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degree of Master of Arts might be henceforth abolished. The Earl of Derby considered the proposed innovation unnecessary. The Bishop of London thought it a mistake to impose on lay members of the University a subscription, often futile, and leading to sophistry in its interpretation.

(Commons.) Mr. Caird moved for a Select Committee to inquire into the possibility of increasing the cultivation of cotton in India. Mr. Cobden and Mr. Bright supported the motion, contending that the aid of Government was needed, and that cotton and India were exceptional to the usual results of demand and supply. Sir C. Wood said that all had been done that ought to be done; they had reduced duties, opened communications, and given facilities to the cultivation of cotton, but the stimulus really required was a remunerative price; this the cultivators were now obtaining, and the cultivation was increasing rapidly. The motion was negatived.

(COMMONS.) Lord Naas drew attention to the state of affairs July

in China, where, he said, we were injudiciously interfering. 6.

Mr. Layard maintained that permitting officers to serve in the Chinese army was no breach of neutrality. Lord Palmerston said he could not understand the censure of Lord Naas, who seemed to imply that we were teaching the Chinese the art of government, how to regulate their finances, increase their revenue, and improve their administration; he admitted these charges, and claimed credit for them. The House then went into Committee of Supply, when 650,0001. was voted for the defences of dockyards and arsenals. The Greenwich Hospital (Provision for Widows) Bill was read a second time, and other Bills forwarded a stage. July

(COMMONS.) Mr. Paull moved the second reading of the Poisoned Grain Prohibition Bill

, showing the destruction 8.

occasioned by its use to small birds, and the increase of insect life; amendments were suggested, and the second reading was agreed to. Mr. Laird moved the second reading of the Anchors and Chain Cables Bill, providing tests for their more especial security, which was carried after some opposition by 119 to 44. July

(Commons.) Lord Palmerston moved the second reading 9.

of the Augmentation of Benefices Bill, which was agreed to

on a division of 179 to 29. July

(Lords.) The Earl of Carnarvon moved for papers to ex.

plain the hostile demonstrations against Japan. Earl Russell 10.

said it was his duty to see that the commercial treaty was carried into effect, and detailed the outrages and murders committed by the Japanese. The Statute Law Revision Bill, the Public Works (Manufacturing Districts) Bill, and the Thames Embankment (South Side) Bill, were then read a third time and passed.

(COMMONS.) The remaining Civil Service Estimates and the British Museum Estimates were passed. July

(LOPDS.) Earl Grey moved for papers regarding Poland;

he said he considered that the six propositions tendered to 13.

Russia were impracticable. The motion was withdrawn after some discussion.

(Commons.) Mr. Roebuck moved the discharge of the order for resuming the debate as to the acknowledgment of the independence of the Confederates. The Relief Acts Continuance Bill was read a second time; the Sydney Branch Mint Bill and the Alkali Works Regulation Bill were read a third time and passed, and the amendments of the Lords in the Volunteers Bill were agreed to.

Stanley stated July for conveying the mails between Galway and America had

been concluded. (Commons.) Mr. H. Sheridan moved a resolution that the duty on fire insurance was excessive, and should be reduced. The Chancellor of the Exchequer opposed it as an attempt to give it a preference over all other taxes, but it was carried by 103 to 67. A number of Bills were forwarded a stage. July

(COMMONS.) The House went into Committee on the 15.

Partnership Law Amendment Bill, when the clauses were discussed and passed.

(Lords.) The Fisheries (Ireland) Bill, the Greenwich HosJuly

pital (Provision for Widows) Bill, and the Metropolitan Main 16.

Drainage Extension Bill, were read a second time. (Commons.) Mr. Fitzgerald called attention to the relations of this country with Brazil, which he said the Government had embarrassed by their preposterous claims, and the severity with which they had enforced them. Mr. Layard defended the course pursued. The motion for papers was withdrawn. The Fortifications Bill and the Nuisances Removal Act were read a third time and passed. The Statute Law Revision Bill was read a second time after a motion by Mr. Hennessy for its rejection had been negatived by 45 to 16.

(COMMONS.) A motion of Mr. Hennessy in favour of open July 17.

compctition for junior appointments in the Civil Service was

rejected by 118 to 37. July

(Lords.) Lord Lyveden inquired what steps had been taken to form a militia in Canada; to which Earl Granville

replied that he regretted that the people of Canada had not provided a sufficient militia in case of war, and that it would be impossible to defend Canada unless the colonists aided effectively. The Salmon Fisheries (Ireland) Bill, after several divisions, passed through Committee.

(Commons.) Mr. Horsman moved a resolution that the Treaty of Vienna had failed to secure the good government of Poland or the peace of Europe, which was withdrawn after a debate. The Lords' amendments to the Telegraphs Bill were agreed to; the Anchors and Chain Cables Bill was withdrawn after several of the clauses bad been rejccted on division; the Railway Clauses, the Waterworks Clauses, the Poisoned Grain Prohibition, and other Bills were read a third time and passed. July

(Lords.) In the Alkali Works Regulation Bill, and the 21.

Fisheries (Ireland) Bill, the amendments of the Commons

were agreed to, except in the clause for first subjecting the workmen to penalties for offences; and the royal assent was given to a number of Bills. July

(COMNONS.) The Statute Law Revision Bill passed through

Committee after some debate; and the Augmentation of Bene22.

fices Bill was proceeded with till the hour arrived for closing the sitting July

(LORDS.) The Fisheries (Ireland) Bill, after two divisions,

was read a third time and passed; as were also the Fortifica23.

tions Expenses Bill, the Nuisances Removal Amendment Act, and the Vaccination (Scotland) Bill. Other Bills were advanced a stage.

(COMMONS.) Mr. S. Fitzgerald wished to obtain from the Government an explanation of the policy they proposed to adopt between the Ger

20.

manic Confederation and Denmark. Lord Palmerston said the question of Schleswig and Holstein was a complicated one, but doubtless it was our policy to maintain the integrity and independence of the Danish monarchy. The Appropriation Bill and other Bills passed, and the Augmentation of Benefices Bill went through Committee. Sir C. Wood then made his financial statement for India, showing, for the first time for many years, a surplus of revende; he adverted to the introduction of the cinchona plant, the cultivation of cotton, the extent of railway and water communication opened, and represented India as in a most satisfactory state of progress. The British Columbia Boundaries Bill went through Committee, and the Partnership Law Amendment Act was read a third time and passed. July

(COMMONS.) The Statute Law Revision Bill was read a 24.

third time and passed, after some opposition from Mr. Hen

nessy. The amendment on the Alkali Works Bill disagreed with by the Lords was insisted on, and the Bill referred.

(LORDS.) The Alkali Works Regulation Bill was passed July

with the amendment of the Commons. Lord Stratford de Red27.

cliffe called attention to the proposed guarantee of the Ionian Islands, and objected to the cession of Corfu. Lord Russell believed that the transfer of these Islands met with the approval of both the country and parliament; the guarantee of Greece was not a fresh one, but only an extension of that of 1832. The Earl of Derby concurred in de nouncing guarantees, and objected to the cession of the Islands in the interest of the Ionians themselves, as well as that of Europe. Lord Redesdale complained of the minute of the Council of Education of May 19, as injurious to the schools affected by it. The Duke of Somerset explained that the purpose was to apply the State assistance to poor districts, and that grants should not be made where schools, from endowments, were already in receipt of an average of 30s. per head for each scholar,

(COMMONS.) A number of questions were asked and answered, and the remaining Bills were either passed or withdrawn. July

(LORDS.) The royal assent was given to a number of Bills, 28.

and the royal message was read by the Lord Chancellor. It

referred to the negotiations on Poland, the intention to adhere to the policy of neutrality in the civil war in America, the annexation of the Ionian Islands to Greece and the hopes derived from the election of King George, the state of our relations with Japan and the necessity of demanding reparation for the injuries received, the wish to re-establish friendly communication with Brazil, the diminution of the Lancashire distress, the disturbances in New Zealand with trust that's wise and conciliatory conduct would appease them, thanks for the necessary supplies, congratulations on the passing of the Augmentation of Benefices Act, of the Revision of the Statute Law Act, and of the Volunteers Act, pleasure at the treaty with America for the more effectual suppression of the slave trade, at the satisfactory state of the finances, and at the social, financial, and commercial improvements in our East Indian possessions; and the Houses were prorogued.

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XII.-PRIVATE BILLS OF THE PARLIAMENT, 1863.

[26-27 Victori..]
I. Numerical Abstract of the Private Bills of the Session of 1863 :
New Bills introduced into the House

335
Bills read a first time

323 read a second time

311 read a third time

260 passed.

251 Of those passed, five were subsequently made Public Acts, viz., the two relating to the Thames Embankment, the Metropolitan Tumpikes, Harwich Harbour, and Port Erin in the Isle of Man, The titles of the others are given in the following pages. II. Comparative Classification of Bills for Ten Years, as given in the

House of Commons List :

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The average number of Private Bills passed from 1854 to 1858 inclu. sive was 202; the average number from 1859 to 1863 inclusive has been 243; the session of 1861 giving the highest number for the five years. III. Abstract of Petitions and Private Bills in the Session of 1863 :

Bills

Not 1. AGRICULTURE :

Introduced.

Passed.

Passed. 1. Inclosures, none. 2. Drainage

5

4 1 II. COMPANIES

9

7 2 III. IMPROVEMENTS IN TOWNS AND DISTRICTS :1. General Improvements

6 2. Water

13 13 3. Gas

13 11 2 4. Markets, Bridges, &c.

10

8 2 5. Municipal Regulation, &c.

11

9 2 IV. INTERNAL COMMUNICATION :1. Roads

26 22 4 2. Railways

214

148 66 V. NAVIGATION :1. Rivers

5

4 1 2. Docks, Harbours, &c.

14 11 3 VI. PRIVATE REGULATION

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I. AGRICULTURE:
Inclosures : Included in the General Acts, and numbered 25.

Drainage :-48. For making further provision for the drainage of the Marshland Smeeth and Fen District in Norfolk; and for other purposes. [This phrase is added to the majority of titles of private Bills.]

81. To confer further powers for embanking and reclaiming from the sea the estuary or back strand of Tramore in the county of Waterford; and to amend The Tramore Embankment Act, 1852, and The Tramore Embankment Act, 1858.

84. For the reclamation from the sea of waste lands subject to be overflowed by the tide near to Horsey Island on the coast of Essex.

180. For incorporating the Frieston Reclamation Company; and for authorising them

to reclaim certain lands in the estuary of the Wash. II. COMPANIES :

21. To reduce and regulate the capital of the Van Diemen's Land Company.

53. To incorporate the Mercantile Marine Service Association of Liverpool, and to enable them the better to carry on their beneficial designs.

140. To alter and amend the acts relating to the Lands Improvement Company.

161. For enabling the Law Life Assurance Society to sue and be sued in their own name; and for making further provision with respect to the investment of their moneys.

181. For authorising the Madras Irrigation and Canal Company to keep separate accounts.

209. For the amalgamation of the Hibernian Mine Company with the Wicklow Copper Mine Company (Limited).

212. To amend the act and enlarge the powers of Bonelli's Electric Telegraph Company Limited).

III. IMPROVEMENTS IN TOWNS AND DISTRICTS :General Improvements :-1. For stopping up certain streets, and widening other streets, in the borough of Cambridge.

13. To confer upon the mayor, aldermen, and burgesses of the borough of Swansea further powers for the improvement and regulation of the markets and fairs in the said borough, and also for commuting or disposing of certain quayage and town dues now payable, and for the better government and regulation of the said borough.

45. For the improvement of the port and harbour of Dungarvan ; for vesting the markets of that town in the Town Commissioners of Dungarvan, and for enabling the said Commissioners to extend and regulate the same; for the transfer from the Grand Jury of the county of Waterford to the said Commissioners of the management of the roads and bridges in the said town; for the improvement of the said town.

72. For the improvement of Pembroke township, comprising Baggotrath, Donnybrook, Sandymount, Ringsend, and Irishtown, in the county of Dublin.

117. For enabling the Local Board of Health for the district of Rotherham and Kimberworth, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, to con. struct and maintain an improved system of waterworks, for the supply of the district and adjacent places with water; and for enabling the Board to purchase the existing markets and fairs within the district, and to establish new markets and fairs within the district, and to pur

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