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stances we have detailed, the influence of sex, age, and occupation, on the mortality from Cholera. We are indebted for the following table setting forth the per centage mortality by Cholera and diarrhoea in London in the two sexes, at different ages, to the courtesy of Mr. Farr, of the Registrar-General's office.

Mortality per cent. by Cholera and Diarrhoea at 11 different ages.

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From this table it appears that the mortality of males from Cholera and diarrhoea exceeds that of females at all the earlier ages up to 25, after which time the excess is generally on the side of females. With regard to age, the mortality, with the exception of the first 10 years of life, and of aged persons above 75, follows the general rule of progressively increasing fatality.

The influence of occupation on the mortality from Cholera is a subject of interesting inquiry, upon which we have not had time or space to enter so minutely as we could have wished. The following table gives a rough approximation to the ratio of deaths by Cholera among the several classes of males in the metropolis.

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We have to acknowledge our obligations to Mr. Farr of the Registrar-General's Office, and to Mr. Austin, the Secretary of the Board of Health, for some of the facts contained in this paper. We have also derived much assistance from an able history of the Cholera of 1831-2, published in the Times Newspaper; from a short summary of the progress of the recent epidemic given by Dr. J. C. Hall, in the first volume of the Journal of Public Health; and from the excellent Cholera map of Dr. Peterman.

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Last year we gave a list of the reigning sovereigns and principal states of the world, remarking that what was called "The Settlement of Europe," such as was effected in 1816, appeared then "crumbling into utter confusion." peat the list to show the alterations that have taken place.

We re

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Frederick-William IV. b. Oct. 15, 1795; r. June 7, 1840.

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Nicholas I. b. July 6 (June 25) 1796 ; r. Dec. 1 (Nov. 19) 1825.

TURKEY (Europe)

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GREECE

Abdul-Medjid-Khan, b. May 6, 1822; r. July 20, 1839.

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Victor-Emanuel II., b. March 14, 1820; r. March 23, 1849.

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Isabella II. b. October 10, 1830; r. September 29, 1833.

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PART II.

THE LEGISLATION, STATISTICS, PUBLIC IMPROVEMENTS, AND CHRONICLE OF 1849.

XI.-ABSTRACTS OF IMPORTANT PUBLIC ACTS

PASSED IN THE SECOND SESSION OF THE FIFTEENTH PARLIAMENT OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND.

INLAND REVENUE.

[12 Victoriæ, c. 1.-February 27th, 1849.]

An Act to consolidate the Boards of Excise and Stamps and Taxes into one Board of Commissioners of Inland Revenue, and to make provision for the Collection of such Revenue.

THE Boards of Commissioners of Excise and Commissioners of Stamps and Taxes are by this Act (§ 1) formed into one Consolidated Board of Commissioners of Inland Revenue, such Commissioners to be appointed (§ 2) during her Majesty's pleasure; and all the powers heretofore vested in the said Boards to be now vested in and exercised (§3) by the Commissioners of the Board of Inland Revenue. The powers so given (§4) may be exercised by any three or other prescribed number of commissioners. The chief office is to be held at such place as the Board of Treasury may from time to time appoint ($5), and to be called 'The Chief Office of Inland Revenue.' The limits of their power to be the same as those given to the Board of Excise by the 7 and 8 Geo. IV., cap. 53, An Act to consolidate and amend the Laws relating to the Collection and Management of the Revenue and Excise throughout Great Britain and Ireland.'

The offices of Receiver-General of Excise and Receiver-General of Stamps and Taxes are, by § 6, consolidated into one office of ReceiverGeneral of Inland Revenue; and by § 7 those of Accountant-General of Excise and Accountant and Comptroller-General of Stamps and Taxes are consolidated into one office of Accountant and ComptrollerGeneral of Inland Revenue, with the same powers (§8) as full and effective as were given to the previous offices.

The Commissioners of the Treasury are empowered (§ 9), if they think fit, to abolish the office of Comptroller and Auditor of the Excise, and to cause the accounts of the Excise revenue to be passed before the Commissioners for auditing the Public Accounts.

All commissions and appointments (§ 10) under the two former boards are to remain in force, the persons holding the same to be officers of Inland Revenue; and all bonds and securities given for persons so employed are (§ 11) also to continue in force. Where deposits of Stock or Exchequer Bills are made in lieu of giving security by bond, they are to be placed (§ 12) in accordance with the regulations of 6 and 7 William IV., c. 28, and 1 and 2 Vict. c. 61, under the management of the Board of Inland Revenue, and such deposits to be made, and transfers effected, in the Bank of England, in the name

of the chairman of the Board of Inland Revenue; to whom is also to be transferred (§ 13) the Stock standing in the names of the chairmen of the Boards of Excise, and of Stamps and Taxes. All lands, buildings, &c., now vested in trust in the Secretary of the Excise (§ 14) to be vested in the Secretary of the Board of Inland Revenue on the like trusts.

By § 15 the Commissioners of Inland Revenue are empowered to appoint officers to be collectors and receivers of one or more branches of the revenue or duties in such districts as they shall determine on. Licenses (§ 16) may be granted by such persons as the Commissioners shall appoint.

By 17 it is declared that terms used in former Acts, and in documents relating to the Revenue, are to be construed as applying themselves to the purposes of this Act.

INCLOSURES.

[12 Victoriæ, c. 7.-March 9th, 1849.]

An Act to authorize the inclosure of certain lands, in pursuance of the Fourth Annual General Report of the Inclosure Commissioners of England and Wales.

This is one of the annual Inclosure Acts of the session; it authorizes the inclosure of the commons of the following twenty-two places, arranged under their counties:

Brecknockshire-Cefn Ertham. Cheshire-Bickerton Hills, Chorley Green. Cumberland-Langwathby Moor. Devonshire-Black Torrington, Holster Yard. Dorsetshire-Buckland Newton. Hampshire -Abbot's Wood, Headley. Herefordshire-Cradley. Kent-Westwell Leacon. Lancashire-Cadishead Moss. Norfolk-Bramerton Common. Nottinghamshire-Mansfield Woodhouse Forest, Oxton. Oxfordshire-Cowley Open Fields, the Marsh, Bullingdon Green, and Elder Stubbs; Oatlands, Botley, and Osney; and Pyrton. Suffolk -Bell, Swan, and Silverlace Greens. Westmoreland-Firbank Fells. Yorkshire-Dent, Oakworth.

LARCENY ACTS AMENDMENT.

[12 Victoriæ, c. 11.-April 3d, 1849.]

An Act to amend the Laws in England and Ireland relative to Larceny and other Offences connected therewith.

After reciting the provisions of the Acts of the 7 and 8 Geo. IV., c. 29, and 9 Geo. IV., c. 55, § 1 declares that from May 1, 1849, the punishment of transportation is abolished in the case of simple larceny, but every person convicted of larceny to be liable, at the discretion of the court, to be otherwise punished as by the said Acts provided. Tenants and lodgers (§ 2) stealing from houses to the value of more than 51., and larceny (§3), after two previous summary convictions, to continue liable to the punishment of transportation. In indictments against persons twice convicted (§ 4) it shall be sufficient to state the fact, and certified copies of conviction are to be received as evidence.

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