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lation from the Russian). “La Russie lithuanienne jusqu'à la chute de la Pologne," and the same author's “ L'Autriche et le Polonisme;" Saint Albin's “ Histoire de Pie IX et son Pontificat ;" Saint Genis' “ Histoire de Savoie ;" Vol. II. of Schmidt's “Tableaux de la Révolution française," and Vol. IX. of Garnier Pagès' “ Histoire de la Révolution du 1848."

Of a more miscellaneous character are Laboulaye's “Discours populaires; suivis d'une Rhétorique populaire ;" Roux's “ Histoire de la Littérature italienne contemporaine ;" De Paravey's “Illustrations de l'Astronomie hiéroglyphique, et des planisphères et zodiaques, etc.;" Perny's “ Proverbes chinois ;" Chodzko's “Grammaire paléoslave;" a second considerably enlarged edition of Oppert's “Eléments de la Grammaire assyrienne," and from the same source a “Mémoire sur les rapports de l'Egypte et de l'Assyrie dans l'Antiquité;" and Daremberg's “ Etat de la Médecine entre Homère et Hippocrate."

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GERMANY.

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The controversy which is rife in the Catholic Church has called forth in Germany much spirited discussion, while adding but little to the permanent literature of theology. Protestants watch the debate, now and then throwing in a word or two—but for the most part wait to see where the Catholic Church, now in the view of all the world, chooses to plant itself. The powers and prerogatives which the Pontiff successfully claims, and the Church of Rome concedes, will shape this part of polemic theology for all coming generations. The list of the last quarter hardly claimus a recapitulation.

In theology the list is meagre and of little permanent worth. Perthes, of Gotha, publishes Part I. of Berger's “Evangelical Faith, Romish Error, and Worldly Unbelief,” and Part I. of Kahle’s “ Bible Eschatology," containing the Eschatology of the Old Testament. We note, besides, Oischinger's “Christian and Scholastic Theology, or the Fundamental Christian Doctrines according to the Symbols, Councils, and Fathers of the Church;" the “Compendium veteris ritualis Constantiensis;" Pfannenschmid's “Holy Water in Heathen and Christian worship;” and Vol. II. of the 3d edition of Heltinger's “ Apology for Christianity.”

In exegetical literature we find a richer list. Two volumes, the first and fifth, have appeared of Vercellone and Cozza's edition of the “ Codex Vaticanus ;" also a fourth edition of Tischendorf's "Septuagint;" a new eighth edition, by Prof. Schrader, of De Wette's “ Introduction to the Old Testament," increased by the addition of about 200 pages to the seventh edition ; Vol. III. of Rielım's revision of “Hupfeld on the Psalms;" Frankel's “Introduction to the Jerusalem Talmud;"> Keil's “ Commentary on Daniel," from Keil and Delitzsch's " Commentary on the Old Testament;" Zöckler's “ Commentary on Daniel,” from Lange's "Bibelwerk;" Volkmar's “Gospels; or Mark and the Synopsis of the Canonical and Non-canonical Gospels, according to the Earliest Text;" Klöpper's " Exegetical and Critical Examination of I. Corinthians ;” Schmidt's “ Pauline Christology;" Küper's “Prophecy in the Old Testament;" and Krenkel's "Paul, the Apostle of the Heathen." An eighth edition of Ewald's "Ausführlichs Lehrbuch " is just out.

In biblical and ecclesiastical history and the cognate literature, we have Hengstenberg's “ History of the Kingdom of God under the Old Testament; first

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period—from Abraham to Moses;" Vol. II. of Hitzig's “ History of Israel from the beginning to A. D. 72;" Laurent's edition of "Clemens Romanus—the Epistle to the Corinthians, and the alleged second Epistle, and the fragments;" Haneberg's "Canons of Hippolytus, in Arabic, from Roman MSS., with a Latin version;" Lipsius: "Chronology of the Bishops of Rome to the middle of the 4th century;" Vol. III. of Heinrichsen's edition of “Eusebius Pamphilus;" Vol. III. of Hergenrother's “ Photius, Patriarch of Constantinople ;" Tobler's " Palestine in the fourth, fifth, and sixth centuries, from the itineraries ;" Möller's “Life and Writings of Osiander," being Part V. of the series, compris. ing the “Fathers and Founders of the Lutheran Church ;' Mörikofer's “Life of Zuingle;" Sickel's "Contributions to the History of the Council of Trent;" Holtzmann's “Monuments of Religious History, within the sphere of Italian art;" Zirngiebl's “Studies concerning the Institution of the Society of Jesus;" and a third edition of Simrock's "Manual of German Mythology."

In secular history and biography we have, among the issues of the quarter, Breysig's “ Times of Charles Martel ;" Vol. II. of Ihne's “ Roman History" (a work already noticed in the Repertory on the appearance of Vol. I., and a translation of which is in press in England); Vol. I. of Holm's “ Ancient History of Sicily;" Siever's “Studies in the History of the Roman Emperors ;" Oberdick's “Movements in the East hostile to the Romans in the last half of the third century of the Christian era ;" Vol. III. of Von Cosel's "History of Prussia under the Hohenzollerns;" Braun's "Pictures of the Mohammedan World;" L. von Ranke's “Correspondence of Frederic the Great with William IV., Prince of Orange, and his wife, Anne of England;" Vol. I. of Von Noorden's “European History in the Eighteenth Century—the War of the Spanish Succession;" Ficker's “ Researches into the History of Italian Monarchy and Jurisprudence;" and Parts 2 and 3 of Vol. IV. of Droysen's “History of Prussian Politics."

Turning to philosophy, general and special, and its history, we find Vol. I. of a third edition of Zeller's “ Philosophy of the Greeks—the pre-Socratic period;" Kalischer's “Comparison and Criticism of Aristotle's Rhetoric and Nicomathean ethics ;" Durdik's " Liebnitz and Newton;" Caspari's “Philosophy of Leibnitz;" L. Grote's “ Leibnitz and his Times;" Bender's “ History of Philosophical and Theological Studies in Ermland;" Von Hartsen's “Inquiries in Logic;" a second and enlarged edition of Schwegler's " History of Philosophy," edited by Köstlin; W. Gass' " Doctrine of Conscience ;' Rosenkranz' " Hegel as the National Phi. losopher of Germany;" Hartenstein's “ Historico-philosophical Essays;" Vol. II. of Volkmann's “ Life, Writings, and Philosophy of Plutarch of Chæronea;"' Ernst von Bunsen's "Unity of Religions," Vol. I.; Dreydorff's “Pascal, his Life and Conflicts;" Delff's “Dante Alighieri and the Divina Comedia ;" and Scartazzini's “Dante, his Times, his Life, and his Works."

In philology and general literature we record the appearance of Vol. II. of the fourth edition of Bähr's "History of Roman Literature ;' Part 1 of the fifth edition of Bernbardy's “Roman Literature;" Part 3 of Teuffel's more concise and very excellent manual in the same department; Friedrichsen's translation of “Ussing's System of Training and Instruction among the Greeks and Romans ;' two prize essays from the Jablonowski Society at Leipsic-Büchsenschütz on the “Chief Seats of Industrial Art in Antiquity," and Blümner on the “Industrial Activity of the Nations of Classical Antiquity;" La Roche's "Homeric Researches;" Vol. II. of Hübner's “Corpus Inscriptionum latina

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rum;" a third edition of Curtius' "Greek Etymology;" Vol. I. of Pindar's “ Epinicia,” edited by M. Schmidt of Jena; a second edition of Schleicher's “German Language;" Andresen's "Language of Jacob Grimm;" Part 2 of Merx' Syriac Grammar" (based on Hoffmann); Bruppacher's “Phonetic System of the Oscan Language;" Lepsius on the “ Chronological Value of the Assyrian Eponymes, and some points of contact with Egyptian Chronology;" Hassan's “Concise Grammar of the common Arabic Dialects, especially the Egyptian;" Part 1 of a third revised edition of Diez' “Grammar of the Romance Languages;" a volume of Von Raumer's “Literary Remains;" and Vol. VII. of Klein's "History of the Drama."

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HOLLAND.

From Holland we find a few volumes announced of more than usual interest: Prof. Schaarschmidts' edition, in a Dutch version, of Spinoza's “ De deo et homine," valuable especially on account of its critical and philosophical preface ; Roorda's " Commentary on Micah ;" Part 2 of Pierson's "History of Roman Catholicism to the Council of Trent;" Part 2 of Wolber's “ History of Java;" the first issue in a new series of the. Teyler Society's publications, Scheffer's “ Criticism on F. C. Baur as a Theologian;" Blom's “ Epistle of James;" Parts 1 and 2 of Vol. I. of Müller's “ Boniface;" Riemen's "First Epistle of John in its relation to the Gospel of John;" Von Toorenenbergen's *Symbolical Literature of the Reformed Church of Netherlands;" Tiele's "Comparative History of Ancient Religions,”—Part 1, "The Egyptian and Mesopotamian Religions;" another instalment (No. 4 of Part 2) of Moll's "Church History of Netherlands before the Reformation;" Part 2 of Doedes' " Doctrine of Blessedness, exhibited according to the Gospel in the Scriptures of the New Testament;" Veen's “ Anabaptists in Scotland;" and Johanna's "Life of Thorwaldsen," with portrait and illustrations.

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Arr. I.-Tholuck's View of the Right Way of Preaching.*

ALTHOUGH it is true that of late the churches are here and there somewhat better filled than formerly, especially where zealous preachers proclaim the Word, yet in many places we find them more and more deserted. The services of Sunday afternoon, and of the week day have been given up for want of hearers. Of entire classes, such as public officers, military and professional men, there is often seen only a single individual, like some relic of antiquity in the old cathedrals.

In numerous cities and villages, church attendance is almost wholly confined to the middle and lower classes. And even among these, many think it sufficient if they do not forbid the attendance of their wives and children. Unless there is a change, it will soon be the case in some sections of the country, that in our places of worship we shall find, as indeed on Sunday afternoons we now freqnently do, only women and children, as was the case during the second century in the temples of Rome.

* This article is a translation, by an accomplished American lady, of Counsels to the modern German Preacher, being Dr. Tholuck's Preface to his second series of Sermons. VOL. XLII.-NO. III.

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eak here of what is very common in a great part of rum;" a.

ant Germany. There are, of course, many cheering • Epinicia,

In whole districts, from long-established custom, German Merx’ "Soing is as general now as it was formerly. This is Systcase in Wurtemberg and in a number of the Saxon provinces. Besides, there are individual preachers who, by their rilliant oratorical gifts, know how to draw together a culti

vated audience. There are also those who fill the churches by their bold exhibition of Gospel truths.

Good church-attendance, therefore, is either the continned influence of an earlier and happier period, the effect of distinguished talent in the preacher, or the fruit of a strong and newly awakened faith. But with the greater part of the public, the customs of this former period are becoming more and more obsolete.

Teller once preached a sermon to sixteen hearers, in which he warned them against the error of considering church-going an essential part of Christianity.

This doctrine, which he and others like him inculcated, has horne its legitimate fruit. Every year in the cities, and from their example in the villages also, the number is continually lessening of those who attend divine service, either from habit or a sense of duty. The magnetic power of brilliant oratory is imparted to but few; and even of these there are many instances where neither this attraction nor that of a heart glowing with faith is sufficiently strong to turn back to the church the better-educated classes who are setting from it in full tide.

The prospect for the future appears still more gloomy. Will those times ever return when, at the sound of the bell, the father, bearing his hymn-book under his arm, hastened with all his family to the house of God? when every pew contained a household ? when it was matter of common remark, if, in the seats of the church officers or magistrates, there was a single vacant place? Will those times return, when the faithful pastor shall find, not a scanty representation from different sections of the town, but his whole flock collected as one man before him. Many a preacher now stands in his pulpit who is forced to cry out with Harms, “Ah, Lord, one thing only I ask of thee, that I may not preach to empty seats."

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