Oldalképek
PDF
ePub

and the gentle Elia seem beings of that age beautiful effect, and form a delightful wherein lived Pamela, whom, with “old shade in hot weather. Vessels of all Sarah Battle,” we may imagine entering kinds are frequently moored to these their room, and sitting down with them to trees, but Leyden being an inland town, a square game. Yet Bridget and Elia live the greater part of those which happened in our own times : she, full of kindness to to be in the Rapenburg were country all, and of soothings to Elia especially;—he, vessels. Several yachts, belonging to no less kind and consoling to Bridget, in parties of pleasure from the Hague and all simplicity holding converse with the other places, were lying close to the world, and, ever and anon, giving us scenes newly arrived vessel, and no person was that Metzú and De Foe would admire, aware of the destructive cargo it contained. and portraits that Denner and Hogarth A student of the university, who, at would rise from their graves to paint. about a quarter past four o'clock in the

afternoon, was passing through a street

from which there was a view of the RaJanuarp 12.

penburg, with the canal and vessels,

related the following particulars to the St. Arcadius. St. Benedict Biscop, or

editor of the Monthly Magazine. Bennet. St. Ælred, Tygrius.

" At that moment, when every thing St. Benedict Biscop, or Bennet. was perfectly tranquil, and most of the Butler says he was in the service of Oswi, respectable families were sitting down king of the Northumbrians; that at twenty- to dinner in perfect security, at that five years old he made a pilgrimage to instant, I saw the vessel torn from its Rome, returned and carried Alcfrid, the moorings; a stream of fire burst from son of Oswi, back to the shrines of the it in all directions, a thick black cloud apostles there, became a monk, received enveloped all the surrounding parts and the abbacy of Sts. Peter and Paul, Canter- darkened the heavens, whilst a burst, bury, resigned it, pilgrimaged again to louder and more dreadful than the Rome, brought home books, relics, and loudest thunder, instantly followed, and religious pictures, founded the monastery vibrated through the air to a great disof Weremouth, went to France for tance, burying houses and churches in masons to build a church to it, obtained one common ruin. For some moments glaziers from thence to glaze it, pil- horror and consternation deprived every grimaged to Rome for more books, one of his recollection, but a univers relics, and pictures, built another mo- sal exclamation followed, of “O God, nastery at Jarrow on the Tine, adorned what is it ?" Hundreds of people might his churches with pictures, instructed be seen rushing out of their falling his monks in the Gregorian chant and houses, and running along the streets, Roman ceremonies, and died on this not knowing what direction to take; day in 690. He appears to have had a many falling down on their knees in love for literature and the arts, and, with the streets, persuaded that the last day a knowledge superior to the general was come ; others supposed they had attainment of the religious in that early been "struck by lightning, and but few age, to have rendered his knowledge sub- seemed to conjecture the real cause, servient to the Romish church.

In the midst of this awful uncertainty,

the cry of “O God, what is it?" again CHRONOLOGY,

sounded mournfully through the air, but 1807. The 12th of January in that it seemed as if none could answer the year is rendered remarkable by a fatal dreadful question. One conjecture folacciderit at Leyden, in Holland. A lowed another, but at last, when the vessel loaded with gunpowder entered black thick cloud which had enveloped one of the largest canals in the Rapen-' the whole city had cleared away a little, burg, a street inhabited chiefly by the the awful truth was revealed, and soon most respectable families, and moored to all the inhabitants of the city were seen a tree in front of the house of professor rushing to the ruins to assist ihe sufferers. Rau, of the university. In Holland, There were five large schools on the almost every street has a canal in the Rapenburg, and all at the time full of middle, faced with a brick wall up to the children. The horror of the parents and level of the street, and with lime trees relations of these youthful victims is not planted on both sides, which produce a to be described or even imagined ; and

though many of them were saved almost to the eye an ever-varying scene of difmiraculously, yet no one dared to hope ferent occupations. The keel of the to see his child drawn alive from under vessel in which the catastrophe coma heap of smoking ruins.

menced, was found buried deep in the “Flames soon broke out from four earth at a considerable distance, together different parts of the ruins, and threat- with the remains of a yacht from the ened destruction to the remaining part Hague with a party of pleasure, which of Leyden. The multitude seemed as lay close to it. The anchor of the powder it were animated with one common soul vessel was found in a field without the in extricating the sufferers, and stopping city, and a very heavy piece of lead at the progress of the flames. None with- the foot of the mast was thrown into a drew from the awful task, and the multi- street at a great distance. tude increased every moment by people One of the most affecting incidents coming from the surrounding country, the was the fate of the pupils of the different explosion having been heard at the dis- schools on the Rapenburg. At the tance of fifty miles. Night set in, the destructive moment, the wife of the darkness of which, added to the horrors principal of the largest of them was of falling houses, the smothered smoke, standing at the door with her child in the raging of the flames, and the roaring her arms; she was instantly covered with of the winds on a tempestuous winter the falling beams and bricks, the child night, produced a scene neither to be was blown to atoms, and she was thrown described nor imagined; while the heart- under a tree at some distance. Part of rending cries of the sufferers, or the the floor of the school-room sunk into the lamentations of those whose friends or cellar, and twelve children were killed children were under the ruins, broke instantly; the rest, miserably wounded, upon the ear at intervals. Many were shrieked for help, and one was heard to so entirely overcome with fear and call, “ Help me, help me, I will give my astonishment, that they stared about watch to my deliverer.” Fathers and them without taking notice of any thing, mothers rushed from all parts of the city while others seemed full of activity, but to seek their children, but after digging incapable of directing their efforts to any five hours they found their labour fruitparticular object."

less; and some were even obliged to In the middle of the night, Louis leave the spot in dreadful suspense, to Bonaparte, then king of Holland, arrived attend to other near relations dug out in from the palace of Loo, having set out as other quarters. They at last succeeded, soon as the express reached him with the by incredible efforts, in bringing up dreadful tidings. Louis was much be- some of the children, but in such a state loved by his subjects, and his name is that many of their parents could not still mentioned by them with great recognise them, and not a few were respect. On this occasion his presence committed to the grave without its being was very useful. He encouraged the known who they were. Many of these active and comforted the sufferers, and children, both among the dead and those did not leave the place till he had esta- who recovered, bled profusely, while no blished good order, and promised every wound could be discovered in any part assistance in restoring both public and pri- of their bodies. Others were preserved vate losses. He immediately gave a large in a wonderful manner, and without the sum of money to the city, and granted it least hurt. Forty children were killed. many valuable privileges, besides ex- In some houses large companies were emption from imposts and taxes for a assembled, and in one, a newly married number of years.

couple, from a distance, had met! a Some degree of order having been numerous party of their friends. One restored, the inhabitants were divided person who was writing in a small room, into classes, not according to their rank, was driven through a window above the but the way in which they were em- door, into the staircase, and fell to ployed about the ruins. These classes the bottom without receiving much hurt. were distinguished by bands of different Many were preserved by the falling of colours tied round their arms. The the beams or rafters in a particular widely extended ruins now assumed the direction, which protected them, and appearance of hills and valleys, covered they remained for many hours, some for with multitudes of workmen, producing a whole day and night. A remarkable fact of this kind happened, when the 1573, and by the plague in 1624 and city of Delft was destroyed by an explo- 1635, in which year 15,000 of the inhasion of gunpowder in 1654; a child, a bitants were carried off within six months. year old, was found two days afterwards In 1415 a convent was burnt, and most of sucking an apple, and sitting under a the nuns perished in the Aames. An exbeam, with just space left for its body. plosion of gunpowder, in 1481, destroyed Two others at a little distance were in the council-chamber when full of people, their cradles quite safe. At that time and killed most of the magistrates. almost the whole of Delft was destroyed. The misfortunes of this city have be

Leyden is as large a city, but not so come proverbial, and its very name has populous, as Rotterdam, the second city given rise to a pun. “ Leyden" is “ Lijin Holland. Upwards of two hundred den;" Leyden, the name of the city, and houses were overthrown on this occasion, Lijden, (to suffer,) bave the same pronunbesides churches and public buildings; ciation in the Dutch language. the Stadt, or town-house, was among the latter.

The chirp of the crickets from the kitOne hundred and fifty-one dead bodies chen chimney breaks the silence of still were taken from the ruins, besides many evenings in the winter. They come from that died after. Upwards of two thou- the crevices, when the house is quiet, to sand were wounded more or less danger- the warm hearth, and utter their shrill ously. It is remarkable that none of the ' monotonous notes, to the discomfiture of students of the university were either the nervous, and the pleasure of those killed or wounded, though they all lodge who have sound minds in sound bodies. in different parts of the city, or wherever This insect and the grasshopper are agreethey please. Contributions were imme- ably coupled in a pleasing sonnet. The diately began, and large sums raised. “ summoning brass” it speaks of, our The king of Holland gave 30,000 gilders, country readers well know, as an allusion and the queen 10,000; a very large sum to the sounds usually produced from some was collected in London.

kitchen utensil of metal to assist in swarmLeyden suffered dreadfully by siege in ing the bees.

To the Grasshopper and the Cricket.
Green little vaulter in the sunny grass,

Catching your heart up at the feel of June,

Sole voice that's heard amidst the lazy noon,
When ev’n the bees lag at the summoning brass;
And you, warm little housekeeper, who class

With those who think the candles come too soon,

Loving the fire, and with your tricksome tune
Nick the glad silent moments as they pass;
Oh, sweet and tiny cousins, that belong,

One to the fields, the other to the hearth,
Both have your sunshine ; both, though small, are strong

At your clear hearts; and both were sent on earth
To sing in thoughtful ears this natural song,

In doors and out, summer and winter, Mirth L. Hunt.

January 13. ture, an orator, a poet, wrote against the

Arians, was banished for his orthodoxy, CAMBRIDGE LENT TERM begins. but returned to his see, worked miracles, St. Veronica of Milan. St. Kentigern. and died on the 13th of January, 368. St. Hilary.

Ribadeneira says, that in a certain island, The festival of St. Hilary is not, at uninhabitable by reason of venemous this time, observed by the Romish church serpents, they fled from his holiness; that until to-morrow, but it stands in old ca- he put up a stake as a boundary, comlendars, and in Randle Holmes's Herald- manding them not to pass it, and they ry, on this day, whereon it is also placed obeyed; that he raised a dead child to in the English calendar. Butler says, he life, prayed his daughter to death, and was born at Poictiers, became bishop of did other astonishing things; especially that city, was a commentator on Scrip- after his decease, when two merchants, the pope,

66

at their own cost and by way of venture, time and harvest, the long vacation bea
offered an image at bis shrine, but as one tween Midsummer and Michaelmas.
begrudged the cost of his share, St. Each term is denominated from the
Hilary caused the image to divide from festival day immediately preceding its
top to bottom, while being offered, keep- commencement; hence we have the terms
ing the one half, and rejecting the nig- of St. Hilary, Easter, the Holy Trinity,
gard's moiety. The Golden Legend says, and St. Michael.
that St. Hilary also obtained his wife's There are in each term stated days
death by his prayers; and that pope Leo, call dies banco, (days in bank,) that
who was an Arian, said to him, “ Thou is, days of appearance in the court of
art Hilary the cock, and not the son of a common bench. They are usually about
hen;" whereat Hilary said, “ I am no a week from each other, and have refer-
cock, but a bishop in France;" then said ence to some Romish festival. All ori-

“ Thou art Hilary Gallus (sig- ginal writs are returnable on these days,
nifying a cock) and I am Leo, judge of and they are therefore called the return
the papal see;" whereupon Hilary re- days.
plied, « If thou be Leo, thou art not (a The first return in every term is, pro-
lion) of the tribe of Juda." After this perly speaking, the first day of the
railing the pope died, and Hilary was term. For instance, the octave of St.
comforted.

Hilary, or the eighth day, inclusive, after
St. Veronica.

the saint's feast, falls on the 20th of Ja. She was a nun, with a desire to live nuary, because his feast is on the 13th of

January. On the 20th, then, the court sits always on bread and water, died in 1497,

to take essoigns, or excuses for non-apand was canonized, after her claim to sanctity was established to the satisfac- pearance to the writ; “ but,” says Black-.

stone, as our ancestors held it beneath tion of his holiness pope Leo X.

the condition of a freeman to appear or St. Kentigern.

to do any thing at the precise time apHe was bishop of Glasgow, with juris- pointed,” the person summoned has three diction in Wales, and, according to But- days of grace beyond the day named in ler, “ favoured with a wonderful gift of the writ, and if he appear on the fourth miracles.” Bishop Patrick, in his “ De- day inclusive it is sufficient. Therefore votions of the Romish Church,” says, at the beginning of each term the court “St. Kentigern had a singular way of does not sit for despatch of business till kindling fire, which I could never have the fourth, or the appearance day, which hit upon." Being in haste to light can- is in Hilary term, for instance, on the dles for vigils, and some, who bore a 23d of January. In Trinity term it does spite to him, having put out all the fire not sit till the fifth day ; because the in the monastery, he snatched the green fourth falls on the great Roman catholic bough of an hazel, blessed it, blew upon festival of Corpus Christi. The first apit, the bough produced a great fame, and pearance day therefore in each term is he lighted his candles : « whence we called the first day of the term; and the may conjecture,” says Patrick, “ that court sits till the quarto die post, or aptinder-boxes are of a later invention than pearance day of the last return, or end of St. Kentigern's days."

the term.

In each term there is one day whereon

the courts do not transact business; Term is derived from Terminus, the namely, on Candlemas day, in Hilary heathen god of boundaries, landmarks, term; on Ascension day, in Easter term; and limits of time. In the early ages of on Midsummer day, in Trinity term; Christianity the whole year was one con- and on All Saints' day, in Michaelmas tinued term for hearing and deciding term. These are termed Grand days in causes; but after the establishment of the inns of court; and Gaudy days at the Romish church, the daily dispensa- the two universities; they are observed ţion of justice was prohibited by canoni- as Collar days at the king's court of St. cal authority, that the festivals might be James's, for on these days, knights wear kept holy.

the collars of their respective orders Advent and Christmas occasioned the winter vacation; Lent and Easter the An old January journal contains a respring; Pentecost the third ; and bay, markable anecdote relative to the decease

ܙܙ

THE LAW TERMS.

1

of a M. Foscue, one of the farmers-gene. The wind unsteady veers around,
ral of the province of Languedoc. He Or settling in the South is found.
had amassed considerable wealth by Through the clear stream the fishes rise,
means which rendered him an object of And nimbly catch the incautious fies.
universal detestation. One day he was

The glow-wornus num'rous, clear and bright,

Illum'd the dewy hill last night. ordered by the government to raise a

At dusk the squalid toad was seen, considerable sum : as an excuse for not

Like quadruped, stalk o'er the green. complying with the demand, he pleaded The whirling wind the dust obeys, extreme poverty; and resolved on hiding And in the rapid eddy plays. his treasure in such a manner as to escape The frog has chang'd his yellow vest, detection. Ale dug a kind of a cave in And in a russet coat is drest. his wine cellar, which he made so large The sky is green, the air is still, and deep, that he used to go down to it The mellow blackbird's voice is shrill. with a ladder; at the entrance of it was The dog, so alter'd is his taste, a door with a spring lock on it, which Quits mutton-bones, on grass to feast. on shutting would fasten of itself. He Behold the rooks, how odd their flight, was suddenly missed, and diligent search They imitate the gliding kite, made after him; ponds were drawn, and As if they felt the piercing ball.

And seem precipitate to fall, every suggestion adopted that could rea

The tender colts on back do lie, sonably lead to his discovery, dead or

Nor heed the traveller passing by. alive. In a short time after, his house In fiery red the sun doth rise, was sold; and the purchaser beginning to Then wudes through clouds to mount the make some alterations, the workmen dis

skies. covered a door in the wine-cellar with a 'Twill surely rain, we see't with sorrow, key in the lock. On going down they No working in the fields to-morrow.

Darwin. found Foscue lying dead on the ground, with a candlestick near him, but no candle in it. On searching farther, they found the vast wealth that he had amass

January 14. ed. It is supposed, that, when he had OXFORD LENT Term begins. entered his cave, the door had by some St. Hilary. Sts. Felix. Sts. Isaias and accident shut after him; and thus being Sabbas. St. Barbasceminus, &c. out of the call of any person, he perished for want of food, in the midst of his terwards a priest, was, according to

St. Felix of Nola, an exorcist, and aftreasure.

Butler and Ribadeneira, a great miracu

list. He lived under Decius, in 250; SIGNS OF FOUL WEATHER.

being fettered and dungeoned in a cell, The hollow winds begin to blow;

covered with potsherds and broken glass, The clouds look black, the glass is low ; a resplendeni angel, seen by the saint The soot falls down, the spaniels sleep ;

alone, because to him only was he sent, And spiders from their cobwebs peep.

freed him of his chains and guided him Last niglit the sun went pale to bed ; to a mountain, where bishop Maximus, The moon in halos hid her head.

aged and frozen, lay for dead, whom The boding shepherd heaves a sigh,

Felix recovered by praying ; for, straightFor, see, a rainbow spans the sky.

way, he saw a bramble bear a bunch of The walls are damp, the ditches smell, Clos'd is the pink-ey'd pimpernel.

grapes, with the juice whereof he reHark! how the chairs and tables crack,

covered the bishop, and taking him on his Old Betty's joints are on the rack :

back carried him home to his diocese. Her corns with shooting pains torment her,

Being pursued by pagans, he fled to And to her bed untimely send her.

some ruins and crept through a hole in Loyd quack the ducks, the sea fowl cry,

the wall, which spiders closed with their The distant hills are looking nigh.

webs before the pagans got up to it, and How restless are the snor ting swine ! there lay for six months miraculously The busy Aies disturb the kine.

supported. According to the Legend, his Low o'er the grass the swallow wings, body, for ages after his death, distilled

a The cricket too, how sharp he sings ! Puss on the hearth, with velvet paws,

liquor that cured diseases. Sits wiping o'er her whiskerid jaws.

ChronOLOGY. The smoke from chimneys right ascends ;

In January, 1784, died suddenly in Then spreading, back to earth it bends.

Macclesfield-street, Soho, aged 79, Sam,

« ElőzőTovább »