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west of the Alleghany Mountains. Redstone was first, 1781; Ohio, second, 1798; and Erie, third, 1801. The manners and customs of our fathers at the beginning of this century, in that region, are described with singular vivacity and justness. And it must be said of the author, in this second attempt at author. ship, in this department, that he proves to be an historian of unquestionable excellence. He adds to diligence of research, accuracy of statement, and rich variety of details, a style of classic purity and beauty; full of quiet humor, and pertinent allusion,
The biographical sketches of deceased ministers, about fifty in number, make a valuable and interesting record, for the whole church. The sketches of living men, nearly seventy in number, who are, or have been members of this Presbytery, though scarcely more than statistical, in any case, and even suppressed in the statistics, -the age, for example, being commonly withheld, -are made with the manly good laste, which avoids all compliment, and eveu estimate of ability or service,
The third part of the book consists of an admirable register of the churches; date of organization, succession of pastors, of edifices, and distinguished members, especially young men reared for the ministry, and connection with Old or New School, in the thirty-two years of division, now terminated. Elocution : the sources and elements of its power. By J. H. Mc Ilvaine,
Profogsor of Belles Lettres in Princeton College. New York: Charles
Scribner & Co. The Introduction consists of a comprehensive estimate of the utility and importance of this great art, and a refutation of the reasons for disparaging and neg. lecting it. The dignity of the art is also shown, with uncommon force and beauty; so that the reader is well prepared to engage in the minutest labor, to which the author leads him; made to feel, with Herbert, in his “ Country Parson," that there can be “nothing little " in the cultivation, he proposes; and to "covet earnestly" this elocution, as even foremost among "the best gifts." With rare felicity, he cites the memorable saying of Socrates, the greatest of all uninspired teachers : “I would rather write upon tho hearts of living men, than upon the skins of dead sheep.” In the example of our Lord Jesus himself, the dignity and value of oral teaching over book-making, appears to encourage this art; and restrain the inordinate valuation of the press in our day, as the best means of greatness, and permanent influence for good.
The book is then divided into two parts: I. The sources of power in delivery. II. The elements of power in delivery.
THE SOURCES are ten in number: viz., Thought, Feeling, Earnestness, Direct Ad. dress, Sympathy, Mastery of the Subject, Facility of Remembering, Familiarity with the Manuscript, Vitality of the Physical Man, and Self-control. This part of the work is exhaustive and profound. It ranks the author fairly with Fenelon, Campbell
, and Vinet, in the great philosophy of rhetoric; and elevates the study to an intellectual importance, which is second to no other in scope; and transcends every other, in the permanency of its form, and the obvious value of its principles.
The Second Part is also divided into ten chapters, viz.: Articulation, Accent Pronunciation, Qualities of Voice, Powers of Voice, Pitch and Inflection, Time and Pause, Force, Emphasis, and Gesture.
Since the production of that original and matchless work of Dr. Rush on the human voice, it may be safely affirmed that these pages of Dr. Mcllvaine are the best contributions to the scientific side and true mastery of elocution. The combination of philosophical analysis with the practical details of the school-room is wonderful. The directions, given with ever so much minuteness and specialty, are never trivial. The rules, however positively furnished, are perfectly saved, by principles on the one hand, and facts ou the other. A judicious compilation of the best instruction erto afforded, is accompanied, all along, with much independent and fresh exposition of the resources and means of public speaking.
On the whole, we heartily recommend this work as the best book we have yet seen for use as a text-book ou elocution in schools and colleges. The blemish of the page to a cursory reader, in being cut up into so many parcels of black letter and italics, only enhances its value to the teacher and the student in recitationblending admirably science, catechism, and praxis. The vast amount of diligence and painstaking this little volume must have cost the author, deserves all praise and substantial remuneration. Dr. McIlvaine has been well known as a massive thinker and powerful speaker in many another department. But we are now to appreciate him for minute labor, and patient pains, and generous toil, in the service of education—a higher meed, after all, than any personal gifts with which he has been endowed. Whilst we may not concur in every particular lesson of the book we now recommend, we must regard it as faulty in nothing to hinder its usefulness in the noble accomplishment to which it invites the youth of our day. The Private Life of Galileo. Compiled principally from his Correspon
dence and that of his eldest daughter, Sister Maria Celeste. Boston:
Nichols & Noyes. 1870. Not only will astronomers and men of science look into this book with deep and tender interest. Those who take an interest in the progress of science and its relations to religion, and in the life and character of one of the greatest but most unfortunate and abused of men, will read it with melancholy, satisfaction. This volume contains his letter to Castelli, on the Copernican system, which brought him before the Inquisition, and subjected him to its terrible fulminations because they found that he held as true," the false doctrine taught by many, that the sun was the centre of the universe, and immovable, and that the earth moved and had also a diurnal motion.” The narrative of the trial has been enriched and enlivened by new matter, which researches among the archives of. the Vatican have disentombed.
The volume also contains correspondence between Galileo and his daughter, of a very significant character, and has all the charm of the simple domestic affection cherished by the illustrious astronomer, alike when scaling and measuring the heavens and under the screws of the Inquisition. Warp and Woof. A book of verse. By Samuel Willoughby Duffield.
New York: Anson D. F. Randolph & Co. 1870. This book shows a fair degree of poetic power, with a promise of still better things, as age shall strengthen and inspire the young poet for higher flights.
IXOTE-Christ in Song. Hymns of Immanuel, selected from all ages, with
notes. By Philip Schaff, D. D. New York: A. D. F. Randolph &
Co. 1870. This fine contribution to our hymnology has already reached the present, which is its fourth, edition. Although issued in good style of paper, type, and binding, it is made less expensive than former editions in accommodation to the popular demand. Its price is $2.26. The fact that it is collected and edited by Dr. Schaff is a sufficient guaranty for the exclusion of whatever is underout, unclassical, udpoetical, or without some breathing of faith, love, or adoration for Him who hath a name that is above every dame. Not only so, but the book is very rich in the choice hymns of all the ages and churches which magnify Christ in his Person, Incarnation, Agony, Passion, Resurrection, Ascension, Enthronement, Dominion, Mediation, Intercession—in all his offices and ministries of love, and the responsive trust, love, gratitude, devotion of his people. We notice that the post-reformation hymns are not more decided, but more full and emphatic than those of preceding ages, on the relation of the piacular character of Christ's death to Christian experience and life. The Life of our Lord. By Rev. William Hanna, D. D., LL. D. In siz
volumes. New York: Robert Carter & Brothers. 1870, We have received the four remaining volumes of this scholarly, beautiful, and devout work, which bear the characteristics we ascribed to the first two volumes, in our last number. The critical press on both sides of the ocean has spoken with one voice, not vague, but in discriminating commendation of this excellent Life of our Lord. The four volumes now before us are the 3d, on the Close of his Ministry; the 4th, ou Passion Week; 5th, on the Last Day of our Lord's Passion; 6th, Forty Days after the Resurrection: each topic of the profoundest moment and interest.
The Life of James Hamilton, D. D., F. L. S. By William Arnot, Edin
burgh. Second Edition. New York: Robert Carter & Brothers.
1870. It is rare that so fine a subject, endeared to the literary and religious English speaking world by a series of the best specimens of our religious literature, finds 80 capital a biographer. Dr. Arnot, now on a visit to this country, and delegate to our Assembly, has shown everywhere that aroma of refined culture, piety, and fervid Christian eloquence which fitted him to be the confidential friend and biographer of Dr. Hamilton. He has given us a beautiful and life-like portrait, which has met a wide and ardent welcome.
Memoir of the Rev. Wm. C. Burns, M. A., Missionary to China from the
English Presbyterian Church. By the Rev. Islay Burns, D. D.,
Robert Carter & Brothers. 1870. This biography of one heretofore less known than Dr. Hamilton, in no way falls below that of the latter in the worthiness of the subject, the points of interest in his life, or the success of its execution. Dr. Burns, the great preacher, evangelizer, and missionary, is well portrayed to us by Dr. Burns the biographer, His eventful but noble and useful life as preacher, often amid revivals in Dundee
Perth, Aberdeen, Newcastle, Edinburgh, Dublin, in the mountains, and in
the Text Complete. St. John. Vol. II. By the Rev. J. C. Ryle,
land. New York: Robert Carter & Brothers. 1870. Mr. Ryle has long been known as one of the thoroughly evangelical ministers and authors of the Anglican Church. His commentaries on the Gospels have* now reached the sixth volume, which ends with the sixth chapter of John. He grows voluminous as he advances, having expanded his notes on Luke to two volumes, and promising three, if not more, upon John. The plain, practical. devout, but not unlearned, character of the preceding volumes appears in this. The true spiritual meaning is evolved and applied to the life. Difficulties are not evaded nor trifled with. It will be found profitable and acceptable to ministers and Christians. God is Love;
or, Glimpses of the Father's Infinite Affection for His People. From the Ninth London Edition. New York: Robert
Carter & Brothers. 1870. This is one of those reprints of standard devotional books first published abroad, which form so much of the staple of the Carters' publications. All the rays of the divine beneficence are gathered up and focalized so as to show that in very essence GOD IS LOVE. Our Father in Heaven : The Lord's Prayer explained and illustrated.
A Book for the Young. By Rev. J. H. Wilson, M. A., Barclay
Brothers. 1870. This is another of the innumerable expositions and applications of the Lord's Prayer, which show its inexhaustible riches, and are no mere repetitions of previous expositions. By its pictorial and other illustrations it is specially fitted for the young, in whose interest it is prepared.
The Bible in Public Schools, Arguments in the case of John D. Miner,
et al. versus The Board of Education of the City of Cincinnati et al. Superior Court of Cincinnati. With the Opinions and Decisions
of the Court. Cincinnati: Robert Clark & Co. 1870. One of the great arguments contained in this volume,-that by Judge Matthews against the use of the Bible in Common Schools,—we noticed in our last number, with several other recent publications on the counmon school question. This was all of it that we had then received. We are glad, now, to receive this large and handsome volume. It presents all the papers, documents, arguments, and judicial deliverances in a case which will take rank with the few great historic and formative legal cases of the country, that serve at once to evoke and shape the sentiments and policy of the people, whether discordant or accordant with it. It is in this respect like the great Dartmouth College, United States Bank, Dred Scott, and Legal Tender cases of the Suprome Court of the United States. This book is a most valuable contribution to the literature of the subject, and presents the issues of the controversy which is beginning to convulse the country, in the clearest light in which the ablest counsellors and judges can put them.
Cæsar's Commentaries on the Gallic War; with Explanatory Notes, a
Copious Dictionary, and a Map of Gaul. By Albert Harkness, LL. D.
New York: D. Appleton & Company. 1870. Professor Harkness' Series of Classical Text-Books is marked by great practi. cal excellencies. They give the results of large experience in teaching. The * present work is supplied with the best illustrations in the way of maps and plans. The notes give judicious help to the students on points of construction by numerous references to the author's Grammar, and are especially fitted to cultivate a habit of close, yet tasteful and idiomatic translation-an object so important to be secured from the outset in the study of the classics. We regard this as the best edition of Cæsar for the Preparatory Course. The Spencers, a Story of Home Influence. By Stephen H. Tyng, D. D.,
Rector of St. Stephen's Church, New York. American Tract
Society, New York. This is a collection or series of tales founded on facts within the venerable author's knowledge, which were originally published in the New York Ledger, and were perused with satisfaction and profit by the thousands of readers of that unique and entertaining journal. The Publishing Committee of the Tract Society have wisely judged that they would do good service in a more permanent form. Mr. Bonner, who, with all his efforts to amuse, seeks also to benefit his fellow. men, has kindly consented to their publication in this form. The author, the matter, the occasions and circumstances of the book, cannot fail to win for it a large number of readers. Pearls of Wisdom: A Text of Scripture, with an Appropriate Selection
from various authors for every day in the year. By Rev. Samuel Hutchings. American Tract Society, New York. The selections of Scripture texts, and fitting extracts from various authors to accompany, expound, or apply them, are happily made, and make this little volume a good vade mecum. Beginning of Life. Chapters for Young Men on Religion, Study, and
Business. By John Tullock, D. D., Principal and Primarius Pro
fessor, St. Mary's College. American Tract Society, New York. Principal Tullock has long been well known as a Christian writer, and especially by his prize essay in defence of theism. He has in this volume under. taken a very different task. He has given a series of instructions and counsels to young men, which covers the whole ground from the first foundations of faith in the supernatural to the most practical instructions in regard to business, reading, culture, enjoyment. The religious and Christian element in the book is of course the most important. But the chapters teaching what to do and how to do it, what to read and how to read it, what to enjoy and how to enjoy it, — if not showing what is religion, show what is necessary to its best exemplification, and what it is of inestimable importance to young men to know and realize.