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the holy hill of Sion, and received the uttermost parts of the earth for his possession. The lot of every pious man is after the same pattern. He may seem to fall, but he shall not be cast away, for the Lord upholdeth him with his hand. The life of a Christian is a kind of paradox, in which apparent evil is real good. So the Apostle describes the state of himself and his fellow Christians, as of men who were living and dying at the same time, as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, and yet possessing all things. We are impatient, till evil is removed; but if it is turned into good, that is better for us : and the time of retribution will come, when all things that offend shall be cast out; all the seeming errors of the present time shall be rectified.
This consideration will be sufficient, if every other should fail us. It was this which supported the martyrs of Jesus Christ under all the scorn and cruelty of their Jewish and Heathen enemies. They had the earnest of their hope from the case of the first martyr Stephen; to whose eyes that prospect of glory was presented, which is prepared for all those who suffer for the sake of truth and righteousness.
2dly. When we have laid up these considerations in our minds, we must also be careful to follow such rules of prudence, as the Scripture hath given, and experience hath justified. Peace of mind is not a speculation, but a practical art ; the result of proper information and prudent attention.
First then, it is necessary we should be possessed and penetrated by a true sense of our own unworthiness in the sight of God and man. person over-rates himself, he expects honours which are not due to him, and is disappointed and vexed if he does not receive them. Thé lunatic, who has
made himself a king in his own imagination, raves if he is not treated as such by people in their senses. Lighter cases, but the same in kind, occur to us every day; and men make such mistakes about themselves, as bring them into great trouble : whereas an humble mind is not easily hurt. When we have abased ourselves, we cannot be thrown down: but he that has placed himself aloft in his own estimation, is exposed to many a downfall. Humanity will be tender to a vain man, and the religious will pity him; but the inconsiderate always take a delight in pulling him down.
The order and regularity of a methodical life hath great effect in keeping the mind recollected and undisturbed. When people live, as too many do, not by rule, but slothfully and by chance, their affairs are perplexed; and when they are out of temper with themselves, they are less able to bear with the perverseness of others. While every thing about them is wrong, their minds can never be right; but great inconveniences are avoided by economical attention, and the regularity of an industrious spirit; which is one of the greatest blessings in life.
Moderation and contentment are absolutely necessary to our peace; for when our ways and means are exceeded by our wants, we must either fall into distress, or be forced upon mean and base expedients; to the loss of our honour, and the wounding of our consciences. Ungoverned appetite is either sick or poor : often both at once; and poverty, which we have brought upon ourselves, is always vexatious. We never see people happy who outlive their fortunes ; but generally fretful, restless and quarrelsome; or dejected and melancholy; and this may serve to shew
us what a large share of the evil we complain of, is of our own making.
Moderation, as it signifies temperance in meat and drink, hath a great effect upon the temper. It keeps the mind cool as well as the body; and the influence of the one upon the other is undisputed. The sick man is careful of his diet, and lives sparingly in a fever, lest he should inflame his distemper. We are all sick, of sin; and fretfulness is the hectic of the mind; which must be corrected by the same regimen as reduces a feverish heat in the body. Christianity gives us knowledge for the correcting of every error; but it bids us add temperance. Devils go not out without fasting ; and it is as true, that evil passions cannot be kept under, but by habits of self-denial. He who can deny himself not only reduces his mind to a temperate state, but disarms the malice of his enemies ; because he does that voluntarily, for his own good, which another would do maliciously to his hurt; he mortifies himself.
In the next place let us beware of being hurt by little offences and slight accidents. Great calamities work upon the rational and manly affections of the mind. Small affronts have nothing to work upon but our pride; a tender and irritable principle. We are so apt to be surprised by light occasions of vexation, that they often give us more trouble than heavy causes of affliction, against which we are better provided. We arm ourselves against lions and tygers, or keep out of their way; while we are often tormented with sleepless nights from rats and insignificant noises.
To cure this infirmity, the mind should accustom itself to great objects; it should present to itself the
dreadful dangers of temptation; the future certain approaches of death; the just judgment of God; the torments of hell; the joys of heaven; and while it is thus acting like a man, it will not be fretted like a child, with little things.
It will also lessen our embarrassment, on many occasions, if we make it a rule to be silent before our enemies. If a man is under a mistake, or slow of apprehension, or poisoned with misinformation; we may do him and ourselves good by discoursing with him: but if we once discover that he has a bad, that is, a malicious design, we should make it a rule never to talk with him, we have no chance with such a person but by being silent. If we speak never so long, we shall do him no good ; but only give him an opportunity of misreporting our words, and turning them against us. The Scribes and Pharisees, from the malice of their hearts, urged our Saviour vehemently to speak of many things *; laying wait for him, and seeking to catch something out of his mouth, that they might accuse him. Malice will work in other men now, as it did in them: and as our Saviour himself was silent, when he could do no good by speaking; there are many occasions in life, when we shall very much lessen our danger and trouble by following the wisdom of his example.
It will also contribute greatly to our peace, if we view things on the bright side, and make the best of them, in our private meditations and in our conversation. As all lead contains some silver in it, so hath all evil some good, which a skilful mind may extract. The sagacious bee, when it traverses the fields, turns not aside from a poisonous flower ; but is possessed of a chemical art, which can draw honey from every
* Luke xi. 53.
plant : so saith the Apostle, supposing us to have the like faculty, in every thing give thanks, for this is the will of God.
3rdly. Such are the considerations with which we are to fortify our minds, and the rules by which we are to direct our lives, for the preservation of our tranquillity. But I am now to observe, that all other rules and considerations will be ineffectual, without the practice of piety; that is, without the prayers and devotions of a Christian. When we would move men to consider and learn, we tell them that peace of mind is an art; but when we would move them to pray, we must remind them, that it is a gift. The composure of a devout mind is called the peace of God, which passeth all understanding ; it must therefore come from God himself; and if we do not ask for it, we cannot have it. 0, pray for the peace of Jerusalem, saith the Psalmist to the Church : so must we admonish every individual, “ O pray for the peace
of thine “ own heart, if thou dost expect to find it.” Our religion hath every wise doctrine, and every wholesome precept; but, throughout the whole, Faith acts as the sovereign power, and the universal remedy; without which there can be neither the comfort of Hope nor the patience of Charity. This is the victory that overcometh the world, even our faith: and why doth the world overcome so many, but because they are without it? and, consequently without prayer, which is the speech of faith, and the evidence of our spiritual life? If we live, we shall speak : and that we may never be at a loss for proper expressions, the whole book of Psalms is provided for private as well as public use, and fitted for every occasion that can befall us.
The advantages of keeping up this communion