rum;" a third edition of Curtius' "Greek Etymology;" Vol. I. of Pindar's “ Epinicia," edited by M. Schmidt of Jena; a second edition of Schleicher's "German Language;" Andresen's. “Language of Jacob Grimm;" Part 2 of Merx' "

Syriac Grammar (based on Hoffmann); Bruppacher's “Phonetic System of the Oscan Language;" Lepsius on the “Chronological Value of the Assyrian Eponymes, and some points of contact with Egyptian Chronology;" Hassan's “Concise Grammar of the common Arabic Dialects, especially the Egyptian ;" Part 1 of a third revised edition of Diez' "Grammar of the Romance Languages;" a volume of Von Raumer's “ Literary Remains;" and Vol. VII. of Klein's "History of the Drama.”


From Holland we find a few volumes announced of more than usual interest: Prof. Schaarschmidts' edition, in a Dutch version, of Spinoza's " De deo et homine," valuable especially on account of its critical and philosophical preface; Roorda's “Commentary on Micah;" Part 2 of Pierson's "History of Roman Catholicism to the Council of Trent;" Part 2 of Wolber's " History of Java;" the first issue in a new series of the. Teyler Society's publicationsScheffer's “Criticism on F. C. Baur as a Theologian;" Blom's “ Epistle of James ;” Parts 1 and 2 of Vol. I. of Müller's “Boniface;" Riemen's “ First Epistle of John in its relation to the Gospel of John;" Von Toorenenbergen's “Symbolical Literature of the Reformed Church of Netherlands;" Tiele's “Comparative History of Ancient Religions,”—Part 1, “The Egyptian and Mesopotamian Religions;" another instalment (No. 4 of Part 2) of Moll's "Church History of Netherlands before the Reformation;" Part 2 of Doedes' “Doctrine of Blessedness, exhibited according to the Gospel in the Scriptures of the New Testament;" Veen's “ Anabaptists in Scotland;" and Johanna's "Life of Thorwaldsen," with portrait and illustrations.

ry time

[blocks in formation]

Art. I.-Tholuck's View of the Right Way of Preaching.*

ALTHOUGH it is true that of late the churches are here and there somewhat better filled than formerly, especially where zealous preachers proclaim the Word, yet in many places we find them more and more deserted. The services of Sunday afternoon, and of the week day have been given up for want of hearers. Of entire classes, such as public officers, military and professional men, there is often seen only a single individual, like some relic of antiquity in the old cathedrals.

In numerous cities and villages, church attendance is almost wholly confined to the middle and lower classes. And even among these, many think it sufficient if they do not forbid the attendance of their wives and children. Unless there is a change, it will soon be the case in some sections of the country, that in our places of worship we shall find, as indeed on Sunday afternoons we now freqnently do, only women and children, as was the case during the second century in the temples of Rome.

* This article is a translation, by an accomplished American lady, of Counsels to the modern German Preacher, being Dr. Tholuck's Preface to his second series of Sermons. VOL. XLII.-NO. III.



eak here of what is very common in a great part of rum;". a.ant Germany. There are, of course, many cheering “ Epinicia, « German :ns. In whole districts, from long-established custom, Merx' " Soing is as general now as it was formerly. This is Syste case in Wurtemberg and in a number of the Saxon proyinces. Besides, there are individual preachers who, by their Brilliant oratorical gifts, know how to draw together a cultivated audience. There are also those who fill the churches by their bold exhibition of Gospel truths.

Good church-attendance, therefore, is either the continned influence of an earlier and happier period, the effect of distinguished talent in the preacher, or the fruit of a strong and newly awakened faith. But with the greater part of the public, the customs of this former period are becoming more and more obsolete. Teller once preached a sermon to sixteen hearers, in which he warned them against the error of considering church-going an essential part of Christianity.

This doctrine, which he and others like him inculcated, has horne its legitimate fruit. Every year in the cities, and from their example in the villages also, the number is continually lessening of those who attend divine service, either from habit or a sense of duty. The magnetic power of brilliant oratory is imparted to but few; and even of these there are many instances where neither this attraction nor that of a heart glowing with faith is sufficiently strong to turn back to the church the better-educated classes who are setting from it in full tide.

The prospect for the future appears still more gloomy. Will those times ever return when, at the sound of the bell, the father, bearing his hymn-book under his arm, hastened with all his family to the house of God ? when every pew contained a household ? when it was matter of common remark, if, in the seats of the church officers or magistrates, there was a single vacant place? Will those times return, when the faithful pastor shall find, not a scanty representation from different sections of the town, but his whole flock collected as one man before him. Many a preacher now stands in his pulpit who is forced to cry out with Harms, “Ah, Lord, one thing only I ask of thee, that I may not preach to empty seats.


The wish expressed by George Müller, a truly excellent man, whom a pious mother taught to lisp the name of his heavenly, at the same time with that of his earthly father, has been to many among the learned more or less unconsciously fulfilled. For such ones let the preacher expound the Scriptures, looking for hearts which, rejecting the divine, are open only to what is human. Thus, here and there, Herder has done, except that like Chateaubriand, he has exhibited the

beauties of the Christian religion rather than its eternal truth. times The same, yet in loftier flights, has been done by Schleier|--* • macher for those still farther estranged. No one of later !1062 times has been so much as he the preacher of religion to the IUNO

learned among its despisers. That there is something more 1. Christianity than in the beautiful fables of antiquity--that in n reality enduring beyond all time—for the knowledge one thimth, many are indebted to Schleiermacher, who afterseats." ved a deeper experience.

« ElőzőTovább »