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or in a Post Office Savings Bank, may, on the application of the parent or friend of a minor under seven years of age, or on his own if above that age, be transferred to any other Savings Bank, but may not be withdrawn without the consent of the Postmaster-General or two of the trustees or managers of the Savings Bank, until the minor shall have attained the age at which it might have been withdrawn under the rules of the Savings Bank from which it had been transferred. Upon the final closing of any Savings Bank, or where any Savings Bank has been already closed, notice is to be given to the Commissioners for the Reduction of the National Debt, and the trustees are to convert into money any property held by them, and after paying the expenses of the conversion and all claims thereon shall pay the resilue to the said Commissioners, to be by them carried to the separate surplus fund to be liable to any claim subsequently substantiated against it by any depositor in the Savings Bank so closed: the receipt of the trustee for the money received on the sale of any such property is to be a discharge to the purchaser, who is not to be accountable for any misapplication of the same : the trustees with the consent of the Commissioners have power to compensate their officers on closing the bank, out of any separate surplus fund that may belong to the bank. When trustees have determined upon closing a bank, (§ 3) public notice is to be given by advertisement in a newspaper, by letter through the post to each depositor, and by notice fixed on the outer door of the bank; when they shall have paid off three- rths of depositors, they may, if they think fit, transmit to the Commissioners a list of the remaining depositors with the money due to them respectively, and if such money, with the proceeds of the sale of other property, be sufficient to cover the whole of the liabilities of the trustees, the Commissioners may give them a certificate of discharge, and such moneys shall be held by the Commissioners for the depositors as investments in a Post Office Savings Bank; and such depositors, on presenting their deposit books at any Post Office Savings Bank, shall be entitled to claim payment of the sums due to them together with the interest, to be repaid by the Commissioners out of the moneys before transferred. Annuities ($ 4) payable out of any stock at or exceeding 3 per cent. per annum are to be cancelled, and an amount equivalent
to the same to be inscribed as payable out of the 2} per cent. stock. The trustees of any Savings Bank (8 5) may appoint, at a meeting called for that purpose, any number of managers to sign transfer certificates, and the signatures of two or more of such managers shall be sufficient to authorise the Commissioners to make the transfer, provided they are furnished with a list of the managers, with their signatures, signed by two trustees; such appointments are revocable, of which notice must be given. The warrants for the conversion of annuities ($ 6) must be laid annually before both Houses of Parliament.
LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACT (1858) AMENDMENT.
[26 Victoriæ, cap. 17.--May 11, 1863.] An Act for amending the Local Government Act (1858). The preamble states that it is "expedient to place some restriction upon the adoption of the Act by places containing a small population only.” After stating in § 1 that the Act is to be cited as “ The Local Government Act Amendment Act, 1863," § 2 enacts that where the Act is not in force on March 1, 1863, and where the population is less
than 3,000 by the last census, the adoption of the previous Act is not to be valid unless approved by the Secretary of State; who before signifying his approval or disapproval may cause an inquiry to be made as to its expediency, and his decision is to be published in the Gazette. Petitions appealing against the adoption of the Act, and appeals from owners and ratepayers who dispute the validity of the vote for its adoption, may (§ 3) be presented at any time within six weeks from the date of the resolution for adopting the Act. When a resolution has been passed ($ 4) in a place of which the population is less than 3,000 it may be rescinded by a subsequent resolution, but such rescinding will require the approval of the Secretary of State, and the power of appeal against such rescinding to be the same as in the case of the resolution ; the public notice of the rescission is not to be published until the time allowed for appeals has expired; but when the notice is published the Local Government Act is to cease to be in force, except as regards contracts that may have been entered into, and the place will revert to its old position. Where the Local Board is required to be elected by the ratepayers, and where the population is less than 3,000, ($ 5) if no election takes place within three months from the date of the constitution of the district; or if the Local Board make default in appointing the necessary officers for two months after its election, the adoption is to be deemed wholly void, except as to the enforcement of contracts. Any district ($ 6) under the Local Government Act, 1858, or the Public Health Act, 1848, surrounded by or adjoining a Highway District, is to be deemed as within such district. The power of adopting parts of the Local Government Act ($ 7), is not to be exhausted by one adoption, but may be exercised from time to time. By $ 8 the Public Health Act, 1848, the Acts amending the same, and the Acts amending the Local Government Act, 1858, are declared to be one Act with the present Act,
[26 Victoriæ, cap. 18.—May 11, 1863.] An Act to authorise the Inclosure of certain Lands in pursuance of a
Report of the Inclosure Commissioners of England and Wales. Fourteen inclosures have been authorised by this Act :- viz., in Caernarvonshire - Llysfaen. Flintshire - Meliden. Hampshire Bishops Waltham; Sandhill Heath. Lincolnshire - Ewerby Waith. Norfolk-Corpustye ; Swaffham. Pembrokeshire-St. David's. Shropshire-Chelmarsh Common. Surrey-East Clandon ; Ockham. Westmoreland — Grayrigg; Lambrigg and Docker. Wiltshire - Steeple Langford.
[26 Victoriæ, cap. 19.—June 8, 1863.] An Act to amend the Law relative to the Sale of Hares in Ireland. This Act merely repeals a part of the Act of 27 Geo. III., cap. 35, by which a penalty of 5l. was imposed on the sale of any hare between the first Monday in every November and the first Monday in the following July.
ELECTIONS DURING THE RECESS.
[26 Victoriæ, cap. 20.-June 8, 1863.] An Act to further limit and define the Time for proceeding to Election
during the Recess. The previous Acts, by which the Speaker of the House of Commons was empowered to issue his warrant in certain cases for the election of members during the recess after fourteen days' notice had been given in the Gazette, are to be construed in future as if six, and not fourteen, days bad been originally in the said Acts.
CUSTOMS AND INLAND REVENUE.
[26 Victoriæ, cap. 22.—June 8, 1863.] An Act to grant certain Duties of Customs and Inland Revenue. By the first two clauses of the Act the dues and taxes are imposed as detailed in the schedules. By $ 3 persons whose income is under 1001. per annum are exempted; and those whose income is under 2001. per annum are allowed an abatement of 601. from their assessed income, paying the common rate on the remainder. By $ 4 the penny duty on entries of packages, goods in bulk, and on animals is repealed, as also the stamp on Customs Bills of Lading.
The customs duties on the following articles are to be, from July 1, 1863, until August 1, 1864—
Paste of almonds, dried cherries, dry comfits, £. 8. d.
confectionary, preserved ginger, marmalade,
per lb. 0 0 2
sugar, or sugar rendered by any process equal
per cwt. 0 18 4
process equal in quality to white clayed not
per cwt. 0 16 0
sugar rendered by any process equal in quality
per cwt. 0 13 10
equal in quality to yellow muscovado or brown
per cwt. 0 12 8
0 10 4 Molasses
0 5 0 Drawbacks are allowed, during the same period, of 178. 2d., 168. 4d., 158. 1d., and 128. 8d. per cwt. according to the description of sugar exported.
The customs duty on chicory or any other vegetable matter applicable to the uses of chicory in coffee raw or kiln dried is 11. 68. 6d. per cwt., with an excise duty of 11. 18. 9d. until April 1, 1864 and thenceforward of 11. 48. 3d.
On tea, until August 1, 1864, 18. per lb.
The income tax, for one year from April 6, 1863, is fixed at 7d. per pound on all chargeable incomes, at 3 d. on the occupiers of farms in England, and 21d. in Scotland and Ireland.
SAVINGS BANKS MONEYS.
[26 Victoriæ, cap. 25.—June 8, 1863.] An Act to make further Provision for the Investment of the Moneys re
ceived by the Commissioners for the Reduction of the National Debt from the Trustees of Savings Banks, under the enactments of the 9 Geo. IV. cap. 92.
By this Act 24,000,0001. of capital stock standing to the credit of Savings Banks, is made a charge upon the Consolidated Fund; the interest, at the rate of 3 per cent per annum to be payable half-yearly ; and the Treasury is empowered to cancel any part of the above, to an amount not exceeding 5,000,0001., and to create instead terminable annuities; the returns to be annually laid before parliament. Any sums received by the Commissioners for the Reduction of the National Debt must be invested in securities having a parliamentary guarantee for the interest. Balance-sheets are to be made up to November 20 in each year, and laid before parliament. It is a mere transfer of the name of the stock; and the Consolidated Fund now becomes liable for any deficiency arising from the change of price of stocks at the time of investment.
[26 Victoriæ, cap. 27.-June 8, 1863.] An Act to amend the Law relating to Marriages in Ireland. The notice required by the Act 7 and 8 Vict. cap. 81 to be given to the clerk of the Poor Law Guardians, and to be read before them, is repealed by $ 1; and a form of notice, given in a schedule to § 2, is to be sent to the Registrar only. This notice is to contain the true name, surname, profession, or condition, of each of the persons intending marriage; the place of worship usually attended by them; the usual dwelling-place of each of them, and the time in which they have there dwelt; the place where the marriage is to take place, and whether by the Registrar's certificate or by licence. The Registrar's proceedings and his fees are detailed in $ 3. By $ 4 the notice of marriage is to be accompanied by a solemn declaration, the form of which is given in a schedule, that there is no known impediment or lawful hindrance to the marriage ; and no certificate or licence is to be granted unless the notice be accompanied by such a declaration ; but (8 5) no certificate is to be issued until after 21 days from the entry of the notice ; nor a licence until 7 days after such entry. The Registrar-General (86) is to furnish marriage register-books in duplicate to every registered place of public worship, one copy when filled to be delivered to the Registrar of Marriages for the district, and the other copy to be kept with the other registers of the place of worship. Every marriage ($ 7) shall be solemnized by virtue of a Registrar's licence according to the usage of any church, denomination, or body of Protestant Christians, by a minister of the church to which the parties to the marriage, or either of them, shall belong, in the registered place named in the notice, between the hours of 8 A.M. and 2 P.M., with open doors, and in the presence of two or more credible witnesses, besides the officiating minister or person solemnizing the marriage : any person solemnizing a marriage otherwise than here provided to be deemed guilty of felony. The presence of the Registrar ($ 8) is declared not to be necessary. An entry of such marriage is to be made (§ 9) by the minister in the registry, signed by the minister, and by two witnesses at least, and a copy of the entries is to be sent quarterly to the Registrar of Marriages of the district; the penalty on the minister (§ 10) for neglecting or refusing to make such entry is 401., with costs of suit by any person who shall sue for the same. The Registrar ($ 11) is not authorised to grant licences for solemnizing a marriage in any church or chapel in which the rites of the United Church of England and Ireland are used. Any trustee or owner ($ 12), or any minister of a separate building, not a church or chapel belonging to the United Church of England or Ireland, used as a place of public worship by any denomination of Protestant Christians, may certify in writing that such building is so used, and at the same time deliver to the Registrar a certificate, signed by at least ten householders, that such building has been so used for at least one year, whereupon the Registrar shall give public notice of such registration, receiving with the certificates the sum of 1l. No such marriage ($ 13) to be solemnized without the consent of the minister or of one of the trustees, owners, or managers thereof. The Registrar ($ 14) neglecting or refusing to send a copy of the notice of an intended marriage subjects himself to the like penalty as the minister for neglecting to make the entry. False declarations ($ 15) for the purpose of procuring a marriage subject the maker to the punishment for perjury. The Act ($ 15) is not to alter the provisions of previous existing Acts, except where at variance with this; the Act came into operation (§ 15) on August 1, 1863; and by § 18 is not to extend to England or Scotland.
STOCK CERTIFICATES TO BEARER.
[26 Victoriæ, cap. 28.—June 8, 1863.] An Act to give further Facilities to the Holders of Stock. Holders of any of the government stocks are by this Act enabled to procure certificates of the same, in sums of not less than 501., or duplicates of 501., and not more than 1,0001. These certificates may be made either payable to bearer, or to any person named, and to the certificates are attached coupons, entitling the bearer to receive the interest at the stated periods. From this interest the income-tax will be deducted. The fee for such certificate is not to exceed 58. on every 1001. of stock, included in the certificate, and a proportional sum for any less amount. On changing a nominal certificate for one payable to bearer, one-half the original fee is payable; and on registering in the books of the Bank the stock included in the certificate a fee not exceeding 58. is to be charged. This will make stock almost as available as bank-notes, with the advantage of bearing interest. The forging or assisting to forge any imitation of these certificates, or having in possession any portions of such plate, wood, or stone, prepared for such forgery, or knowingly uttering any such forged certificates, are declared to be punishable as felonies, with penal servitude for not more than fourteen nor less than three years, or to be imprisoned for not more than two years with or without hard labour or solitary confinement, at the discretion of the judge.