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PARLIAMENTARY DEBATES.

Parliamentary Debates

During the Second Session of the Eighth PARLIAMENT

of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and IRELAND, appointed to meet at Westminster the 29th of January, 1828, in the Ninth Year of the Reign of His Majesty King GEORGE THE FOURTH.

“In the progress of that Contest, the HOUSE OF LORDS.

Rights of Neutral States, and the Laws Tuesday, January 29, 1828.

which regulate the intercourse of civilized KING'S SPEECH, OPENING The Nations, have been repeatedly violated, SESSION.] The Session was this day and the peaceful Commerce of His Maopened by Commission. The Lords Com- jesty's Subjects has been exposed to missioners were, Lord Chancellor Lynd frequent interruption, and to depredations, hurst, the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Earl of Shaftesbury, and Lord Ellen- too often aggravated by acts of violence borough. The Usher of the Black Rod and atrocity. having summoned the Commons, the “ His Majesty has felt the deepest Speaker, attended by a number of Members, anxiety to terminate the calamities, and appeared at the bar; when the Lord avert the dangers, inseparable from hosChancellor proceeded to read His Majesty's tilities, which constitute the only excepSpeech to both Houses, as follows :

tion to the general tranquillity of Europe. My Lords, and Gentlemen,

“ Having been earnestly entreated by “ We are commanded by His Majesty the Greeks to interpose His good offices, to acquaint you, that His Majesty con- with a view to effect a reconciliation betinues to receive, from all Foreign Princes tween them and the Ottoman Porte, and States, assurances of their desire to His Majesty concerted measures for that maintain the relations of amity with this purpose, in the first instance, with the Country; and that the Great Powers of Emperor of Russia, and subsequently Europe participate in the earnest wish of with his Imperial Majesty and the King His Majesty to cultivate a good under- of France. standing upon all points which may con “ His Majesty has given directions that duce to the preservation of Peace. there should be laid before you Copies of

“ His Majesty has viewed for some a Protocol signed at Saint Petersburgh time past, with great concern, the state of by the Plenipotentiaries of His Majesty affairs in the East of Europe.

and of his Imperial Majesty the Emperor “For several years a contest has been of Russia, on the 4th of April, 1826, and carried on between the Ottoman Porte of the Treaty entered into between His and the Inhabitants of the Greek Provin- Majesty and the Courts of the Tuileries ces and Islands, which has been marked and of Saint Petersburgh, on the 6th of on each side by excesses revolting to July, 1827. humanity

“ In the course of the measures adopted VOL. XVIII. {serice} . NEW

B

with a view to carry into effect the object “Gentlemen of the House of Commons, of the Treaty, a collision, wholly unex His Majesty has ordered the estimates pected by His Majesty, took place in the for the Current year to be laid before you. Port of Navarin between the Fleets of the They have been prepared with every Contracting Powers and that of the regard to economy, consistent with the Ottoman Porte.

exigency of the public service. “ Notwithstanding the valour displayed

“We are commanded by His Majesty by the Combined Fleet, His Majesty to recommend to your early attention an deeply laments that this conflict should Inquiry into the state of the Revenue and have occurred with the Naval Force of Expenditure of the country. an ancient Ally; but he still entertains a “ His Majesty is assured, that it will confident hope that this untoward event be satisfactory to you to learn, that, notwill not be followed by further hostilities, withstanding the diminution which has and will not impede that amicable adjust- taken place in some branches of the ment of the existing differences between Revenue, the total amount of receipt the Porte and the Greeks, to which it is during the last year has not disappointed so manifestly their common interest to the expectations which were entertained accede.

at the commencement of it. “ In maintaining the National Faith by “My Lords and Gentlemen, adhering to the engagements into which ** His Majesty has commanded us to His Majesty has entered, His Majesty inform you, that a considerable increase will never lose sight of the great objects has taken place in the export of the printo which all his efforts have been di- cipal articles of British manufacture. rected the termination of the con- This improvement of our Foreign Trade test between the hostile parties

the has led to a more general employment of permanent settlement of their future rela- the population, and affords a satisfactory tions to each other—and the maintenance indication of the continued abatement of of the repose of Europe upon the basis on those commercial difficulties which rewhich it has rested since the last general cently affected so severely the National Treaty of Peace.

Industry. “His Majesty has the greatest satis

“ His Majesty commands us to assure faction in informing you, that the purposes

you, that he places the firmest reliance for which His Majesty, upon the requisi- upon your continued endeavours to imtion of the Court of Lisbon, detached

the condition of all classes of his

prove Military Force to Portugal have been subjects, and to advance the great object accomplished. The obligations of good

of His Majesty's solicitude, the prosperity faith having been fulfilled, and the safety

and happiness of his people.” and independence of Portugal secured,

ADDRESS ON THE King's SPEECH.] His Majesty has given orders that the His Majesty's Speech having been again forces now in that country should be read by the Lord Chancellor, and also by immediately withdrawn.

the Clerk at the Table, “We are commanded by His Majesty to the following effect :--My Lords; In

The Earl of Chichester rose, and spoke to acquaint you, that His Majesty has rising to address your lordships on the concluded Treaties of Amity and Com- present occasion, with a view to propose merce with the Emperor of Brazil, and that an humble and dutiful Address be with the United States of Mexico; copies presented to his Majesty, in reply to his of which will, by His Majesty's commands, heard read, I am fully sensible of the diffi

most gracious Speech, which we have just be laid before you.

culties that must unavoidably, and of ne

a

Conse

cassity, attend such a task=a task that is),--the signal display of skill and valeur at all times difficult, but which becomes made by our countrymen in the conflict doubly hazardous when undertaken by an a courage and ability only equalled by the individual so inexperienced as myself. I no less meritorious exertions and conduet feel confident, however, my lords, that in of our Allies. But, my lords, while I proposing a loyal and dutiful Address of willingly pay my tribute of admiration thanks to his Majesty for a Speech, the to the gallantry of our brave countrymen leading feature and principle of which upon that occasion, and however proud I consists in a recomm

mendation to adopt may feel of their conduct, I am convinced well-grounded precautions, to preserve that every true and ardent friend of his peace and maintain whole and untarnished country must lament, in common with my, our national credit and honour-I am self, the occurrence of so unfortunate an confident, that in addressing myself to a accident, or event, as that to which I have subject like this, I may safely rely upon alluded (hear]. In all victories, my your lordships for support. I can assure lords, the degree of honour to which the your lordships, that if I shall not execute victors are entitled must very inuch, if it aright the task allotted to me, I shall fail does not entirely, depend on the justice of in the attempt, not through any want of the cause in which they happen to be ensincerity on my part, but in consequence gaged. Had this engagement between of a deficiency of ability to explain and the allied squadrons and the Ottoman enforce those principles in the manner fleet, been, on our part, the result of prethey deserve.

meditated design, and not as it was, the My lords, reverting to the commencement consequence of unforeseen accident, or a of the Speech which you have just heard misunderstanding not to be provided read, it appears from it, that “his Majesty against, I should find this war a difcontinues to receive from all foreign ficult one to be defended, and, as it Princes and States, assurances of their appears to me, we might all have readesire to maintain the relations of amity son to entertain fears for its with this country, and that the great quences. However, on referring to the Powers of Europe participate in the Speech from the Throne, his Majesty, earnest wish of his Majesty to cultivate a it will be seen, expressly declares, that so good understanding upon all points which far from this engagement being an act of may conduce to the preservation of peace.” premeditation, or contemplated as a conMy lords, I consider that this passage in sequence likely to be produced by the inhis Majesty's Speech must be to your structions sent out by the government at lordships, and the country at large, no home to the British admiral—so far from small source of satisfaction; for, since the this being the case, the engagement is chanaval engagement which has recently raeterised in the royal Speech, as an untaken place in the port of Navarin, be expected and “untoward event.”—Moretween the Allied squadrons and the Turco- over, my lords, his Majesty goes on to Egyptian fleet, I am aware that consider- declare, that he entertains a confident able fears have been entertained, that the hope, that this untoward event will not be condition of Greece would be rendered followed by further hostilities, or impede still more unfavourable than unfortunately that amicable adjustment of the existing it has long been. Besides, my lords, it differences between the Porte and the may have been apprehended, that the Greeks, to which it is manifestly their peace which the greater part of Europe common interest to accede,” and to which has so long enjoyed, might be thereby en- amicable adjustment I may be permitted dangered, and that we ourselves, now to add, it is the object of the treaties, enscarcely beginning to reap the advantages tered into by Great Britain, France, and and to taste the sweets consequent on a Russia, to induce them to accede. My restoration of peace, were on the point of lords, I cannot help taking this opportubeing deprived of them by becoming in-nity of alluding to the dignified forbearvolved in a war with our ancient ally, the ance that has marked the conduct of the Ottoman Porte. My lords, while I am Sultan, since the occurrence of the event free to confess, that I deeply lament the which brought the allied squadron in colloss of valuable lives sustained on that lision with the Turco-Egyptian fleet; and occasion, I cannot but admire and I am I look upon such conduct as an additional certain every man in the country admires call upon Great Britain to do her part

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