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46. By ANALYSIS-Sounds, syllables, | words, and sentences are resolved into their constituent parts; to each is given its own peculiar sound, force, quality, and meaning; and thus, every shade of vocal coloring, of thought and feeling, may be seen and felt. By SYNTHESIS, these parts are again re-united, and presented in all their beautiful and harmonious combinations, exhibiting all the varieties of perception, thought, and emotion, that can be produced by the human mind.

to

47. The second sound of U is short: UP; an ultra numb-skull is a mur-ky scul-lion; she urged her cour-te-ous hus-band coup-le himself to a tre-mendous tur-tle; the coun-try urchin pur-chased a bunch of mush and tur-nips, with an ef-ful-gent duc-annually, on the first Tues-day of June; at, and burst with the bulk of fun, because the um-pire de-murr-ed at the suc-co-tash.

[U in UP.]

provided, the same does not fall on Sunday."

48. Lord Mansfield, when quite young, used to recite the orations of Demosthenes, on his native mountains; he also practised before Mr. Pope, the poet, for the benefit of his criticisms; and the consequence was, his melodious voice and graceful diction, made as deep an impression, as the beauties of his style and the excellence of his matter; which obtained for him the appellation of "the silver-toned Murray.”

49. Irregulars. A, E, I, O, and Y, occasionally have this sound: the wo-man's hus-band's clerk whirled his com-rade into a bloody flood for mirth and mon-ey; sir squir-rel does noth-ing but shove on-ions up the col-lan-der; the sov-reign monk has just come to the colored mon-key, quoth my won-dering mother; this sur-geon bumbs the hor-ror-stricken bed-lam-ites, and covets the com-pa-ny of mar-tyrs and rob-bers, to plun-der some tons of cous-ins of their gloves, com-fort, and hon-ey; the bird envel-ops some worms and pome-gran-ates in its stom-ach, a-bove the myr-tle, in front of the tavern, thus, tres-pass-ing on the cov-er-ed vi-ands; the wan-ton sex-ton encom-pass-es the earth with gi-ant whirl. winds, and plun-ges its sons into the tom-less o-cean with his shov-el.

Proverbs. 1. Like the dog in the manger, he will neither do, nor let do. 2. Many a slip between the cup and lip. 3. No great loss, bu there is some small gain. 4. Nothing venture, nothing have. 5. One half the world knows not how the other half lives. 6. One story is good till another is told. 7. Pride-goes before, and shame-follows after. 8. Saying and doing, are two things. 9. Some-are wise, and some-are is full of other folk's money. 11. Common famı otherwise. 10. That is but an empty purse, that is generally considered a liar. 12. No weapon, but truth; no law, but love.

Notes. 1. E and U, final, are silent in such words as, bogue, vague, eclogue, synagogue, plague, catalogue, rogue, dema gogue, &c. 2. Do justice to every letter and word, and as soon think of stepping backward and forward in walking, as to reproBounce your words in reading: nor should you call the words incorrectly, any sooner than you would put on your shoes for your hat, or your bonnet for your shawl. 3. When e or i precedes one , in the same syllable, it generally has this sound: berth, wirth, beard, vir-gin, &c., see N. p. 22. 4. Sometimes r is double in sound, though written single.

Could we-with ink-the ocean fill,
Were earth-of parchment made;
Were every single stick—a quill,

Each man-a scribe by trade;
To write the tricks-of half the sex,
Would drink the ocean dry :-
Gallants, beware, look sharp, take care,
The blind-eat many a fly.

Anecdote. Lawyer's Mistake. When the regulations of West Boston bridge were drawn up, by two famous lawyers,-one section, it is said, was written, accepted, and now stands thus: "And the said proprietors shall meet

Varieties. 1. Is pride-an indication of talent? 2. A handsome woman-pleases the eye; but a good woman the heart: the former-is a jewel; the latter—a living trea sure. 3. An ass-is the gravest beast; an owl-the gravest bird. 4. What a pity it is, when we are speaking of one who is beautiful and gifted, that we cannot add, that he or she is good, happy, and innocent! 5. Don't rely too much on the torches of others; light one of your own. 6. Ignorance- is like a blank sheet of paper, on which we may write; but error-is like a scribbled one. 7. All that the natural sun is to the natural bot-world, that is the Lord-to his spiritual

creation and world, in which are our minds→→ and hence, he enlightens every man, that cometh into the world.

Habits. If parents-only exercised the same forethought, and judgment, about the education of their children, as they do in reference to their shoemaker, carpenter, joiner, or even gardener, it would be much bet ter for these precious ones. In all cases, what is learned, should be learned well: to do which, good teachers should be preferred to cheap ones. Bad habits, once learned, are not easily corrected: it is better to learn one thing well, and thoroughly, than many things wrong, or imperfectly.

Our birth-is but a sleep, and a forgetting;
The soul, th't rises with us, our life's star,
Hath had elsewhere-its setting,

And cometh from afar;

Not in entire forgetfulness,
And not in utter nakedness,

But trailing clouds of glory-do we come
From God, who is our home.

And 'tis remarkable, that they

Talk most, that have the least to say.

Pity is the virtue of the law,

And none but tyrants--use it cruelly.

'Tis the first sanction, nature gave to man,

Each other to assist, in what they can.

50. It is not the quantity read, but the manner of reading, and the acquisition of correct and efficient rules, with the ability to apply them, accurately, gracefully, and involuntarily, that indicate progress in these arts: therefore, take one principle, or combination of principles, at a time, and practice it till the object is accomplished: in this way, you may obtain a perfect mastery over your vocal powers, and all the elements of language.

51. The third sound of U is Full: PULL; cru-el Bru-tus rued the crude fruit bruised for the pudding; the pru-dent ru-ler wounded this youth-ful cuck-00, because he would, could, or should not im-brue his hands in Ruth's gru-el, pre-par'd for a faith-ful (U in FULL] dru-id; the butch-er's bul-let push-ed poor puss on the sin-ful cush-ion, and graceful-ly put this tru-ant Prus-sian into the pul-pit for cru-ci-fix-ion.

52. Avoid rapidity and indistinctness of utterance; also, a drawling, mincing, harsh, mouthing, artificial, rumbling, monotonous, whining, stately, pompous, unvaried, wavering, sleepy, boisterous, labored, formal, faltering, trembling, heavy, theatrical, affected, and self-complacent manner; and read, speak, sing, in such a clear, strong, melodious, flexible, winning, bold, sonorous, forcible, round, full, open, brilliant, natural, agreeable, or mellow tone, as the sentiment requires; which contains in itself so sweet a charm, that it almost atones for the absence of argument, sense, and fancy.

Proverbs. 1. Away goes the devil, when the door is shut against him. 2. A liar is not to be believed when he speaks the truth. 3. Never speak ill of your neighbors. 4. Constant occupation, prevents temptation. 5. Courage-ought to have eyes, as well as ears. 6. Experiencekeeps a dear school; but fools will learn in no other. 7. Follow the wise few, rather than the foolish many. 8. Good actions are the best sacrifice. 9. He who avoids the temptation, avoids the sin. 10. Knowledge-directs practice, yet practice increases knowledge.

Duties. Never cease to aval yourself of information: you must observe closelyread attentively, and digest what you read,converse extensively with high and low, rich and poor, noble and ignoble, bond and free,meditate closely and intensely on all the knowledge you acquire, and have it at perfect command. Obtain just conceptions of all you utter-and communicate every thing in its proper order, and clothe it in the most agreeable and effective language. Avoid all redundancy of expression; be neither too close, nor too diffuse,-and, especially, be as perfect as possible, in that branch of oratory, which Demosthenes declared to be the first, second, and third parts of the science,-ac tion,-god-like ACTION,-which relates to every thing seen and heard in the orator. Elocution,-enables you, at all times, to command attention: its effect will be electric, and strike from heart to heart; and he must be a mere declaimer, who does not feel himself inspired-by the fostering meed of such approbation as mute attention,-and the re turn of his sentiments, fraught with the sym

53. Irregulars. Ew, 0, and Oo, occasionally have this sound: the shrewd wo-pathy of his audience. man es-chewed the wolf, which stood pulling Ruth's wol-sey, and shook Tru-man Wor-ces-ter's crook, while the brew-er and his bul-ly crew huz-za'd for all; you say it is your truth, and I say it is my truth; you may take care of your-self, and I will take tare of my-self.

O there are hours, aye moments, that contain
Feelings, that years may pass, and never bring.
The soul's dark cottage, batter'd, and decay'd.
Still lets in light.thro' chinks, that time has made.

Notes. 1. Beware of omitting vowels occurring between ensonants in unaccented syllables: as hist'ry, for his-to-ry; litral for lit-e-ral; vot'ry, for vo-ta-ry; past'ral, for pas-to-ral; numb'ring, for num-ber-ing; corp'ral, for cor-po-ral; gen'ral, for gen-e-ral; mem'ry, for mem-o-ry, &c. Do not pronounce this sound of like oo in boon, nor like u in mute; but like u in full: as, chew, not choo, &c. 2. The design of the practice on the forty-four sounds of our letters, each in its turn, is, besides developing and training the voice and ear for all their duties, to exhibit the general laws and analogies of pronunciation, showing how a large number of words should be pronounced, which are often spoken incorrectly. Anecdote. Stupidity. Said a testy law-opposite-to what it asserts as true; although yer, "I believe the jury have been inocula- it may appear so in the letter: for the letter ted for stupidity." "That may be," replied killeth; but the spirit-giveth life. us opponent; "but the bar, and the court, are of opinion, that you had it the natural way."

Varieties. 1. Have steamboats-been the occasion of more evil, than good? 2. Those that are idle, are generally troublesome to such as are industrious. 3. Plato says God is truth, and light-is his shadow. 4. Mal-information-is more hopeless than noninformation; for error-is always more difficult to overcome than ignorance. 5. He, that will not reason, is a bigot; he, that can not reason, is a fool; and he, who dares not reason, is a slave. 6. There is a great differ ence between a well-spoken man and an ora for. 7. The Word of God-is divine, and, in its principles, infinite: no part can really contradict another part, or have a meaning

They are sleeping! Who are sleeping!
Pause a moment, softly tread;
Anxious friends-are fondly keeping
Vigils-by the sleeper's bed!
Other hopes have all forsaken,-

One remains, that slumber deep,
Speak not, lest the slumberer waken
From that sweet, that saving sleep.

PRINCIPLES OF ELOCUTION.

54. A Diphthong, or double sound, is the| union of two vowel sounds in one syllable, pronounced by a single continuous effort of the voice. There are four diphthongal sounds, in our language; long i as in isle; oi, in oil; the pure, or long sound of u in lure, and ou in our; which include the same sounds under the forms of long y in rhyme; of oy in coy; of ew in pew; and ow in how. These diphthongs are called pure, because they are all heard; and in speaking and singing, only the radical, (or opening full-minister. 11. Evil to him that evil thinks. ness of the sound,) should be prolonged, or Do good, if you expect to receive good.

Proverbs. 1. Home is home, if it be ever so homely. 2. It is too late to complain when a thing is done. 3. In a thousand pounds of law, there is not an ounce of love. 4. Many a true word is spoken in jest. 5. One man's meat is another man's paison. 6. Pride, perceiving humility. HONORABLE, often borrows her clcke. 7. Saywell-is good; but do-well-is better. 8. The eye, that sees all things, sees not itself. 9 The crow-thinks her own birds the whitest. 10. The tears of the congregation are the praises of the

sung.

Our Food. The laws of man's constitue

55. Diphthongs. Oi and Oy: OIL;tion and relation evidently show us, that the

broil the joint of loin in poi-son and oint-ment; spoil not the oysters for the hoy-den; the boy pitch-es quoits a-droit-ly on the soil, and sub-joins the joists to the pur-loins, and em-ploys the de-stroy'd toi-let to soil the reser-voir, lest he be cloy'd with his me-moirs.lectual and moral faculties be rendered by

plainer, simpler and more natural our food is. the more pefectly these laws will be fulfilled, and the more healthy, vigorous, and long-lived our bodies will be, and consequently the more perfect our senses will be, and the more active and powerful may the intel

[OI in OIL.]

cultivation. By this, is not meant that we should eat grass, like the ox, or confine ourselves to any one article of food: by simple food, is meant that which is not compounded, and complicated, and dressed with pungent stimulants, seasoning, or condiments; such kind of food as the Creator designed for us, and in such condition as is best adapted to our anatomical and physiological powers. Some kinds of food are better than others, and adapted to sustain us in every condition; and such, whatever they may be, (and we should ascertain what they are,) should constitute our sustenance: thus shall we the more perfectly fulfil the laws of our being, and secure our best interests.

56. The late Mr. Pitt, (Lord Chatham,) was taught to declaim, when a mere boy; and was, even then, much admired for his talent in recitation: the result of which was, that his ease, grace, power, self-possession, and imposing dignity, on his first appearance in the British Parliament, "drew audience and attention, still as night;" and the irresistible force of his action, and the power of his eye, carrried conviction with nis arguments.

Notes. 1. The radical, or root of this diphthong, commences nearly with 31 a, as in all, and its vanish, or terminating point, with the name sound of e, as in cel; the first of which is indicated by the engraving above. 2. Avoid the vulgar pronunciation of ile, for oil; jice, for joist; pint, for point; bile, for bou; jint, for joint; hist, for hoist; spile, for spoil; quate, for quoit; pur-line, for pur-loin; pi-zen, for poi-son; brile, for broil; clyde, for cloyed, &c.: this sound, especially, when given with the jaw

mauch dropped, and rounded lips, has in it a captivating nobleness; but beware of extremes. 3. The general rule for pronouncing the vowels is-they are open, continuous, or long, when final in ac

no-ble, moo-ted, tu-mult, leu-tal, poi-son, ou-ter-most; but they

cented words and syllables; as a-ble, father, aw-ful, me-tre, bible, are shut, discrete, or short, when followed in the same syllable by a couannant; as, ap-ple, sev-er, lit-tle, pot-ter, but-ton, sympathy. Examples of exceptions--ale, are, all, ble, note, tune, &c. 4. Auher general rule is-a vowel followed by two consonants, that are repeated in the pronunciation, is short: as, mat-ter, ped-lar,

utter, but-ler, &c.

Varieties. 1. Was Eve, literally, made out of Adam's rib? 2. IIe-is doubly a conqueror, who, when a conqueror, can conquer himself. 3. People may be borne down by oppression for a time; but, in the end, vengeance will surely overtake their oppressors. 4. It is a great misfortune-not to be able to speak well; and a still greater one. not to know when to be silent. 5. In the hours of study, acquire knowledge that will be useful in after life. 6. Nature-reflects Anecdote. The king's evil. A student the light of revelation, as the moon does 7. Religion-is to be as of medicine, while attending medical lec- that of the sun. tures in London, and the subject of this evil much like God, as men can be like him: being on hand, observed that the king's hence, there is nothing more contrary to vil had been but little known in the Unit-religion, than angry disputes and conten ed States, since the Revolution.

tions about it.

They are sleeping! Who are sleeping }
Misers, by their hoarded gold;
And, in fancy-now are heaping

Gems and pearls-of price untold.
Golden chains-their limbs encumber,
Diamonds-seem before them strown;
But they waken from their slumber,

And the splendid dream—is flown.
Compare each phrase, examine every line,
Weigh every word, and every thought refine.

The pilgrim fathers-where are they?
The waves, that brought them o'er,
Still roll in the bay, and throw their spray,

As they break along the shore:

Still roll in the bay, as they roll'd that day,
When the May Flower moor'd below;
When the sea around, was black with storms,
And white the shore-with snow.

By reason, man-a Godhead can discern:
But how he should be worship'd, cannot learn

57. There are no impure diphthongs or triphthongs, in which two or three vowels represent, or unite, in one sound; for all are silent except one; as in air, aunt, awl, piard, steal, lead, curtain, soar, good, your, cough, feu-dal, dun-geon, beau-ty, a-dieu, view-ing. These silent letters, in connection with the vocals, should be called di-graphs and trigraphs; that is, doubly and triply written: they sometimes merely indicate the sound of the accompanying vowel, and the deriva-dog an ill name, and he will soon be shot 10. He tion of the word. Let me beware of believ- knows best what is good, who has endured evil. ing anything, unless I can see that it is true: 11. Great pains and little gains, soon make mad and for the evidence of truth, I will look at weary. 12. The fairest rose will wither at last. the truth itself.

Proverbs. 1. As you make your bed, so must you lie in it. 2. Be the character you would be called. 3. Choose a calling, th❜t is adapted to your inclination, and natural abilities. 4. Live-and let live; i. e. do as you would be done by. 5. Character-is the measure of the man. 6. Zealously keep down little expenses, and you will not be likely to incur large ones. 7. Every one knows how to find fault. 8. Fair words and foul play cheat both young and old. 9. Give a

ab

a

58. Diphthongs; Ou, and Ow: OUR; afflict the country, are the joint productions Cause and Effect. The evils, which Mr. Brown wound an ounce of sound a-round a cloud, and drowned a mouse in pound of / sour chow-der; Arow-sy mouse de-vour'd a house and howl'd a pow-wow a-bou the moun-tains; the gou-ty "l [OU in OUR) crouched in his tow-er, and the scowl-ing cow bowed down de-vout-ly in her bow-er; the giour (jower) en-shroud-ed in pow-er, en-dow-ed the count's prow-ess with a renown'd trow-el, and found him with a stout gown in the coun-ty town.

of all parties and all classes. They have been produced by over-banking, over-trad ing, over-spending, over-dashing, over-dri ving, over-reaching, over-borrowing, overeating, over-drinking, over-thinking, overplaying, over-riding, and over-acting of every kind and description, except over working. Industry is the foundation of so ciety, and the corner-stone of civilization.

Recipients. We receive according to our states of mind and life: if we are in the love and practice of goodness and truth, we become the receivers of them in that propor

59. Demosthenes, the Grecian orator, paid many thousands to a teacher in Elocution; but if otherwise, we form receptacles tion; and Cicero, the Roman orator, after of their opposites,-falsity and evil. When having completed his education, in other we are under heavenly influences, we know respects, spent two whole years in recitation, under one of the most celebrated tragedi that all things shall work together for our ans of antiquity. Brutus declared, that he happiness; and when under infernal influ would prefer the honor, of being esteemed ences, they will work together for our mis the master of Roman eloquence, to the glo-ery. Let us then choose, this day, whom we ry of many triumphs. will serve; and then shall we know-where in consists the art of happiness, and the art of misery.

60. Notes. 1. Ou and ow are the only representatives of this dipththongal sound; the former generally in the middle words, and the latter at the end: in blow, show, and low, w is silent. 2. There are 12 mono-thougal vowels, or single voice sounds, and 4 diph-thongal vowels, or double voice sounds: these are heard in isle, tune, oil and out. 5. There is a very incorrect and offensive sound given by some to this diphthong, particularly

the corners of

in the Northern states, in consequence of
the mouth back, and keeping the teeth too close, while pronouncing
it; it may be called a flat, nasal sound: in song it is worse
than in speech. It may be represented as follows-keou, nou,
gun, peur, deoun, keounty, sheower, &c. Good natured,

laughing people, living in cold climates, where they wish to keep
the mouth nearly closed, when talking, are often guilty of this vul-
rarity. It may be avoided by opening the mouth wide, projecting
the under jaw and making the sound deep in the throat.

A

Anecdote. Woman as she should be. young woman went into a public library, in a certain town, and asked for "Man as he is." "That is ou!, Miss,” said the librarian; "but we have 'Woman as she should be." She

took the book and the hint too.

Where are the heroes of the ages past : [ones
Where the brave chieftains-where the mighty

Who flourish'd in the infancy of days }
All to the grave gone down!-On their fall'n fame,
Erultant, mocking at the pride of man,
Sits grim Forgetfulness. The warrior's arm
Lies nerveless on the pillow of its shame:
Hush'd is his storm" voice, and quenched the blaze
Of his red eye-ball.

Varieties. 1. Is not the single fact, that the human mind has thought of another world, good proof that there is one? 2. Toleration-is good for all, or it is good for none. 3. He who swallows up the substance of the poor, will, in the end, find that it contains a bone, which will choke him. 4. The greatest share of happiness is enjoyed by those, who possess affluence, without su perfluity, and can command the comforts oi life, without plunging into its luxuries. 5. Do not suppose that every thing is gold, which glitters; build not your hopes on a sandy into two great classes, agitators and the nonfoundation. 6. The world seems divided agitators: why should those, who are estab

lished on the immutable rock of truth, fear agitation? 7. True humiliation-is a pearl of great price; for where there is no resist ance, or obstacle, there,-heaven, and its influences must enter, enlighten, teach, purify, create and support.

The only prison, th't enslaves the soul,
Is the dark habitation, where she dwells,
As in a noisome dungeon.

Proverbs. 1. A man is no better for liking himself, if nobody else likes him. 2. A white glove often conceals a dirty hand. 3. Better pass at once, than to be always in danger. 4. Misun

ing the vowels, the same as in their respective words. First, pronounce one or more words, and then re-pronounce them, and leave off the consonants. The VOWELS Constitute the ESSENCE of words, and the coNSONANTS give that material the proper FORM.

59. Reading-by vowel sounds only, is analagous to singing by note, instead of by word. This is an exceedingly interesting and important exercise: it is done, simply, by omitting the consonants, and pronounc-derstandings-are often best prevented, by pen and ink. 5. Knowledge is treasure, and memory is the treasury. 6. Crosses are ladders, leading to heaven. 7. Faint praise, is disparagement 8. Deliver me from a person, who can talk only on one subject. 9. He who peeps throgh alleyhole may see what will vez him. 10. If shrewd men play the fosi, they do it with a vengeance. 11. Physicians rarely take medicines. 12. Curses, like chickens, generally come home to roost.

60 All the vowel sounds, thrice told,James Parr; Hall Mann; Eve Prest; Ike Sill; Old Pool Forbs; Luke Munn Bull; Hoyle Prout-ate palms walnuts apples, peaches melons, ripe figs, cocoas goosberries hops, cucumbers prunes, and boiled sour-crout, to their entire satisfaction. Ale, ah, all, at; eel, ell; isle, ill; old, ooze, on mute, up, full; oil, ounce. Now repeat all these vowel sounds consecutively,: A, A, A, A; E, E; I, I; 0, 0, 0; U, U, U; Oi. Ou.

61. Elocution-comprehends Expulsion of Sound, Articulation, Force, Time, Pronunciation, Accent, Pauses, Measure and Melody of Speech, Rhythm, Emphasis, the Eight Notes, Intonation, Pitch, Inflexions, Circumflexes. Cadences, Dynamics, Modulation, Style, the Passions, and Rhetorical Action. Reading and Speaking are inseparably connected with music; hence, every step taken in the former, according to this system, will advance one equally in the latter: for Music is but an elegant and refined species of Elocution.

62. CERTAIN VOWELS TO BE PRONOUNCED SEPARATELY. In reading the following, be very deliberate, so as to shape the sounds perfectly, and give each syllable clearly and distinctly; and in all the ex-am-ples, here and elsewhere, make those sounds, that are objects of attention, very prominent. Ba-al, the o-ri-ent a-e-ro-naut and cham-pi-on of fier-y scor-pi-ons, took his a-e-ri-al flight into the ge-o-met-ri-cal em-py-re-an, and dropped a beau-ti-ful vi-o-let into the Ap-pi-i Forum, where they sung hy-me-ne-al re-quiems; Be-el-ze-bub vi-o-lent-ly rent the va-rie-ga-ted di-a-dem from his zo-o-log-i-cal crani-um, and placed it on the Eu-ro-pe-an geni-i, to me-li-o-rate their in-cho-ate i-de-a of eu-ring the pit-e-ous in-val-ids of Man-tu-a and Pom-pe-i, with the tri-en-ni-al pan-a-ce-a of no-ol-o-gy, or the lin-e-a-ment of a-ri-es. Notes. 1. The constituent diphthongal sounds of I are near. da, and Iste; those of u, approach to 2d e, and 24 o: those of ei, to 3d a, and 2d it and those of ou to 31 o, and 2d o: make and analyze them, and observe the funnel shape of the lips, which elange with the changing sounds in passing from the radicals to their vanishes. 2. Preventives and curatives of incipient disease, may be found in these principles, positions and exercises.

LovelinessNeeds not the aid of fersign ornament ; But is, when unadorned adorned the most. BRONSON. 3

Anecdote. A get-off. Henry the Fourth was instigated to propose war against the Protestants, by the importunity of his Parliament; whereupon, he declared that he would make every member a captain of a company in the army: the proposal was then unanimously negatived.

Contrasts. Our fair ladies laugh at the Chinese ladies, for depriving themselves of the use of their feet, by tight shoes and bandages, and whose character would be ruined in the estimation of their associates, if they were even suspected of being able to walk :—while they, by the more danger. ous and destructive habits of tight-lacing, destroy functions of the body far more im. portant, not only to themselves, but to their offspring; and whole troops of dandies, quite as taper-waisted, and almost as mus culine as their mothers, are the natural results of such a gross absurdity. If to be admired-is the motive of such a custom, it is a most paradoxical mode of accomplish. ing this end; for that which is destructive of health, must be more destructive of beau ty that beauty, in a vain effort to preserve which, the victims of this fashion have de voted themselves to a joyless youth, and a premature decrepitude,

Varieties. 1. Is it best to divulge the truth to all, whatever may be their state of mind and life? 2. A good tale-is never the worse for being twice told. 3. Those who do not love any thing, rarely experience great enjoyments; those who do love, often suffer deep griefs. 4. The way to heaven is delightful to those who love to walk in it; and the diffi culties we meet with in endeavoring to keep it, do not spring from the nature of the way, but from the state of the traveler. 5. He, who wishes nothing, will gain nothing. 6. It is good to know a great deal; but it is better to make a good use of what we do know. 7. Every day-brings forth something for the mind to be exercised on, either of a mental, or external character; and to be faithful in it, and acquit ourselves with the advantage derived thereby, is both wisdom and duty

Whether he knew things, or no,
His tongue eternally would go;
For he had impudence—at will.

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