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architects. Redhill, Reigate, Surrey ; Messrs. Poulton and Woodman, architects; cost, about 2,5001. Twyn, near Cardiff; First Pointed in style; of local stone, with Bath stone dressings ; has a bellturret 60 feet high ; 350 sittings; cost, 1,0007. ; architects, Messrs. Habershon and Pitt. Selhurst-road, Croydon; 200 sittings ; cost, 3801. Uffculm, Devonshire; First Pointed ; of local stone, with Bath stone dressings and red brick bands and arches ; 250 sittings; cost, 545l. ; architect
, Mr. Bedlake, of Wolverhampton. Bolton ; Gothic; tower and spire at north-east angle ; 1,200 sittings; cost, with school, 6,000l. ; architect, Mr. T. Oliver, Newcastle-on-Tyne. Sawbridgeworth, Herts; Second Pointed in style ; tower and spire 80 feet high ; 500 sittings; cost, 1,8001. Westgate, Burnley, Lancashire; Romanesque, with apsidal termination, containing the organ and choir gallery ; side galleries are supported on coupled iron columns; waggon roof; lighting by six very ornamental coronas of Skidmore's make ; 1,000 sittings; cost, 6,000l. ; architects, Messrs. . Paull and Ayliffe, of Burnley. Fairford, Berks; Gothic; 41 feet by 29, with gallery at end and schoolroom behind ; cost, about 1,0001, ; architect, Mr. T. R. Smith. Castleford, near Pontefract; First Pointed; brick, with stone dressings ; 500 sittings; cost, about 2,2001. Pevensey-road, Eastbourne; Gothic; 400 sittings; architects, Messrs. Searle.
The Wesleyan Methodists almost keep pace with the Congregationalists both in the number and costliness of the chapels built by them, as the following list will indicate. In London, the first place must perhaps be assigned to one in Warwick-place, Kensington, designed by Messrs. Lockwood and Mawson. It is Gothic (transitional or conventional in type); is built of red brick with black bands; has a high-pitched roof, and a tower, square at bottom, octagonal above, crowned by a spire that rises to a height of 110 feet. The interior is spacious and lofty, but the windows are too low; has side galleries, and an organ gallery, and a wooden roof ceiled above the collars. It has 1,100 sittings. Another London chapel is in Mildmay Park, Islington. It is of Kentish rag and Bath stone; Second Pointed in style; the interior is 80 feet by 47, and 56 feet high, with a timber roof boarded; has about 1,000 sittings, and cost 5,1701. The architect was Mr. W. W. Pocock.
In the country, Wesleyan chapels have been built at the following among other places :-Rusholme, Manchester; Gothic; cruciform; with three-light apse filled with painted glass; 700 sittings; cost, 4,0001. ; architects, Messrs. Hayley and Son, of Manchester. Harrogate ; Italian in style, with considerable external architectural character, but, like many Wesleyan chapels, it has the very objectionable feature of having school and class rooms, vestries, keeper's residence, &c., in the basement; 1,000 sittings; architects, Messrs. Lockwood and Mawson. Snaith, Yorkshire, of red brick with stone dressings; style, Italian; 700 sittings; cost, 2,2001. ; architects, Messrs. Lockwood and Mawson. Whitmore Reans, near Wolverhampton, façade of coloured bricks, with Doric columns (the bases and capital of stone) and entablature ; 260 sittings ; architect, Mr. C. Manton, of Wolverhampton. Munslow Aston, Ludlow; Gothic; of local stone,
with Grinshill stone dressings; windows of painted glass; architect, Mr. Pugh, of Hungerford. Worksop; First Pointed ; of local stone, with Steetley stone dressings; 800 sittings; cost, with schools, 2,0001. ; architects, Messrs. Wilson and Crosland, of Sheffield. Newcastle-onTyne ; Italian Gothic; of red brick with stone dressings ; has galleries supported on iron columns; 800 sittings; cost, 3,5001. ; architect, Mr. G. Kyle, of Newcastle. Walsall Wood; First Pointed; of limestone with sandstone dressings; cost, 4701. ; architect, Mr. S. Loxton, of Wednesbury. Park-street, Bolton; cruciform ; Second Pointed ; with a large and handsome seven-light window in the entrance front and a slender turret and spire; 960 sittings; a school for 260 children; minister's house, class-rooms, &c., forming altogether a very picturesque group of buildings; cost, 9,5007. ; architect, Mr. G. Woodhouse. Shirley-road, Acock's Green, Birmingham; Gothic; of red and blue brick, with stone dressings; 200 sittings; cost, about 5001. ; architect, Mr. F. D. Johnson. Rowley, near Birmingham; Second Pointed; of red brick with Bath stone dressings; open timber roof, lighted by eight lucernes, so contrived as to afford ample ventilation ; 200 sittings ; architect, Mr. S. Loxton. Prince's Park, Liverpool ; Second Pointed; high-pitched gable front, with four-light traceried windows, and richly carved and moulded doorway, flanked on each side with square towers crowned by tall spires ; of stone throughout; 1,000 sittings; schools adjoining ; cost, 7,0001.; architects, Messrs. Hayley and Son, of Manchester. Lowestoft, Suffolk; Italian ; of white brick with Caen stone dressings; galleries round three sides, horne on iron columns; 1,250 sittings; cost, 2,5001. ; architect, Mr. J. Clemence, of Lowestoft. Alderley Edge, near Macclesfield; Gothic; 550 sittings; cost, about 2,500l. ; architects, Messrs. Hayley and Son. Market Rasen, Lincolnshire; a plain building, with Ionic portico; 700 sittings; cost, 3,0001. Trinity Chapel, Wolverhampton ; Early Second Pointed; of local stone, with Bath stone dressings ; tower and spire of Bath stone, 115 feet high ; in lower part of principal front an arcade of stone arches borne on marble columns, with carved capitals; a large traceried window above; nave, aisles, chancel, with organ chamber and vestries; 1,000 sittings, of which nearly 300 are free; cost, about 3,6001., but the elaborate reredos, and many of the other fittings are gifts; architect, Mr. G. Bidlake, of Wolverhampton. Humberstone-road, Leicester; Gothic; of brick, with stone bands and dressings; 850 sittings; cost, 2,5001.; architect, Mr. W. F. Ordish. Clifton; foreign Gothic; of Clevedon yellow limestone, alternating with bands of Williton red sandstone, on a plinth of Bath stone; 86 feet long by 39 wide; three traceried windows in front; circular window filled with stained glass at east end; 700 sittings; cost, 6,0001. Lacock, Wiltshire; Gothic; 160 sittings ; cost, about 6002. ; architect, Mr. J. Gale. Emscote, Warwickshire ; Lombardic; of red brick, varied with blue and yellow bricks, and Bath stone dressings ; 180 sittings ; architect, Mr. Cundall, of Leamington. Worksop; of stone, First Pointed; 800 sittings, 200 of which are free; cost, 2,0501.; architects, Messrs. Wilson and Crosland, of Sheffield. Great Crosby, near Liverpool; a Norman porch with polished granite pillars; sloping floor; three stained glass windows; organ by
Gray and Davison ; 260 sittings; built and endowed with 1001. a year by Mr. J. Schofield at an expense of 5,000l. ; architect, Mr. C. O. Ellison.
The Methodist New Connexion are also building new and expensive chapels—but they seem to have some antipathy to the fashionable style. Both the following, which may be taken as types of their
best chapels, are of the Classic Italian. That in Glossop-road, Sheffield, is of local stone ; 55 feet by 48 ; has school-rooms in the basement, and vestries, class-rooms, &c. adjoining. The chapel has 800 sittings, and cost 3,8001.; architects, Messrs. Flockton and Abbott. Pendleton; of red brick with stone dressings ; Corinthian portico, with enriched cornice and balustrade ; cost 2,500l.; architect, Mr. Scrivener, of Henley.
The Baptists who have hitherto been jealous of Gothic, are beginning to toy with the tempter, and will end no doubt with being as meek ecclesiologists externally as the Congregationalists. In London, however, they have not yielded yet. Somewhat of a curiosity in its way is a chapel by St. Mark's, Notting Dale. Nothing can be less attractive than its appearance at a distance, which is exactly that of a long, narrow shed. Close at hand it improves a little owing to some incised work skilfully applied the plastered walls. The chapel is, in fact, a slip (eleven bays) of one of the annexes of the International Exhibition Building, reconstructed by Mr. Owen Jones, who has made the interior quite gay by the application of his favourite red, white, and blue to the well-remembered old roof-timbers, and with
and yellows and pretty classical borderings round walls and windows brought the whole into harmony, at a trifling expenditure on common distemper colour and stencil patterns. The chapel will accommodate 1,000 persons, and has cost 1,8001. Four or five similar chapels are, it is said, to be built out of the materials of the annexes. At Easthill, Wandsworth, a chapel of white brick with stone dressings, Conventional Romanesque in style, has been erected to accommodate 700 persons, at a cost of 2,3001. The architect was Mr. J. Cubitt. A more showy and costly classical edifice, with a portico of Corinthian columns, is in course of erection in the Walworth-road. It will have 800 sittings, and cost 5,2001. The architects are Messrs. Searle, Son, and Yelf.
Other Baptist chapels have been opened, or are approaching completion, at the following among other places :-Chipping Norton, Osfordshire ; Gothic in style; cost, 2,300l. ; architects, Messrs. Gibbs and Co., of Stratford-on-Avon. Willenhall; Doric; 650 sittings; cost, 1,6007.; architect, Mr. C. Manton, of Wolverhampton. Ryde, Isle of Wight; First Pointed; painted glass in west window; about 600 sittings; architect, Mr. M. Newman New Whittington, Yorkshire; 40 feet by 30; cost, 4001. ; architect, Mr. T. Lister. Tredegarville, Cardiff ; First Pointed ; cruciform; of local stone, with Bath stone dressings; gallery carried round three sides of the chapel on light iron columns; 1,200 sittings; a school-room beneath for 100 children ; cost, 2,7601.; architects, Messrs. Habershon and Pitt. Most of the new Baptist chapels have a platform for preaching from instead of a pulpit.
We have still another religious body to notice as having taken seriously the church-building mania. In London and its vicinity the United Presbyterians have erected three or four churches of a noteworthy character. Park Church, Highbury New Park, from the designs of Mr. E. Habershon, is a modification of the Anglo-Italian of Hawksmoor's time. Externally, it is a neat edifice of white Suffolk brick with Bath stone dressings, and has a tower with pinnacled spire at the south-west angle. The interior is unobstructed by columns, but has a gallery carried round three of the sides; it has 1,000 sittings. In the basement under the chapel are a lecture-hall, vestry, sessions-room, &c. The building has cost about 6,5001.
At Clapham, a Presbyterian church has been erected, classic in style, the chief feature of the façade being a lofty Corinthian portico. The interior has a gallery round three of its sides, supported on light iron columns, and a coved ceiling. It has 1,200 sittings, and cost 7,0001. Shaftesbury-place, Kensington, designed by Mr. J. M. McCulloch, is Second Pointed Gothic with short transepts, a tower with spire (of no great elegance) at the north-west angle, and a large five-light traceried window. At Hampstead, a convenient church has been built in the very poorest kind of conventional Gothic. Near it, in Pilgrim-lane, a little Gothic chapel has been built, which in its elegance of form and tasteful finish forms an agreeable contrast to its more pretentious neighbour. It is of Kentish rag, with Bath stone dressings, of five bays with large end window, a porch at the south side, high-pitched roof, and a shingled flèche; and has about 500 sittings. Mr. J. Johnson was the architect. It belongs, we believe, to the Unitarians.
In the country we notice Presbyterian churches at-Crewe; cruciform; but only the nave is employed for worship, the transepts and the head of the cross being walled off for schoolrooms. The nave provides 360 sittings. The cost has been about 2,100l. ; architect, Mr. W. R. Corson, of Manchester. Cropton, Northumberland ; late First Pointed; a nave, with a five-side apse; architect, Mr. F. R. Wilson, of Alnwick. Warwick-road, Carlisle ; plain conventional Gothic; of red freestone; principal external feature a square tower at the north-west angle, 75 feet high, the turrets “ crowned with the national emblem of Scotland;" 700 sittings; cost, 1,6501. ; architect, Mr. Raeburn, of Edinburgh. St. George, Gresham-place, Newcastle pseudo-classic in style; 700 sittings; cost, 2,0001. Trafalgar-road, Egremont, near Birkenhead; classic, with a portico of six columns ; front of Stourton stone, sides of white brick ; 700 sittings; cost about 3,0001. ; architects, Messrs. W. and J. Hay, of Liverpool.
4. BUILDINGS FOR PUBLIC PURPOSES. The most important municipal building requiring notice is the Town Hall, Halifax, formally opened by the Prince of Wales in August last. This was the last work of the late Sir Charles Barry. The designs were prepared by him, and some progress had been made in its erection before his death. Its completion was superintended by his son, Mr. E. M. Barry, A.R.A. Some alterations have been made in the design; our engraving (No. 3), made from
recent photographs, will give a better idea of it as it stands than any of the numerous engravings which have hitherto appeared. It is scarcely necessary to add any descriptive details. The building is a parallelogram of about 140 feet by 90. The spire, which forms so important a feature in the composition, rises from a tower 35 feet square to a height of 175 feet. As will be seen, the style is Italian of a very ornate character. The statues and carvings, chiefly illustrative of the arts, &c., of Halifax, were designed by the late Mr. Thomas, and are executed in a very superior manner. The building itself is constructed of the fine sandstone found in the neighbourhood. The interior is appropriated to corporate purposes. The public hall is an elegant room of moderate dimensions, 50 feet by 40, and 40 feet high. Exception might readily be taken to portions of the exterior ; but, as it seemed to us whilst still unfinished, and now from photographs, it may as a whole be pronounced a noble building, whilst the details are admirably worked out. Unquestionably it is an edifice of which Halifax may be proud. The cost of the building was 32,0001.
Besides those mentioned last year a Town Hall, on a scale of some grandeur, Renaissance in style, has been commenced at Hull. It is to cost 20,0001. ; the architect is Mr. C. Brodrick. An Exchange, with assembly rooms, &c., to cost 25,0001., designed by Mr. E. Holmes, has been commenced at Birmingham. The fine old Town Hall and Exchange at Chester has been destroyed by fire, and will have to be replaced by a new one.
A neat Town Hall, containing, besides municipal offices, an assembly room 84 feet by 39, has been erected at Bishops Auckland. Connected with it is a small covered market. It has cost about 9,0001. Mr. J. Johnstone, of Newcastle, was the architect.
The new Corn Exchange, Leeds, has been opened, but the building is not completed. It is a spacious structure, “in the form of a Roman theatre," and, with the site, will cost over 25,0001. Mr. C. Brodrick is the architect. The Corn Exchange, Oxford, is also opened, but does not appear to excite much admiration. It was designed by Mr. S. L. Seckham, and cost about 2,5001. At Leighton Buzzard, one of considerable architectural character, Italian Renaissance in style, has been erected from the designs of Messrs. Bellamy and Howard, of Lincoln, at a cost of about 7,5001. One of a less costly kind, but very meritorious in design, a modification of the Domestic Gothic, has been built at Berkhampstead. It cost about 2,0001.; the architect was Mr. E. B. Lamb. Others of more or less architectural character have been opened, or are in progress, at Faringdon, St. Neots, Witney, Wolverhampton, &c.
A spacious and convenient covered General Market has been built at Chester, from the designs of Messrs. W. and J. Hay, of Liverpool. The principal front, 120 feet long, and 50 high, is a somewhat bizarre Renaissance, having attached rusticated columns, with Ionic capitals. At Tavistock, a spacious covered Market, with shops, a reading room, &c., and open yards adjoining, has been constructed at a cost of 25,0001., from the designs of Mr. E. Rundle. The buildings are of late Domestic Gothic. At Doncaster, a Wool and Cattle