“the inheritance of the saints in light!” How do they “rise early, and late take rest," to secure their worldly goods from all hazard, while they leave the only good which is worth minding, the salvation of their souls, to the doubtful insurance of a death-bed repentance !Dr. James Scott.


Boiled GRAIN CONSIDERED AS Food FOR POULTRY. It is the custom of poultry keepers in France to cook the grain given to fowls which they intend to fatten, boiling it in water till soft enough to be easily bruised between the fingers, the boiling causing it to burst. The results of experiments made as to feeding poultry on various sorts of grain, show that any grain which is cheapest may be used, excepting rye, where other sorts are to be had on reasonable terms. Other experiments made as to the economy of using boiled grain show, that whenever the price of maize, barley, or wheat, renders them eligible as food for poultry, these grains are most profitable boiled instead of dry. Tares, beans, and peas, when at a low price, are very good food for poultry, and should be boiled. Potatoes, carrots, turnips, parsneps, Jerusalem artichokes, and similar roots, boiled and mashed up with pollard or oatmeal, make an excellent variety, and answer well for feeding poultry in the evening, when grain has been given in the morning. Care must be taken not to give boiled food too hot. Potatoes are a cheap, excellent, and wholesome food, but must be broken a little, and should be given warm, as they do not like them cold. Raw carrots and parsneps, rasped, or cut very small, and mixed with pollard or oatmeal, are very wholesome, but fowls will not eat them if thrown down whole. Bran or pollard is not a good substitute for grain, though useful to mix as above with other food.

KEEPING OP BUTTER.—There is a very common mistake in Scotland made in keeping sweet butter, namely, in water. This very quickly injures the flavour of it, making it tasteless and insipid. It should be kept in a cool, airy place, but perfectly dry. The making up of butter for table in small fancy shapes, placed in a crystal dish, floating in water, is pretty to the eye; but the eye is pleased at the expense of the palate. When butter is made up in this form, and kept for two or three days in water, the flavour is sensibly affected, and the butter pronounced not good. Butter of the best quality will always be more or less injured by such treatment.-North British Agriculturist.

GEOGRAPHICAL DISCOVERY.—The Geographical Society of Paris has awarded two large silver medals to the Revs. Dr. Krapf and J. Rebmann, missionaries of the Church Missionary Society, for the discovery of a snowy mountain in Eastern Africa, about three degrees south of the line, named Mount Kilimandjaro. Dr. Krapf has since visited another range about two degrees northward, where he has announced the discovery of another mountain still loftier-Mount Kenia, which appears to be the Mount Arangos of Hoking, otherwise named the Mountain of the Moon.

NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. We have received the communications of 4 Layman ; S. B.; S. A. and some anonymous Correspondents.



AUGUST, 1852.


PAGE Extract from my Family Bible. 253 Anecdote of Sir Andrew Agnew 284 Visit to Bolton Sunday School.. 254 Optical Illusions in the Arctic The Chaffinch ............ .. 259 Regions .......

285 The Dying Soldier ......... 260 Public Worship .............. 286 The Transfiguration ..

266 Extracts from Newspapers ..... 287 Gold-Digging ........ 276 Notices to Correspondents .... 288 The Thank-Offering ...... 2801


St. MARK vi. 14—29. CONSCIENCE, my dear family, is the constant tormentor of wicked men in this life, and by many it is (as I think, most reasonably) believed, that "the worm that dieth not, and the fire that never will be quenched,” are used to figure out the gnawing and burning of an accusing conscience throughout eternity.

Certain it is that Herod's base murder was always upon his mind. He had not only heard the Baptist gladly, but had in consequence “done many things," because he felt that he was a just and holy man, as well as a preacher sent from God. Moreover, his conscience had made him fear John, for it told him that his rebukes concerning his unlawful marriage were right. Now that our Lord appeared, the tormenting accuser of this wicked king brought John again to his mind, and his fears were awakened lest Christ should be his innocent victim returned from the grave, to which his cruel order had sent him. My family, learn from this the terrible condition of a self-accused sinner, without THE SAVIOUR, FOR THERE IS BUT ONE, THE GOD-MAN, CHRIST JESUS.

Murder is not a general sin, but the fall is bearing its fruits in a thousand ways in the heart and life of every


child of Adam. Conscience tells you, and it tells me, that we are guilty before God, and that we have nothing whatever to say that we should not die eternally, according to the plain law of God, “the soul that sinneth, it shall die.” (Ezek. xviii. 41.) I repeat it, conscience accuses us all, and at this Satan, the author of sin, rejoices, till, by the grace of God, the Holy Spirit, the day-spring of Christ, arise in our hearts. Then, a wicked Herod, like David before him, may find peace. Herod found none because he did not see the value of the new Prophet, the Lord Jesus; while David, a thousand years before He came, had seen Him and valued Him with the far-seeing, but sure eye of faith. Rely upon it, that though there is not, and cannot be, any peace for the wicked, because conscience is ever tormenting them while they are impenitent and unconverted, yet, by God's infinite and unspeakable mercy, there is abundance of peace,” for the trembling, self-convicted sinner, who comes with all his sins confessed and sorrowed over, to the Lord Jesus Christ; and be assured that in such, conscience, while bearing witness to his guilt, will also bear witness to the fitness, the fulness, and the perfection of our Saviour's offering for the pardon of his sins; and the Blessed Spirit of God will write upon that once accusing conscience these blessed words, which it will whisper in gentle, but positive accents, “Son, be of good cheer, thy sins are forgiven thee.” Then, and not till then, will the soul and mind and heart be bent upon keeping “a conscience void of offence towards God and towards man," by the power of the same Divine Spirit who has given that conscience peace in Christ, and who ever lives, according to our Lord's true promise, with his true disciples, who are “made clean" "every whit” by his precious blood.”


VISIT TO BOLTON SUNDAY SCHOOL. The Sunday School at Bolton is held in a building near the church, which was constructed, for this special purpose, in 1819, and is now partially employed during the week, as an Infant School.

The numbers when I visited the school were: boys about 620, girls about 650; but the term “boys and girls" is incorrect. There were, as far as I could judge, at least 200 young women, and above 100 young men. There were in the two schools fifty classes, with two teachers to each, besides superintendents and their assistants. The upper story was devoted to females, the lower to males. In the female school, the two superintendents and sis of the teachers were males; the latter assisting the superintendent, or taking his place when required. The rest of the teachers in this school are females ; a few of them ladies, but chiefly young persons who have been trained in the school. There was in each school a large class of young people under ordinary instruction, who were waiting to become teachers, from whose ranks the places of the absent teachers were filled up for the day, so that each class had its complement of teachers. Each teacher took care of not more than twelve pupils, so that the ordinary class contained twenty-four scholars.

The object of this subdivision of the class was partly mechanical, for the breadth of the room rendered it more convenient during prayers to have twenty-four in the class, in consequence of the way in which the benches were arranged ; and when the teaching began, the two teachers took different ends of the same long class. But there is a moral advantage in the arrangement, for before school the pupils were sitting down round the class, and the first teacher who was at the post superintended the whole class. Add to which, that a captain and a lieutenant will probably keep better order than two captains.

The labours of the day began at nine o'clock, when prayers were read by the vicar. In order to unite the two schools into one, for the purpose of prayers, a large trap-door is opened in the upper school, of which the sides of the floor, raised for this purpose, form the parapets of the opening, and round this the female teachers stand and sing; and the organ is so placed, in the centre of the female school, near the trap-door, that it is perfectly heard in both schools. The prayers were chiedy chosen from the Liturgy, and the psalm or hymn


taken from a selection made for the school. The whole proceeding was most orderly, and the singing general.

When it was finished, and the trap-door again closed, (the whole space of time occupied by this hardly exceeded ten minutes, if so much,) the reading began. The two teachers placed themselves at the ends of their respective class, and the children gathered round them, some standing, and some sitting. The register was called over in each class, from a paper fixed on a board, and the names of those who were not present were marked. The whole of these operations was performed very systematically, and with quiet order, so that it was obvious that very exact discipline was observed, but there was less of drill than might have been expected where so many scholars were assembled in the same room.

The ordinary course is, that a child on admission is placed at the bottom of the school, and is gradually advanced according to the report of the teacher ; but there did not seem to be any very systematic arrangement as to this particular, and as far as I could judge, each teacher carried on the instruction of those committed to their charge, very much as they pleased. The lower children were engaged on elementary cards, and Mr. Slade's own Reading-Book, but they soon entered on reading the Scriptures, and the lessons seemed to be generally selected from the services of the day. The collect of the day was repeated in the several classes, and explained from a book of the Christian Knowledge Society, written by Mrs. Slade.

In order to estimate rightly the importance of the Bolton Sunday School, it is necessary to turn our eyes to the character of the place itself. The town contains perhaps 60,000 inhabitants, and is very inadequately provided with church accommodation.

The whole population consists of persons labouring for their bread, chiefly in factories; and few possess much education, or have time for the improvement of the mind; so that teachers and pupils are chiefly drawn from the same rank of life, and it is only in consequence of the length of time during which the Sunday School


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