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Life Assurance Office, it would ease his mind from a load of care. The momentous question ever and anon arising in the head of a household, however humble-What will become of my dear wife and children, should it please God to call me from this earth ?—would be cheerfully answered by— They are provided for to the best of my means.

2. Supposing that when a mechanic had finished his day's work, he were to go home, wash himself, and sit down and read some instructive book, either to himself, or audibly for the benefit of his wife and children is there any question as to whether this is a more comfortable, respectable, and profitable way of employing his time, than sitting at the “ Blue Lion," or "Spotted Dog," or lounging about the streets.—Public-houses only benefit their landlords.

3. Supposing those who are in the habit of swearing, were to abandon the habit-would they find that their arguments had less force, or their conversation be less witty, or themselves less respected ?-Swearing is a habit to be abstained from; and he who indulges in it shows the weakness of his mind, and the wickedness of his heart.

4, Supposing four persons were each to subscribe sixpence per week, they might procure as much literature as they could read in their spare time.—[The books thus procured to be divided twice a year.]

5. Supposing I were to keep an accurate account of my daily expenditure, perhaps it would be the means of saving me from being shipwrecked on that dangerous rock—Extravagance. - 6. Supposing a person in the habit of drinkingwe'll say only a pint of ale per day-expended the money in the purchase of useful and interesting books, he would find that, with a careful perusal, his mind would be considerably benefited, without any injury to his body. And surely it would be gratifying to see a library of one's own collecting, small though it might be.—Books are good furniture, and look well in every house.

From Sergeant's Almanack.

SOCIAL EVILS.

(Continued from a former Number.) LET not the poor then judge harshly of their superiors, of those who they erroneously suppose are removed far from want, anxiety, or care, and are higher than themselves in the imaginary scale of comfort and enjoyment.

But the poor may still complain that, although this may be true as regards the necessaries of life, the argument does not apply to those who, possessing the superfluities, are forgetful of their poor brethren; but here again, it would not only be difficult to say what is a luxury, what the superfluities of life. Still, suppose these were confined only to the rich, who would venture to curtail them, even if they possessed the power to do so ? Ask the poor Buckingham lace-woman, who earns her scanty living with her little pillow; ask the attenuated and half-skeleton form of the poor Spitalfields' silkweaver, if they think the lady too costly in her apparel, and they will tell you that they have cause to deplore, and that most bitterly, the economy of many gentlewomen, who, in order to meet the demands on their purse for the various requirements of their rank and condition, and those of the various charities that lay claim to their sympathy (which every day nearly adds to the catalogue of Christian benevolence), are frequently obliged to be more rigid in their expenditure on their own apparel than their dependants, when, as is too often the case, the maid may be taken for the mistress, and the beggar for the giver of alms.

Waste must ever be deprecated in either rich or poor ; but as hoarding and accumulating are totally different to providing for a family, the one being laudable and commendable, the other forbidden; so expenditure is not extravagance, and the wider the circulation of money, and the more diffuse the expenditure, the better it will be for the lower orders, and the more will their interest be promoted.

It is true the rich may drink at the fountain-head of the spring, but if that is dammed up and checked in

its progress, those that are below and dependent on its streams must ultimately perish.

We remember once reading a well-intentioned imaginary tale on this very subject. A poor man, who had been complaining of the pressure of the times, which bore heavily on himself and his large family, went to consult a neighbouring fairy, and fully believing that all his troubles were occasioned by the luxuries of the rich, entreated her, with a stroke of her wand, to deprive them at once of every thing in the shape of luxury, leaving them nothing but the actual necessaries of life. The fairy consented on one condition, that this change should continue for a month only, and that at the end of that time she might have the liberty of restoring things to their original state.

The poor man, well pleased with what his sagacity had accomplished, returned home, but nothing but disappointment awaited him there. His little boy met him with the disagreeable information, that on going as usual to amuse himself with his battledore and shuttlecock, they had turned into two dry and useless sticks! His wife also was loud in her lamentations, and complained that her best china teapot, a present from a late mistress, had been transformed into a common earthenware one. Afraid to confess that he was himself the author of these misfortunes, and loth to allow that these disasters were the consequence of his own folly, our friend turned to his pipe and snuff-box for comfort, and to regale bimself under the vexations that in spite of every effort would intrude themselves on his thoughts, but, alas, these articles being both luxuries were now forbidden and useless to him! Not yet quite convinced of the mistake, the poor man still flattered himself he should be a gainer in due course of time, but more and severer disappointments awaited him. Presently afterwards in came his grown-up children, downcast and dismayed, baving all been turned off from their work in various manufactories, one from a coachman, and the others from a silk-warehouse, announcing the unwelcome intelligence that a new law had just been issued, forbidding the use of all luxuries and superfluities; and as carriages and fine apparel were not the necessaries of life, their further services must be dispensed with! To crown the whole, before he had recovered the effects of this unexpected blow, his landlord appeared, dressed in a homely suit of russet brown, and told the poor fellow, that as his wants would be few in future, it would be unnecessary to give himself the trouble of his former occupations, and that he should not require to have his estate worked any longer, intending to turn his land into a sheep-walk, which compelled him to dispense with his further services. Convinced of his folly, and the silly mistake he had made, the poor man gladly availed himself of the fairy's permission, returned to her at the end of the appointed time, and entreated her, with another stroke of her wand, to restore things to their former state ; and from that time he acknowledged and endeavoured to impress on his neighbours this great fact, that so far from the luxuries of the rich being injurious to the poor, that they depended on the preparation of these very luxuries for their support and livelihood, quite as much, and more, than the rich did for them as auxiliaries to their comfort and enjoyment.

(To be continued.)

THE NEW ZEALAND CHIEF. In a former Number we inserted a letter from a converted New Zealand chief, showing what impression was conveyed to his mind by the conduct of professing Christians in England, especially with regard to the Sabbath. Our readers may be pleased to read a short account of the exertions which he has made for the benefit of his own countrymen in New Zealand. Tamahana Te Rauparaha (for that is his name) is now on his way back to his native land after his visit to England.

The way in which he first heard the Gospel is remarkable. He lived 500 miles distant from the missionary stations, nor had any of the missionaries ever penetrated so far. But a native youth, who had been in the missionary schools, wandered down thither in search of his friends, and from him Tamahana first heard about the

VOL. XXXII.

you cho had been bana ehe isla

Gospel. One of the people who had come with this young native had a copy of the New Zealand Testament, which had been printed at the Mission premises, and from this Tamahana learnt to read. He undertook a voyage to that part of the island where the missionaries lived, and brought back the first missionary to his tribe. The preaching of the Gospel has been much blest to them. Loving the Gospel himself, Tamahana has endeavoured to forward it amongst his countrymen, and to improve their character and habits. At one time, when other chiefs were disposed to go to war with the English, he persuaded them to peace. It was then that he became strongly convinced of the necessity of giving useful occupation to his people, and leading them onward in the path of improvement. The following is his own account of the measures adopted by him to bring this about :

“My heart said, -What shall I do for my people to make them work, not to be too much idle ? For if they were idle, then there would be too much talk, and fights would come.' When I was at Auckland, I had read about Peter the Great, King of Russia, who learned to work that he might teach his people. My heart had thought I should like to be like him. Then I had a meeting after prayers in the evening. Many people came. I said to my people, 'It is the wish of my heart to make a town like the white man's.' Then they said, • It will be very hard. We cannot do it.' But I said,

The English have only two hands, and two feet, and one head; not four hands or four feet. We also have the same number. The only difference between us is, that their skin is white. Let us try. Then the people said, “Very well.' I said, 'Let us build the church first, then our houses. God's house first, man's the second, then He will bless our work. My people said, “Very well.' Then I said, 'Go and cut the wood!' They went, and I went too. We had no minister then. He was sick at Wellington. God alone was our minister. We finished the church : it was but a little one. Then my people began to make their own houses. But some liked to stay in the old pa (village), in their little dirty houses, and not come to the new town; so I burned

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