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co-operation of the Most Holy Virgin in the work of Redemption, and concerning her quality of Mother of Christians;" Archbishop Manning's “Pastoral Letters on the Council and Infallibility ;” Garibaldi's “Rule of the Monk ;” and Hobart Seymour's “Confessional.”

In theology we have a new and carefully revised and admirably illustrated edition of Buckland's Bridgewater Treatise, “On the Theistic Argument supplied by Geology and Mineralogy;" R. T. Smith's "Church Membership on Church Principles;" Walters' “ Harmony of Prophecies ;" R. Martineau's “Roots of Christianity in Mosaism," and "The True Pronunciation of the Divine Name, Jahveh, Jehovah;" Biddle's "Spirit Controversy;" Gen. Goodwyn's “Whole Armor of God;" Hannah's " Hollowness, Narrowness, and Fear,—Warnings from the Jewish Church;" Kennion's "Sermons on the Lord's Supper;" Adamson's "Analogy of Faith;" an anonymous work entitled, “Belief, what is it ?” Blenkinsopp's “ Doctrine of Development in the Bible and in the Church;" Cochrane's “* Resurrection of the Dead,—its Design, Manner, and Results;" Cox's “ Essays on the Resurrection " (the last two works being expository of 1 Cor. xv.); Dale's " Christ, and the Spirit of Christ;" Bickersteth's “Spirit of Life;" Voysey's " Defence on the Charge of Heresy;" a translation from the French entitled, “The Bible in India : Hindoo Origin of Hebrew and Christian Revelation ;" Vol. III. of Bunsen's "God in History" (Miss Winkworth’s translation); Gasparini's ** Attributes of Christ;" and Molloy's "Geology and Revelation."

In the department of exegesis, formal or popular and practical, we find a " Commentary on Mark," by Prof. Godwin of New College; one on “Joel," by J. Hughes; Canon Norris's “ Key to the Narrative of the Four Gospels;" Forrest's “Faithful Witness, an Exposition of the Epistles to the Seven Churches ;" Parker's Homiletic Analysis of the New Testament, Vol. I., on Matthew;" Ryle's “Expository Thoughts, etc., Gospel of John, Part 2;" Saphir’s “ Lectures on the Lord's Prayer;" Thomas's "Homiletic Commentary on Acts;" new editions of Wardlaw on Proverbs, Zechariah, Romans, and James ; Binnie's “ Psalms, their History, Teachings, and Use;" Kelly’s “Lectures Introductory to the Study of the Acts;" a new edition of Leighton's "Commentary on 1st Peter," edited by W. West (being Vols. 3 and 4 of the Whole Works); and a new instalment of " The Book and its Story," viz., “Fresh Leaves in the Old Testament Part.”

In ecclesiastical history and literature we have Pennington's "God in the History of the Reformation in Germany and England;" Margoliouth's “ Vestiges of the Historic Anglo-Hebrews in East Anglia ;" Demaus's " Biography of Latimer," Rev. Josiah Bull's "Letters of Newton;" Melia's “ Origin, Persecutions, and Doctrines of the Waldenses ;" Rev. W. Ellis's “ Martyr Church, Christianity in Madagascar;" Gill's "Gems from the Coral Islands;" "Memoir of the Missionary Rev. W. C. Burns;" Marsh's "Memoirs of Archbishop Juxon and his Times ;" and Dr. Van Lennep's “ Asia Minor."

To the essay literature of theology two volumes have been added which will draw attention. One is from Nonconformist sources, and bears the title of "Ecclesia, or Church Problems Considered, etc.," the contributors being Rev. Drs. Stoughton, Reynolds, Mullens, Rev. Messrs. Baldwin Brown, Dale, Allon, and others. The other comes from a churchly section of the Church of England and has the title “The Church and the Age," and contains essays from Bishop Ellicott, Dean Hook, Dr. Irons, the Bampton Lecturer for 1870, Prof. Montagu Burrows, Reve. A. W. Haddan, M. F. Sadler, and others. Bishop Moberly's “Brightstone Sermons," the Oxford Lenten Sermons for 1868 on "The Personal Responsibility of Man," those for 1869 on "The Prophets of the Lord,” and Newman Hall's “Homeward Bound," are the most noteworthy of their class among the quarter's publications.

To philosophical literature little has been added. Our list includes Galton's "Hereditary Genius;" Barratt's “Physical Ethics ;" S. H. Hodgson's" Time and Space ;” Alfred Day's “Summary and Analysis of the Dialogues of Plato;" Wil. liams's “Translation of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics ;” and Killick's "Student's Hand-book, Synoptical and Explanatory of Mill's Logic.”

The history of India is illustrated by Vol. II. of Sir H. M. Elliot's “History of India, from the Native Historians;" Sewell's “Analytical History of India, to 1858;" Pritchard's " Administration of India from 1859 to 1868;" Beames's new edition of “ Elliott's Memoirs on the History, Folklore, etc., of India ;" and Mrs. Manning's “Ancient and Mediæval India.” From other departments of history we have Vol. III. of Long's “Roman Republic;" Pearson's “ Historical Maps of England;" E. A. Freeman's “Old English History for Children;" Gaskin's “ Varieties of Irish History;" Baker's “ History of St. John's College at Cam. bridge;" Bonwick's " Last of the Tasmanians;" A. B. Cochrane's “Francis I., and other Studies;” Mrs. Oliphant's “ Historical Sketches of the Reign of George II. ;" and Rawlinson's "Manual of Ancient History."

Biographies are numerous, and some of them quite attractive. Among them are Mrs. Gordon's "Home Life of Sir David Brewster” (her father); Hosack's

Mary, Queen of Scots;" “The Life of Mary Russell Mitford;" “Memoirs of Jane Austen;" Brisbane's “Early Years of Alexander Smith;" Woolrych's " Lives of Eminent Sergeants-at-Law;" Hesekiel's “ Life of Bismarck” (translated by Mackenzie); Liddon's “Sketch of Bishop Hamilton of Salisbury;" Adlard's “Amye Robsart and the Earl of Leycester;" Cowden Clarke's edition of “George Herbert," with Nichol's Memoir; and Rossetti's edition of Shelley, with memoir.

of the recent works in geography, travel, etc., we mention Eckardt's “ Modern Russia ;" Kennedy's “Four Years in Queensland;" Colonel Wilkins' "Recon. noitring in Abyssinia ;” Taylor's "Ancient Topography of the Eastern Counties of Britain;" Tristram's "Scenes in the East;" Newman Hall's “From Liverpool to St. Louis;" Hunt's "Peeps at Brittany," and Pallisser's “Brittany and its Byways;" and Mrs. Grey's “Visit to Egypt, Constantinople, etc. (with the Prince and Princess of Wales)."

Philological literature has been enriched by a new and greatly improved edition of Liddell and Scott's “Greek Lexicon;" Dr. Wm. Smith and T. D. Hall's “ English-Latin Dictionary;" Vol. II. of Norris' “Assyrian Dictionary;" the completion of Dr. R. G. Latham's “ English Dictionary;" Sharpe's “Decree of Canopus;" Part II. of A. J. Ellis on “ Early English Pronunciation;" Peile's • Introduction to Greek and Latin Etymology;" Edmunds' “ Traces of History in the Names of Places;" Lechler's edition of the “ Trialogus of Wiclif;" and Farrar's “ Families of Speech.”

Playfair's “Primary and Technical Education" (two lectures); " Earl Russell's Speeches and Dispatches;" Sir Alexander Grant's “ Recess Studies;" Godkin's "Land War in Ireland;" and Dodd's “Epigrammatists (Ancient, Mediæval, and Modern)," must close our list.

FRANCE.

The interest taken in France in the Ecumenical Council at Rome did not at all abate as the time for its assembling drew near. In our last number we noted a few of the publications of the early months of autumn. The last quarter of the year brought out from both sections of the Catholic Church some of the clearest and strongest of their utterances. To those weeks just preceding the 8th of December belong such books as Dupanloup's "Lettre au Clergé de son Diocèse relativement à la définition de l'Infallibilité;" Maret's "Le Pape et les Evéques;" Maupied's “Le futur Concile selon la divine Constitution de l’E. glise;" Charaux' "La Philosophie et le Concile;" Abbé Chauvierre's "Histoire des Conciles æcuméniques ;" Franco's “ Catéchisme raisonné sur les conciles;" Jacques' “ Du Pape et du Concile ;" Canon Loyseaux' "Traité pratique et canonique du Jubilé;" Burnier's “ Rome, la France et le Concile ;” Deroux' “Histoire des Conciles .æcuméniques;" Montrond's “Les Conciles æcuméniques: tableau historique;" Guyot's "La Somme des Conciles, généraux et particuliers," and Bungener's "Pape et Concile au XIXme Siècle.”

The general works in theological and ecclesiastical literature are of no unusual significance. Here again we put the name of the able Archbishop of Orleans at the head. We find accredited to his pen a "Histoire de notre Seigneur Jésus Christ," and a smaller treatise “De la vie commune et des associations sacerdotales.” To these we add Chéry's “Théologie du Saint Rosaire;" Abbé Craisson's "Les Communautés religieuses;" Vol. I. of Abbé Dardenne's “L’Enseignement théologique en France ;” Marchési's " La Liturgie gallicane dans les huit premiers Siècles de l'Eglise," translated by Bishop Gallot; Gentili's "L'Athéisme réfuté par la Science;" Rougemont's “Il faut choisir. · Conférences contre le Déisme et contre le Matérialisme;" Vol. I. of Laurent's "Le Catholicisme et la Religion de l'Avenir;" Autran's “Paroles de Salomon ;" Havet's "Le Christianisme et ses Origines;" Vol. I. of Guettée's “ Histoire de l'Eglise;" and De Pressensé's "Histoire du Dogme.” The contributions to philosophy, general and special, are few, such as Gratacap's “ Essai sur l’Induction;" Janet's “Eléments de Morale ;" Montée's " La Philosophie de Socrate ;" Rezan's “La Bonté;" Leroy's “Philosophie Chrétienne de l'Histoire ;” Jules Simon's “La Peine de Mort; and Thonissen's “ Etudes sur l'histoire du droit criminel des peuples anciens."

In history and the kindred departments we find a larger array, from which we select Daumas' "La vie arabe et la société musulmane;" Drapeyron's "L'Empereur Héraclius et l'Empire Byzantin au VIIme siècle;" Dufour's “Troplong, son ouvre et sa méthode;" Dussieux' "Généalogie de la Maison de Bourbon de 1256 à 1869;" Abbé Duclos' "Madame de la Vallière et Marie Thérèse d'Autriche;" Champagay's “ Les Césars du IIIme Siècle;" Deltuf's “Théodoric, roi des Ostrogoths et d'Italie ;" Gobineau's “Histoire des Perses ;" Victor Guérin's " Description géographique, historique et archéologique de la Palestine” (3 vols, large 890.); Humbert's "Le Japon illustré” (a work exhibiting the result of the author's careful observations and unusual opportunities while Minister of Switzerland at Jeddo); Vol. VI. of Lacroix' “ Histoire de la vie et du règne de Nicolas I., empereur de Russie ;" Le Hardy's "Histoire du Protestantisme en Normandie;" Melun's "La Marquise de Barol;" Ratsch's (a trans. lation from the Russian). “La Russie lithuanienne jusqu'à la chute de la Pologne," and the same author's “L'Autriche et le Polonisme;" Saint Albin's "Histoire de Pie IX et son Pontificat;" Saint Genis' " Histoire de Savoie;" Vol. II. of Schmidt's "Tableaux de la Révolution française," and Vol. IX. of Garnier Pagès' “Histoire de la Révolution du 1848."

of a more miscellaneous character are Laboulaye's “ Discours populaires; sui. vis d'une Rhétorique populaire ;" Roux's “ Histoire de la Littérature italienne contemporaine ;" De Paravey's “Illustrations de l'Astronomie hiéroglyphique, et des planisphères et zodiaques, etc. ;" Perny's “ Proverbes chinois;" Chodzko's “Grammaire paléoslave;" a second considerably enlarged edition of Oppert's “Eléments de la Grammaire assyrienne," and from the same source "Mémoire sur les rapports de l'Egypte et de l'Assyrie dans l'Antiquité;" and Daremberg's “ Etat de la Médecine entre Homère et Hippocrate."

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GERMANY.

The controversy which is rife in the Catholic Church has called forth in Germany much spirited discussion, while adding but little to the permanent literature of theology. Protestants watch the debate, now and then throwing in a word or two-but for the most part wait to see where the Catholic Church, now in the view of all the world, chooses to plant itself. The powers and prerogatives which the Pontiff successfully claims, and the Church of Rome concedes, will shape this part of polemic theology for all coming generations. The list of the last quarter hardly claims a recapitulation.

In theology the list is meagre and of little permanent worth. Perthes, of Gotha, publishes Part I. of Berger's “Evangelical Faith, Romish Error, and Worldly Unbelief,” and Part I. of Kahlo's "Bible Eschatology," containing the Eschatology of the Old Testament. We note, besides, Oischinger's “Christian and Scholastic Theology, or the Fundamental Christian Doctrines according to the Symbols, Councils, and Fathers of the Church;" the “Compendium veteris ritualis Constantiensis;" Pfannenschmid's “Holy Water in Heathen and Christian worship;” and Vol. II. of the 3d edition of Heltinger's “Apology for Christianity."

In exegetical literature we find a richer list. Two volumes, the first and fifth, have appeared of Vercellone and Cozza's edition of the “Codex Vaticanus ;" also a fourth edition of Tischendorf's "Septuagint;" a new eighth edition, by Prof. Schrader, of De Wette's “ Introduction to the Old Testament," increased by the addition of about 200 pages to the seventh edition ; Vol. III. of Rielim's revision of “Hupfeld on the Psalms;" Frankel's “Introduction to the Jerusalem Talmud;', Keil's “

Commentary on Daniel," from Keil and Delitzsch's “Commentary on the Old Testament;" Zöckler's " Commentary on Daniel," from Lange's " Bibelwerk;" Volkmar's "Gospels; or Mark and the Synopsis of the Canonical and Non-canonical Gospels, according to the Earliest Text;" Klöpper's “Exegetical and Critical Examination of I. Corinthians ;” Schmidt's “Pauline Christology;" Küper's “Prophecy in the Old Testament;" and Krenkel's "Paul, the Apostle of the Heathen." An eighth edition of Ewald's “ Ausführlichs Lehrbuch" is just out.

In biblical and ecclesiastical history and the cognate literature, we have Hengstenberg's “ History of the Kingdom of God under the Old Testament; first period—from Abraham to Moses;" Vol. II. of Hitzig's “ History of Israel from the beginning to A. D. 72;" Laurent's edition of "Clemens Romanus—the Epistle to the Corinthians, and the alleged second Epistle, and the fragments;" Haneberg's “Canons of Hippolytus, in Arabic, from Roman MSS., with a Latin version;" Lipsius: “Chronology of the Bishops of Rome to the middle of the 4th century;" Vol. III. of Heinrichsen's edition of “Eusebius Pamphilus ;" Vol. III. of Hergenröther's “ Photius, Patriarch of Constantinople;” Tobler's “Palestine in the fourth, fifth, and sixth centuries, from the itineraries ;" Möller's " Life and Writings of Osiander,” being Part V. of the series, compris. ing the “Fathers and Founders of the Lutheran Church;” Mörikofer's “ Life of Zuingle;" Sickel's “Contributions to the History of the Council of Trent;"' Holtzmann's “Monuments of Religious History, within the sphere of Italian art;" Zirngiebl's “Studies concerning the Institution of the Society of Jesus;" and a third edition of Simrock's "Manual of German Mythology."

In secular history and biography we have, among the issues of the quarter, Breysig's “ Times of Charles Martel ;" Vol. II. of Ihne's “Roman History" (a work already noticed in the Repertory on the appearance of Vol. I., and a translation of which is in press in England); Vol. I. of Holm's “ Ancient History of Sicily;" Siever's “Studies in the History of the Roman Emperors ;” Oberdick's “Movements in the East hostile to the Romans in the last half of the third century of the Christian era ;" Vol. III. of Von Cosel's "History of Prussia under the Hohenzollerns;" Braun's "Pictures of the Mohammedan World;" L. von Ranke's “Correspondence of Frederic the Great with William IV., Prince of Orange, and his wife, Anne of England;" VOL. I. of Von Noorden's “European History in the Eighteenth Century—the War of the Spanish Succession;" Ficker's “ Researches into the History of Italian Monarchy and Jurisprudence;" and Parts 2 and 3 of Vol. IV. of Droysen's "History of Prussian Politics.”

Turning to philosophy, general and special, and its history, we find Vol. I. of a third edition of Zeller's " Philosophy of the Greeks—the pre-Socratic period;" Kalischer's "Comparison and Criticism of Aristotle's Rhetoric and Nicomathean ethics ;” Durdik's “ Liebnitz and Newton;" Caspari's “Philosophy of Leibnitz;" L. Grote's “ Leibnitz and his Times;' Bender's “ History of Philosophical and Theological Studies in Ermland ;' Von Hartsen's "Inquiries in Logic;" a second and enlarged edition of Schwegler's “ History of Philosophy,” edited by Köstlin; W. Gass' “ Doctrine of Conscience ;" Rosenkranz' " Hegel as the National Philosopher of Germany;" Hartenstein's “ Historico-philosophical Essays;" Vol. II. of Volkmann's “ Life, Writings, and Philosophy of Plutarch of Chæronea ;'' Ernst von Bunsen's "Unity of Religions," Vol. I.; Dreydorff's “ Pascal, his Life and Conflicts;" Delff's “Dante Alighieri and the Divina Comedia;" and Scartazzini's “Dante, his Times, his Life, and his Works."

In philology and general literature we record the appearance of Vol. II. of the fourth edition of Bähr's “History of Roman Literature ;" Part 1 of the fifth edition of Bernbardy's “Roman Literature;" Part 3 of Teuffel's more concise and very excellent manual in the same department; Friedrichsen's translation of “Ussing's System of Training and Instruction among the Greeks and Romans ;" two prize essays from the Jablonowski Society at Leipsic--Büchsenschütz on the “Chief Seats of Industrial Art in Antiquity," and Blümner on the “Industrial Activity of the Nations of Classical Antiquity;" La Roche's "Homeric Researches;" ,Vol. II. of Hübner's “Corpus Inscriptionum latina

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