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83. Elocution or vocal delivery, relates Proverbs. 1. He who sows brambles, must to the propriety of utterance, and is exhib- not go barefoot. 2. It is better to do well, than ited by a proper enunciation, inflection and to say well. 3. Look before you leap. i. Noth emphasis; and signifies-the manner of de-ing is so bad as not to be good for some-thing. 5. livery. It is divided into two parts; the cor- One fool in a house is enough. 6. Put off your rect, which respects the meaning of what is armor, and then show your courage. 7. A right read or spoken; that is, such a clear and ac- choice is half the battle. 8. The fox-is very curate pronunciation of the words, as will cunning; but he is more cunning, that catches render them perfectly intelligible; and the him. 9. When a person is in fear, he is in no rhetorical, which supposes feeling; whose state for enjoyment. 10. When rogues fall out object is fully to convey, and enforce, the honest men get their due. 11. Reward-is certair entire sense, with all the variety, strength, to the faithful. 12. Deceit-shows a little mind. and beauty, that taste and emotion demand. 84. The fourth sound of C 13 SH; after the accent, followed by ea, ia, ie, eo, eou, and iou; O-CEAN; ju-di-rious Pho-ci-on, te-na-cious of his lux-cious spe-cies, ap-preci-ates his con-sci-en-tious as-so- [Ci CIA.] ci-ate, who e-nun-ci-ates his sap-o-na-cious pre-science: a Gre-cian pro-fi-cient, with ca-pa-cious su-per-fi-cies and hal-cy-on pronun-ci-a-tion, de-pre-ci-ates the fe-ro-cious gla-ciers, and ra-pa-cious pro-vin-cial-isms of Cap-a-do-cia.
85. The business of training youth in Elocution, should begin in childhood, before the contraction of bad habits, and while the character is in the rapid process of formation. The first school is the NURSERY: here, at 'east, may be formed a clear and distinct ariculation; which is the first requisite for good reading, speaking and singing: nor can ease and grace, in eloquence and music, be separated from ease and grace in private life,
tened attentively to a long, diffuse and highAnecdote. A gentleman, who had lis ly ornamented prayer, was asked, by one of the members, "if he did not think their minister was very gifted in prayer.' "Yes;" he replied, "I think it as good prayer as was ever offered to a congrega
Our Persons. If our knowledge of the outlines, proportions, and symmetry of the human form, and of natural attitudes and appropriate gestures were as general as it ought to be, our exercises would be deterand purity of mind; the subject of clothing mined by considerations of health, grace would be studied in reference to its true purposes-protection against what is without, and a tasteful adornment of the person; decency would no longer be determined by fashion, nor the approved costumes of the and ease of carriage; and in the place of day be at variance with personal comfort fantastic figures, called fashionably dressed persons, moving in a constrained and artifi 86. Irregulars. S, t, and ch, in many cial manner, we would be arrayed in vestwords, are thus pronounced: the lus-cious ments adapted to our size, shape, and undu no-tion of Cham-pagne and prec-ious su-lating outline of form, and with drapery gar, in re-ver-sion for pa-tients, is suf-fi- flowing in graceful folds, adding to the cient for the ex-pul-sion of tran-sient ir-ra-elasticity of our steps, and to the varied tion-al-i-ty from the ju-di-cial chev-a-liers movements of the whole body. of Mich-i-gan, in Chi-ca-go; (She-caw-go,) the nau-se-a-ting ra-ci-oc-i-na-tions of sensu-al char-la-tans to pro-pi-ti-ate the passion-ate mar-chion-ess of Che-mung, are mi-nu-ti-a for ra-tion-al fis-ures to make E-gyp-tian op-ti-cians of."
and in the social circle.
Notes. L. This aspirate diphthongal sound may be made, by prolonging the letters sh, in a whisper, show. See engraving. muscular, or fleshy parts of the body, and let your efforts be made from the dorsal region; i. e. the small of the back; thus girding up the loins of the mind 4. If you do not feel refreshed and invigorated by these exercises, after an hour's practice, rest assured you are not
2 Beware of prolonging this sound too much. 3. Exercise all the
in nature's path: if you meet with difficulty, be particular to in
form your teacher, who will point out the cause and the remedy. &C is silent in Czar, indict, Cae-us, Ctes-i-phon, science, muscle,
acene, sceptre, &c.: S, do. in isle, vis-count, island, &c.: Ch, in
chism, yacht, (yot,) drachm.
True love's the gift, which God has given
Pleasant the sun, When first on this delightful land he spreads flis orient beams.
Varieties. 1. The true statesman will for those, who mean to betray them. 2. never flatter the people; he will leave that Will dying for principles prove any thing more than the sincerity of the martyr? 3. Which is the stronger passion, love, or an ger? 4. Public speakers ought to live longer, and enjoy better health, than others; and they will, if they speak right. 5. Mere imitation-is always fruitless; what we get from others, must be inborn in us, of general calamity, and revolution, have to produce the designed effects. 6. Times ever been productive of the greatest minds. 7. All mere external worship, in which the senses hear, and the mouth speaks, but in which the life is unconcerned, is perfectly dead, and profiteth nothing,
Habitual evils-change not on a sudden;
90. As practicing on the gutterals very much improves the voice, by giving it depth of tone, and imparting to it smoothness and strength, I will repeat the following, with force and energy, and at the same time convert all the breath into sound: the dis-carded hands dread-ed the sounds of the muf
87. Good reading and speaking is musir; and he who can sit unmoved by their charms, is a stranger to correct taste, and lost in insensibility. A single exhibition of natural eloquence, may kindle a love of the art, in the bosom of an aspiring youth, which, in after life, will impel and animate him through a long career of useful-fled drums, that broke on the sad-den'd ness. Self-made men are the glory of the world.
dream-er's ears, mad-dened by des-pair; the blood ebb'd and flow'd from their double dy'd shields, and worlds on words, and friends on friends by thousands roll'd.
88. D has two sounds; first, its name sound; DAME; dart, dawn, dab; deed, dead; die, did; dole, Proverbs. 1. An irritable and passionate do, dog; duke, duck, druid; man-is a downright drunkard. 2. Better go to doit, doubt; a dan-dy de-fraudkeaven in rags, than to hell, in embroidery. 3. ed his dad-dy of his sec-ondCommon sense-is the growth of all countries, hand-ed sad-dle, and dubbed the [D in DO. ] but very rare. 4 Death has nothing terrible in had-dok a la-dy-bird; the doub-le head-ed it, but what life has made so. 5. Every vice pad-dy, nod-ding at noon-day, de-ter-mined fights against nature. 6. Folly-is never long to rid-dle ted-ded hay in the fields till dooms- pleased with itself. 7. Guilt-is always jealous. day; the dog-ged dry-ads ad-dict-ed to dep-8. He that shows his passion, tells his enemy re-da-tions, robbed the day-dawn of its dread-ed di-a-dem, and erred and strayed a good deal the down-ward road to ad-en
where to hit him. 9. It is pride, not nature, that craves muck. 10. Keep out of broils, and you
will neither be a principal nor a witness. 11.
One dog barking, another soon joins him. 12.
89. I must give all the sounds, particularly the final ones, with great care, and never run the words together, making one, out of Changes. We see that all material obthree. And-is pronounced six different jects around us are changing; their colors ways only one of which is right. Some change just as the particles are disturbed in their relations. This result is not owing to call it an, or en; others, un, nd, or n; and a few-and; thus good-an-bad causany natural cause, but to the Divine Power. en effect; loaves-en-fishes, hills-un groves; And are there not higher influences more popen un-ink, you-nd I, or youn-I; an-de- tent, tho' invisible, acting on man's moral said; hooks-en-eyes, wor-sen-worse, pleas-nature, pervading the deepest abysses of his affection, and the darkest recesses of his ure-un-pain; cakes-n-beer, to-un-the; round'n-round, ol-d'n-young, voice-n-ear; bread-thoughts; to purify the one, and enlighten en butter; vir-tu-n-vice; Jame-zen-John: the other, and from the chaos of both-to solem-un-sub-lime, up-'n-down, pies'-n-educe order, beauty and happiness? And cakes. I will avoid such glaring faults, and give to each letter its appropriate sound. Notes. 1. Here the delicate car may perceive the aspirate
after the vocal part of d, as after b, and some other letters. The vocal is made, (see engraving,) by pressing the tongue against the gyms of the upper fore-teeth, (the incisors,) and the roof of the mouth, beginning to say d, without the e sound; and the aspirated part, by removing the tongue, and the organs taking their natural positions; but avoid giving the aspirate of the vocal consonants, any vocality. 2. By whispering the vocal consonants, the aspirate only is heard. 3. D is silent in hand-sel, hand-saw, hand and in Dnie-per, (Nee-per,) and Dnies-ter, (Nees-ter). 4. Do not
some, hand-ker-chief, and the first d in Wednes-day, stadt-holder,
give the sound off to d in any word; as-grand-eur, sold-ier, verd-ure, ed-a-cate, ob-du-rate, cred-u-lous, mod-u-late, &c.; but speak them as though written grand-yur, sold-yur, &c.; the same analogy prevails in na-ture, fort-une, &c. 5. The following partieipials and adjectives, should be pronounced without abridgment; a Lless-ed man gives unfeign-ed thanks to his learn-ed friend, and selev-ed lady; some wing-ed ammals are curs-ed things; you say
he curs'd and bless'd him, for he feign'd that he had learn'd his
leasson. 6. Pronounce words in the Bible, the same as in other
why is it not changed? Shall we deny to his moral nature, the powers and capacities which we assign to stocks and stones? Or, is the Almighty less inclined to bring the most highly endowed of his creatures into the harmony and blessedness of his own Divine Order? To affirm either would be the grossest reflection on the character of God, and the nature of his works. If man, then, be not changed, so as to reflect the likeness and image of his Creator and Redeemer, it must be in consequence of his own depraved will, and blinded understand ing.
Varieties. 1. Why is the letter D like a sailor? because it follows the C. 2. Books, (says Lord Bacon,) should have no patrons, but truth and reason. 3. Who follows not virtue in youth, cannot fly vice in old age. 4. Never buy-what you do not want, because it is cheap; it will be a dear Anecdote. Blushing. A certain fash- article to you in the end. 5. Those-bear ionable and dissipated youth, more famed disappointments the best, who have been for his red nose, than for his wit, on ap most used to them. 6. Confidence-produces proaching a female, who was highly rouged, more conversation than either wit or talent. said; "Miss; you blush from modesty." 7. Attend well to all that is said; for noth"Pardon me Sir," she replied, "I blushing-exists in vain, either in outward ce from reflection." ation, in the mind, in the speech, or in the actions.
Kindness-in woman, not their beauteous looks
Authors, before they write, should read.
91. Do not hurry your enunciation of words, precipitating syllable over syllable, and word over word; nor melt them together into a mass of confusion, in pronouncing then; do not abridge or prolong them too much, nor swallow nor force them; but deliver them from your vocal and articulating organs, as golden coins from the mint, accurately impressed, perfectly finished, neatly and elegantly struck, distinct, in due suecession, and of full weight.
Proverbs. 1. None of you know where the shoe pinches. 2. One may live and learn. 3. Remember the reckoning. 4. Such as the tree is, such is the fruit. 5. The biggest horses are not the best travelers. 6. What cannot be cured, must be endured. 7. You cannot catch old birds with chaff. 8. Argument-seldom convinces any one, contrary to his inclinations. 9. A horse-is neither better, nor worse, for his trappings. 10. Content is the philosopher's stone, that turns all it touches into gold. 11. Never sport, with the
92. The second sound of D, is that opinions of others. 12. Be prompt in every thing.
of T, when at the end of words,
Anecdote. President Harrison, in his last out-door exercise, was assisting the gardner in adjusting some grape-vines. The gardner remarked, that there would be but little use in trailing the vines, so far as any fruit was concerned; for the boys would come on Sunday, while the family was at church, and steal all the grapes; and suggested to the general, as a guard against such a loss, that he should purchase an active watch-dog. Said the general, "Better employ an active Sabbath-school teacher; a dog may take care of the grapes, but a good Sabbath-school 93. To read and speak with ease, accu-teacher will take care of the grapes and the racy, and effect, are great accomplishments; as elegant and dignified as they are useful, and important. Many covet the art, but Home. Wherever we roam, in whatever few are willing to make the necessary ap- climate or land we are cast, by the accidents plication: and this makes good readers and of human life, beyond the mountains or bespeakers, so very rare. Success depends,yond the ocean, in the legislative halls of the principally, on the student's own exertions, uniting correct theory with faithful practice. 94. Irregulars. T-generally has this sound; the lit-tle tat-ler tit-tered at the taste-ful tea-pot, and caught a tempt-ing tar-tar by his sa-ti-e-ty; the stout Ti-tan took a tell-tale ter-ma-gant and thrust her against the tot-ter-ing tow-ers, for twist-ing the frit-ters; Ti-tus takes the pet-u-lent out-casts, and tos-ses them into na-ture's pas-tures with the tur-tles; the guests of the hosts at-tract a great deal of at-ten-tion, and sub-sti-tute their pre-texts for tempests; the cov-et-ous part-ner, des-ti-tute of fort-une, states that when the steed is stolen, he shuts the sta-ble door, lest the gravi-ty of his ro-tun-di-ty tip his tac-tics into non-en-ti-ty.
When a twister, a twisting, will twist him a twist,
Notes. 1. This dento-lingual sound may be made by Phispering the imaginary word tuh, (short u) the tongue being essed against the upper front teeth, and then suddenly removed, indicated by the engraving. 2. 7 is silent when preceded by 1, and followed by the abbreviated terminations en, le. Apostle, gisten, fasten, epistle, often, castle, pestle, soften, whistle, chasten, bustle, christen; in eclat, bil-let-doux, debut, haut-boy, currants, de-pot, hostler, mortgage, Christmas, Tmolus, and the first t, in
chest-out and mis-le-toe. 3. The adjectives, blessed, cursod, &c.
Sef-alone, in nature rooted fast,
Capitol, or in the retreats and shades of private life, our hearts turn, with an irresistible instinct, to the cherished spot, which ushered us into existence. And we dwell, with delightful associations, on the recollection of the streams, in which, during our boyish days, we bathed, the fountains at which we drank, the piney fields, the hills and the valleys where we sported, and the friends, who shared these enjoyments with us.
Varieties. 1. If we do well, shall we not be accepted 2. A guilty conscience—parîlyzes the energies of the boldest mind, and enfeebles the stoutest heart. 3. Persons in love, generally resolve-first, and reason afterward. 4. All contingencies have a Providence in them. 5. If these principles of Elocution be correct, practicing them as here taught, will not make one formal and ar tificial, but natural and effectuous. 6. Be above the opinion of the world, and act from your own sense of right and wrong. 7. All christians believe the soul of man to be immortal: if, then, the souls of all, who have departed out of the body from this world, are in the spiritual world, what millions of inhabitants must exist therein !
The man, who consecrates his powers,
95. Let the position be erect, and the body Proverbs. 1. Hope-is a good breakfast, t balanced on the foot upon which you stand: a bad supper. 2. It is right to put every thing to banish all care and anxiety from the mind; its proper use. 3. Open confession-is good for let the forehead be perfectly smooth, the the soul. 4. Pride-must have a fall. 5. The lungs entirely quiescent, and make every ef- lower mill-stone-grinds as well as the upper fort from the abdominal region. To expand one. 6. Venture not all in one vessel. 7. What the thorax and become straight, strike the one ardently desires, he easily believes. 8. YieldPALMS of the hands together before, and the ing-is sometimes the best way of succeeding. backs of them behind, turning the thumbs 9. A man that breaks his word, bids others be upward: do all with a united action of the false to him. 10. Amendment—is repentance. Pl. body and mind, the center of exertion being 12. The hand of the diligent-maketh rich. There is nothing useless to a person of sense. in the small of the back; be in earnest, but husband your breath and strength; breathe often, and be perfectly free, easy, independent, and natural.
96. F has two sounds: first, name sound: FIFE; off with the scarf from the calf's head; the af-fable buf-foon, faith-ful to its gaffer, lifts his wife's fa-ther from
the cof-fin, and puts in the fret- [F in FIFE.] ful cuf-fy; fear-ful of the ef-fects, the frightful fel-low prof-fers his hand-ker-chief to fire off the dan-druff from the fit-ful fool's of-fensive fol-ing-piece.
97. If you read and speak slow, and articulate well, you will always be heard with attention; although your delivery, in other respects, may be very faulty: and remember, that it is not necessary to speak very loud, in order to be understood, but very distinctly, and, of course, deliberately. The sweeter, and more musical your voice is, the better, and the farther you may be heard, the more accurate will be your pronunciation, and with the more pleasure and profit will you be listened to.
Patience and Perseverance. Let any of a common engine to raise water. Let one consider, with attention, the structure him observe the intricacy of the machinery, and behold in what vast quantities one of the heaviest elements is forced out of its course; and then let him reflect how many experiments must have been tried in vain, how many obstacles overcome, before a frame of such wonderful variety in its parts, could have been successfully put together: after which consideration let him pursue his enterprise with hope of success, supporting the spirit of industry, by thinking how much may be done by patience and perseverance.
Varieties. Was the last war with Eng. land-justifiable? 2. In every thing you undertake, have some definite object in mind. 3. Persons of either sex-may captivate, by assuming a feigned character; but when the deception is found out, disgrace and unhappiness will be the consequences of the fraud. 4. All truths-are the forms of heavenly loves; and all falsities—are the forms of infernal loves. 5. While we co-operate with Nature, we cannot labor too much-for the development and perfection of body and 98. Irregulars, Gh and Ph frequently mind; but when we force or contradict her, have this sound; Phil-ip Brough, laugh'd so far from mending and improving “the enough at the phantoms of the her-maph-ro-human form divine," we actually degrade dite phi-los-o-phy, to make the nymph Saphi-ra have a phthis-i-cal hic-cough; the seraph's draught of the proph-e-cy was lith-0graph'd for an eph-a of phos-pho-res-ent naph-tha, and a spher-i-cal trough of tough phys ic.
Notes. 1. To make this dento-labial aspirate, press the ander lip against the upper fore teeth, as seen in the engraving, and blow out the first sound of the word fire! 2. Gh, are alent in drought, burrough, nigh, high, brought, dough, flight, esc.; and hand h in phthis-i-cal. 3. The difficulty of applying riks, to the pronunciation of our language, may be illustrated by th: two following lines, where ough is pronounced in different ways; as o, uff, off, ow, oo, and ock. Though the tough cough and hiccough plough me through, O'er life's dark lough my course
I will pursue.
Anecdote. Natural Death. An old man, who had been a close observer all his life, when dangerously sick, was urged by his friends, to take advice of a quack; but objecterl, saying, "I wish to die a natural death."
The patient mind, by yielding-overcomes.
it below the brute. 6. How ridiculous some
Who needs a teacher-to admonish him, [mist?
A monkey, to reform the times,
99. He who attempts to make an inroad on the existing state of things, though evidently for the better, will find a few to encourage and assist him, in effecting a useful reform; and many who will treat his honest exertions with resentment and contempt, and cling to their old errors with a fonder pertinacity, the more vigorous is the effort to tear them from their arms. There is more hope of a fool, than of one wise in his own conceit.
Proverbs. 1. A good cause makes a cut heart, and a strong arm. 2. Better ten guilty persons escape, than one innocently suffer. 3 Criminals-are punished, that crime may be prevented. 4. Drunkenness-turns a man out of himself, and leaves a beast in his room. 5. He that goes to church, with an evil intention, goes on the devil's errand. 6. Most things have handies; and a wise man takes hold of the best. 7. Our flatterers-are our most dangerous enemies, yet they are often in our own bosom. 8. Pover
100. The second sound of F, is that ty-makes a man acquainted with strange bed
of V: OF; (never off, nor uv;) there-of here-of, where-of; the only words in our language, in which F, has this sound: a piece of cake, not a piece-ucake, nor a piece-ur-cake.
[F in OF. ]
fellows. 9. Make yourself all honey, and the flies will be sure to devour you. 10. Many talk like philosophers, and live like fools. 11. A stitch in time-saves nine. 12. The idle man's head, is the devil's workshop.
Anecdote. School master and pupil. A 101. Muscle Breakers. Thou waft'd'st school master-asked a boy, one very cold the rickety skiff over the mountain height winter morning, what was the Latin-for cliffs, and clearly saw'st the full orb'd moon, the word cold: at which the boy hesitated, in whose silvery and effulgent light, thou-saying, I have it at my finger's ends. reef'd'st the haggled sails of the ship-wrecked vessel, on the rock-bound coast of Kam- Ourselves and Others. That manscat-ka. He was an unamiable, disrespect- deserves the thanks of his country, who conful, incommunicative, disingenuous, formi- nects with his own-the good of others. dable, unmanageable, intolerable and pusi- The philosopher—enlightens the WORLD; lanimous old bachelor. Get the latest the manufacturer-employs the needy; and amended edition of Charles Smith's Thu- the merchant-gratifies the rich, by procu. cyd-i-des, and study the colonist's best in-ring the varieties of every clime. The mi ser, altho' he may be no burden on society, 102. Irregulars. V has this vocal aspi-yet, thinking only of himself, affords no one rate; also Phin a few words; my vain neph-else-either profit, or pleasure. As it is not ew, Ste-phen Van-de-ver, be-lieves Ve-nus a ves-tal vir-gin, who viv-i-fies his shiv-er- of any one-to have a very large share of ed liv-er, and im-proves his vel-vet voice, happiness, that man will, of course, have the so as to speak with viv-id viv-ac-i-ty; the brave chev-a-lier be-haves like a vol-a-tile con-ser-va-tive, and says, he loves white wine vin-e-gar with veal vict-uals every warm day in the vo-cal vales of Vu-co-var. 103. FAULTS in articulation, early contracted, are suffered to gain strength by habit, and grow so inveterate by time, as to be almost incurable. Hence, parents should assist their children to pronounce correctly, in their first attempts to speak, instead of permitting them to pronounce in a faulty manner: but some, so far from endeavoring to correct them, encourage them to go on in their baby talk; thus cultivating a vicious mode of articulation. Has wisdom fled from men; or was she driven away?
largest portion, who makes himself—a partner in the happiness of others. The BENEV OLENT are sharers in every one's joys.
Varieties. 1. Ought not the study of our language be made part of our education? 2. He who is slowest in making a promise, is generally the most faithful in performing it. 3. They who are governed by reason, need no other motive than the goodness of a thing, to induce them to practice it. 4. A reading people-will become a thinking people; and then they are capable of becoming a rational and a great people. 5. The happiness of every one-depends more on the state of his own mind, than on any external circum stance; nay, more than all external things Notes. 1. This diphthongal sound, is made like that off, put together. 6. There is no one so despicawith the addition of a voice sound in the larynx : see engraving. 2ble, but may be able, in some way, and at A modification of this sound, with the upper lip over-lapping the under me, and blowing down on the chin, gives a very good imitation of the humble-bee. 3. Avoid saying gim me some, for give
me some; I haint got any, for I have not got any; I don't luff to go; for, I don't love, (like rather,) to go; you'll haff to do it; for you will have to do it.
What is a man,
If his chief good and market of his time,
Be but to sleep and feed? A beast, no more.
He, th❜t made us, with such large discourse,
some time, to revenge our impositions. 7
Hope fills with rapture-every generous heart,
Sure, As, rising o'er the sordid lust of gold,
It shows the impress-of a heavenly mould!
Whose nature is-xo far from doing harm,