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shoula be made or improved ; or that a weil should be dug; or a reservoir for water supply should be constructed, improved, or enlarged, or the requisite pipes connected with any reservoir for water supply be laid down, improved, or extended; or that any common or other lands used or intended to be used as places of public recreation, should be drained, laid out, planted, or otherwise improved, or that any other work of public utility or sanitary improvement should be executed;" they may procure a plan of such works with an estimate of the cost, and lay the same before the Poor Law Board, who may authorise them to borrow and the Loan Commissioners to lend such money, with interest, to be secured by a mortgage of or charge upon the rates raised or to be raised, and the Guardians may thereupon proceed to execute such works as have received the approval of the Poor Law Board. The instalments of principal with interest are to be repaid by the overseers out of the Poor's Rate, upon the order of the Guardians, in like manner as the other claims of the Guardians upon them; and if undertaken by two or more places the costs are to be estimated and apportioned according to the proportion of the works undertaken in them respectively; the overseers are to raise the amount by a rate to be made and enforced in like manner as the Poor's Rate. The Lands Clauses Consolidation Act, 1845 (§ 16), is incorporated with this Act, except as to its compulsory clauses; as are ($ 17) the clauses of The Commissioners' Clauses Act, 1847, as far as relates to mortgages; and mortgages ($ 18) are to be deemed valid notwithstanding irregularities of proceedings. Where the Loan Commissioners make a loan (§ 19), and take a mortgage, its validity is not to be contested although the conditions have not been complied with, nor_shall any ratepayer question its validity on such ground. The Poor Law Board ($ 20) is not to make an order for a loan after July 1, 1864, unless with a view to the completion of works then already begun. This Act ($ 21) applies only to places situated wholly or in part in the counties of Chester, Lancashire, and Derby. The term overseers (822) is to include churchwardens in the case of any parish to which this Act applies; and ($ 23) it may be cited as The Public Works (Manufacturing Districts) Act, 1863.*

INDIA STOCK. [26 and 27 Victoriæ, cap. 73.-July 28, 1863.] An Act to give further Facilities to the Holders of India Stock. : This Act gives similar facilities to the holders of India Stock as are given to the holders of Government Stock by cap. 28, by the issue of certificates on payment of the like fees, and with the same punishments for forgery of them.


[26 and 27 Victoriæ, cap. 75.--July 28, 1863.] An Act for the Embankment of Part of the River Thames, on the South Side thereof, in the Parish of St. Mary, Lambeth, and for other purposes.

Omitting all the details as to the exercise of powers, the right of purchasing or rent ng lands, of arbitration in cases of disputed compensa

* This important Act, with an Introduction and Notes by W. Cunningham Glen, Esq., is published by Knight and Co. The same volume includes the Bakehouse Regulation Act, the Nuisances Removal (seizure of unwholesome food) Act, and the Stipendiary Magistrates Act.


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tion, the power of certain deviations and of interfering with gas and water-pipes, &c., in which it resembles the previous Embankment Act, North Side, the Metropolitan Board of Works are empowered by this Act to borrow 480,0001., on the security of the Thames Embankment Act, 1862, and the Metropolis Improvement Act, 1863 (the Coal and Wine Duties of the City of London], for the purpose of making and executing the following embankments and works :-“1. An enlargement of the bed of the river Thames, by an excavation of the land, and removal of the wharf walls and premises from or near Gunhouse-alley near to the London Gas-works to or near Broad-street : 2. An embankment on the right bank of the Thames commencing at or near Gunhouse-alley, and ending at Westminster Bridge : 3. A new street, from Palace New-road to Bishop's-walk : 4. The widening of Palace New road, within the limits of deviation, in continuation of such last-mentioned street: 5. A new street, commencing in and out of the roadway on the before-mentioned intended embankment and terminating at or near Vauxhall-row, all within the parish of St. Mary Lambeth : and, 6. The reclaiming or inclosing of a portion of the bed or foreshore of the river Thames." A public footway of not less than 20 feet in width is to be formed along the said embankment from Westminster Bridge to the point where the intended street to Vauxhall-row diverges from the embankment roadway. When formed, the roadway, the new streets and approaches, are to be under the management of the vestries, with the sole authority and duty of paving, repairing, cleansing, lighting, watching, &c., as the other streets of the parish. Until the completion of the works, the plans, sections, and books of reference are to remain in the office in which they are deposited, and may be inspected by any one on payment of one shilling for each inspection.


[26 and 27 Victoriæ, cap. 78.-July 28, 1863.] An Act to amend the Acts relating to the Turnpike Roads in the Neighbour

hood of the Metropolis, north of the River Thames. By this Act certain roads are transferred from the management of the Commissioners of the Metropolis Turnpike Roads north of the Thames to the respective parishes in which they are wholly or partially situated, and it very minutely details what portions of the road are assigned to the care of each parish. By this measure all turnpikes are abolished on the roads within the parishes of St. Margaret, Westminster; St. Luke, Chelsea ; St. Mary Abbot, Kensington ; St. Peter and St. Paul, Hammersmith; Fulham; St. George, Hanover-square; Paddington ; St. Marylebone ; St. John, Hampstead; St. James and St. John, Clerkenwell ; St. Pancras; St. Mary, Islington; St. Luke, Old-street; St. Leonard, Shoreditch; St. Matthew, Bethnal-green; Hackney ; St. Mary, Stoke Newington and Hornsey; Twickenham and Teddington ; except parts of the Harrow-road, Kilburn-road and the Green-lanes-road. The transfer is to take place from and after July 1, 1864, when the described roads are to be considered and treated as public roads maintained by the respective parishes. Pumps, stand-pipes, and other things the property of the Commissioners, may be retained at a valuation, and the tollhouses are then to be cleared away. The authority of the Commissioners remains on all portions of the roads under their management,

except those transferred to the parishes, which are thenceforth to undertake the repairing, watering, watching, and lighting them, the expense thereof to be defrayed out of the parish rates.

PRISON MINISTERS. [26 and 27 Victoriæ, cap. 79.—July 28, 1863.] An Act for the Amendment of the Law relating to the Religious Instruc

tion of Prisoners in County and Borough Prisons in England and Scotland.

By § 1 this Act may be cited for all purposes as The Prison Ministers Act, 1863; and is to apply ($ 2) to all jails, houses of correction, or prisons maintained at the expense of any county or division of a county, city, or borough, and to all local prisons, in England or Scotland. The authorities having power to appoint a prison chaplain, may (§ 3), if the number of prisoners differing from the established religion be so great as in their opinion to require it, appoint a minister to attend the prisoners of his own sect, and award him a reasonable sum as a recompense of his services; and they may, without a special request, but not against the will, of any prisoner of a church differing from that of the established church, permit a minister of his sect to visit such prisoner at proper and reasonable times ; taking precautions against the admission of improper persons and to prevent improper communications; but any prisoner at his request is to be allowed, subject to the rules of the jail, to attend the chapel or be visited by the chaplain of the jail ; every minister so appointed is to hold his appointment at the pleasure of the authorities who appointed him, and none such shall be made where there is not a chaplain of the established church. Every keeper of a prison ($ 4) on receiving a prisoner into custody, is to enter his name in a book to be provided for the purpose, with the addition of the church or religious persuasion to which he shall declare himself to belong, and is to give the appointed minister a list of the prisoners belonging to the church or sect of such minister. By $ 5 so much of § 30 of the 4 Geo. IV. is repealed as requires the chaplain to visit every room and cell in the prison occupied by prisoners, as it is not to apply to prisoners visited by any other minister.


[26 and 27 Victoriæ, cap. 90.-July 28, 1863.] An Act to provide for the Registration of Marriages in Ireland. This Act, which (§ 1) may be cited as The Registration of Marriages (Ireland) Act, 1863, is to take effect ($ 2) from and after January 1, 1864. The words ($ 3) Lord Lieutenant are to mean the chief governor of Ireland ; General Search, a search during any number of days not exceeding six, and Particular Search, a ser over any period not exceeding five years for any given register of marriage, and ($ 4) is to extend to Ireland only. The Registrar-General (8 5) is to furnish, before December 31, 1863, the Guardians of each Union with printed notices, specifying the several acts required to be done for the purpose of registering any marriage under the provisions of this Act, which the Guardians shall cause to be placed on the outside of the several church and chapel doors, or other public and conspicuous buildings within their respective Unions, on or before the said December 31, 1863. Register Books ($ 6) properly prepared, are to be furnished by the RegistrarGeneral. The Superintendent Registrars, and Registrars' Districts ($ 7), under the Registration of Births and Deaths, Ireland, Act, are to be the same for this Act; but ($ 8) the Lord Lieutenant, or the Registrar-General with his approbation, may alter the boundaries of, or form new, districts, and for new districts may appoint fit persons to be Registrars; every such Registrar to hold his office during the pleasure of the Registrar-General. The Registrar ($ 9) with the approval of the Registrar-General, may appoint by writing a deputy to act for him in case of illness or absence, such deputy, while so acting, to have all the powers and duties, and be liable to the provisions and penalties, provided by this Aet, and in case of the death of the Registrar he is to act as Begistrar till another be appointed ; and every Registrar is to be civilly responsible for the acts and omissions of his deputy. If the Registrars and Superintendent Registrars ($ 10) refuse to act for the purposes of this Act the Guardians may appoint others, with such qualifications as the Registrar-General may declare to be necessary, as Registrars of Marriage for their respective districts. “In all cases of marriage ($ 11) which may be legally solemnized in Ireland, and which do not come within the provisions of the 7 and 8 Victoriæ, cap. 81, or any Act amending the same, the parties about to contract any such marriage shall produce to the clergyman celebrating such marriage a certificate according to the form A in the schedule annexed [it is a certificate of a marriage in a Roman Catholic chapel], which certificate shall be procured by the parties contracting the marriage, previous to its solemnization, from the Registrar of the District appointed under this Act within which such marriage is intended to be solemnized, who shall be bound, as far as possible, without fee or reward, to fill up the said schedule, and it shall be signed by the parties contracting the marriage and by the witnesses present thereat, not being less than two, and also by the said clergyman, and the parties contracting the marriage shall within three days there. after either deliver or send by post such certificate to the Registrar of Marriages appointed under this Act for the district wherein the marriage was solemnized; and the husband shall in case of failure so to deliver or send such certificate be liable in a penalty not exceeding 101." In case of inability to write (§ 12) a cross or mark may be made in presence of the clergyman or two witnesses who shall attest the same. ticulars ($13) of the certificates are to be entered in the Register Books, in which errors may be corrected before a justice in specified forms. Certified copies ($ 14) of entries of marriages are to be sent quarterly on appointed days to the Superintendent Registrar, to whom are also to be delivered the Register Books when filled ; and the Superintendent Registrar is to send certified copies quarterly (8 15) to the Registrar-General, to be kept in his office, so that they may be seen and examined. The Registrar-General (16) is every year to transmit an abstract of the number of marriages registered during the foregoing year to the Lord Lieutenant, in such form and at such date as he may require, and such abstract is to be annually laid before parliament. Indexes ($ 17) are to be kept at the Registrar-General's office; and every person be entitled to search the same between ten in the morning and four in the afternoon of every day except Sunday, Christmas Day, and Good Friday, and to have a certified copy of any entry; for every general search there is to be paid 208. and for every particular search ls. and for every certified copy 2s.6d. with the addition of the penny stamp. Indexes” are also to be kept in the Superintendent Registrar's office

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($ 18), for a general search in which 58. is to be paid, and for å particular search 18., and for a certified copy the same as above; and the Register Books ($ 19) which may not have been returned to the Superintendent Registrar on payment of 6d. for the search, and for a certified copy of the entry as above. The Superintendent Registrar ($ 20) is to be paid quarterly for the certified copies sent to the General Register office at the rate of 2d. for each entry, to be paid by the Registrar-General ; and the Registrars at the rate of 6d. for every entry of marriage, to be paid quarterly by the Guardians, and charged to the general account of the Union. Persons making false statements ($ 22) for entry on the register are made subject to the penalties for perjury; and ($ 23) the SS 36 and 37 of the 24 and 25 Vict., cap. 98, providing for the punishment of forgery are incorporated with this Act. Any Registrar ($ 24) refusing or without reasonable cause omitting to fill up the certificate of marriage, or to register any marriage of which he shall have received the certificate; and any person having the custody of any Register Book who shall carelessly lose or injure the same, or carelessly allow the same to be injured while in his keeping, is to forfeit a sum not exceeding 101. ; and the like penalty ($ 25) is imposed on every one, who by this Act is required to deliver the registers or copies of such registers to any Superintendent Registrar or the Registrar-General, omitting or refusing for one calendar month to do so. Penalties ($ 26) are recoverable by summary process; and (§ 27) nothing in this Act is to affect the law of marriage in Ireland.


[26 and 27 Victoriæ, cap. 97.-July 28, 1863.] An Act to enable Cities, Towns and Boroughs of 25,000 Inhabitants and

upwards to appoint Stipendiary Magistrates. After stating in the preamble that increasing populations," and the difficult and important legal questions that arise under various public and local Acts, creating unreasonable demands on the time of justices," this Act declares it desirable that the services of stipendiary magistrates should be secured. It therefore empowers the Local Board of any city or place to make a bye-law, with the assent of a majority of not less than two-thirds of the Board, for the appointment of such magistrate, for whom a fixed salary is to be assigned by a similar majority; these byelaws are to be transmitted to the Secretary of State. If approved by him, a barrister of not less than five years' standing is to be appointed by the crown, whose salary as agreed upon is to be paid quarterly out of the Local Improvement rates. In case of a vacancy, no new ap; pointment is to be made until after a fresh application from the

Local Board. A suitable police-office is to be provided by the Local Board. The magistrate to be appointed need not be qualified by estate as other justices of the county, but shall sit and act as justice of the peace of the city or place wherein his jurisdiction is situate on all matters where one or more justices are by law now required, either alone or together with any other justice or justices of the peace; his summonses and warrants are to be obeyed and executed; but he is not to sit in courts of jail delivery, in general or quarter-sessions, or in making a county rate. The magistrate so appointed is required to appoint a fit and proper person, an attorney-at-law in actual practice, as a clerk, removeable at pleasure ; such clerk to attend at all official meetings and perform the usual duties of justices' clerks, with such yearly salary as

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