derly, and, consequently, beneficial manner, it is rience the dreadful consequences. Observe, all necessary that the body be in a natural and up the short ribs, from the lower end of the breastright position. The following engraving repre- bone, are unnaturally cramped inwardly toward sents the Thorax, or Chest, which contains the

the spine, so that Heart and Lungs; and reason teaches, that no or

the liver, stomach, gans should be in the least infringed upon, either

and other digestive by compressions, or by sitting in a bent position. The Lungs are reservoirs for the air, out of which

organs in that viciwe make sounds, by condensation. All are fami

nity, are pressed liar with the hand-bellows: observe the striking analogy between it and the body, in the act of

| | compass

, that their speaking, singing and blowing. The wind-pipe is

functions are great like its nosle, the lungs like the sides, and the ab

ly interrupted, and dominal and dorsal muscles, like its handles; of

all the vessels, course, to blow with ease and power, one must bones and viscera are more or less distorted and take hold of the handles; to speak and sing right, enfeebled. Cease to do evil, and learn to do well. the lower muscles must be used; for there is only one right way of doing anything.

17. This engraving, Larynx, ...

of a bell-shaped glass,

C, C, shows how the Wind-pipe, ...

air gets into the lungs,

and some of its effects. Collar bone, ..

A head is placed on Bronchia,

the cork, T, representHeart & Lungs,

ing the wind-pipe, and

having a hole through Cit

. L, represents a 7 Long Ribs, ..

bladder, tied to the Diaphragm,


lower end of the cork, 5 Short Ribs,

to indicate a lung. At

D, is seen the diaDorsal and

phragm. The cavity Abdominal

of the bell represents Muscles. ...

the inside of the thorax, where the heart and lungo

are: there is no communication with the external 14. This is a view of a well developed and air, except through the hole in the cork; air, ennaturally proportioned chest; with space for the tering through that hole, can go only into the blad.ungs, the short ribs thrown outwardly, affording der. Now, when the centre of the diaphragm is ample room for the free action of the organs: it is raised to D, the bladder will be flaccid and devoid the true model of the form of one who would live of air; but when it is dropped, to the situation of to a good old age.

the dotted line, a tendency to a vacuum will be 15. TIGHT DRESSING. No one can enjoy good

the consequence, which can be supplied with air, health, or perform any kind of labor with ease, or only through the hole in the cork; the air expand read, speak, or sing, when the thorax is habitual- ing the bladder to its full extent, is shown by the ly compressed. It diminishes the capacity of the dotted circle, around L; and when the diaphragm lungs, for receiving the necessary quantity of air is elevated again, the air will be forced from the to purify the blood, and prevents the proper action bladder; thus, the lungs are inflated and exhausof the diaphragm. The following engraving shows ted by this alternate operation of the diaphragm, the alarming condition of the chest, when com

and of the contraction and elongation of the abpressed by tight lacing; a practice that has hur

dominal muscles; hence, the comparison between ried, and is now hurrying, hundreds of thousands the vocal organs proper, and a pair of bellows, in to a premature grave; besides entailing upon

distinctly seen.

the offspring an accumulation of evils, too awful 10

MUSCULAR ACTION. These contemplate. What is the difference between

two engravings represent some killing one's self in five minutes with a razor, and

muscular fibres in two states: doing it in five years by tight lacing, or any other bad habit? Our clothing should never be so tight laxed nervous filament ramified through the fibres,

the upper one at rest, with a reas to prevent the air from coming between it and as seen under the microscope; and the lower one in the body.

a state of contraction, and the fi16. Here follows an outline of the chest, or

bros in zigzag lines, with a simithorax of a female, showing the condition of the

lar nervous filament passing over bones of the body, as they appear after death, in

them: apply the principle to all every one who has habitually worn stays and muscles. The subject might be greatly extended; corsets, enforced by tight lacing. But,' says one, but for further information, see the Author's large

I do not lace too tight. If you lace at all, you work on Physiology and Psychology, which will most certainly do, ani will, sooner or later, expe- be published as soon as convenient.

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18. Here is a representation of the Air Cells | viscera and diaphragm upwards: the lungs co in the Lungs, laid open and highly magnified. operate with the diaphragm and abdominal mue The body is formed by Blood, which consists of the cles; or rather, the soul, mind, nerves and musnutritious portions

cles act unitedly, and thence with ease, grace and of our food, and

effect. Observe, the Stomach, Liver, &c. are be. is in the form of

low the diaphragm, and are dependent on is, in a very small globo

measure, for their actions.
ules, or little
round balls: a
representation of
which is here pre-
sented as seen
through a micro-
scope, magnified
one thousand


or four
nuinutes, as a gen-
eral rule, the
blood flows thro-
out the whole
body; and, of
course, through
the lungs, where
it undergoes a purification: hence may be seen
the importance of an upright position, and perfect
inflation of the lungs; no one can live out his
days without them.

19. Here are two attitudes, sitting, and stand- 21. Here is a view of the Heart, nearly suring, passive and active. Beware of too much rounded by the Lungs, with the different blood

vessels going to, and from them: these organs are shown partially separated; tho' when in their natural positions, they are quite compact together,

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92. This engraving represents the larynx, or 24. Here is a front view of the Vocal Organs : vocal box, at 1, near the top of the wind-pipe, 2;e is the top of the wind-pipe, and within and a the bronchial

little above d is the larynx, or vocal box, where lubes,

all voice sounds are branches of the trachea,

made: the two

horns at the tor rep2, 4, going to each lung ;

resent the upper exthe left lung is

tremities of the thy whole; the


roid cartilage: the substance of

tubes up and down, the right one

and transverse, are removed, to

blood-vessels: be show the ra

ware of having mifications of

anything tight the bronchial

around the neck, twigs, termi

also of bending the nating in the

neck much, impeding the free circulation of the air-cells, 7, 7,

blood, and determining it to the head. & like leaves on the trees.



three branches of the windpipe, and enter the lungs about one third of the distance from the upper end: hence, how foolish for persons having a sore throat, or larynx, to suppose they have the bronchitis; which consists in a diseased state of the bronchia; generally brought an by an improper mode of breathing, or speaking, &c., with exposure. The remedy may be found in the practice here recommended, with a free use of cold soft water over the whole body, and bandages wet with the same, placed about the chest and neck, to be removed every few hours, as they become dry.


83. Here is a horizontal view of the Glottis : N, F, are the arytenoid cartilages, connected with the chordæ vocales, (vocal cords, or ligaments,) T, V, stretching across from the top of the arytenoid to the point of the thyroid cartilage: these cords can be elongated, and enlarged to produce lower sounds, and contracted and diminished for higher ones: and, at the same time, separated from each other, and allowing more condensed air to pass for the former purposes; or brought nearer together, 10 favor the latter: there are a greet many musc'es attached to the larynx, to rive variety to the modifications of voice in pooch and song

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