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France;" De Montalembert's "Les Moines en Gaule sous les Premiers Mérovin. giens;" Darras Histoire Générale de l'Eglise" (which at least promises to be voluminous) Part 12; and Vol. IV. of D'Haussouville's “L'Eglise Romaine et le Premier Empire."

From the department of general history and biography we select Vol. VII. of Mortimer Ternaux' “ Histoire de la Terreur;" Capefigue's "Clovis et les Mérovingiens;" Lévêque's “ Recherches sur l'Origine des Gaulois ;" Garat's “Origines des Basques de France et d'Espagne;" Jolly's “Philippe le Bel;" Cava lier's "Histoire de France depuis Louis XIV.;" Vol. V. of Sauzay's “ Histoire de la Persécution Révolutionnaire dans le Département de Doubs;" Vol. VIII. of Gabourd's “ Histoire Contemporaine.” Also, Vol. I. of Gauthier's “ Histoire de Marie Stuart;" Desnoiresterres'" Voltaire à la Cour;" two works on the philosopher Portalis—Lavolléo's “Portalis, sa Vie et ses (Euvres," and Frégier's “ Portalis, Philosophe Chrétien;" Colombel-Gabourd's “ Vie de Saint Charles Borromée;" Dourlens' M. de Montalembert;" Vol. I., Part 1, of “La Vie et les Ouvrages de Denis Papin," by La Soussaye and Péan; Biart's “Benito Vasquez;" aud Bolanachi's “ Précis de l'Histoire de Crète."

The most elaborate philosophical work of the quarter is Fouillée's "La Philosophie de Platon" (2 vols., 8vo). Among the works belonging to this department, with that of political science, we find Robidon's "République de Platon;" De la Gnéronnière's “La Politique Nationale;" Midy's " La Régime Constitutionnel;" Vols. V. and VI. of Clément's edition of “Colbert's Letters, etc. ;" Cazenove's " La Guerre et l'Ilumanité au XIXme Siècle ;" Duval's Mémoire sur Antoine de Montchrétien" (author of the first treatise on political economy) ” Bergmann's “Résumé d'Etudes d'Ontologie Générale."

We complete our survey for the quarter with Smolka's “Autriche et Russie ;" Girard's “France et Chine;" Bourlot's "Histoire de l'Homme Préhistorique;"" Beauvois' "Les Antiquité's Primitives de la Norv.ge;" Vol. II., Part 3, of Bourlier's Recherches sur la Monnaie Romaine ;" a new edition of Ampère's “ Histoire de la Formation de la Langue Française;" Reaume's "Les Prosateurs Français du XVIIe siècle ;" Vol. II. of Dumeril's "Histoire de la Comédie in. cienne;" Egger's “La Hellenisme en France" (2 vols., 8vo); and Vidal's Juvenal et ses Satires."

From Holland two late publications possess more than ordinary interestnew translation of the New Testament from the original, made under the auspices of the General Synod of the Reformed Church of the Netherlands, and accompanied by introduction, tables of contents, parallel passages, etc., (royal 8vo, pp. 575); and Part 2 of the “History of the Christian Church in the Nether. lands," by Prof. Haar and Wm. Moll, with the co-operation of Prof. Hofstede de Groot (8vo, pp. viii, and 715); Vol. II., Part 3, of Moll's “ Church History of the Netherlands before the Reformation” is also out (8vo, xiv., 376); and Kovács' “Protestantism in Hungary during the past Twenty Years (Introduction by Kuenen)."


Bishop Wordsworth's Commentary is pushed rapidly onward toward comple tion—Pari 2 of Vol. V. contains the books of Jeremiah, Larentations, aud Ezekiel. Of the Collins Commentary a new volume has also just been issuedVol. II., containing the books of the Old Testament from Joshua to Esther, with

notes by Dr. Jamieson; a new “Commentary on the Book of Job,” by Rev. J. N. Coleman; Dr. Wardlaw's "Lectures on Ecclesiastes;" Littledale's "Commentary on the Song of Songs;" a third edition of Dr. Lightfoot's excellent “Commentary on Galatians;" Dr. II inn e's “ Close of our Lord's Ministry;" a translation of Dr. W. Hoffman's ** Prophecies of our Lord and his Apostles;” a continuation of Bonar's “ Light and Truth; Bible Thoughts and Themes" (based on the Epistles); Bishop Wilberforce's “ Heroes of Hebrew History;" Pounds' "Story of the Gospels;" Henderson's “Dictionary of Scripture Names ;" Birks' - The Pentateuch and its Anatomists;" new editions of Rev. Isaac Williams' “ Characters of the Old Testament,” and “Female Characters of Holy Scripture;” Saphir “On the Lord's Prayer;" Whitfield's "Christ in the Word;" the Bampton Lectures for 1869, by Dr. R. Payne Smith, on “Prophecy a Preparation for Christ,” and Lightfoot's “ Epistles of Clement of Rome to the Corin. thians," belong, by closer or more remote affinity, to the same general department.

Among the later issues in Doctrinal and Practical Theology are the following: Field's “ Student's Handbook of Christian Theology" (Wesleyan); Garbett's " Soul's Life—its Commencement, Progress, and Maturity; " Bartle's “ Scriptural Doctrine of Hades;” T. V. French's “Old Commandment New and True in Christ;" Westcott's “ Christian Life, Manifold and One;" "Our Commɔn Faith," a volume of Essays by such men as Bishop Alexander, Dean Mansel, Dr. Hanna, Dr. Vaughan, Prof. W. L. Alexander; Hunt's “ History of Religious Thought in England from the Reformation to the End of the last Century;" Burgess' ** Reformed Church of England;" a translation of some of Lacordaire's Discourses

Conferences," delivered at Notre Dame, under the title, “Jesus Christ;" Vol. II. of Inman's “ Ancient Faiths embodied in Ancient Names;" and Vol. III. of Bunsen's “God in History."

Among the recent contributions to ecclesiastical literature and church history we find De Pressense's “Early Years of Christianity;" “ Ecclesin, or Church Problems," considered by various writers (the general editor being Dr. Reynolds, President of Cheshunt College); Vols. III. and IV. of Dr. Stoughton's ** Exclesiastical History of England;" “The English Church Canons of 1604," with bistorical introduction, etc., by Rev. C. H. Davis; “First Book of Common Prayer of Edward VI., and the Ordinal of 1549, etc.,” edited by Rev. H. B. Wal

“Review of Mariolatry, Liturgical, Devotional, Doctrinal ;” and Marriott's * Vestments of the Church."

Arnot's “Life of Dr. James Hamilton” is just ready for publication; likewise Prof. Maurice's “Lectures on Morality;" Vols. VII. and VIII. of the Sunday Library are Maclear's “ Apostles of Mediæval Europe," and T. Hughes' “ Alfred the Great." A second series of Dr. Butler's “Harrow School Sermons” is just published; also a volume entitled “Foreign Protestant Pulpit,” containing twenty-eight sermons from the most distinguished preachers of France, Switzerland, Germany, and Holland.

In Bohn's Classical Library a new edition of the “Thoughts of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus," in Long's translation, is one of the latest issues. Mr. Long notices the American reprint of his first edition, and its dedication by the American publisher to an American, and says that he has never dedicated a book to any man, and add9—"I would dedicate it to him who led the Confederate armies against the powerful invader, and retired from an unequal contest, defeated but





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not dishonored—to the noble Virginian soldier, whose talents and virtues place him by the side of the best and wisest man that ever sat on the throne of the imperial Cæsars."

In philosophy, philology, and politics we find Sir A. J. E. Cockburn's "Na. tionalities;" Burgess' “ Relation of Language to Thought;" Semple's translation of Kant's “Metaphysics of Ethics," with a preface by Prof Calderwood, of Edinburgh; R. Williams' translation of “ Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics;" Reichei's translation of Zeller's “Stoics, Epicureans, and Sceptic3;" a new edi. tion of Shuftesbury's “Characteristics;" a new volume by F. W. Farrar, entitled "Families of Speech;" and Vol. I. of Ferrar's “Comparative Grammar."

In history and the kindred departments wo find announced a new edition of Sir John Lubbock's “ Preliistoric Times;" Vol. I. of the translation of Lenormant's admirable “History of the East” (American publishers, J. B. Lippincott & Co); Vol. III. of Freeman's " History of the Norman Conquest;" Vol. VIII. of Dean Hook's “Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury;" Cobbe's “ History of the Norman Kings of England;" J. R. Andrews' “ Life of Oliver Cromwell;" J. F. Nichoils' “Life of Sebastian Cabot;" A. J. Patterson's "Magyars, their Country and its Institutions;" Dickson's “ Japan;" Petherick's "Travels in Central Africa;" "Life of the Sculptor Gibson;" Life and Letters of Faraday," by Dr. Bence Jones; Scott's “Life and Works of Albert Durer;" “Life and Remains of Dr. Robert Lee, of Edinburgh;" and Krummacher's “ Autobiography" (American publishers, R. Carter & Bros.)

"The Letters of Sir George Cornwall Lewis;" the " Poems and Prose Remains of A. H. Clough ;" “Scotland, Social and Domestic," by Charles Rogers; F. W. Newman's "Miscellanies;" and three new versions of portions of Horace—the " Odes and oles," by Lord Lytton, the “First Bɔok of Satires" Millington, and thie “Satires and Epistles,” by the lamented Prof. Conington, of Oxford, must close our present summary.

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APRIL, 1870.

No. II.

Art. I.The Element of Time in Interpreting the Ways of

Godl.—One day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and

a thousand years as one day.The schemes of the Divine Government are doubtless all formed in infinite wisdom and goodness, and must, therefore, necessarily be holy, just, and good. But, why should creatures like us expect to comprehend them so perfectly as, in all cases, to perceive their goodness or their wisdom? They concern a whole universe. They reach through eternity. To beings of our limited capacity it may be impossible to give so complete a view of many of the vast designs of God, that no darkness or clonds shall surround them. Why should they not often prove baffling to our reason, and full of mystery? Besides this, the Lord intends to exercise and prove our faith.

What is true of the great purposes of the Divine Government, should seem to be also necessarily true of the great lessons embraced in the essential doctrines of Revelation. The Fall; the ruin of mankind by the sin of their first parents ; the union of the two natures-the Godhead and Manhoodin the one person of Christ; the satisfaction of Divine Justice by the sacrifice of Christ, instead of the punishment of the VOL. XLII.-NO. II.


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sinner :-doubtless there are mysteries in these which man cannot yet fathom; and questions may be asked which we are,

1 as yet, unable to answer. The counsels of the Lord are, in many cases, too deep and too far reaching for our full comprehension. If so, it is at least idle for us to presume to sit in judgment upon them, or to try to alter, or evade, whatever he reveals concerning them. We may greatly err in so doing. We may do immense mischief to our own souls, and to the souls of our fellow-men. We may greatly dishonor God.

Probably, also, many things are dark to us at present, not because of our want of intellectual capacity, but because of our brief experience. Time has been wanting to unfold the scheme sufficiently to our comprehension. Wait till the day reveals it; and, if it be best, what we know not now we may know hereafter; and perhaps what is now dark shall then disclose brighter glories than we are as yet able to imagine.

The Apostle Peter calls us to the consideration of this value of time, in forming our judgment of the Divine providences. On the delay of threatened judgments there come scoffers, saying, “Where is the promise of his coming ? For, since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation.” They forget how the old world perished in the deluge. They do not believe that

. the same heavens and the earth are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly

On the other hand, the people of God, looking to the completion of some promised scheme of glory and beneficence, and seeing the wicked long triumphant, and the righteous suffering long affliction, sometimes give way to impatience, and cry, “ How long, O Lord, how long ?” But the delay, either of judgment or of promised blessings, is no evidence of slackness on the part of God. Often he delays judgment because he is long-suffering, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. If judgment had always been speedily executed, how many who are now saved would have been lost? Had Saul of Tarsus been cut down while breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the church, it would have been just : but what a rerenue of praise and glory to God, what songs of salvation over all the earth and


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