And spread their lustre in fo broad a blaze, 5
That kings themselves are dazzled, while they gaze.

O let

Let these, then, be reminded, that it is the author's profest aim in extolling the taste of the Chinese, to condemn that mean and paltry manner which Kent introduced, which Southcote, Hamilton, and Brown followed, and which, to our national disgrace, is called the English style of gardening, He Thews the poverty of this taste, by aptly comparing it to a dinner, which consisted of three gross pieces, three times repeated ; and proves to a demonstration, that Nature herself is incapable of pleasing, without the affistance of Art, and that too of the most luxuriant kind. In short, such art as is displayed in the Emperor's garden of Yven-Ming-Yven, near Pekin ; where fine lizards, and fine women, human giants, and giant-baboons, make bat a small part of the superb fcenery. He teaches us, that a perfect garden must contain within itself all the amusements of a great city ; that URBS IN BURE, not R.us IN URBE, is the thing, which an improver of true taste ought to aim at. He says but it is impossible to abridge all that he says :Let this therefore fuffice to tempt the reader again to peruse his invaluable Differtation, since without it, he will never relish half the beauties of the following epifle ; for (if her Majesty's Zebra, and the powder-mills at Hounslow be excepted) there is scarce a single image in it, which is not taken from that work.

But tho' the images be borrowed, the author claims some small merit from the application of them. Sir William says too modestly; “ that European artists must not hope to rival Oriental fplendor.” The poet thews, that European artifts may


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O let the muse attend thy march sublime,
And, with thy prose, caparison her rhyme ;
Teach her, like thee, to gild her fplendid song,
With scenes of Yven-Ming, and sayings of Li-

Tsong; easily rival it; and, that Richmond gardens, with only the addition of a new bridge to join them to Brentford, may be new modelled, perfectly." à la Chinois.” He exhorts his Knight to undertake the glorious task, and leaves no cause to doubt, but that, under the auspicious patronage he now so juftly enjoys, added to the READY vote of those who furnish ways and means, the royal work will speedily be compleated.

Verse 2. Cynosure of British tafte.] Cynosure, an affected phrase. Cynosura is the constellation of Ursa Minor, or the Leffer Bear, the next star to the Pole. Dr. Newton, on the word in Milton.

Verse 10. With scenes of Yven-Ming.] One of the Imperial gardens at Pekin. (Sayings of Li-Tsong.) “ Many trees, thrubs, and flowers,” sayeth Li-Tsong, a Chinese author of greac antiquity, “ thrive best in low, moist fituations ; many on hills and mountains; some require a rich foil : but others will grow on Clay, in sand, or even upon rocks ; and in the water; to some a sunny exposition is necessary ; but for others the shade is preferable. There are plants which thrive best in exposed situations, but, in general, thelter is requisite. The skilful gardener, to whom study and experience have taught these qualities, carefully attends to them in his operations; knowing that thereon depend the healih and growth of his plants; and consequently the beauty of his plantations.” Vide Diss. p. 77. The reader, I presume, will readily allow, that he never met with so much recondite truth, as this ancient Chinese here exhibits.


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Like thee to scorn Dame Nature's fimple fence;
Leap each Ha-ha of truth and common sense ;
Áud proudly rising in her bold career,
Demand attention from the gracious ear
Of hin, whom we and all the world admit 15
Patron supreme of science, taste, and wit.
Does Envy doubt? Witness, ye chosen train !
Who breathe the sweets of his Saturnian reign ;
Witness ye H*lls, ye J*n*ns, Sc*ts, S*bb*s,
Hark to my call, for some of you have ears. 20
Let D**d H*e, from the remotest North,
In fee-law sceptic scruples hint his worth ;
D**, who there supinely deigns to lye
The fattest Hog of Epicurus' sty;
Tho' drunk with Gallic wine, and Gallic praise 25
D**d shall bless Old England's halcyon days;
The mighty Home, bemir'd in prose so long,
Again shall stalk upon the stilts of song:
While bold Mac-Offian, wont in Ghosts to deal,
Bids candid Smollet from his coffin steal;
Bids Mallock quit his sweet Elysian rest,
Sunk in his St. John's philosophic breast,
And, like old Orpheus, make some strong effort
To come from Hell, and warble Truth at Court.



Verse 34. Truth at Court.] Vide (if it be extant) a poem under this title, for which (or for the publication of Lord Bolingbroke's philofophical writings) the person here mentioned


There was a time, “ in Ether's peaceful grove 35 When Kent and Nature vy'd for Pelham's love, That Pope beheld them with auspicious simile, And own'd that Beauty bleft their mutual toil." Mistaken Bard ! could such a pair design Scenes fit to live in thy immortal line?

40 Hadst thou been born in this enlighten'd day, Felt, as we feel, T'aste's oriental ray, Thy fatire sure had given them both a ftab, Callid Kent a Driveller, and the Nymph a Drab, For what is Nature ? Ring her changes round,

45 Her three fat notes are water, plants, and ground;


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received a considerable pension in the time of Lord B-te's adminiftration.

Verse 45. For what is Nature ?] This is the great and fundamental axiom, on which the oriental talte is founded. It is therefore expressed here with the greatest precifion, and in the identical phrase of the great original. The figurative terms, and even the explanatory simile, are entirely borrowed from Sir William's Differen tation, “ NATURE (says the Chinese, or Sir William for them) affords us but few materials to work with. Plants, ground, and water, are her only productions; and, though both the forms and arrangements of these may be varied to an incredible degree, yet have they but few friking varieties, the rest being of the nature of -*.changės rung upon bells, which, 'though in reality disferent, ftill produce the same uniform kind of jingling ; the variation being too minute to be easily perceived," “ Art


Prolong the peal yet, spite of all your clatter,
The tedious chime is still ground, plants, and water,
So, when some John his dull invention racks,
To rival Boodle's dinners, or Almack's,

50 Three uncouth legs of mutton shock our eyes, Three roasted geefe, three butter'd apple-pies.

Come then, prolific Art, and with thee bring The charms that rise from thy exhaustlefs spring; To Richmond come, for see, untutor’d Brown 55 Destroys those virtues which were once thy own. Lo, from his melon-ground the peasant flave Has rudely rush'd, and levellid Merlin's Cave; Knock'd down the waxen wizard, seiz'd his wand, Transform’d to lawn what late was Fairy land ;' 60 And marr'd, with impious hand, each sweet defign Of Stephen Duck, and good Queen Caroline, Haste, bid yon livelong Terrace re-ascend, Replace each vifta, straighten every bend;

must therefore supply the scantiness of Nature." &c. &c. &c. page 14. And again, “ Our larger works are only a repetition of the {mall ones,“ like the honest Bachelor's feast,” which consisted in nothing but a multiplication of his own dinner; “three legs of mutton and turneps, three roalted geese, and three buttered applepies." Preface, p. 7.


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