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to a dispute with a tenant; in which, however, our farmer was suc gaiety as in England. Rather more. The Bush huts have not cessful.
generally been very comfortable ; but there is no reason why they To conclude : about eight years after their first settlement, the York should not be as well built and furnished as in English farm houses. shire farmer had built him a new house and refurnished it entirely. “We Young widows and orphans of small means will find themselves in had," says the wife, “no lack of beef, pork, butter, fowls, eggs, milk, reality much safer in an Australian town than in any of the great flour, and fruits, all of our own growth and manufacture; at least twenty towns of Europe, better protected, and with better prospects. Of head of horned cattle, some of which we killed and salted every autumn ; course some caution is necessary before accepting the first offers made, seven horses, including one or two foals, besides pigs, sheep, poultry, the but there is very little difficulty in finding out an Australian settler's number of which I am not able to state, as they keep continually breeding, character. There are obvious advantages in two or more ladies joining and are never to be seen together. Our land, by sundry purchases, to make a party for the sea-voyage, besides reasons of economy. There amounts to 360 acres, of excellent quality, more than half of which is can be no more impropriety in going to Australia than to India for cultivated. We have two small farms let off at a rent of a dollar an acre. the same purpose.
Where on our coming was a wilderness, small villages begin to rise. Adelaide is the best port for young ladies, as there is a committee of Means of comfort are within our reach. By increase of population, we can ladies there who receive and protect female emigrants. Mrs. Chisholm, easily obtain anything we require, food, physic, or clothing; and were we of 38, King-street, Covent Garden, London, may be consulted with disposed to give up labour, we could live very comfortably on the fruits of advantage. former toil. One cause of our ultimate prosperity was, that having a family | For Governesses, there is a moderate demand. We should only recomwe have been greatly assisted in the culture of our land, without having | mend those to think of emigration who are not comfortable here. Every much to hire.
lady thinking of emigrating should know how to bake, boil, roast, wash, And thus ends this most interesting description of the struggles and and iron, and then although she may not have to do these things, she success of the Yorkshire family, in which all intending emigrants may read will feel independent. useful practical lessons. We commend it to their notice.
For Domestic and Farm-servants the demand is unlimited, and will so
continue for many years, as a good sober cook, housemaid, or nurse, is
worth any wages, and may always have a house of her own within ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.
twelve months. A clever maid-servant is sure to better her position by Intending emigrants will do well to read the whole of this column, as all
emigrating to Australia, and will frequently save part of the passagethe answers have been framed so as to reply to several questions.
money by attending on one of the lady passengers.
Never stand out for high wages at first. Get a house over your head, and 1.-Clerks and also medical students, and young solicitors, without capital,
then change if you can for the better. will not find their services more in demand in the Australian colonies than here. They may become shopmen, viz., assistants to store keepers. As shepherds or hut-keepers, they will have to associate with the INFORMATION FOR AGRICULTURAL LABOURERS AND same class as Smithfield drovers. At the same time a vigorous mind MECHANICS, &c., DESIROUS OF EMIGRATING. may hit out some mode of life in a busy colony. To get a free passage PERSONS desirous of obtaining a free passage to any of the Australian
for such persons is impossible. 2.-There is nothing to prevent purchasing a lot of 640 acres, and after
colonies, should address themselves either personally or by letter to S. wards dividing it into small lots.
Walcot, Esq., Secretary to the Colonial Land-office, 9, Park-street, 3.—A surgeon, with a knowledge of farming and gardening, and accustomed
Westminster. Agricultural labourers will be preferred. All, except
children, must be capable of labour, really working for wages, and going to work in wood and iron, with a wife, a capital of two or three hundred
out with that intention, and not to buy land or invest in trade. Married pounds, will probably get a free passage to Port Philip as surgeon to the
couples not above forty years of age, with no children under seven years ship. Let him buy no land, but go up the country two or three hundred miles, and settle on one of the rivers with some old squatter.
of age, most eligible.
They will be glad to have him, he can lay out his money in cattle, with a
Persons desirous of emigrating to any of the colonies will be able to
obtain every information as to the sailing of ships and means of accommomare or two, a herd of all ages, so as to have some fat oxen every year. |
dation, and be protected against the frauds so frequently practised on He can arrange for a run of pasture with his host. Between his practice and his cattle he will do well. The price of stock must mend from
intending emigrants, by applying to any of the following Government the influx of emigrants. He will be able to live for nothing and save
Emigration agents :-
Lieut. Lean, R.N., London (Office, 70, Lower Thames-street); Lieut. money. As a surgeon alone he could not make a living. 4.-A clerk, with wife and family of young children, and 2001. a-year,
Hodder, R.N., Liverpool ; Lieut. Carew, R.N., Plymouth ; Lieut. For. had better stay at home, than lose half his income by emigrating with
rest, R.N., Glasgow and Greenock; Lieut. Henry, R.N., Dublin; Lieut.
Friend, R.N., Cork; Lieut. Stark, R.N., Belfast ; Mr. Lynch, R.N., 2001. ready money. 5.-A late Oxonian without a profession and with 2,5001. Go to Sydney,
Limerick; Lieut. Shuttleworth, R.N., Lieut. Moriarty, R.N., Sligo, ride overland to Port Philip. To take a trip to South Australia would
Donegal, Ballina, &c.; Lieut. Ramsay, R.N., Londonderry ; Commander
Ellis, R.N., Waterford. not be time lost. The safe rule will be to spend as little money as
Parties residing in inland towns should take care to make such arrangepossible, and not settle for a year. See Hand-Book, p. 53. 6.--A farmer with 1501. will do best with his family in West Canada
ments that they may not be detained more than a day at the port where
a they intend to embark; they may manage this by corresponding with one His two boys will be useful. A steerage passage in a good ship will
of the above-named gentlemen. only cost him 51. a-head, and he will be able to settle on a neat farm for a fourth less money than in Australia.
COST OF PASSAGE. 7.--A wheelwright if he can finish a cart from end to end, had better
A passage in the steerage to Quebec, New Brunswick, New York, or select South Australia, where carting ore from the mines makes his
New Orleans, with full allowance of provisions, in a first-class ship, will employment brisk.
cost about 51. 55. ; without provisions, from 21. to 31. 10s. A steer8.-Ships unload close alongside William Town, at the head of Port age passage to Sydney, Port Philip, or South Australia, with an ample Philip.
allowance of provisions, will cost from 151. to 201. The time for sailing 9.-A Master Mariner will earn 101. or 121. a month in a coaster out of
to Canada or the United States (except New Orleans) commences the Sydney, where there is always a great demand for seamen of all kinds. | first week in August and ends in August. New Orleans is only healthy 10.-Half-pay officers will find themselves at home in Canada. Proceed
in winter. next spring to Toronto. If possible, it is better for one of the party Emigrants landing at New York will do well to place themselves in the to go over first and select a farm, and then send for the rest of the
hands of the agents of the St. George's, the St. Andrew's, or the St. family; this may be the most economical plan in the end. Do not
Patrick's Society, who kindly and gratuitously perform in that port the think of taking wild land. Such an undertaking is only fit for a
office filled by Government Emigration agents in British and colonial hardy farmer accustomed to work from his youth upwards. Improved ports, affording sound advice, and protecting the ignorant against the farms are constantly in the market.
tricks of the swindlers who swarm in all large towns. 11.- Consumption, Asthma, all diseases of the lungs are unknown among
cosT OF WASTE LAND. the white native population, and something in the climate effects a cure 1 In Canada, Government lands may be purchased chiefly in lots of 200 for European settlers, if their disease is not too far advanced. For this acres, at from 3s. 3 d. to 6s. 7d. an acre for cash. In Nova Scotia, reason, persons, like an engineer, who, living on wages, cannot visit ls. 9d. an acre, the smallest lot 100 acres. In New Brunswick, the miniMalta or Madeira, for health, will do well to try their fortunes in mum price is 2s. 8d.,-fifty acres the smallest lot. Prince Edward's Australia : perhaps as the richest, Sydney is the best port for such a Island, from 8s. to 10s. an acre.
In the United States any naturalized citizen may squat or settle without 12.- A blacksmith, if he can get a free passage, cannot do better than go paying rent for four years, on unoccupied wild land, and if he improve it
either to Sydney, or Adelaide. Take your tools and make for the bush. during that time, no one can purchase over his head; but after that period Most of the bush blacksmiths cultivate a bit of land. If a free pass he cannot buy less than eighty acres. The lowest price is 100 dollars for age cannot be had, save up until you get the sum sufficient for travel. eighty acres--about 4s. 6d. an acre. ling to one of the new settled states of America.
In both British and republican America advantageous arrangements 13.-Shepherds seldom get more than 201, the first year, perhaps 251. or can be made with individuals and land companies for leasing land or buy301. the second ; in both instances with rations and a hut.
ing on credit. 14.-A shoemaker, if able to make a strong serviceable boot, will do best In New South Wales, including the Port Philip district, all land must
by hiring as a hut keeper or shepherd in the Bush, and working at his | be exposed at least once for sale by auction, at a minimum price of 11. an trade. Either Sydney, Port Philip, or Adelaide. Port Philip is the acre (except in cases of special surveys), after which, if unsold, it may be best climate near the sea, but New South Wales Proper has regions of disposed of by private contract at a not less price than ll. an acre. In admirable climate
practice, lots are seldom sold of less size than 640 acres-one mile square. 13.-Carvers and gilders are not in demand in Australian Colonies. Try The governor can order a special survey of a block of not less than 20,000 the Western States of America.
acres, in any part of the colony, in favour of any individual willing to pur16.--A butcher may do well in either Sydney or Adelaide if sober. chase the same by private contract, for not less than 20,0001. In South These answers will suffice for ten times the number of queries ; some are Australia, Il. an acre is also the minimum price; but in consequence of unavoidably delayed.
the prevalence of mines, it has been determined to sell by auction only, THE LADIES' COLUMN.
and in moderate sized lots. 1.-There is an unlimited demand for wives of all ranks, from the shep- Parties may pay for colonial lands in this country, and will be permitted herd to the gentleman squatter, with his 1,000 head of cattle, and by the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners, to name five adults 20,000 sheep. The Colonists, as a body, whether emigrants or native for a free passage for every 1001. But as a passage may be obtained for born, make good husbands, kind, indulgent, and generous. They are | 151., and as it is difficult to find a lot of Government land of less dimenall rather rough in their language to each other, but no one ever heard 'sions than 640 acres, it is not an advisable mode of investment, unless of a Bushman beating his wife. In the towns there is as much | when a charitable individual or association desires to send out of the
country some thirty or forty emigrants, or a capitalist desires to be accom
COLONIAL CORRESPONDENCE. panied by his labourers. At the Cape, land is sold by auction at not less than 28. an acre.
A friend in Herefordshire has forwarded a copy of a letter which he With very rare exceptions, persons desirous to obtain small quantities
tells us was received some months back, by one of his parishioners. It of land in the Australian colonies, will be able to purchase it on better
contains useful practical information worth publishing. terms from private individuals than from the Crown.
New South Wales, 1847. In New Zealand, the rules for the sale of land are substantially the Honoured Sir,-In accordance with my promise I write to let you same as in Australia.
know how we get on. We went to the gentleman you told us of near EXPENSES OF CLEARING AND FIRST PLOUGHING.
Bathurst, and found the land better than any we ever saw in our lives. The cost of clearing waste lands in the Canadas varies from 21. to 31. an He let us have one hundred acres on lease, rent free, for seven years, in acre.
consideration of our fencing it in with a three rail fence, building a barn In New Zealand, fern land costs from 10s. to 11. 10s. ; woodland from and a hut. Out of the one hundred there was about twenty acres without 31. to 101. This does not include breaking up the soil, which must be a tree on it - a black loam -- so we determined to take in thirty acres reckoned at at least Il. an acre.
the first. Father bought six bullocks, old workers, for 121., and borrowed a plough from a neighbour. The people are very obliging; they will lend
you anything if you will do the same. Father and Tom then set to work THE TIMES ON COLONIZATION.
to plough the twenty acres, and right tough work it was. He found we We call the serious attention of all interested in colonization, to the fol could not turn up more than half an acre a day, and work hard at it. We lowing extracts from the Times. We rejoice to find that we are about to hired an old fencer at 10s. a week and his grub, and in one week with the have the assistance of the most powerful organ of public opinion in cross-cut saw we felled all the trees on the ten acre piece; so we found Europe, in working the reform of a system of land monopoly, as impolitic the land not at all heavily timbered-just a tree here and there. as unjust. For this reform we have struggled for nearly two years single Father and I and Tom then set to work after ploughing of an evening handed. It is the question, on which the fate of Australian emigration rests. to cut all the trees into smaller pieces, and then put them together, the The facts we have cited in our previous works, are as unanswerable as the old fencer showed us how, and burned some off. We made large bonfires arguments of the Times are eloquent. Such facts and arguments Lord all over the ten acre piece: one of us used to keep watch at night and Grey has only attempted to meet by transparent misrepresentations. These keep the fires in, so that the logs never stopped burning till they were all on a future occasion will be dissected. The simple fact is, that a tide of wasted away. When this was done we coaxed the old fencer to hold the emigrants of the best class, which now flows to Republican America, might plough for a day or two, and show us how to plough between the stumps; be turned to our Australian colonies, and ample funds might be obtained for it was very easy when once you got into it, but very liable to smash the the conveyance of labour to those fruitful colonies, by placing the posses-plough all to pieces if you have not got the nack of stopping the bullocks, sion of land within the reach of those who would make the best colonists and lifting the plough out directly you come to a stump. -the men of small means-instead of excluding all those who cannot give It took us about three months to get the land all cleared and ploughed 11. an acre for 640 acres. The schoolmasters which the Times so justly twice over. We then sowed it all with wheat, but we had no harrow, so and wisely demands, might be supported on the means now wasted on that we were obliged to use a colonial method of harrowing. Billy, the fencer, gross and useless job, the Aborigines Protection Staff.
saw us in a fix about the harrow, so he said, “Never you mind ; just you “ It is all very well for Earl Grey in one House, and Lord J. Russell in sow it, and I 'll get it harrowed for you for a bit of negrohead tobacco." another, to content themselves with saying that colonization must depend So when it was all sowed, at night Billy said he would go and sleep away upon individual exertion and spontaneous enterprise. This will, with cer- to-night, and fetch the harrow in the morning. So off he went, and next tain conditions and under certain circumstances, do something. Given the morning, about two hours after sunrise, we heard a great shouting and Anglo-Saxon pith, pluck, sinew, ambition, and unoccupied lands, we may | barking and bááing on the hill; down comes a great flock of sheep, with safely predict certain results. Some two or three thousand persons will Billy, the shepherd, and four or five dogs behind them. They rushed the set off to the ends of the earth, will land, settle, fight the natives, beat sheep over the paddock, dogging them backwards and forwards for an them, and be beaten by them, plough the land, try experiments, and hour, when Billy, the fencer, came to inquire what we thought of his patent becoine exporters of guano, gutta percha, or ivory. At the end of a dozen harrow; we then gave the shepherd a little tea and tobacco for his trouble, years some few score out of the few thousand will return home with large and this was the way we got our first crop in. The next job was to fence fortunes, and rather queer accounts of their acquisition; the rest will have it in. Fences in this country are all made with three or four rails. Fourbeen wrecked. ruined by speculation, or eaten by the savages. What the teen miles from here, near the Connoboly mountains; there is a fine vein population-what the country-what the present and the future interests of stringy bark, the best wood in the colony for fencing or building. Billy of the empire demand, is colonization. They demand a system which and father went out there with some rations, wedges, a maul and a crossshall not merely make the fortunes of a few, but insure the comforts of cut saw, and they commenced getting fencing stuff for the paddock. Tom the many. It is not wealth and opulence for a handful of lucky men, but used to carry the rations to them, and father sent me to Bathurst to look for subsistence for a great multitude that is required. We often hear of a dray. I bought one there, and two bullocks, from a man who was on the America. Some economists can never cease dinning into our ears the spree as they call it, which means getting drunk and spending all their money, blessings of a Yankee polity and Yankee resources. But America has her often selling everything they have got. This man had sold fifty head of “ Far West." She has an immense tract of rich and fertile soil to decoy cattle for £25, and a good mare and foal for £8, and spent the money; he her growing population from the crowded cities of the East. For years wanted me to buy the team of ten bullocks and dray, but I had not got, to come the plains of Michigan and the country south-west of the Rocky money enough, though I sorely wanted to have them. He offered them to Mountains will afford food and employment to millions of her citizens. | me for £18, which was only what the dray was worth, so at last I bought England has no continental “Far West." She is “bound in with the the dray and two bullocks of him for L8; he was so pleased to get real triumphant sea.” But, by a wise and vigorous policy, her colonies might English sovereigns, he said he had given the dray away, which was really be made to her what the Far West is to the United States. She might almost true. I got the dray, a new tarpaulin, or dray cover, worth £5, bridge the vast ocean which separates her from her distant possessions. and yokes and bows for eight bullocks, for £8. I left my purchase at Her crowded and competing industry might find work and wage enough Bathurst, and went home thirty miles to fetch the bullocks to bring it in the uncultivated wastes of Australasia, or the unhewn woods of home. Father was delighted, and the old fencer said “he an't new chummed Canada. But as long as the present system of obstruction prevails in the yet anyhow, young one." Tom and I now commenced to draw in the stuff, Colonial-office, this is impossible. We don't question Earl Grey's facts. and to lay it round the paddock exactly as it was wanted, and when it was But wbat do they amonnt to ? That a certain number of capitalists have all got, the old man, and father, and Tom, came home, and put it up. settled in New South Wales and South Australia ; and that they have They digged holes eighteen inches in the ground, and put the posts in them, employed a certain amount of labour. We don't doubt it. What we ramming them tight with a rammer. All this time mother was very uncomplain of is, that none but large capitalists and poor labourers can go comfortable. We were living, rather sleeping, in a bark gunnyer, that is out with advantage under the present system. Men who can't afford to to say, we slept in a place made of bark, like a large dog kennel in give 11. an acre for pasture land (a price which Mr. Wakefield says he | England, and used to cook, wash, and live, in the open air, but when it never intended to fix for any but arable land), and who are not accustomed rained it was very uncomfortable. to agricultural labour-i. e., three-fourths of the middle classes--are . I will tell you all about the rest of our doings the next time I write. debarred by the regulations of the Colonial-office from buying land in How is Tom Harris getting on with his wife and family? Have they any Australia. Thus, a most numerous and valuable body of small capitalists more young ones, and is his sister married, and how is Squire T., and does is excluded from conferring or receiving the benefits of “ regular coloniza the fox hounds still hunt in our neighbourhood, and how is Parson Sedley, tion.”—Times, Aug. 12.
and is any of the young ladies married yet? I hope you are quite well, “ While we rejoice to see the Colonization Association actively and suc and Master James and Master John, and I hope you will make my cessfully occupied within so short a time from its institution, we cannot respects to them and to your good lady, so no more from your humble allow its members to cherish the notion that they have already entered on and obedient servant,
JOSEPH. the sphere of their ultimate duties. Doubtless, the contribution of funds and the assistance of such emigrants as would be rejected by the Emigra EMIGRATION, Plymouth, Sept. 27.-The Lysander, Captain George tion Board, are two most essential additions to the existing means of colo- Lulham, bound for Port Philip, with emigrants, took on board 336 souls, nization. But the society may look further than this. It may contem equal to 189 statute adults. She also had on board a minister of the plate a larger and more considerable sphere of action than this. It must Scottish Free Church, the Rev. Mr. Mackay, his wife and sister. This bear in mind the duty of furthering, not merely emigration, but coloniza ship left the Sound at three P.M. on Thursday last. The Manchester, 600 tion. It must not confine itself to the dreary task of shovelling off tons weight, Captain Forsayth, bound for Port Philip with emigrants, paupers, nor even to that of flooding our colonies with a torrent of able under engagement to the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners, bodied mechanics. The work of colonization, to be really useful to the will leave the Sound to-morrow, with about 200 statute adults. The mother country and beneficial to its dependencies, must be comprehensive Thomas Arbuthnot, of about 600 tons, Captain Heaton, arrived yesterand complete. It must embrace the representatives of every class and day, and will sail on Monday next for Sydney, having on board about 200 the offshoots of every rank. It must include refinement of education, the statute adults. These vessels have all a large number of emigrants tastes of scholarship, and the fruits of study, no less than the brawny selected from the applicants in the west of England. The Samuel arm, the hardy hand, and the quick eye of industry and toil. There are Boddington, bound to Adelaide, South Australia, is expected here on many men in the country who do not come under any of the designations Monday next, and will take on board a considerable number of emigrants which are so fondly cherished by the Emigration Board, but who would for that colony. yet be of great value to a rising colony. There are schoolmasters, for GOVERNMENT EMIGRATION. — Her Majesty's Colonial Land and instance, of whom our Australian colonies are almost destitute. Again, Emigration Commissioners have appointed six vessels to sail during the there are small capitalists, who are, by the operation of the Wakefield ensuing month of October from Deptford, calling at Plymouth for pas. system, entirely excluded from the hopes of making an advantageous sengers, for South Australia, on the 4th and 14th, Port Philip 7th and settlement either in Australia or New Zealand. Good schoolmasters and 18th, and Sydney 11th and 21st. Each of these vessels carry 150 pasmen of moderate capital are precisely the persons most wanted there, and sengers, making altogether about 1,000 individuals. A like number has whom it would be most desirable to send thither.-Times, Sept. 26. been despatched during the present month.
AN OLD SETTLER'S OPINION OF AGRICULTURE.
family, Mr. Cock could not resist the promptings of his inquiring mind,
he determined to view the country beyond the hills. Taking his departure STANDING one day on the beach at Nelson, I was accosted by an individual
from Adelaide, accompanied by two young Scotchmen, he traversed the who I found had spent much of his time in Australia. After surveying for
rich country known as Mount Barker, and discovered the Angas and Hind. some time the herculean labour with which some people were endeavouring
marsh rivers. In the course of his excursions he pitched upon the site of to transport a bulky chest of drawers beyond high water mark, he said to
the Joint Stock Cattle Company Establishment, on the banks of the me
Angas, and was mainly instrumental in the formation of that well man" Ah, sir, that's not the way to make a fortune in the bush."
aged establishment. To conclude this instructive sketch, Mr. Cock, who “ And how," I asked, “ would you proceed, if you were starting as a had struggled vainly for many years amidst the difficulties of a cheerless colonist?"
and precarious situation in Scotland, although endowed with no ordinary " I will tell you, sir," was his prompt reply. “I would bring into prudence and foresight, was thus in less than two years from the date of this country a bag of sovereigns, a chest of clothes, and some carpenters'
his arrival in the colony, in the enjoyment of wealth without having tools. I would at once proceed in quest of a good sheep or cattle run, trenched upon any hazardous, speculative, or discreditable pursuit. with a water frontage ; and having made my selection, I would, with the
Jameson's New Zealand. assistance of one or two labourers--my own sons, if I had any--build a
[Although this anecdote illustrates the advantages of prudence, inhut, fence in a stockyard and bit of garden. With my carpenters' tools I dustry, and temperance, it must be noted, that what was good for Mr. would construct my own bedstead, chairs, and tables. I would then pur Cock was bad for his neighbours. The large profits he and others chase my stock, with a year's supply of provisions, including tea, sugar,
made in bullock-driving, and by selling butter at 3s. 6d. a pound, ruined and tobacco; and having nothing else but my own affairs to attend to, the people who paid them. If the site of Adelaide had been better chosen, would in seven years, from the increase of my stock alone, be a wealthy and placed upon a good natural harbour, although careful men like Mr. man.”
Cocks would have had eventual success, they would not have been able to «« But supposing," I continued, " that you were married ?"
realise fortunes out of an employment which wasted capital that ought to “ All the same," was the reply. “ What is good for the goose is good have been sunk in tilling the earth. In a new colony, a team drawing a for the gander. You know, sir, when people have plenty to do they have plough is a more wholesome spectacle than a waggon laden with luxuries little time to grumble ; and I dare say, if the truth were known, there is
being dragged seven miles from the shore to an imaginary city on an intermore pleasure in making our own comforts than in buying them ready | mittent river.- ED. EMIGRANT'S JOURNAL.] made, as seems to be the fashion here."
I next inquired what course he would pursue commencing as an agricultural settler.
VANCOUVER'S ISLAND. “Why, sir," said he," that I am not clear about. It is not every | VaxcOUVER'S ISLAND has lately excited a great deal of attention, in con. kind of land in New Holland that I would venture to throw seed upon; in sequence of its having become what the Americans call political capital. fact, if I must tell you my opinion, I would rather buy wheat from others It has been the subject of a parliamentary debate. Lord Lincoln susthan grow it myself, and I would advise you to do the same. It stands to pected the Colonial Minister of a job in transferring the colonization of reason,” he continued, “ that he who grows plenty of wool, and rears
this island to the Hudson's Bay Company. This was a natural suspicion, plenty of fat cattle, and sends plenty of dairy produce to market, will
-jobbing comes to governments, great companies, and irresponsible indinever want plenty of flour, if money will buy it."
viduals, almost by instinct. Good is certain to arise from the light thrown It has, however, of late been found that Australian agriculture is less
on the transaction, and from the stimulus afforded to the colonizing precarious than was usually supposed.- JAMIESON's New Zealand.
| movements of the Hudson's Bay Company, by the sharp censures of Parliament and the press. At the same time it is to be feared that in the
present fever for emigration the public may be deceived by the flattering A SCOTCH SETTLER.
pictures of Vancouver's Island painted by the orators on the popular side. DURING my residence in South Australia, I became acquainted with The truth was stated, but not the whole truth. Vancouver's Island lies a colonist who had for many years been a shopkeeper in a small sea- in a nearly parallel latitude to Great Britain, having a climate at least as port town in Scotland, where, as he assured me, the utmost parsimony favourable to health and vegetation. It is about 250 miles long, and was necessary to make the two ends meet, having a large and numerous about 40 miles broad, and is intersected by a back bone of lofty mounfamily to establish and educate in the world. He was a type of that tains. The soil appears fertile, there are open plains and thickly timbered numerous class of men to whom the British islands, swarming with com- forests; wild cattle and game abound, but there are no horses. The petitors in every pursuit, trade, and profession, afford no longer a tenable native Indian race are numerous and warlike. At present they are on position. Emigration forced itself upon him, not as a matter of choice, friendly terms with the Hudson's Bay Company, which has one small fort but of necessity; and having weighed well on the one hand the lasting on the island ; but the servants of the Company have never ventured far interests of his family, and on the other the inconvenience of moving, the into the interior, and they advise intending settlers to keep as near the breaking up of old acquaintances and settled habits, he finally resolved to walls of the fort as possible, for fear the Indians should become hostile. emigrate. Preferring Australia to the American colonies, on account of There are no sufficient number of the fur-bearing animals to afford any its genial and delightful climate, as the field of his future efforts, Mr. encouragement for the peculiar pursuits of the Hudson's Bay Company. Cock arrived in the colony by no means burdened by capital, or rather The harbours are numerous, fine, and accessible; coal has been disutterly unprovided with aught deserving the name.
covered, whales abound in the neighbouring seas; and this is all that is He entered into partnership with a countryman of his own similarly known about Vancouver's Island. It lies at the distance of a six months' situated, and having calmly surveyed the state of affairs in the colony, he voyage from England. That it may become a great colony, or a great resolved to make his debut as a colonist in bullock driving, at that time, kingdom, in some future age is possible; that it is not a favourable field and for some time afterwards, an extremely lucrative occupation. The for any considerable number of British colonists at present is certain. carriage of goods of every kind, besides furniture and wooden houses, from The Government charge for conveying an emigrant to Australia, a disthe landing places at Glenelg and the port of Adelaide, afforded a most tance of four months, is 211.-201. charged to the land fund, and 11. to abundant source of profit to those who were masters of one or more teams the emigrant. Private individuals are ready to do the same work for 151., of bullocks; the average daily produce of one team being from three to but at neither rate can sufficient funds be found, and consequently a suffifour pounds.
cient number of emigrants conveyed, even to supply the demands of the In a few months, Mr. Cock and his partner had acquired a capital colonists for labour, not to speak of occupying and cultivating the existing of two or three hundred pounds, part of which they invested in town | settlements in the manner which their capabilities demand. In Canada, at allotments, and an eighty-acre section, consisting in general of a rich the distance of a month's voyage, we have millions of fertile acres, unoccudetritus, extremely productive in the arerage seasons, at the foot of pied for want of a few thousand pounds expended in roads and tram-roads. Mount Lofty. Their town sections rose rapidly in value, and a few Under these circumstances, the expense of conveying colonists will alone small houses erected by Mr. Cock upon his allotments, found tenants at a prevent any large scheme of emigration by private individuals. The rent which constituted an income of two hundred pounds.
Government has acted wisely in not expending public funds, and diverting He now found leisure, amidst his increasing occupations, to establish an public attention by attempting an impossible scheme of colonization. auctioneer's business, which he carried on for some time with success, but The only suggestion thrown out during this discussion worthy of the finally abandoned it, limiting his mercantile operations to the safe and least attention, was contained in an admirable letter published in the profitable one of selling goods on commission.
Times, from Mr. Enderby, the whale-fisher. To his great national whaleHaving purchased a few head of cattle he established a dairy on his fishing enterprise, a settlement on Vancouver's Island, of Scotch and Irish farm at the foot of Mount Lofty, the management of which devolved upon fishermen might be of some value, especially of Orkney and Shetland men. his partner, a practical farmer, whose wife possessed all the experience The obstinacy, the ignorance, the utter want of sympathy with the and activity necessary in their situation ; when fresh butter was readily wants, feelings, and wishes of the working-classes, displayed by the purchased in Adelaide, at 38. 6d. per pound, and eggs at 48. per doz.; Colonial-office, renders it justly suspected on all occasions. Even when in a Scotch farm-yard would be incomplete without poultry.
| the right, it gets no credit. But little as the Colonial office deserves the Encouraged by the high price of sawn and split timber, Mr. Cock confidence of masses, its colonial rule is infinitely to be preferred to that carried his operations into the stringy bark forest, where he employed a which would be established if the present occupants of office were replaced number of sawyers, splitters, and shingle cutters, who were paid at the by their bitterest opponents—the theorists of the Wakefield school, the rate of 208. per diem, if expert in their trade; it was of little consequence Sangrados of systematic colonization, who after ruining every emigrant of to the employer how much he paid his labourers, since the produce of capital who trusted them in two colonies, and spending 300,0001, of public their labour was absolutely indispensable to almost every man in the money in establishing what was to have been a self-supporting colony in colony, and was readily sold at a profit.
South Australia, were only saved from utter contempt by the discovery of It is here to be observed that like almost every man in the Australian copper mines. Colonies who has risen from a humble position to one of affluence, Mr. Mr. Wyld, of Charing Cross, has just published an excellent map of Cock is habitually and constitutionally temperate.
Vancouver's Island, which contains on its face almost all the information To abstinence from ardent spirits he unquestionally owed, in a great we have respecting it, and shows its relative situation as regards China and measure, his clear judgment, as well as a physical constitution capable of our South Sea colonies. undergoing much hardship and fatigue.
In neatness and systematic management, his farm was surpassed by none New South Wales.-From personal experience, I can assert that within in the colony; at this period agriculture was to be considered as an experi- the limits of New South Wales you may find every variety of soil or climental pursuit, and he like other judicious colonists conducted his opera- mate; in some situations a tropical climate, in others the mild seasons of tions on a limited scale.
an Italian winter, and in others the climate of England. Australian HandHe relied upon his dairy chiefly for his farming outlay. In the book. neighbourhood there was abundance of fine kangaroo grass which at a MAXIMS FOR EMIGRANTS.-Try your hand on a colony where there small expense he converted into hay, and carted it into Adelaide, where it has been time to grow crops and build houses. Let those gentlemen inwas readily purchased at 121. per ton.
clined to be pioneers, first bivouac on Salisbury Plain for three months in Although engaged in a variety of occupations, and the head of a large summer, with a supply of salt provisions and nothing else.--Ibid.
House rent is high at Graham's Town; a dwelling for a working man with a A LOG-HOUSE IN THE BACKWOODS.
family commanding 15l. to 201. per annum. In the country, or smaller THE log-house consisted of two rooms, separated from each other with villages, house rent is very trifling. The working classes are far more boards so badly joined that crevices were in many places observable. Each independent than at home. Many of them keep their saddle-horses, and room, from thirty to forty square yards; beneath one of the rooms was a country excursions for a distance of thirty or forty miles are of frequent cellar; the walls of the house consisted of layers of strong blocks of tim- occurrence. The coarser joints of meat are purchased for about 12d. a lb. ; ber, roughly squared and notched into each other at the corners; the The price of meal is 24s. for about 200 lbs., a fraction under 1 d. a lb.; joints filled with clay. The house had two doors, one of which was 18. 6d. will procure a man 6 lbs. of good beef and 6 lbs. of wheaten meal always closed in winter and open in summer to cause a draught. The fire —more than a labourer can obtain in Ireland for a week's service and conwas on the floor at the end of the building, where a grotesque chimneytinuous exertion. Overseers, with provisions and lodgings, 251. to 351. had been constructed of stones gathered out of the land, and walled per annum; without ditto, 601. to 751. per annum; shepherds, with protogether with clay and mud instead of cement. The house was roofed visions and lodgings, 201. to 401. per annum ; farm servants, 121. to 251. with thin oak boards nailed upon each other, so as just to overreach. The per annum; male house servants, 201. to 271. per annum ; female ditto, floors of the house were covered with the same material, except a large 91., 121., and 15l. per annum ; mechanics, 48. to 78. 6d. per day; farm piece near the fire, which was paved with small stones also gathered from labourers with provisions, 2s.6d. to 38. per day. the land. There was no window to the house. My hostess observed, SHEEP FARMING AT THE CAPE.-Several intelligent visitors who “ Upon the whole it was as well withont, for in winter the house was | have carried on sheep farming in Australia have declared themselves conwarmer, and in summer they had always the door open, which was warmer vinced of the superiority of the Cape over New South Wales as a wool. than any window." It is quite common to see at least one bed in the growing colony, from the relative distance of the two colonies from the same room as that in which the fire is kept. There was no chamber, only manufacturies in the Cape possessing a more equal climate, a superior a sort of loft, constructed rather to make the house warmer than for addi description of pasturage, and the greater cheapness of land. And that the tional room. Adjoining one side were a few boards nailed together in the Cape is at least as well adapted for the successful production, may be form of a table, and supported principally by the timber in the wall. This gathered from the fact that, taking the starting points when this branch of was dignified by the name of the sideboard. In the centre of the room farming was commenced by the two countries, the Cape has reached an stood another small table, covered with a piece of coarse brown calico ; equal amount of clip in a shorter period of time.-Chase. this was the dining-table. The chairs, four in number, were the most
NEW ZEALAND. respectable furniture in the house, having bark of hickory plaited for bot
At a land sale held at Auckland about one-third of the land put up was toms. Beside these there were two stools and a bench for common use;
sold; 7161. was realised. The high prices are much complained of. a candlestick made of an ear of Indian corn, two or three trenchers,
The cattle trade between Sydney and Auckland is becoming of great and a few tin drinking vessels. One corner of the house was occupied
importance ; in five days, seven vessels from Sydney were reported, having with agricultural implements, consisting of large hoes, axes, &c., for
cattle and sheep on board. stubbing, flails, and wooden forks, all exhibiting specimens of workman
AUSTRALIA. ship rather homely. Various herbs were suspended from the roof, also We observe advertised in the Sydney Morning Herald, a steam vessel, two guns, one of them a rifle, several hams and sides of bacon smoked
to run to Port Philip and Adelaide, giving parties an opportunity of almost entire black, two or three pieces of beef, &c. Under one of the
seeing each place. The fare to Adelaide and Port Philip is 101. in the beds were three or four large pots filled with honey, of which Mrs. P. was
cabin, and 41. in the steerage ; and the return voyage 8l. and 31. 108., not a little lavish, as she used it to every meal along with coffee. The
calling at Belfast and Portland Bay. furniture in the other room consisted of two beds and a hand-loom,
Two beasts were slaughtered at Launceston by Mr. Green, one weighed with which the family wove the greater part of their own clothes. In the
| 1030lbs. the other 13271bs. cellar, I observed two or three large hewn tubs, full of lard, and a lump of
12,030 sheep, and station, were put up by auction at Melbourne, and tobacco, the produce of their own land, in appearance sufficient to serve I bought in at los. 6d. a head. 98. 9d. was offered. an ordinary smoker for his life.—The Yorkshire Farmer in Illinois.
Prices of Provisions, Horses, Cattle, &c., in Sydney up to the latest
advices. THE CAPE OF GOOD HOPE.
Wheat from the Hunter district, of an inferior description, 38. to 38. 6d. The Eastern Province of the Colony of the Cape of Good Hope comprises a bushel, of good quality, 48. 3d. Loads were sold at the corn market at divisions or counties, viz., 1, Albany; 2, Útterhay; 3, Somerset ; 4, 1:
| 38. 8d. to 38. 11d. Maize or Indian corn from ls. 5d. to ls. 6d. a bushel. Cradock; 5, Graf Reinet; 6, Colesberg: comprehending an area of Flour, 111. a ton. Bread, the 21b. loaf, 2 d. to 3d. Potatoes, 30s to 408. 37,544 square miles, 60,842 souls, of whom 26,032 are whites, and a ton. Sheep, 580 head, 48. 9d. a head. Horses, 36 realized 91. 98. a 34,810 coloured. It is separated from the Western Province of the head, the greater part unbroken. Butter, ready sale at 5 d. to 7d. for Colony by the counties of George and Beaufort ; on the south, the Indian | salt, 10d. to 18. fresh. Bacon, 4d. to 5d. Cheese, 3d. to 4 d. Eggs, ocean is its boundary ; on the north, the Orange river : on the east it has | 10d. a dozen. Poultry : turkeys, 78. bd. each ; geese, 68. 6d. per pair ; the country of the Kaffirs.
ducks, 3s. a pair ; fowls, ls. 9d. per pair ; pigeons, 8d. to ls per pair. AGRICULTURE. - Cape wheat, weighing 65lbs. to the busheland Fruit : quinces, 6d. a doz. ; peaches, 18. 6d. to 25. a basket ; oranges, 6d. upwards, exhibited at Mark Lane, have been pronounced equal, and even a doz. ; pomegranates, 28. 6d. to 38. a doz, ; Baking pears, 8d. to ls. a superior to the growth of any other country. Sometimes the crops are
doz. ; lemons, ls. 3d. to 28. a doz.; melons, 48. to 88. each ; Van Diemen's injured by a disease called rust.
Land apples, 15s. to 208. a bushel; colonial common ditto, 158. to 188. Fruit is produced at an extremely reasonable rate in most parts of the for best russets. Vegetables : cabbages, 18. to 1s. 9d. a dozen ; turnips, colony; amongst them we have plums of every kind, apricots, almonds, 18. 6d. per dozen bunches ; carrots, ls. 3d. to ls. 6d. per dozen bunches; peaches, pears of great variety, apples of most sorts, strawberries, mul- | eschalots, 6d. to 8d. per dozen bunches, Beef, by the quarter, 1d. a lb.; berries, nectarines, quinces, medleys, figs, raspberries, grapes of every
by the lb. or joint, lyd. a Ib. Mutton, ld. a lb. Fodder : best hay, description; cherries, currants, and gooseberries are raised on some of the
78. 6d. to 88. a cut ; Lucerne hay, 48. to 58. 6d.; bush hay, 28. 6d. to 38.; highland farms. I have had all three at once on my table. Besides straw, 21. 10s. to 31. 108. per ton; green fodder, 6d. to 8d. per dozen these, we have fruits of the warmer climates in great perfection ; Chinese
bundles. Leather : kangaroo skins, 21. to 21. 68. per dozen ; kip, 11d. and Seville oranges, limes, citrons, lemons, melons, watermelons,
to ls. per lb.; basils, 68. to 78. per dozen ; saddlers’ do. 78. to 98. per bananas, plantains, pine-apples, and that delicious fruit the Cape goose dozen; sole, 6d. per lb.; calf skins, 38.6d, to 48. per lb. ; harness leather, berry.
8d. per lb. VEGETABLES of all kinds common to Europe, with several tropical Some Australian wheat was sold in London last winter at 648. a quarter. kinds, are also raised in great abundance. The great drawback to successful cultivation is the occasional droughts.
Stock.--The cattle of the colony are a fine breed, and when improved Bush Roads.-It is not to be denied that we still want good roads-a by Dutch or Devon cross, become excellent milkers. The average weight want which is common to all new colonies; but owing to the mildness of of an ox is from 500lbs. to 600lbs., but some attain to 800lbs or 1000lbs. our winter, and the general uniformity of our climate, our bush, or The average of cows, 350lbs. to 400lbs., some 600lbs. Many of the natural roads, are such as to occasion very little inconvenience to the frontier graziers are in opulent circumstances; their flocks and herds settlers. In proof of this I may mention, that parties have driven in increase prodigiously. The butchers of Cape Town send their agents to their gigs all the way across from Adelaide to Port Philip, a distance of the most distant parts to purchase slaughter cattle and sheep, which, when 500 miles; and I myself have driven tandem, a few years ago, in the dead, obtained, are driven overland for miles to their destination.
of winter, from Sydney to beyond the Hume River, a distance of 420 The SHEEP are of two descriptions, the old Cape or Barbary breed, with miles.-Mackenzie's Australia. hairy fleeces, and large fat tails, and the improved, or Saxon Merino 1 LIFE ON BOARD SHIP.-There is no doubt that on board ship you kind.
experience many inconveniences arising from want of room, want of bodily HORSES are bred in considerable numbers : there were 27,611 in the exercise, want of employment, and want of many other things to which Eastern Province in 1841, at the same time 41,382 in the western division you have been accustomed on shore. But if, after all these drawbacks, of the colony. Great pains have been bestowed on the improvement of you do not enjoy yourself, it will be your own fault. I will venture to the breed of horses, particularly by the late Governor, Lord Charles assert, that if I were along with you for a couple of hours, in some oldSomerset. The horses of the country are of a very useful description, and fashioned London bookseller's shop, I could put you in the way of buying, well adapted to the colony; they are capable of undergoing almost for a few pounds sterling, a collection of books, the reading of which incredible fatigue, upon a very small modicum of food,--a journey of 120 would keep you in one roar of laughter from the London Docks to Sydney miles in two consecutive days, on the same animal, is a common Heads. On board ship you will be as free from care as the unsophisticated occurrence.
clown, who had been for years so regular in his attendance at the parish · The following is the average quantity of land in the eastern province church, as at last to extort from his clergyman the following compliment : requisite to depasture stock :- Black cattle, 8 to 10 acres each ; sheep, if " John, the institution of the sabbath is a great blessing to the poor to 2 ditto ; horses, 4 to 5 ditto,
man; and I am happy to see, from your regular attendance at church, that MULES are propagated to great extent in the Western Province. you duly appreciate this blessing." To which John devoutly replied, SWINE.-A great number are raised, but not yet sufficient for export. * Sir, I finds it a great blessing; I goes to church every Sunday, throws
POULTRY.--All descriptions of poultry reared in England thrive equally myself in the seat, shuts my eyes, takes up my feet in the pew, and thinks well on the Cape Colony, and bees, with their delicious store, are to be of nothing." Happy oblivion, John !-Ibid. found on almost every farm.
MaxiMS FOR EMIGRANTS.-Remember money in the colonies is worth WAGES OF LABOURERS AND MECHANICS :- In the eastern province 15 per cent on an average. of this colony, the wages of mechanics vary from 58. to 68. per diem, and Remember that it will not pay an emigrant to cultivate anything but that of European farm labourers from 38. to 48. Comparing this rate of fertile lightly timbered land. To manure, to leave fallow, to clear away wages with the prices of the staple articles of consumption, it will be seen dense wood, is ruin in a new Settlement. For the first two years you that working men are in a far better situation than in the old country. cultivate to live, not to sell.
In small 8vo, price 3s. 6d. cloth,
NEW ZEALAND COMPANY'S SHIP. THE EMIGRANT'S GUIDE; being Ten OUTFITS TO ALL PARTS OF THE
HET IV The First-Class PASSENGER SHIP, “MARY.” will 1
be despatched from the Port of London, for the Company's Years' Experience in Australia. By the Rev. DAVID
WORLD are supplied at the lowest wholesale prices, by
Settlements in New Zealand, on Monday, the 30th of MACKENZIE, M.A.
THRESHER AND GLENNY,
October next, and will carry an experienced surgeon. London: Wu. S. Orr and Co., Amen Corner, and
GENERAL OUTFITTERS, 152, STRAND, LONDON.
Apply at New Zealand House; or to Mr. JOSEPH 147, Strand.
N.B.Lists of necessary Outfit, with prices and other | STAYNER, Broker, 110, Fenchurch Street.
particulars, will be supplied to all parties applying for the Just published, with a Map, price 60.; or forwarded free
NEW ZEALAND COMPANY'S SHIP same at 152, Strand. per post on receipt of Ten Postage Stamps;
for NEW PLYMOUTH, NELSON, WELLINGTON, and THE THIRD EDITION OF UNION BANK of AUSTRALIA, 38,
OTAGO, in New ZEALAND. The First-Class Passenger THE EMIGRANT'S GUIDE to NEW Old Broad-street.--This Bank GRANTS BILLS at
Ship MARY, 533 Tons, now lying in the London Docks,
will be despatched by the NEW ZEALAND COMPANY for 1 ZEALAND: comprising every requisite information Thirty Days and LETTERS of CREDIT on its branches
the above Settlements, from the Port of London, on Monfor INTENDING EMIGRANTS. 'BY A LATE RESIDENT in the Australian Colonies and New Zealand at a charge of
day, the 30th of October next. IN THE COLONY. Two per cent. on sums above £10. Approved bills are
Rates of Passage, viz. :negotiated on the Colonies, the terms for which may be "On all points, the Emigrant's Guide to New Zealand
Chief Fore Steerage Steer. contains the most ample and accurate information. It learned at the offices of the Bank.
For each Person C abin. Cabin. Cabin. Berth. London, July 20, 1848. bears the impress of honesty on every sentence it con
14 Years old, and upwards 45) SAMUEL JACKSON, Sec.
7 Years old, and under 14. 27 tains."--Morning Advertiser.
1 Year old, and under 7 ... 18 “We are of opinion that those who contemplate so im MO EMIGRANTS.-Parties proceeding to Under 1 Year old ........... 05 06 0) portant a step as emigration, will anxionsly consult this
0) I the Australasian and North American Colonies and book themselves." -- Douglas Jerrold's Nergpaper.
The Company will appoint an experienced Surgeon, and Cape of Good Hope, will find that the AUSTRALASIAN, “In this work, the intending emigrant will find every
provide Medicines, Medical Comforts, and an ample Dietary COLONIAL, and GENERAL LIFE ASSURANCE and for each Class of Passengers. information which he can require. -We cordially recom
ANNUITY COMPANY offers greater advantages than any For Freight, Passage, or further information, apply at mend it to our readers."--New Zealand Journal..
other company, no extra premium being charged for re- NEW ZEALAND HOUSE; or to Mr. JOSEPH STAYNER, London: W. S. Ork and Co., Amen Corner, and 147,
sidence, and one direct voyage allowed out and home to Broker, 110, Fenchurch-street, London.
By order of the Court,
THOMAS CUDBERT HARINGTON.
Age. Annual Premium Age. Annual Premium | New Zealand House, 9, Broad Street Buildings. SIDNEY'S AUSTRALIAN HAND 20
1 17 1
1 10 3
London, 29th September, 1818. W BOOK : HOW to SETTLE and SUCCEED in
2 0 2 AUSTRALIA. By A BUSHMAN. Price One Shilling,
3 4 0
TIMIGRATION to AUSTRALIA.— With
4 11 free by Post, Eighteen Stamps.
a view to enable respectable persons, who are inOPINIONS OF THE PRESS.
eligible for a free passage, to proceed to the Australian E. RYLEY, Actuary and Secretary.
Colonies, at the lowest possible cost, it has been arranged « We have selected this little guide-book from a large
Respectable agents are required in towns where none
to despatch a line of superior first-class ships of large tonheap of similar works now lying before us, for notice, on have hitherto been appointed.
nage for the especial accommodation of steerage and other account at once of its cheapness and of the trustworthi
1, LEADENHALL STREET,
passengers at an exceeding low rate of passage money. ness and solidity of its information. It is the best and
These vessels will be subject to the inspection of Her most complete work on its subject which we possess; and (POLONIAL LIFE ASSURANCE Majesty's Emigration Officers, and will be despatched on every intending emigrant to Australia will do wisely by
gistered and Empowered under Act the appointed days (wind and weather permitting), for investing twelve pence in its purchase.”- Atheneum, Sept. of Parliament.-Capital, £500,000.
which written guarantees will be given.
Edinburgh, 1, George-street, London, 4A, Lothbury. For PORT ADELAIDE and PORT PHILIP, CANDA“ The Bushman affords a mass of information, not only
Governor-The Right Hon. the Earl of Elgin and Kin HAR, 750 tons burthen, J. Goss, Commander; to sail from most valuable to the intending emigrant, but likewise
cardine, Governor General of Canada.
London 27th September, from Plymouth 7th October. worthy of being taken into consideration by the authori Chairman of the London Board- The Right Hon. the For PORT ADELAIDE and PORT PHILIP, GLENELG. ties at the Colonial-office."-Dispatch, Ang. 26.
Earl of Minto.
1500 tons burthen, J. BANNATYNE, Commander; to sail "We are of opinion that those who contemplate so im
Parties Emigrating to the Australasian or North Ame from London 15th October, from Plymouth 25th October. portant a step as emigration will anxiously consult this
rican Colonies, to the East or West Indies, or other places For PORT ADELAIDE and PORT PHILIP, POSTHU. hand-book."--Douglas Jerrold's Nerospaper, Aug. 26. abroad, will find, on inspection, that the rates charged by MOUS, 650 tons burthen, R. DAVISON, Commander: to " This little book contains every information for intend this Company are most favourable.
sail from London 1st November, from Plymouth the Ilth ing emigrants."--Cambridge Independent, Sept. 9.
By order of the Directors,
November “Ile states his opinions, his reasons, and his facts, in a
JOHN G. AULD,
These splendid ships have full poops, with first-rate acfew but vigorous words. Strong common sense is his
Secretary to the London Board, commodations for cabin passengers, and their 'tween decks chief characteristic, and the whole tenor of his book serves
being lofty and well ventilated, they afford most desimble to convince us that he gives honest advice."-Sheffield and
opportunities for the accommodation of intermediate and Rotherham Independent, Aug. 26 (extract from the leader).
FIRE and LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY. 8. steerage passengers. They will be fitted and provisioned “The writer has evidently kept his eyes open during his
WATER-STREET, LIVERPOOL; 3, Charlotte-row, Mansion
in all respects on a similar plan to the vessels now being sojourn in the bush; he points ont the errors of our House; and 28, Regent-street, Waterloo-place, London,
despatched by Her Majesty's Colonization Commissioners, colonial system with clearness, founded upon personal
LIABILITY of the PROPRIETORS L'NRESTRICTED.
1 and the same dietary scale will be adopted. They are observation.”-Manchester Times, Sept. 9.
MODERATE PREMIUMS in the FIRE DEPARTMENT.
officered and manned by thoroughly competent persons, GUARANTEED BONCSES and other peculiar advantages
and carry duly qualified and experienced surgeons. OPINIONS OF THE PRESS ON “SIDNEY'S VOICE FROM in the Life Department,
Other equally fine ships, similarly fitted, &c., will suc-
ceed, and sailing on the 1st and 15th of each month from "A Voice which speaks well and weightily-in a sober termination of the Lease, are also issued.
London, and the Ilth and 25th from Plymouth. Load at tone, on a subject of great importance."- Alhenaum, Sept.
Persons whose Policies with this Company expire on the
the Jetty, London Docks. 1847.
29th instant are respectfully reminded, that Receipts for · For further particulars apply to the undersigned, who “The author is a resolute thinker, and equally bold the renewal of the same will be found at the Head Offices
are constantly despatching a succession of superior firstspeaker," - Economist. in London and Liverpool, and in the hands of the respec
class ships (regular traders) to each of the Australian ** Though a very little book, there is a great deal of tive Agents; and those who, preferring the security offered
Colonies.-MARSHALL and EDRIDGE, 34, Fenchurch-street. good stuff in it. The author speaks out, and speaks well.”
by this Company may desire to remove their insurances, -Critic.
TO MERCHANTS, CAPTAINS, AND OTHERS. are informed that no expense will be incurred by such PELHAN RICHARDSON, 23, Cornhill, London.
DOWLANDS' UNIQUE PREPARAremoval. And all Booksellers in Town or Country.
BEXJ. HENDERSON, Resident Secretary in London. | N TIONS, are universally held in high estimation, and
the fact of the distinguished patronage they enjoy, their
general use in all countries, and the numerous testimonials THE PEOPLE'S JOURNAL, with which I 19th September, 1848.
constantly received of their efficacy, sufficiently prove is incorporated HOWITT'S JOURNAL, for October,
CAPTAINS, VOYAGERS, and EMI their value, and render them well worthy the attention of forms Part XXXIII. of the PEOPLE's, and Part XXI. of
U GRANTS will find CORDING'S WATERPROOF
MERCHANTS and SHIPPERS.
Under the Especial Patronage of HER MAJESTY contains Five beautiful Engravings by G. Measom and T. able to persons about to push their way, where exposure
THE QUEEN, N. R. H. PRINCE ALBEKT, the COURT Heaviside, with the following among other papers of into the elements is the order of the day. A waterproof suit
and ROYAL FAMILY of GREAT BRITAIN, the several terest :---Ancient Bronzes (three illustrations).- A Ramble at Bothwell, by John Graham, - Births, Deaths, and Mar
| adds vastly to comfort, and is a great saving in the end. SOVEREIGNS and COURTS of EUROPE, and universally As imitations that will not stand hot and cold climates are
preferred and esteemed. riages.--Box and its Revel, by Goodwin Barmby.-Bov
being offered, observe (for security) the name and address, ROWLANDS' MACASSAR OIL. blowing bubbles (with an illustration). - Excursions in
J. C. CORDING, 231, Strand, five doors west of TempleNorth Wales (four illustrations).-Jonathan Frock.-Kew
The unprecedented success of this discovery in restorGardens, by John Saunders.- Manufacturing Localities.-bar, and 3, Royal Exchange, facing Cornhill.
ing, improving, and beautifying the Human lair, is too Monks and Monasteries, by E. L. Blanchard.-Old Fal
well known and appreciated to need comment. Price lacies become New Facts, by H. L. Harrison.--The Great DENT'S IMPROVED WATCHES and
3s. 6d., 7., Family bottles (equal to four small) 10s. 6d., Bogs of Ireland, by R. H. Horne.The Retort Courteous,
and double that size 21s. per bottle.
CLOCKS.-E. J. DENT. Watch and Clock Maker by H. R. Addison. - The Two Sisters, by J. Passmore Edby distinct appointment to the Queen, H. R. H. Prince
ROWLANDS' HAIR WASH. wards.--Poetry :-Death's Lesson, by W. C. Bennett. Albert, and H:I. M. the Emperor of Russia, most respect A preparation from the choicest ORIENTAL HERBS, of Old Times and New Times, by J. E. Carpenter. - The
fully solicits from the public an inspection of his extensive peculiar mild and detersive properties. It pleasingly and Country o'er the Sea, by E. Teesdale.--Sonnets, by Henry STOCK of WATCHES and CLOCKS. embracing all the effectually cleanses the Hair and Skin of the Head from Frank Lott.The Peace Convention, by F. W. N. Bay late modern improvements, at the most economical charges. Scurf and every species of Impurity, and imparts a delicate --Reviews, Annals of Progress, &c.
Ladies' Gold Watches, with Gold Dials, jewelled in four fragrance. Price 3s. 60, each.
An Oriental Balsamic Preparation of singular efficacy
Warranted substantial and accurate going Lever Watches, in thoroughly purifying the Skin from all Pimples. Spots.
jewelled in four holes, Six Guineas. THE UNIVERSAL PICTURE GAL
Blotches, Redness, Freckles, Tan, and Discolorations; in E. J. DENT, 82, Strand, 33, Cockspur-street, and 31,
producing a healthy freshness and transparency of Com1 LERY, containing subjects FROM PICTURES BY Royal Exchange (Clock Tower Area).
plexion, and a softness and delicacy of the skin. Price THE FIRST MASTERS, executed in the best style of art,
43. 6d. and 8s. 6d. per bottle. by the most eminent Engravers. The letter-press illustrations to the pictures will be written by some of the
TO COLONISTS, EMIGRANTS, AND OTHERS, IN. ROWLANDS' ODONTO; OR, PEARL
TERESTED IN NEW ZEALAND AND THE most popular authors of the day. The proprietors, in issuing this work, are mainly in
A White Powder for the Teeth, compounded of the duced to do so by reason of the numerous applications for Now Publishing, every alternate Saturday, and may be
choicest and most recherché Ingredients of the Oriental fine impressions of the engravings that have from time to
forwarded free by Post,
Herbal, of inestimable value in preserving and beautifying time appeared in the “PEOPLE'S JOURNAL." They will
| THE NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL, the Teeth, strengthening the Gums, and in giving sweetbe printed in the most careful manner, upon fine tinted
1 AND GAZETTE OF THE AUSTRALIAN COLO. ness and perfume to the breath. Price 28. 9d. per box. drawing-paper, in Demy Quarto size, and, when complete,
NIES; Price SIXPENCE each Number, or Thirteen Shil CAUTION.-- Whereas spurious compounds are univerwill form a handsome volume suited to the tables of all
lings per Annum, payable in advance. This Journal was sally offered for sale under the titles of “MACASSAR classes.
OIL," " KALYDOR,” &c., &c., it is essentially necessary established eight years ago for the purpose of disseminaWILLOUGHBY & Co., 22, Warwick-lane, and all
to purchase either of the Proprietors, or of ting intelligence of public and individual interest on all
matters connected with the Colony of New Zealand. Its Wholesale Perfumers and Medicine Venders, who make a
contents may be arranged as follows:--). Original articles liberal allowance to Shippers, &c., and particularly to see OUTFITS FOR ALL CLASSES. on New Zealand topics of the day. - 2. Extracts from
that the word “ROWLANDS” is on the wrapper of each MHE ADVANTAGES of EMIGRATION,
Papers published in New Zealand and Australia, with Off article, with their name and address in red, thusI which now so much interests the public, being ma cial Documents and Despatches of the Government. “ A. ROWLAND & SONS, 20, HATTON GARDEN." terially increased by the conforts of a SUITABLE OUT. 3. Proceedings of the Local Governments and Debates
All others are Fraudulent Counterfeits. FIT, E.J. MOXNERY and Co., 165, FENCHURCH STREET, in the Legislative Council. 4. Private Letters from City, having had many years' experience in that line, Settlers, descriptive of the Countries, the Natives, Trade. Printed by ALEXANDER ELDER MURRAY (of Fife Cottage, feel confidence in calling the attention of all classes to Price of Provisions, &c.-5. News from the Settlements Bow, in the County of Middlesex), at his Printing-offie their Outfitting Warehouse, where a large assortment of of Wellington, Nelson, New Plymouth, Auckland, Otago, Green Arbour-court, Old Bailey, London. shirts, clothing, hosiery, &c., &c., suitable for any of the South Australia, Port Philip, &c., with anecdotes and on | Published by WILLIAM SOMERVILLE ORR, %, Amen CorColonies, is kept ready for immediate use, at unusually low | dits of society.-6. Shipping Intelligence, with proceed-1 ner, Thursday, 5th October 1848. prices. Sea mattresses, bedding, cabin and camp furniture ings in Parliament, &c. &c.
Communications for the EDITORS to be addressed (post of every description.- Lists, with prices affixed, forwarded Published by STEWART and MURRAY, 15, Old Bailey, paid) to the care of the Printers, STEWART & MURRAY, by post.
London, and may be had, by order, through any Newsman. | Green Arbour-court, Old Bailey.