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Every telegraph is to be open to all persons alike without favour or preference, and the Companies to be answerable for all accidents, damages, and injuries by reason or in consequence of any of the Company's works. If any person in the employ of a Company wilfully or negligently omits or delays to transmit or deliver any message, or by any wilful or negligent act or omission prevents or delays the transmission or delivery of any message, or improperly divulges to any person the purport of any message, he is for every such offence liable to a penalty not exceeding 201. All messages on her Majesty's service are to have priority, and on the request of the Board of Trade the Company are to maintain a telegraph for the exclusive use of her Majesty. The Act further provides that in case of an emergency telegraphs may be taken possession of for her Majesty's service by a warrant from the Secretary of State. The warrant is only to be in force one week, but successive warrants may be issued. The Treasury in such case is to pay the Company for the loss sustained. A Company may be proceeded against by the law officers of the Crown on a certificate from the Board of Trade that any provision of the Act has not been complied with, or that compliance would be for the public advantage.
An Act to prohibit the Sale of poisoned Grain or Seed. Every person offering or exposing for sale or selling any grain, seed, or meal, which has been steeped in poison, or with which any poison or other ingredient has been mixed, so as to render it calculated to destroy life; or who shall knowingly and wilfully sow, cast, lay, put, place, or cause to be so done, any such grain, seed, or meal,” is subject to a penalty not exceeding 101., to be recovered by summary process, and half the penalty to be paid to the informer, if not a police constable or peace officer; and any ove giving evidence is discharged from the offence in case he has been a participator, provided he give the evidence before an information has been laid against himself. But "nothing in this Act shall prohibit the offering or exposing for sale or selling or the use of any solution or infusion, or any material or ingredient for dressing, protecting, or preparing any grain or seed for bonâ fide use in agriculture only, or the sowing of such last-mentioned grain or seed so prepared.”
FISHERIES, IRELAND. [26 and 27 Victoriæ, cap. 114.-July 28, 1863.] An Act to amend the Laws relating to Fisheries in Ireland. Nearly to the same effect as the Salmon Fisheries Acts of England and Scotland, by extending the provisions of former Fisheries Acts in Ireland. In the weekly close time fishing for salmon or trout is allowed with rod and line; and instead of an annual close time of 124 days, the close time is extended to 168 days, the additional days to be added to the end of the present established time, until the Commissioners, in pursuance of the powers given them by the Salmon Fisheries Acts, shall make an alteration.
NUISANCES REMOVAL. [26 and 27 Victoriæ, cap. 117.-July 28, 1863.] An Act to amend the Nuisances Removal Act for England, 1855, with
respect to the Seizure of diseased and unwholesome Meat. By this Act power is given to the Medical Officer of Health or Inspector of Nuisances, to examine any animal, carcase, meat, poultry, game, flesh, fish, fruit, vegetables, corn, bread, or four, exposed for sale and intended for the food of man, the proof that the same was not so intended resting with the party charged; and if any such appear to be diseased, unsound, or unwholesome, may seize the same, and cause it to be carried away, in order to have the same dealt with by a justice; and if it be so proved before the justice, the person to whom it belongs or did belong at the time of sale or exposure for sale, or in whose possession or on whose premises it was found, shall upou conviction be liable to a penalty not exceeding 201. for every article so found, or, at the discretion of the justice, to imprisonment for a term of not more than three calendar months. Obstructing the Medical Officer or the Inspector of Nuisances, or their servants or assistants, in any examination they may be making, subjects the offender to a penalty not exceeding 51.
[26 and 27 Victoriæ, cap. 119.-July 28, 1863.] An Act to prevent false Representations as to Grants of Medals or Cer,
tificates made by the Commissioners for the Exhibitions of 1851 and
1862. - Any trader falsely representing that he has obtained a medal or certificate from the Exhibition Commissioners in respect of any article or process for which a medal or certificate has been awarded ; or representing, knowing such representation to be false, that any other trader has obtained such a medal or certificate ; or representing, knowing such representation to be false, that any article sold or exposed for sale has been made by, or by any process invented by, a person who has obtained in respect of such article or process a medal or certificate from the Exhibition Commissioners ; shall, for the first offence, incur a penalty not exceeding 51.; for any subsequent offence a sum not exceeding 201., or imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months. Penalties to be recovered by summary process according to the usual mode in England, Scotland, and Ireland. No conviction to affect any right or civil remedy to which any person may be entitled by law, or exempt a person from answering or making discovery on examination as a witness, but no evidence so given to be admissible against the witness in any indictment for a misdemeanour or of any proceedings under this Act.
AUGMENTATION OF BENEFICES.
[26 and 27 Victoriæ, cap. 120.-July 28, 1863.] n Act for the Augmentation of certain Benefices the Right of Presentation
to which is vested in the Lord Chancellor, The object of this Act is stated in the preamble to be the augmentation of poor benefices, to effect which power has been given to the Lord Chancellor to sell the adyowsons of 327 of the poorer livings now in his gift; the purchase may be made either by settling a rent-charge or by payment of money to be invested in stock; a sum not exceeding one-half the purchase-money to be applied in immediate augmentation of the living, but the Lord Chancellor may direct a portion, not exceeding the sum of 5001. to be applied in building or rebuilding a parsonage house on the living, provided an equal sum be paid on behalf of the incumbent or owner of the advowson. Corporate bodies are empowered to purchase advowsons, but not to a greater number than four ; and purchasers under this Act are not to resell until the expiration of five years, but this is not to prevent a sale by the heirs, administrators, or assignees in bankruptcy of the original purchaser. The Lord Chancellor is likewise empowered to receive offers for the purchase of the advowsons of other livings, not included in the list given in this Act, of which the clear yearly value is not less than 2001. nor more than 5001; the total number of such is not to exceed 100, and the advowson is not to be sold for less than ten years' purchase of the clear annual value. The purchase-money for such livings is to be paid to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, as a distinct account, to be called the Lord Chancellor's Augmentation Account, from which he may augment other benefices in his gift, so that none shall, including the augmentation, exceed 4001. a-year. For the details as to modes of purchase, of investment of the purchase-money or funds, the Act must be consulted.
ALKALI WORKS REGULATION.
[26 and 27 Victoriæ, cap. 124.-July 28, 1863.] An Act for the more effectual Condensation of Muriatic Acid Gas in
Alkali Works. Every Alkali Work is to be carried on so as to secure the condensation of not less than 95 per cent of the muriatic acid gas evolved therefrom; this to be done to the satisfaction of the authorised Inspectors. Any work carried on in contravention of this Act may be proceeded against, and if it be proved that the above-named proportion of gas has not been condensed, a penalty not exceeding 501. is imposed for the first offence ; and not exceeding 1001. for every subsequent offence. The owner is made liable in the first instance for offences proved to have been committed; but if it be established that the offence was committed by some agent, servant, or workman, without the owner's knowledge or consent, such agent or servant to be liable; and if the Inspector is satisfied of its being the fault of such agent or servant, he may be proceeded against in the first instance. No alkali works to be opened until registered with the Inspector. The Inspectors and SubInspectors are to be appointed by the Board of Trade, and their names published in the London Gazette, but no one to be appointed Inspector or Sub-Inspector who is acting directly or indirectly as land-agent, or who may be interested in any manufacture or patent by which the decomposition of salt or the condensation of muriatic acid gas may be effected. Inspectors are to have free admission to examine alkali works without giving previous notice; and obstructing them subjects the offender to a penalty not exceeding 101. Owners of alkali works are empowered to make special rules for the guidance of their workmen, employed in any process causing the evolution or attending the apparatus for the condensation of muriatic acid gas, and annex penalties for the violation of such rules, but no penalty to exceed 21, for any one offence. Penalties to be recovered in England in the County Court, except for infractions of special rules, which may be recovered summarily. In Scotland in the Court of the Sheriff Substitute, and in Ireland under the laws relating to Civil Bills. The Act is to expire on July 1, 1868.
STATUTE LAW REVISION.
[26 and 27 Victoria, cap. 125.-July 28, 1863.] An Act for promoting the Revision of the Statute Law by repealing
certain Enactments which have ceased to be in force or have become unnecessary,
The last Act of the Session consists of three clauses only. The first declares that the enactments described in the schedule are repealed, subject to exceptions, and with savings for past operations, existing rights, jurisdictions, franchises, privileges, &c. The second clause confines its operation to England; and the third gives the short titleThe Statute Law Revision Act, 1863. The Schedule consists of 75 pages of the 8vo edition of the Acts of the Session, printed in rather small type, of the list of Acts and parts of Acts repealed, extending from the reign of Henry III. (among these, one against the “ unlawful marriage of heirs, if under fourteen;" and another, “refusal of heirs to marry,") to that of James II.
MEMORANDUM. [The following List contains the Titles of the Public Acts of the Session of 1863, not included in the foregoing Abstracts.]
2. To make provision concerning Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes payable in the metropolis on the day appointed for the passage through the metropolis of her Royal Highness the Princess Alexandra of Denmark.
3. To extend the credit for payment of a portion of the Excise Duty on Malt.
5. An Act to amend the law ting to the Royal Naval Coast Volunteers.
6. To apply the sum of 10,000,0001, out of the Consolidated Fund to the service of the year 1863.
8. For punishing Mutiny and Desertion, and for the better payment of the Army and their Quarters.
9. For the regulation of her Majesty's Royal Marine Forces while on shore.
15. An Act to apply the sum of 20,000,0001. out of the Consolidated Fund to the service of the year 1863.
16. For raising the sum of 1,000,0001. by Exchequer Bonds for the service of the year 1863.
21. To amend the law enabling Boards of Guardians to recover Costs of Maintenance of Illegitimate Children in certain cases in Ireland.
23. To alter the Boundaries of New Zealand. 24. To facilitate the appointment of Vice-Admirals and of Officers in Vice-Admiralty Courts in her Majesty's Possessions abroad, and to confirm the past proceedings, to extend the jurisdiction, and to amend the practice of those Courts.
20. An Act to facilitate the Drainage of Land in Ireland.
29. To amend and continue the law relating to Corrupt Practices at Elections of Members of Parliament.
30. To authorise further Harbour Regulations for the protection of her Majesty's Ships, Dockyards, and Naval Stations.
31. For the Government of the Cayman Islands.
32. To confirm certain provisional orders under the Local Government Act (1858) relating to the Districts of Basford, Teignmouth, Kingston-upon-Hull, Nottingham, Bradford, Ryde, Bedford, Croydon, Batley, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Sheerness, and Bromsgrove.
34. To carry into effect an additional Article to the Treaty of April 7, 1863, between her Majesty and the United States of America, for the suppression of the African Slave Trade.
35. For the Prevention and Punishment of Offences committed by her Majesty's subjects in South Africa.
36. For carrying into effect the Report of the Commissioners appointed to inquire into the state of the Dioceses of Canterbury, London, Winchester, and Rochester; and for other purposes.
37. To defray the charge of the pay, clothing, and contingent and other expenses of the Disembodied Militia in Great Britain and Ireland ; to grant allowances in certain cases to Subaltern Officers, Ad. jutants, Paymasters, Quartermasters, Surgeons, Assistant-Surgeons, and Surgeons' Mates of the Militia ; and to authorise the employment of the Non-Commissioned Officers.
42. To amend the Act of the 20 and 21 Vict., authorising the sale of Mill Sites and Water Powers by the Commissioners of Public Works in Ireland.
43. To enable her Majesty's Postmaster-General to sell and otherwise dispose of land.
45. For making a new street from Blackfriars to the Mansion House in the city of London in connection with the embankment of the River Thames on the northern side of that river; and for other purposes.
46. For further continuing and appropriating the London Coal and Wine Duties. [These duties are to be continued till July 5, 1872.]
47. For removing doubts as to the powers of the Courts of the Church of Scotland, and extending the powers of the said Courts.
48. To repeal the Act of the 20 and 21 Vict., cap. 66, for punishing Mutiny and Desertion of Officers and Soldiers in the service of the East India Company, and for regulating in such service the Payment of Regimental Debts and the Distribution of the Effects of Officers and Soldiers dying in the Service.
49. Giving power to sell and dispose of lands, parcel of the possessions of the Duchy of Cornwall, and to purchase other lands to be annexed thereto, and to regulate future Grants of Leases of the possessions of the said Duchy; and for other purposes.
50. To continue the powers of the Commissioners under the Salmon Fisheries (Scotland) Act until January 1, 1865, and to amend the said Act.
53. To suspend the making Lists and the Ballots for the Militia of the United Kingdom.
54. For vesting in her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the War Department certain lands and hereditaments at Walmer in the county of Kent.
55. To continue the Poor Law Board for a limited period.
56. To make perpetual an Act to amend the laws relating to Loan Societies.