain and sale, iv, 237, 483.
Apportionment of rent, iii. 374. Barratry, iï. 252.

377. Bastards, ü. 173–179. iv. 409.
- of representation

putative father, ü. 178.
in Congress, i. 216. [See NY. Revised Lars, vol.
Apprentices, ii. 211-214.

i. 640_656.7
Appurtenant of common, üi. 324. | Benefices, iïi. 395.
Aquatic rights, iii. 344.

| Biddings at mortgage sales, ir.
Armed neutrality, i. 118. 120.

184, 185.
Articles of confederation, i. 192— Bigamy, i. 4-8.

203. | Bill of lading, ii. 433. iii. 162.
Assets in futuro, iv. 350.

Bills, their history, iii. 43.
marshalled, iv. 416. - essential qualities, ii. 46.
Assignee of covenants, iv. 450. - rights of holder, ü. 51.
Assignment by insolvents, ü. 420. - consideration, ii. 52, 61,

- -of a policy, ül. 209. acceptance, iii. 54. 57.
-
of dower, iv. 62.

endorsement, iii. 58.
of breaches on cove demand and protest, in. 63.

nants, iv. 466. place of demand, m. 66.
Assistance to other nations, i. 24. days of grace, iïi. 69.
Attachment of property, ii. 327. notice of non-payment, i.
Attendant terms, iv. 86--94.

70-10.
Attorney General, U. S. i. 287. - notice waived, iii. 76.
Attorneys, U. S. i. 286. .

giving time, iii. 77.
Attorney's lien, il. 502.

- measure of damages, iii, 80.
Average, general or gross, iii. 185. | Bills of right, ü. 4-8.
-jettison, iii. 185.

Bill of sale of a ship, üi. 94.
- wages and provisions, iii.

grand bill of sale, iži.
187-190.
- - losses by necessity, iii. - recital of the register,

mi. 109.
- stranding, iii. 191. Blockade, i. 133–141.
- adjustment of it, iii. 1924 - sailing to break it, i.

139.
Auction sales, ii. 423.

of port of discharge, in.
Authors, rights of, ii. 306-315.

176, 177,
Bottomry, üi. 298.
B

Broker for insurance, iii. 299.

96.

190.

196.

BAILMENT, ï. 437.

depositum, ii. 437.
- mandatum, ii. 443.

commodatum, ü. 446.

pledging, ii. 449.
- localum, ii. 456.
- locatio rei, ii. 456.

290.

CAPTURES, in war, i. 87. 95. ii
Carriers, ii. 464-474.
Casus foederis, i. 47. 108. iii. 248,

249. 251.

275.

Ceded places to U.S. i. 402. Common recovery, iv. 13, 14.
Cessio bonorum, i. 396.

485.
Cesser, iv. 90. 103.

- schools, ü. 165–168.
Cession of territory, i. 166–168. See N. Y. R. S. vol. 1. 466-
Cestui que trust, ii. 54. 230. iv.

496.]
297. 299. Common appendant, üi. 323.
Cestui que use, iv. 285. 288. 290.

- appurtenant, iii. 324.
Charities, ii, 223. 229-232.

of pasture, iii. 323,
Champerty, iv. 439. 441.

324.
Charter-party, iii. 157.

- of estovers, 11. 323, 325.
duty under it, iii.

in gross, iii. 327.
159-161.

- of piscary, iii. 329.
- dissolved, iii. 199.

- by parceners, iii. 328.
Charterer of a vessel, iii. 100, Compensation for property, ii.

101. 159.
Chattels real, ii. 278.

Compensatio criminis, ii. 84.
- voluntary settlements of, Concealment in contracts, ii. 377
ii. 356–358.

.-381. 385.
Checks, iii. 46. 58. 72.

- of papers, i, 146.
Children, appointment to, iv. 339. Condition, estates on, iv. 117.
- their duties, ii. 172.

entry for breach, iv.
- may be disinherited, iv.

122.
510.

- in deed, iv. 119.
after-born, relieved as

precedent, iv. 120.
to wills, iv. 511.

subsequent, iv. 121.
Choses in action, ii. 114, 115.

125.
Chudleigh's case, iv, 232, 233. 246.

repuguant, iv. 126.
249. 287, 288. Conditional fee, iv. 13. 16. 436.
Circuit courts, U. S. i. 281.

- limitations, iv, 121.
Civil law, i, 481–508.

123, 124. 241. 243.
Code, i. 500.

Confederation, articles of,i. 196-
Institutes, i. 500.
Pandects, i, 501. Confiscation of contraband, i.

Novels, i. 503.
Clerks, U. S. i. 287.

of enemy's property,
Collateral satisfaction in dower,

‘i. 57.
iv. 56.

- breach of blockade,
- warranty, iv. 457.

• i. 141.
- limitations, iv. 124.

of debts in war, i.
Collision of ships, iii. 183.

32, 59.
Colonial trade of the enemy, i. Conflictus legum, ii. 93.

77--80. / Confusion of goods, ii. 297. .
Coloured people, ü. 62.

Congress, U. Š. i. 207.
Commercia belli, i. 99. 149.

- general powers, i. 222.
Commerce with the enemy, i. 63.

judge of its own mem-
Commerce, internal, U. S. i. 404

bers, i. 220.
-412.

- mode of business, i.
Commodatum, ii. 446-449.

223-225.
Common law, i. 321. 434. 439.

- power as to banks, i.
powers of the fe-

233.
deral courts, i. 311-322. - taxation, i. 239. 367–-
-- - carriers, ï. 464-474.

370.
üj. 171.

203.

132.
65.

175.

225.

Congress, territorial districts, i. , Contract by an agent, ii. 492.

241.359.

for a lease, iv. 103.
militia, i. 244.

with an enemy, i. 64.
ceded places, i. 402.
internal improvements, Conveyance by deed, iv. 442, 444,
i. 250.

- by feoffment, iv. 467,
- commerce, external, i.

by grant, iv. 477.
405.

by covenant to stand
internal, i. 404–412.

seised, iv. 480.
Consanguinity, how computed, iv.

- by lease and release,
408.

iv. 482.
Consideration of a contract, ü.

by bargain and sale,
364–367.

iy. 483,
in a deed, iv, 237.

by fine and common
453, 454.

recovery, iv. 485.
Consignor, right to stop in tran Coparceners, ii. 328. iv. 362.

situ, i. 429-435. Copyright, ii. 306–315.
Consignee, liable for freight, iii. Corporations, their history,i. 216.

- sole, ii. 220.
Constitutionality of laws, i. 387

aggregate, i. 221.
-396.

religious, ii, 221.
Consuls, i. 40–44.

eleemosynary, i.
Contempts, punishable by Con-
gress, i. 221.

civil, ii. 222, 224.
Contingency to defeat an estate,

- public, ii, 222.
iv. 26.

- private, ii. 222.
Contingent remainders, iv. 198.

- sub modo, ii. 224,
243. 246_249.
or with a double aspect,

-- powers and privi-

iv. 192. leges, ü. 224. 226, 227, 932.
a uses, iv. 231. 233. 289. La visitation of them, i.

299.
interests assignable,

dissolution, i. 245.
iv. 254.

- devisees for chari-
Construction of powers, iy, 339. ties, ii, 229 232, 275. iv. 495.
Contraband of war, i. 125-133.

- seal, ü, 232.
insurance of, iii. 215.

· contracts without
Contribution by joint owners, iv.

seal, ii. 232-235.

misnomer, ü. 235,
to a general average,

236.
iii 185–196.

by-laws, i. 236, 237.
Contracts protected against state

election of officers,
laws, i. 387-397.

ü. 238.
Contract of sale, ü. 363.

amotion, ü. 238.
- executory and executed,

- forfeiture of char-
ii. 363.

ter, Ï. 251.
- subject matter, ü. 367.

- insolvent, č. 252.
how far rescinded, ii. | Corruption of blood, ü. 318.

369-374. Covenants, for renewal of leases,
affected by concealment

iv. 107.
and fraud, ï. 377–387.

real, iv. 457. 460.
when completed, ii. 387

running with the land,
-397.

iv. 460.
void for want of deli-1

by what words crea-
verv, ii. 304--319.

ted, iv. 460, 461.

240.

366.

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