Metadecisions: Rehabilitating Epistemology

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Springer Science & Business Media, 2003. jan. 31. - 341 oldal

Metadecisions: Rehabilitating Epistemology constitutes an epistemological inquiry about the foundations of knowledge of a scientific discipline. This text warns contemporary scientific disciplines that neglecting epistemological issues threatens the viability of their pronouncements and designs.

It shows that the processes by which complex artefacts are created require a pluralistic approach to artefact design.

It argues that viable solutions to fundamental problems in each discipline require cooperation, creativity and respect for contributions from all walks of life, all levels of logic and all standards of rigor - be they in the natural sciences, the social sciences, engineering sciences, management, the law or political sciences.
Several true cases, obtained from different walks of life are used to illustrate logic levels in problems and how the application of the process of modeling/metamodeling helps to conceptualize problem dysfunctions and to convert decisions into metadecisions.

Ten cases spanning subjects like Doctor Assisted Suicides (DASs), Advising Women on The Risks of Mammograms, a Deregulation Crusade, The Crash of TWA Flight 800, The Control of The World Wide Web, The Creation of the US Department of Homeland Security, among others, are used to illustrate the application of the metasystem framework to increase knowledge and meaning of fundamental problems.

The design of any human activity requires the intervention of several inquiring systems where the manager, the engineer, the scientist, the lawyer, the epistemologist, the ethicist and even the artist contribute to shape how problems in the real-world are formulated, how decisions/metadecisions to solve problems are taken, and finally, how actions are implemented.

 

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Tartalomjegyzék

A PLURALISTIC APPROACH TO ARTEFACT DESIGN
1
ABSTRACTION REPRESENTATION AND METAMODELING
19
LEVELS OF LOGIC IN A PROBLEM
39
COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS
87
THE USE OF COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS TO DEFINE AND FORMULATE A PROBLEM
117
THE PARADIGM OF THE PHYSICAL SCIENCES
145
THE PARADIGM OF THE SOCIAL SCIENCES
165
THE PROCESS OF QUANTIFICATION
183
THE NEGLECT OF EPISTEMOLOGY
217
THE PARADIGM OF INFORMATION SCIENCES
239
ETHICS
263
AESTHETICS
287
EPILOGUE
307
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