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Gray and Davison; 260 sittings; built and endowed with 1007. a year by Mr. J. Schofield at an expense of 5,000l.; architect, Mr. C. O. Ellison.
The Methodist New Connexion are also building new and expensive chapels-but they seem to have some antipathy to the fashionable style. Both the following, which may be taken as types of their best chapels, are of the Classic Italian. That in Glossop-road, Sheffield, is of local stone; 55 feet by 48; has school-rooms in the basement, and vestries, class-rooms, &c. adjoining. The chapel has 800 sittings, and cost 3,8007.; architects, Messrs. Flockton and Abbott. Pendleton; of red brick with stone dressings; Corinthian_portico, with enriched cornice and balustrade; cost 2,500l.; architect, Mr. Scrivener, of Henley.
The Baptists who have hitherto been jealous of Gothic, are beginning to toy with the tempter, and will end no doubt with being as meek ecclesiologists externally as the Congregationalists. In London, however, they have not yielded yet. Somewhat of a curiosity in its way is a chapel by St. Mark's, Notting Dale. Nothing can be less attractive than its appearance at a distance, which is exactly that of a long, narrow shed. Close at hand it improves a little owing to some incised work skilfully applied on the plastered walls. The chapel is, in fact, a slip (eleven bays) of one of the annexes of the International Exhibition Building, reconstructed by Mr. Owen Jones, who has made the interior quite gay by the application of his favourite red, white, and blue to the well-remembered old roof-timbers, and with grays and yellows and pretty classical borderings round walls and windows brought the whole into harmony, at a trifling expenditure on common distemper colour and stencil patterns. The chapel will accommodate 1,000 persons, and has cost 1,8007. Four or five similar chapels are, it is said, to be built out of the materials of the annexes. At Easthill, Wandsworth, a chapel of white brick with stone dressings, Conventional Romanesque in style, has been erected to accommodate 700 persons, at a cost of 2,300l. The architect was Mr. J. Cubitt. A more showy and costly classical edifice, with a portico of Corinthian columns, is in course of erection in the Walworth-road. It will have 800 sittings, and cost 5,2007. The architects are Messrs. Searle, Son, and Yelf.
Other Baptist chapels have been opened, or are approaching completion, at the following among other places:-Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire; Gothic in style; cost, 2,3007.; architects, Messrs. Gibbs and Co., of Stratford-on-Avon. Willenhall; Doric; 650 sittings ; cost, 1,6007.; architect, Mr. C. Manton, of Wolverhampton. Ryde, Isle of Wight; First Pointed; painted glass in west window; about 600 sittings; architect, Mr. M. Newman. New Whittington, Yorkshire; 40 feet by 30; cost, 4007.; architect, Mr. T. Lister. Tredegarville, Cardiff; First Pointed; cruciform; of local stone, with Bath stone dressings; gallery carried round three sides of the chapel on light iron columns; 1,200 sittings; a school-room beneath for 100 children; cost, 2,7607.; architects, Messrs. Habershon and Pitt. Most of the new Baptist chapels have a platform for preaching from instead of a pulpit.
We have still another religious body to notice as having taken seriously the church-building mania. In London and its vicinity the United Presbyterians have erected three or four churches of a noteworthy character. Park Church, Highbury New Park, from the designs of Mr. E. Habershon, is a modification of the Anglo-Italian of Hawksmoor's time. Externally, it is a neat edifice of white Suffolk brick with Bath stone dressings, and has a tower with pinnacled spire at the south-west angle. The interior is unobstructed by columns, but has a gallery carried round three of the sides; it has 1,000 sittings. In the basement under the chapel are a lecture-hall, vestry, sessions-room, &c. The building has cost about 6,5007.
At Clapham, a Presbyterian church has been erected, classic in style, the chief feature of the façade being a lofty Corinthian portico. The interior has a gallery round three of its sides, supported on light iron columns, and a coved ceiling. It has 1,200 sittings, and cost 7,000l. Shaftesbury-place, Kensington, designed by Mr. J. M. McCulloch, is Second Pointed Gothic with short transepts, a tower with spire (of no great elegance) at the north-west angle, and a large five-light traceried window. At Hampstead, a convenient church has been built in the very poorest kind of conventional Gothic. Near it, in Pilgrim-lane, a little Gothic chapel has been built, which in its elegance of form and tasteful finish forms an agreeable contrast to its more pretentious neighbour. It is of Kentish rag, with Bath stone dressings, of five bays with large end window, a porch at the south side, high-pitched roof, and a shingled flèche; and has about 500 sittings. Mr. J. Johnson was the architect. It belongs, we believe, to the Unitarians.
In the country we notice Presbyterian churches at-Crewe; cruciform; but only the nave is employed for worship, the transepts and the head of the cross being walled off for schoolrooms. The nave provides 360 sittings. The cost has been about 2,100l.; architect, Mr. W. R. Corson, of Manchester. Cropton, Northumberland; late First Pointed; a nave, with a five-side apse; architect, Mr. F. R. Wilson, of Alnwick. Warwick-road, Carlisle; plain conventional Gothic; of red freestone; principal external feature a square tower at the north-west angle, 75 feet high, the turrets "crowned with the national emblem of Scotland;" 700 sittings; cost, 1,6507.; architect, Mr. Raeburn, of Edinburgh. St. George, Gresham-place, Newcastle; pseudo-classic in style; 700 sittings; cost, 2,000. Trafalgar-road, Egremont, near Birkenhead; classic, with a portico of six columns; front of Stourton stone, sides of white brick; 700 sittings; cost about 3,000l.; architects, Messrs. W. and J. Hay, of Liverpool.
4. BUILDINGS FOR PUBLIC PURPOSES.
The most important municipal building requiring notice is the Town Hall, Halifax, formally opened by the Prince of Wales in August last. This was the last work of the late Sir Charles Barry. The designs were prepared by him, and some progress had been made in its erection before his death. Its completion was superintended by his son, Mr. E. M. Barry, A.R.A. Some alterations have been made in the design; our engraving (No. 3), made from
recent photographs, will give a better idea of it as it stands than any of the numerous engravings which have hitherto appeared. It is scarcely necessary to add any descriptive details. The building is a parallelogram of about 140 feet by 90. The spire, which forms so important a feature in the composition, rises from a tower 35 feet square to a height of 175 feet. As will be seen, the style is Italian of a very ornate character. The statues and carvings, chiefly illustrative of the arts, &c., of Halifax, were designed by the late Mr. Thomas, and are executed in a very superior manner. The building itself is constructed of the fine sandstone found in the neighbourhood. The interior is appropriated to corporate purposes. The public hall is an elegant room of moderate dimensions, 50 feet by 40, and 40 feet high. Exception might readily be taken to portions of the exterior; but, as it seemed to us whilst still unfinished, and now from photographs, it may as a whole be pronounced a noble building, whilst the details are admirably worked out. Unquestionably it is an edifice of which Halifax may be proud. The cost of the building was 32,000l.
Besides those mentioned last year a Town Hall, on a scale of some grandeur, Renaissance in style, has been commenced at Hull. It is to cost 20,000l.; the architect is Mr. C. Brodrick. An Exchange, with assembly rooms, &c., to cost 25,000l., designed by Mr. E. Holmes, has been commenced at Birmingham. The fine old Town Hall and Exchange at Chester has been destroyed by fire, and will have to be replaced by a new one.
A neat Town Hall, containing, besides municipal offices, an assembly room 84 feet by 39, has been erected at Bishops Auckland. Connected with it is a small covered market. It has cost about 9,000l. Mr. J. Johnstone, of Newcastle, was the architect.
The new Corn Exchange, Leeds, has been opened, but the building is not completed. It is a spacious structure," in the form of a Roman theatre," and, with the site, will cost over 25,000l. Mr. C. Brodrick is the architect. The Corn Exchange, Oxford, is also opened, but does not appear to excite much admiration. It was designed by Mr. S. L. Seckham, and cost about 2,500l. At Leighton Buzzard, one of considerable architectural character, Italian Renaissance in style, has been erected from the designs of Messrs. Bellamy and Howard, of Lincoln, at a cost of about 7,500l. One of a less costly kind, but very meritorious in design, a modification of the Domestic Gothic, has been built at Berkhampstead. It cost about 2,000l.; the architect was Mr. E. B. Lamb. Others of more or less architectural character have been opened, or are in progress, at Faringdon, St. Neots, Witney, Wolverhampton, &c.
A spacious and convenient covered General Market has been built at Chester, from the designs of Messrs. W. and J. Hay, of Liverpool. The principal front, 120 feet long, and 50 high, is a somewhat bizarre Renaissance, having attached rusticated columns, with Ionic capitals. At Tavistock, a spacious covered Market, with shops, a reading room, &c., and open yards adjoining, has been constructed at a cost of 25,000l., from the designs of Mr. E. Rundle. The buildings are of late Domestic Gothic. At Doncaster, a Wool and Cattle