this narcotic, (we shall see hereafter that a very contrary opí. nion has prevailed); and that when used in the form of snoff the perfection of the organ of smell has always been injured. My own observation has led to a conclusion, that the constant and profuse employment of this herb has been injurious to the brain and nervous system. In twenty-five years actual practice, a great number of cases of Paralysis have come under my notice; in all, or in the far greater part of these, the men were smokers, and the women snuff-takers. *

(To be concluded in the next Number.)

* It is not to be doubted that the immoderate use of Tobacco has, in some idosyncracies, produced alarming effects on the most efficient organs of the animal machine. “ I have observed," says Cullen, “ seves ral instances of great snuff-takers being affected in the same nanner as persons are from long continued use of other arcotics, such as wine and opium ; that is, by loss of memory, by fatuity, and the other sympe toms of the weakened or senile state of the nervous system, induced before the usual period. I have found also,” adds this ingenious physician, " that excessive snuff-taking produces all the symptoms of dyspepsia, particularly pains of the stomach, occurring every day.” Almost two hundred years ago, Dr. Venner, in the quaint but forcible language of that time, objected to the use of Tobacco. " I will summarily rehearse," says the author of the Via Recta, “ the hurts that Tobacco inferreth, if it be used contrary to the order and way I have set down. It drieth the brain, dimmeth the sight, vitiateth the smell, hurteth the stomach, destroyeth the concoction, disturbeth the hunours and spirits, corruptet! the breath, induceth a trembling of the limbs, exsiccateth the winde pipe, lungs, and liver, annoyeth the milt, scorchcth the heart, and causeth the blood to be adusted. Moreover it eliquateth the pinguic substance of the kidnies, and absumeth the geniture. In a word, it overthroweth the spirics, perverteth the understanding, and confoundeth the senses with a sudden astonishment and stupiditie of the whole body. All which hurts I affirme, that the immoderate and intempestive use of Tobacco doth affect, both by reason of its temperament (hot and dry in the third degree) ; but especially through the propertie of its substance (deleteriall or venemous): Wherefore the use of it is only tolerable by way of physick, not for pleasure or an idle custome. To conclude, therefore, I wish them that desire to have mentem sanam in corpore sano, altogether to abandon insanum fireposterumque Tabacci Usum." Via Recta ad Vitam Longam, 4to. Lond. 1638. p. 363. The destroying spirit of man taught the wandering savages of America to envenom their arrows with a poison prepared with this plant. The black pigment which collects in long-used tobacco pipes, is a strong poison to some animals. Barrow (Travels in Alica) relates that he saw a snake poisoned with it. The effect was instantaneous as the electric shock. I remember to have seen the common English snake thus instantaneously destroyed. Barrow asserts, that the snake he saw thus

To the Editors of the Medical and Physical Journal.

GENTLEMEN, I SINCERELY regret that the letter which you did me' the favour to publish in your last number bas considerably offended Mr. Ramsden; it is considered by him as containing animadversions on his practice. In justice, therefore, to myself, and in the hopes of removing all such unpleasant impressions from that Gentleman's mind, I feel myself called upon to state thus publicly, that such never was in the most remote degree my intention.--If that letter admits of any in. terpretation different from Mr. Ramsden's own account of the operation, I am sorry that I should have adopted expressions capable of a construction which it was not my design they should carry.---By inserting this you will oblige,

Your obedient Servant,

HENRY EARLE. Hanover Square, Jan. 14th, 1811.

killed became immediately hard and rigid, as if dried in the sun. The Hottentots consider this substance, which they call oil of tobacco, as the most deadly of poisonous substances ; but it is never applied to the points of their arrows, because it is too volatile to retain its deleterious quality. One Manwaringe, a chemical doctor, or a trading chemist, in 1666, brought a severe charge against tobacco. He accused it of pro. ducing scurvy, and wrote a duodecimo pamphlet to prove his accusation.


For the Medical and Physical Journal.
DOCTOR POLE'S Thermometrical, Barometrical, and Udiometrical STATEMENTS for the Seven
to preceding Years; from Daily Observations, made by the assistance of accurate Instruments

employed for tbat purpose, in St. JAMES SQUARE, Bristol, Jan. 15, 1811.


The average temperature of each month, from observations

made at eight o'clock in the morning. . .

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Numerical order pof the niuntls.

100ths of a des Degrees. 100ths of a degi Degrees.

1804 1805 1806 1807 | 1808 1809 1810 Months as den.. minated - in the 18 Calendar

'; booths of a deg Degrees.com Tooths of a deg 100ths of a deg. 100ths of a deg. & 100ths of a deg. 5 Degrees. Degrees. 100th Degrees.

The average state of the Barometer for each month, from
observations made at eight o'clock in the morning.

į | 1804 1805 1806 1,07 1808 1809 1810
as deno-

in the

Numerical order • of the months.

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The bighest temperature of the Atmosphere indicated by | 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810

2: the Thermometer, at any one time during the last Months as deno

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Months dar.

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host in the
Jan. 4.431 2 441 5
Feb. 2 422 30 2 14 2 111 0 59 3 261
March ( 1 800 981 1 67 0 34 0 35 1 27 0 62
April 2 271 278 1 29 0 49 5.37 3.75
May | 275 1 43 1 501 5 822


June 10 25 2 581 1 320 1511

7 July 10
July 6


3.781 2 60 3 874 212 16

226 2 22 4 271 2 551 3. 6.4. 38 2 66

66LAJune .

Sept. 1028 1 59 1 81 3 694 361 4 16) 2 65

06 4196 July

2 80 1 941 49 2 14 5 26 0.81 3 45


1291 1808 Nov. 15 44 1 3 3 36 5 44

1809 3 8-1 54 6 80


Dec. ubi 45 3 731 6 391 2 5 1 522 68 5 24

9 September, 2 80 1810
Total in each year 29 77126 1134 38|31 31|32 8129 51|35 711. 2017EE BUI2.14 2015

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The lowest temperature of the Atmosphere, indicated
by the Thermometer, on the two coldest days in
the last Seven Years, according to observa-
tions inade at cight o'clock in the


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of former periods, from
connected with widely spreading epidemics.

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3 1 March 12 December - 124 & 302

2 February
11 November

1 | January
10 1 October

1 January
12 December -

1 January :
12 December

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11 November

2 February
12 December


May i
6 June

| July
8 August
9 September
10 October
il | November
12 December

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