strators, according to their respective claims at such times as the rules of the said society and interest, and upon the death or removal of any such trustee or trustees the same shall vest in the succeeding trustee or trustees for the same estate and interest as the former trustee or trustees had therein, and subject to the same trusts, without any conveyance or assignment whatsoever, save and except in the case of stocks and securities in the public funds of Great Britain and Ireland, which shall be transferred into the name or names of such new trustee or trustees; and in all actions or suits or indictments, or summary proceedings before magistrates, touching or concerning any such property, the same shall be stated to be the property of the person or persons for the time being holding the said office of trustee, in his or their proper name or names, as trustees of such society, without any further description.

19. The trustee or trustees of any such society are hereby authorised to bring or defend, or cause to be brought or defended, any action, suit, or prosecution in any Court of Law or Equity, touching or concerning the property, right, or claim to property of the society for which he or they are such trustee or trustees as aforesaid; and such trustee or trustees shall and may, in all cases concerning the real or personal property of such society, sue and be sued, plead and be impleaded, in any Court of Law or Equity, in his or their proper name or names, as trustee or trustees of such society, without other description; and no such action, suit, or prosecution shall be discontinued or shall abate by the death of such person, or his removal from the office of trustee, but the same shall and may be proceeded in by or against the succeeding trustee or trustees as if such death or removal had not taken place; and such succeeding trustee or trustees shall pay or receive the like costs as if the action or suit or prosecution had been commenced in his or their name or names, for the benefit of or to be reimbursed from the funds of such society. 20. Provided nevertheless, That no trustee or trustees of any such society shall be liable to make good any deficiency which may arise or happen in the funds of such society, but shall be liable only for the moneys which shall be actually received by him on account of such society.

shall direct and appoint, and at such times as he shall be required so to do by the trustee or trustees of the said society, or by a majority of the said committee of management, or by a majority of the members present at any meeting of such society; and every such bond shall be given to the trustee or trustees of the said society for the time being; and if the same shall at any time become forfeited, it shall be lawful for such trustee or trustees for the time being to sue upon such bond for the use of such society; and in Scotland such bond shall have the same force and effect as a bond there in use duly attested and completed, and containing a clause of registration for execution as well as for preservation in the books of council and session and other Judges' books competent, and shall be registered in such books accordingly, with a view to diligence.

22. Every such treasurer or other officer, whether appointed before or after the passing of this Act, at such times as by the rules of such society he should render such account as aforesaid, or upon being required so to do by the trustee or trustees of such society, or by a majority of the said committee of management, or by a majority of the members present at a meeting of the said society as aforesaid, within seven days after such requisition shall render to the trustee or trustees of the society, or to the said committee of management, or to the members of such society, at a meeting of the society, a just and true account of all moneys received and paid by him since he last rendered the like account, and of the balance then remaining in his hands, and of all bonds or securities of such society, which account the said trustee or trustees or committee of management shall cause to be audited by some fit and proper person or persons by them to be appointed; and such treasurer, if thereunto required, upon the said account being audited, shall forthwith hand over to the said trustee or trustees the balance which on such audit shall appear to be due from him, and shall also, if required, hand over to such trustee or trustees all securities and effects, books, papers, and property of the said society in his hands or custody; and if he fail to do so the trustee or trustees of the said society may sue upon the bond aforesaid, or may sue such treasurer in the County Court of 21. The treasurer of every such society, and the district, or in any of the Superior Courts every treasurer hereafter appointed in any so- of Common Law, or in any other Court having ciety established under any of the repealed jurisdiction, for the balance appearing to have Acts, or any other officer who is required by been due from him upon the account last renthe rules to give security, shall, before he take dered by him, and for all the moneys since reupon himself the execution of his office, be- ceived by him on account of the said society, come bound, with one sufficient surety, in a and for the securities and effects, books, pabond according to the form set forth in the pers, and property in his hands or custody, third Schedule to this Act, or give the security leaving him to set off in such action the sums, of a guarantee society established in London, if any, which he may have since paid on acin such penal sum as the society or the committee of management shall direct and appoint, conditioned for his just and faithful execution of his said office of treasurer, and for rendering a just and true account of all moneys received or paid by him on account of the said society

count of the said society; and in such action the said trustee or trustees shall be entitled to recover their full costs of suit, to be taxed as between attorney and client.

23. If any person already appointed or employed or hereafter to be appointed or employ

AUG. 18, 1855.]

New Statutes.-Statute Law Commission.


ed to or in any office in any friendly society | c. 43; and in Scotland every such offence may established under this Act or under any of the be prosecuted by summary complaint at the Acts hereby repealed, whether such appoint- instance of the procurator fiscal of the county, ment or employment was before or after the or of the society, with his concurrence, before legal establishment of such society, and having the sheriff; and if the said justices or sheriffs in his hands or possession, by virtue of his respectively shall determine the said complaint office, any moneys or property whatsoever of to be proved against such person, they shall such society, or any deeds or securities be-adjudge and order him to deliver up all such longing to such society, shall die, or become moneys, securities, books, papers, or other bankrupt or insolvent, or have any execution effects to the society, or to repay the amount of or attachment or other process issued against money applied improperly, and to pay, if they him or any part of his property, or shall have think fit, a further sum of money not exceeding any action or diligence raised against his lands, 201., together with costs not exceeding 20s.; goods, chattels, or effects, or property or other and in default of such delivery of effects, or estate, heritable or moveable, or shall make repayment of such amount of money, or payany assignment, disposition, assignation, or ment of such penalty and costs as aforesaid, other conveyance for the benefit of his credi- the said justices or sheriffs may order the said tors, the heirs, executors, administrators, or person so convicted to be imprisoned in the assignees of every such officer, and every other common gaol or house of correction, with or person having or claiming right to the property without hard labour, for any time not exceeding of such officer, and the sheriff or other person three months: Provided, that nothing herein. executing such process, and the party using contained shall prevent the said society, or in such action or diligence respectively, shall, Scotland her Majesty's Advocate, from proupon demand in writing made by the treasurer ceeding by indictment against the said party; or by the trustee or any two of the trustees of Provided also, that no person shall be prosuch society, or any person appointed at some ceeded against by indictment if a conviction meeting of the society to make such demand, shall have been previously obtained for the deliver and pay over all such moneys, property, same offence under the provisions of this deeds, and securities belonging to such society Act.

to such persons as such treasurer or trustees shall appoint, and shall pay, out of the estate, assets, or effects, heritable or moveable, of such officer, all sums of money due which such officer shall have received, before any other of his debts are paid, and before any other claims upon him shall be satisfied, and before the money directed to be levied by such process as aforesaid, or which may be recovered or recoverable under such diligence, is paid over to the party issuing such process or using such diligence; and all such assets, lands, goods, chattels, property, estates, and effects shall be bound to the payment, discharge, and

satisfaction of such claims.

24. If any officer, member, or other person, being or representing himself to be a member of such society, or the nominee, executor, administrator, or assignee of a member thereof, or any person whatsoever, by false representation or imposition, shall obtain possession of any moneys, securities, books, papers, or other effects of such society, or having the same in his possession shall withhold or misapply the same, or shall wilfully apply any part of the same to purposes other than those expressed or directed in the rules of such society, or any part thereof, it shall be lawful in England for any justice of the peace acting in the county or borough in which the place of business of such society shall be situated, upon somplaint made by any person on behalf of such society, to summon the person against whom such complaint is made to appear at a time and place to be named in such summons; and any two justices present at the time and place mentioned in such summons shall proceed to hear and determine the said complaint, in manner directed by the Act passed in the 11 & 12 Vict.

[To be continued.]



November 13, 1854.

READ a note from the Lord Chancellor :— After some general discussion as to the proper method of preparing consolidated Statutes, with regard to the incorporation of the Common Law, the preservation of the exact terms of the existing Statutes, and the extent to which amendments of the law might properly be introduced, it was agreed that the detailed consideration of the subjects mentioned in the printed circular and in the Lord Chancellor's note, should be postponed until his lordship could be present.

November 15, 1854.

The members present agreed to divide into sub-committees, each of which should undertake to superintend the consolidation of a particular branch of the Statute Law.

The Chief Justice of the Common Pleas and Mr. Baron Parke agreed to take the Criminal Law; Messrs. Greaves and Lonsdale to be employed to remodel the Criminal Law Bills of last Session.

Sir W. P. Wood, Mr. Walpole, and Mr. Ker, agreed to take Real Property.

The Lord Chief Justice and the Chief Baron agreed to take the superintendence of Mr. Ro ger's Consolidated Bill on the Law of Masters and Workmen, now in course of preparation, as mentioned in the printed circular.

The Lord Chancellor and Lord Wrottesley versant with the particular subject, and aftertook the subject of Charities. wards submitting the drafts to the consideration and criticism of practical as well as professional men.

The Attorney-General took the subject of Insurance.

Each sub-committee to select one or more draftsmen, to draw such Bills as they may think expedient, subject to the approbation of the Board.

Mr. Ker to be a member of all the subcommittees, for the purpose of superintending the communications with draftsmen, &c.

It was resolved by the Board, that no permanent sub-commissioners should be appointed at present, but that the assistance of draftsmen should be obtained by means of fees.

The secretary to communicate this resolution to Mr. T. C. Anstey and Mr. Warrington Rogers.

A Bill for consolidating the Acts relating to the National Debt, with an explanatory paper by Mr. Anstey, was laid before the Board by the secretary, and was referred to the Lord Chancellor and Mr. Ker.

The Board confirmed the provisional employment of Mr. Anstey and Mr. Rogers by the Lord Chancellor, as mentioned in the printed circular. The secretary to communicate this to Messrs. Anstey and Rogers.

Mr. Walpole having suggested that some general rules should be agreed on, as to the form and style of the Bills to be drawn under the sanction of the Board, in order to ensure uniformity.

Mr. Ker stated that a paper on that subject had been already prepared by the secretary; and undertook to revise it, in conjunction with the secretary, and to submit it for the consideration of the Board at the next meeting.

November 29, 1854.

A letter from the Copyhold Commissioners was read, proposing "to repeal the existing Statutes relating to the enfranchisement of copyholds and to prepare a consolidated measure embracing such amendments as they have found necessary in dealing with cases under these Acts."

It was resolved that this Board would undertake to superintend the drawing of the Bill, it being understood that the necessary funds would be provided by the Copyhold Com


A communication addressed to the Secretary by Mr. Napier, with reference to the Statute Law of Ireland, was laid before the Board, from which the following is selected as applicable to the general subject of consolidation:

"There are some subjects which might very usefully engage an early attention; for instance, the Stamp Laws, the Law of Judgments, &c., &c.

"I think it is a very prudent course to take up such groups of Statutes as overlay the law on these every-day matters, and construct a new and complete code, repealing at the same time all the old Statutes.

"This may best be accomplished by employing gentlemen of acknowledged ability, con

"I may perhaps observe, that for some time I have been of opinion that we ought to have a department of Justice, and an official staff, to carry forward and keep up a system of sound Law Reform.

"It has been delayed so long that the public have become impatient of the vexatious, dilatory, and expensive procedure under which complicated laws have been administered, and reforms have been rudely demanded and carelessly flung to meet the occasion, so as in my opinion to endanger our judicial system altogether.

"From the small experience which I have had, I would say that our Statute Law might be reduced into a satisfactory state by gradual consolidation, and that the most prudent course would be to divide the labour, by employing such men as could deal most promptly and efficiently with particular heads of the law to which they had specially given their attention.

"And as to future legislation, I candidly own, that unless it can be brought into harmony with the standard for amending the past, the labours of the Commission must be frustrated.

"Every Bill should, in my opinion, be submitted to the careful supervision of a responsible department of administration, and a proper staff for effectuating the objects of such department should be provided.

"To this department suggestions for amendments could be sent when the law would be found to be defective, a record of judicial constructions could be preserved, and a scientific plan and accurate phraseology of Bills secured before they should become law."

Mr. J. M. Ludlow was proposed by Sir W. P. Wood, and approved as a draftsman for the Real Property Statutes, and Mr. Ker engaged to communicate with him.

The expediency of a general consolidation of the Stamp Laws was taken into consideration, and Mr. Ker engaged to ascertain whether this would be considered expedient by the department of Stamps; and if so, to communicate with Mr. Henry Jessel, and ascertain whether he would undertake the work.

The Solicitor-General agreed to join with the Attorney-General as a sub-committee on the subject of Insurance.

It was resolved that at the next meeting the paper of suggestions as to the form and style of Consolidated Statutes (already circulated among the members) should be taken specially into consideration, in order that the sub-committees might be able to give uniform instructions to the draftsmen employed by them; and the Secretary was directed to request all members of the Board to bring or send in writing any corrections or additions to that paper which they might wish to contribute.

It was agreed that Mr. Anstey should be employed to prepare for publication a chrono

AUG, 18, 1855.

Statute Law Commission.


logical list of all Statutes and parts of Statutes A letter from Mr. Anstey was laid before the now repealed. Mr. Ker undertook to commu- Board, containing the following suggestions of nicate with Mr. Anstey on the subject, and to proper subjects for consolidation. instruct him as to the details of the work, and "In addition to the subjects of Insurance,' also to consider whether some second drafts-Excises,' 'Land Tax,' Assessed and other man should not be associated with Mr. Anstey Taxes,' &c., &c., &c., noticed in my printed for this work; Mr. Warrington Rogers (who 'Minutes,' or in my correspondence with the had prepared the existing list of repealed present Board, I beg to suggest the following Statutes jointly with Mr. Anstey) having ac- as proper matter for consolidation :cepted the post of Solicitor-General for Van "1. Justices of the Peace.' Diemen's Land.

December 13, 1854.

The Secretary laid before the Board,-
Mr. Rogers's Bill for consolidating the Laws
of Masters and Workmen, already referred
to the Lord Chief Justice and the Lord
Chief Baron.
Mr. Wingrove Cooke's scheme for the con-
solidation of the Copyhold Commis-
sioners' Act.-The consideration of this
was referred to the Lord Chancellor and
Mr. Ker.

Mr. Ker reported that he had ascertained from the Chairman of the Board of Inland

Revenue, that a consolidation of the Stamp Laws would be favourably received and assisted by that department; and he was authorised by the Board to instruct Mr. Henry Jessel to undertake the work.

Mr Ker also laid on the table, for the consideration of the Board, a printed memorandum as to the proposal for a Chronological List of Repealed Acts referred to him at the last meeting of the Board.

January 10, 1855.

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"2. Constitution and Jurisdiction of Criminal Courts' in general.


Gaols, Prisons, and Places of Penal Discipline or Ward.'

"4. 'Actions popular, and Penalties recover

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'13. Husband and Wife.'

"14. "Trading and other Companies.'
"15. Professions and Trades.'
"16. Municipalities.'

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It was agreed that Mr. Anstey should be requested to furnish a scheme for a consolidaMr. Ker laid before the Board a scheme for tion of the Statute Law relating to Gaols, a consolidation of the Law of Costs, commu- Prisons, and Places of Penal Discipline or nicated by Mr. Wingrove Cooke, but afterwards Ward;" and that when furnished it should be withdrew it, in consequence of the Chief Jus-referred to a sub-committee consisting of Lord tice of the Common Pleas having stated that Lyndhurst, Lord Brougham, and Mr. Ker. the subject was then under the consideration of the Common Law Commission.

The Lord Chancellor and Mr. Ker reported that they had considered Mr. Wingrove Cooke's scheme for a consolidation of the Copyhold Acts, (which was referred to them by the last Board,) and had signified their approval thereof to Mr. Cooke.

Baron Parke (through Mr. Ker) reported, that with the concurrence of the Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, he had instructed Mr. Lonsdale to proceed with a consolidation of the Statute Criminal Law.

Mr. Ker reported that he had instructed Mr. Henry Jessel to prepare a scheme for the consolidation of the Stamp Laws, as authorised by the last Board.

The Board then took into consideration the proposals for the publication of a Chronological List of Repealed Statutes, and it was resolved that the plan must be abandoned for the pre

A proposal was laid before the Board from Mr. Warrington Rogers, for a Bill "upon the principle of Sir J. Jervis's Act, but extending to all cases of summary conviction and to all necessary proceedings before Justices," and introducing certain amendments and simplifications of the law. Agreed that the Chief Justice of the Common Pleas and Mr. Baron Parke be requested to take this proposal into their consideration.

February 7, 1855.

The Lord Chancellor reported that a Bill prepared by the Registrar-General, purporting to be a consolidation of the Marriage Acts, had been referred to him by the Secretary for the Home Office for consideration, and that he had stated in reply that he proposed to lay it before this Board. The Lord Chancellor then stated that this Bill had been examined by himself and by Mr. Ker; that it was not a consolidation of all the Acts generally termed the Marriage Acts, but only of those passed The instructions for draftsmen, corrected acfor the purpose of relieving Dissenters from cording to the direction given at the last Board, the necessity of being married by banns (the were laid before the Board and finally approved 6 & 7 Wm. 4, c. 85, and subsequent amending Acts); and that the several sections of these



January 24, 1855.

Acts had been merely combined into a single executed. For the Law Court buildings adAct, without improved arrangement or con- joining Westminster Hall would have to be densation. pulled down, and the proposed additional The Lord Chancellor did not, therefore, buildings would, according to Sir Charles think it necessary to lay this Bill before the Barry, not afford one-fourth part of the space Board as a consolidation of the Law; but he which would be required for the adequate acstated that he should report to the Home Se-commodation of the Law Courts.' cretary that, regarded as a specimen of conso- Sir Charles Barry, in his letter to the Secrelidation, he did not consider it advisable that tary of the Commissioners of Public Works, the Bill should be brought in; and that if the says: With respect to accommodation, alterations of the law which it contained were which, although not necessary for the transrequired, it would be better to introduce them action of the business of Parliament, has by themselves in a short amending Bill. His hitherto been provided for in the Palace at lordship, however, suggested to the Board that Westminster, namely, the Law Courts, I beg the whole body of the Marriage Acts presented a good subject for consolidation.

The Chief Justice of the Common Pleas reported that he and Mr. Baron Parke had considered Mr. Rogers's proposal (referred to them at the last Board) to extend and amend the Acts called "Jervis's Acts," and that their lordships approved of the plan; but that they considered, as the original Acts had been drawn by Mr. Archbold, it was proper that the preparation of the new Bill should first be offered to that gentleman. The Secretary to apply to Mr. Archbold on the subject.

A report from Mr. Anstey on the Prisons Acts was received, and referred to the Lord Chancellor, Lord Lyndhurst, and Mr. Ker.

The Lord Chancellor explained, that in proposing the formation of this Board, he intended that Mr. Ker, in addition to his duties as the paid Commissioner, should assist the Great Seal in the House of Lords in drawing such Law Bills as should be required by the Lord Chancellor, and by generally examining and reporting to him as to all the Law Bills introduced in either House of Parliament; and his lordship added, that he thought it would be very advantageous if he were authorised by the Board to lay before them for their consideration any particular Bills which should appear from such reports either to be consolidations of the Law, or to admit of the application of any rules which the Board may devise (in the terms of the Commission) "to ensure simplicity, or uniformity, or any other improvement in the form and style of future Statutes;" which was agreed to, it being, however, understood that the Board is not to be considered responsible for any Bills except those prepared under their own direction.

[To be continued.]



THE Chief Commissioner of Public Works, in his Report to the Lords of the Treasury, dated 18th June, 1855, states that Sir Charles Barry's estimate of 278,2851. for additional works to complete the Palace, does not make any provision for the accommodation of the Law Courts, which would have to be removed from the vicinity of Westminster Hall, if his design for the west side of the New Palace be

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to state, for the accommodation of these Courts, at least 12 in number, on one floor, and lighted from above, together with adequate accommodation for the Judges, for Counsel, and for the Public, the space which could be appropriated for the purpose would not be more than one-fourth of that which would be requisite. The present Law Courts are insufficient in number and size, and some of them, which are only temporary, are placed in upper floors, where they are found to be extremely inconvenient. The rooms for the Judges, for the Bar, for Juries, and for the Public generally, are also insufficient in number and size, defective in the mode of lighting, and ill-arranged. In short, the want of space in the present Law Courts, and the inconvenience of their locality are loudly and very generally complained of."



We have had our attention directed by an esteemed Correspondent to the subject of the taxation of an agent's bill of costs, on the application of the country attorney. We now lay before our readers the various decisions on this important question, from the year 1746. It appears that the earlier cases in Chancery are conflicting; but on the whole, it seems that Courts of Equity have power under their inherent jurisdiction, irrespective of statutory enactment, to direct a taxation. The question in the Courts of Common Law has been ably discussed by Mr. Justice Coleridge, who twice decided against the jurisdiction, while on the other hand, Lord Chief Baron Pollock has ruled in favour of the power to direct a taxation. We give these judgments verbatim.

'See Parliamentary Paper, No. 333, June 21st, 1855. The whole cost of the further buildings, with the purchase of the houses on one side of Bridge Street, the removal of St. Margaret's Church to an adjoining site, and the enlargement of Old Palace Yard, will amount to 651,285., including the above sum.

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