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To the Editor of the Stamp-COLLECTOR'S MAGAZINE.' | To the Editor of the "STAMP-COLLECTOR'S MAGAZINE.'

Dear Sir,-May I call the attention of your readers DEAR Sır,--Having read in your paper Fentonia's to a piece of impertinence on the part of two dealers ? questions about some German stamps, I will try and give One at Brighton sold a false 2-cuartos Spain, bear on as plain an explanation as possible. tree, to a collector there, telling him that I had pro Der gute groschen or ein guter groschen, nominative; nounced it 'the only genuine specimen I had ever seen,' den guten or einen guten groschen, accusative, is an old This is a most impudent falsehood: I had never pro coin still, but very seldom used. Ein gutgroschen or nounced any opinion on the stamp. Another dealer said einen gutgroschen are contractions. If you read the that I had pronounced an undoubtedly genuine -tor. accusative form on the stamp, the words this stamp is Naples cross to be a forgery. This also was an invention. worth' are implied to account for the case. In twenty or I am thankful to say that I do happen to know most thirty years' time there will be no more of this coin found forgeries when I see them; and am not likely to make in Germany, except in numismatic collections. such assertions as those which have been ascribed to me Brunswick still employs this value on one stamp, worth by these individuals.

* gutegroschen, but the Hanoverian have been long Yours faithfully,

disused. EDWARD L. PEMBERTON. Twenty-four gutgroschen are equal to thirty silberEdgbaston.

groschen or neugroschen, which latter are identical.

Saxony adopts the latter appellation, but in Prussia, To the Editor of the "STAMP-COLLECTOR'S MAGAZINE.' Gotha, Weimar, Oldenburg, Brunswick, Hanover, Ham

DEAR SIR-As the quantity of different issues of the burg, &c., they are called silbergroschen; of which thirty Hamburg Boten stamps seems to cause surprise in England,

are equivalent to a thaler, or three shillings English. In I hope the followimg explanation will be of use to some

common parlance they are simply termed groschen, as of the readers of your highly-prized magazine.

printed on the Oldenburg stamps. The Hamburg private post stamps are all issued by the

In that country, in Prussia, and wherever the emissions same company ; Hamer, Scheerenbeck, Lafrenz, Krantz

of Thurn and Taxis are used, the groschen contains are names of the merchants forming this company. Most

twelve pfennige; but in Saxony, Hanover, and Brunsof these stamps are not used for paying letters, and it is a

wick, it is ten pfennige : you see from this that a pfennig well-grounded suspicion to believe that a great part or all

of Hanover is worth more than one of Prussia. " of them are a speculation on stamp collecting. I believe

In Bavaria, Baden, Wurtemburg, Frankfort, Coburg, the same thing has also been mentioned of other private

&c., the kreuzer contains four pfennige; but you will see stamps.

that a Coburg pfennig is quite different from a Prussian The following is an exact list of all Hamburg Boten

or Hanoverian, there being three hundred and sixty of stamos issued up to the present day.

the former, three hundred of the latter, and about four 1. ^ Inscription, C. Hamer and Co., with number in the hundred and twenty Bavarian in three shillings English. centre: 4 schilling : in eight colours, viz., yellow,

It is much regretted in Germany that there is no pink, light gray, dark green, light green, light

universal coinage; a commission, however, is in contembrown, dark brown, blue. Envelopes (round), y

plation or action to make propositions for an uniform schilling, red on yellow and on white paper; i

rate of money, weights, and measures. schilling, pink on yellow and on white paper.

As for the Bremen two grote stamps they are used solely Inscription, H. Scheerenbeck : arms : value not for the town of Bremen.* The letters L. H. P. A. on the mentioned : ten colours, viz., red, pink, blue, light

Bergedorf stamps mean, 'Lubeck, Hamburg, Post Amt;' green, brown, orange, violet, dark green, mauve,

those stamps freeing to Lubeck and Hamburg only. It yellow.

is to be concluded that letters sent from Bergedorf to Same inscription : postman : value not mentioned : other countries are first sent to Hamburg, where there are same ten colours as the preceding.

post offices for most foreign parts, as I have never seen or 4. Inscription, 6 Vereinigte Corporationen Hamburger

heard of a letter with the Bergedorf stamps on it sent Boten, H. Scheerenbeck : number in the centre:

elsewhere than to its guardian towns. ! schilling, in the same ten colours as No. 2 and

A new Thurn and Taxis silbergroschen, black on No. 3; 1 schilling also in the same ten colours. white, will soon be issued, and the expected 2 s. blue is 5. Inscription, Th. Lafrenz: schilling, red, brown,

out at last. The 5 sch. Mecklinburg envelope will no yellow, pink, black, blue, green, violet, orange,

longer be blue, but brown. I can get no information

about the Bavarian envelopes.
Inscription, Hamburg, W. Krantz : postman : Hoping these remarks will interest your readers,
schilling, in eleven colours, viz., pink, violet, red,

I remain, vours truly,
blue, green, orange, yellow, light brown, dark

Coburg.

HERMANN EBERHARD. brown, purple, buff; 1 schilling, coloured print, * (We beg here to repeat we had and still possess a the same eleven colours; and black print five letter from Bremen with eight of these stamps on it, sent colours, red, blue, green, yellow, brown; 2 schil to ourselves in London from that town.-ED.) lings, coloured print, in eight colours the same as those of C. Hamer & Co. Inscription, Hamonia, W. Krantz : goddess of

To the Editor of the 'STAMP-COLLECTOR's MAGAZINE.' liberty: gold print on coloured paper, ten colours ; DEAR SIR,—You have so often accused me of being silver print on coloured paper, ten colours; i anti-credulous, that I feel it is due to you to acknowledge schilling, silver print, ten colours; gold print, ten one instance in which I have been mistaken in my views colours.

I allude to the double Geneva 10 c. cantonal and local. The Hamburg Boten stamps sold under the name of | I have received proof sufficient, even for my unbelief, that • Marz Verein' are forgeries, as such stamps were never this stamp has existed. I can fancy you chuckling over issued.

this, after my denunciations of the stamp; but please Truly yours,

notice I say, has existed : after conceding to its authenDarmstadt.

F. L. ticity I make another stand, and am of opinion that there

gray:

is not a well-authenticated specimen in any English collection,-I almost think, in any collection. In support of this idea, I would draw an analogy between this stamp and the essays 1843 of Zürich. The facts connected with the finding of these latter are doubtless well known to many of your readers; but I must just mention them all, or I cannot make out a .case.' The few collectors there were in Switzerland five or six years ago, had a tradition of stamps for Zürich previous to the issue of 1850, but nothing more was known about them until (I believe in 1860) Lewes communicated the idea to the Zürich postmaster through a friend resident there. The postmaster had no knowledge of any such stamps, but promised to institute a search. This, after the lapse of time, resulted in the recovery of two single specimens, of the values of 4 and 6 rappen respectively. These specimens passed into Lewes' hands, with the assurance from the postmaster that they had never been issued for use, but were essays in the truest sense of the word. As Lewes did not accept essays for his own collection, he parted with these two specimens to a distinguished London amateur. There is not the shadow of a doubt but these individuals are unique. The sensation these 1843 essa ys caused in Zürich itself was very great: half the old letters in the town were ransacked in the hope of finding specimens, -vainly, as they were essays. It was soon after the resuscitation of these two copies, that Lewes heard to his surprise that they had become quite common in Zürich! The inquiries for them had been so numerous, that the fertile genius of one dealer (I know him, and fear others do to their cost) had hit upon the expedient of making them ; but not knowing the exact design of the real things, had imitated the issue of 1850, adding the date 1843 in the corners. The real stamps do not resemble the issue of 1850 at all.

To recapitulate, there was a tradition of the 1843 Zürich, but it was only by the merest chance that it was proved true, and that proof only by unique specimens. I look upon the Geneva as an analogous case, as far as the truth of the tradition goes; but proof positive from an authentic specimen is wanting, as far as I know. The forgeries of the double Geneva appeared about the same time as those of the 1843 Zürich, which makes me think that the forger, whilst employed on the Zürich from his own ideas, proceeded to make the double Geneva from the same fertile source. The forged double Geneva may therefore no more resemble the real stamp, than the forged 1843 agrees with the two unique specimens.

I think that if I am anti-credulous, you are on the other hand too credulous. With me, it is scarcely likely that I should be otherwise than unbelieving, knowing so much as I do of the different impositions practised in stamp dealing; and being so conversant with the different dodges resorted to by those who have their manufactures to dispose of. As a natural consequence of this lack of credulity, I seldom believe everything that I hear, or that is told me, unless there are very good and sufficient reasons for so doing. As an instance of our difference of opinion. I would mention the Prince Consort Essays (I will call them so). You, I believe, look upon these as boná-fide essays; I don't. I am of opinion that the utmost that can be said for them is, that they are specimens of engraving, prepared by some one proposing to government to make the postage labels at a less price than was being paid for them; the head of the Prince Consort being used by the engraver, when preparing a sample of adhesive labels to show to those in power. That they were made as early as 1840 I do not credit for a moment; they seem to me quite new and fresh, as if but lately finished.

Fentonia, in a recent letter to you, seemed to have become involved in the mysteries of Mount Brown's money table. I have studied it, and can therefore feel for him. As for the 121 c. blue Canada, I still consider it a

fancy article' (and so too does Lewes), and never have thought it otherwise. I must say a few words about these blue stamps. It is most curious that of all these dubious stamps in blue, there are recognised types in green. As long as it is so simple a matter for any muff to make the green types blue, I shall obstinately refuse to believe in them until something more than the fact of their being blue is adduced. Take 124 c. Canada, Hanover 1 g. gr., United States 10 c., New Brunswick 5 c. ;all these are found in blue, in addition to the regular types in green. I do not think that the authorities would have chosen the peculiarly washed-out shades of blue in the above varieties; or have issued another blue stamp at the same time as the 17 e. Canada, 1-10 Hanover, I c. United States, and 12 c. New Brunswick. I am surprised any one should believe in them. The blue g. gr. is the most important of these blue stamps. It is found in two shades, a light and a dark blue, both of which are enumerated by Bellars and Davie : other catalogues mention but one shade, and it is the dark blue stamp which is meant. The least those can do who believe in the blue g. gr., is to acknowledge both varieties. I am, and always have been, sceptical about this stamp. I acknowledge neither of the shades. You acknowledge the dark blue (you believe in Brown, so I suppose it is the dark one you take), but then what do you do with the lighter variety? Do you dispose of that as a chemically-changed stamp? If so, why is not the dark one the same. I know that when the Swiss administration first thought of adopting one uniform type for all the cantons, they sent to many of the countries then using stamps, for the purpose of obtaining sets of their stamps, and, I presume, in addition, in order to obtain information and ideas. In the Hanoverian set there is the usual green g. gr., but not the ghost of a blue one. This set passed into the hands of a Swiss collector, in whose possession the stamps were seen by my friend Lewes, when he was a resident in that country. Moens gives the date of issue of the blue stamp as Nov. 30, 1850 : that is not at all conclusive to my mind, seeing that he gives the Tuscany at Dec., 1859, when, to my certain knowledge, they were in use in July, 1856.

I fear you will not be able to spare me more room in this number, so I will write you further next month.

Yours faithfully,
Edgbaston. EDWARD L. PEMBERTON.

CONUNDRUM.--Why is a sheet of perforated postage | stamps like distant relations? Because they aro but

slightly connected.

A ROWLAND AND AN OLIVER.-Should Rowland Hill have a statue: Certainly, if Oliver Cromwell should. For cne is celebrated for cutting off the head of a bad king, and the other for sticking on the head of a good queen.-lunch.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.

H. B., Roehampton.-- The Kanton Berne stamp, as we have once previously remarked, has been, by mistake or otherwise, occasionally used on letters.

S. S.-We consider the fact of your respective correspondents in Java and Dutch Guiana ignoring the stamps universally accepted as appertaining to those colonies, no proof of their fictitious character. We have frequently

noted the ignorance of our own postal officials with regard to the English envelopes; that of the French on their insufficient postage stamp; and other similar instances. The individuals purporting to come from Dutch Guiana were known to collectors long before the prevalence of timbromanie tempted the exercise of forgery. If not from Dutch Guiana, whence come they? We wish some of our numerous correspondents would afford us satisfactory information on both these stamps and those of Java. — There were probably two issues of the former series of Lubecks, which would account for the discrepancy in size of letters, &c. We think a much more suspicious circumstance with respect to those sent us for examination is, their being postmarked, and nevertheless, from their clean appearance and other facts, having apparently never done duty on letters. They may possibly be the remainders of the last issue, sold to dealers cheap, and marked, so as not to be employed for postal purposes.

J. M. C., Harrow.-The black penny English stamp was as much in mourning for Queen Anne, as the first one kreuzer of Bavaria for any sovereign of that country.

J. M. S., Henley-on-Thames.-Your first query is anticipated in our correspondence.- We have never met with forgeries of the italic issue of Brazil.—The 5 cents of the

andwich Islands we have never seen on pure white, but occasionally on an exceedingly pale tint of bluish paper. - The peso of Buenos Ayres is worth about 2 d. -A centavo is worth about the same as an American cent, or English halfpenny.-We do not profess to be experts in handwriting.

J. B., West Hartlepool.—Your stamps from Belgium are in the same category as those on our own newspapers, which many collectors admit into their albums.

Miss P., of Norwich, forwards a stamp which is one of the Austrian receipt labels, and which, with its numerous congeners, seems to puzzle a good many collectors.

W. C.A., Stoke Newington.-Your 12 c. Canada stamps arriving on letters cannot be essays. If not originally printed in blue they must have faded, we are inclined to imagine, through the agency of sun, air, or water.

T. Gatis.-Your green stamp is of the actual issue of Hanover, and supersedes the pink of similar device. It was fully noted in a late number of this magazine.- The covers for binding up this periodical are sold only as advertised.

M.J. R., Raithby Hall.-The various emblems seen on postage stamps, as the key of Bremen, &c., indubitably form part of the armorial insignia of their respective countries. Heraldic works must be consulted for information as to the date and circumstances of their adoption.

R. H. O., Nottingham. - The word on the Roman stamps is Franco. There is a difference between the representation on the 4 cuartos Spanish of the present year and that on the previous issue, besides the introduction of the date.- Our advertisements are a reply to your third query.

J. G. P., Regent Road, Jersey.--Your · Palestine envelope stamp' is a print of the Temple seal; being, as you may see, the arms of the Templars--a lamb bearing a flag and cross, and the legend, · Templi sigillum.'

HORATIA.- The date of issue of the red half anna of India was probably coeval with the earliest issue of that country in 1854. -- We consider the album of Mons. Moens, of Brussels, the most complete of its kind, and infinitely superior to that of Lallier. No album published with places assigned for every known stamp can possibly be perfectly correct for many weeks, the various alterations in colour and novel emanations being so incessantly on the increase.--Irrespective of the stamps of private

firms, a collection of a thousand individuals might be pronounced a good one.

IGNORAMUS, Guildford. -Your Romagna and Modena stamps are unquestionably forgeries, but worth the price you bought them at as specimens of human impudence.

E. ARNOLD, Calcutta.-In answer to your complaint respecting the non-sending of the stamps promised to be given away with the magazine, we must refer you to the notice at the end, which informs subscribers abroad that “the British postal regulations will not admit of any enclosure being sent in a registered publication addressed abroad.”

P. N. DE S., St. Edward's College.—Your stamp is one of the series lately issued by the Spanish government for official letters from Madrid to the colonies.

R. F. WILME, Dublin.-The stamps of North and South America may certainly be put on the same page in an album ; but we think you would find it rather inconvenient to carry about, as it must be at least the size of one of the double doors in Russell Square. There are multifarious brown German stamps, we cannot possibly tell which you mean; if the 9 kreuzer of Thurn and Taxis, it was issued in 1862.

C. B., Gloucester - If you will forward your last year's numbers of the Stamp Collector's Magazine, with 2s. Bd. in stamps, to the office, Queen-square House, Bath, they will be handsomely bound in cloth, and returned to you post free.

F. D., Tunbridge Wells.-- Thanks for the Irish Petty Sessions stamp. It has no business in a postage-stamp album, pace Lallier.—The other stamp is one of the Hamburg forgeries, professedly a local for Berlin, and is perfectly worthless.

Baton Rouge, Chesterton.-Your 2-kreuzer Austrian, first issue, lake, may be an essay or a forgery. We never heard of one before. Your second query is answered above to W.C.A.- We have seen a blue 10 c. of the former but not of the later issue of the United States.We have never heard of a dos reales blue Spain. 1862. It must be a chemical.-The largest collection we know of contains, inclusive of locals and essays, about 2400 specimens, and we consider it well nigh complete. It may lack perhaps 50 of the catalogued stamps.

St. John.-Your Connell's head is merely a photograph. The real article was sold the other day for three guineas.

JAMES S. M. C.--You are right and Lallier wrong, There are two castles and the same number of lions on the Spanish of 1862.- Boyd's 1 cent black on green is a late issue.-The third stamp you allude to is now disused. It was one of the Italian journal stamps.

D. D., Weymouth. We shall be happy to receive what you promise. We do not disclaim being one of the 6 monthly tribe' ourselves, and merely strive to stand at the head of them.

C. W., Sheffield. The local Turkish for Constantinople seems as you say to be rarely vended here, except the lowest value which is frequently met with. We cannot tell why.

X. J. B.--You are quite in error if you suppose for a moment that twenty pounds is a large sum for a collection. We hear that our publishers, Messrs. Stafford Smith & Smith, have just given seventy pounds for one.

Tony.- We thought it had been long ago an acknowledged fact, beyond the possibility of doubt, that the English penny stamp was the first ever issued. Y query perhaps arises from the fact that a uniform rate of fourpence was set on letters for awhile before the very great reduction eventually made.- We have been informed that the new Italian stamps are for all the dominions of King Victor Emanuel in Italy, including Naples, of course.

THE HISTORY OF MY STAMP ALBUM. ‘Awaiting your reply with much im. CHAPTER VIII.

patience and anxiety,

Believe me, Sir, yours faithfully, THE LAST OUNCE.

‘JAMES DAVENPORT. Much the burden'd mind will bear, Gloomy grief, and carking care ;

"To William Sotherby, Esq.' Till the final stroke is given,

The note fell from my hands. Its cold, And the bands of reason riven.'

formal tone struck a death-blow to my It is needless to recount the numerous heart; for how could I explain all the past failures, the sickenings, the vexations, of without still further incurring Mr. Daventhat long summer's day; and the hopes port's displeasure, and drawing down upon which, like Will-o'-the-Wisps, lured me on, myself his just anger and indignation ? but only to fresh delay and disappointment; Would he not deeply resent any aspersions suffice it to say that not till wearied, dis upon his daughter's truth and honour ? heartened, and almost sinking with despair, Could I tell him, the fond and admiring did I find the object of my search, in an father, that I believed his only child capable obscure lodging at the furthest end of the of — ? No! I could not pronounce that town.

word in connexion with Emily even to myself. Mrs. Matson received me with the greatest Staggered, crushed, and bewildered by cordiality; but her countenance soon fell the new dread that had come upon me, I when she learnt the object of my visit, and sank helpless into a chair. I had never with tears and sobs she assured me anew dreamed of the matter being taken out of of her entire innocence. I set her mind my hands; I had felt free to reject or take speedily at rest on that score, and after Emily as my own arbitrary and sultanic much circumlocution I drew from her that a inclination prompted; and now my will and gentleman, his wife, and daughter had occu desires were not consulted ; Emily would be pied rooms in her house at the same time lost unless I complied with certain conthat I bad. Eagerly did I ask their names, ditions impossible for me to fulfil; and my but Mrs. Matson had forgotten: she thought heart sank with a cold, leaden weight of the young lady had been called ‘Miss Emily,' | despair. My life seemed suddenly overcast but she did not rightly remember. Here at with a thick, dark cloud of mystery and last was a clue. I remembered hearing sorrow, never to be dissipated for all the Emily say one day, that they had formerly long, dreary blank of years to come. But lived in some quiet lodgings in London, the effort must be made; with my own hand before the death of her paternal grandfather must I sign the sentence of banishment from had put Mr. Davenport in possession of his all I held dear in this world! My love for fine fortune; but inwardly anathematising Emily Davenport was not overwhelmed in old Mrs. Matson's defective memory, which the cruel storms of fear and doubt which failed to supply the missing link, I took the | had penetrated into its very stronghold, but first train for London, and on arriving at only loosened at brief intervals from its firm my rooms I found a letter awaiting me, in Mr. moorings of trust and allegiance. Davenport's writing. It ran as follows: My letter to Mr. Davenport was short and

constrained. I told him that the idea of 'Sir,-On visiting you at your apartments losing Emily for ever was distracting and this morning, I was informed that you had intolerable to me, but that unfortunately it not been ill, but had pursued your ordinary was beyond my power to explain what I avocations as usual. Your conduct has both readily understood had seemed so reprehensurprised and deeply grieved me; and unless sible and extraordinary in my conduct. I you have some convincing and satisfactory much regretted the breach that must take explanation to offer for your extraordinary place between us, but begged to say that and, allow me to add, ungentlemanly con | it was totally unavoidable; and thus this duct, I cannot certainly but object to your epistle--so ill-expressive of the grief and proposed union with my daughter.

remorse that were devouring me-concluded. CHAPTER IX.

has been weighing down my heart with its

load of remorse and guilt for the last two BEWILDERMENT.

years, unconfessed and unatoned for. I ("What is it?" "How comes it?" "What can it be?”. Short-sighted mortal! wait, and you'll see.

must, before I go hence, make reparation for Could we but know what the future may bring,

this deep wrong ; but, Sotherby, when you How many a mourner would cheerfully sing!'

know all, try to think leniently and kindly I HAVE no distinct recollection of the hours of one who was more sinned against than and weeks that ensued after this fatal day. sinning, and whom circumstances-not his I must have had brain fever; for when I own evil disposition-rendered bad and awoke to consciousness, some couple of depraved. months after, I was too feeble either to move Brought up by a stern, unjust father, and or speak. The flow of life in me was too deprived in my birth of the tender, loving weak and faint for any active sensation; I care of a mother, I grew early to be cunning, only felt alive to a vague craving after sly, and deceitful. My slightest faults and eternal rest and peace; but this was denied innocent boyish pranks were punished with me, for owing to my kind landlady's assi hard, indiscriminating cruelty, and thus in duous care and the strength of a good con my manhood I became reckless and unstitution, I gradually rallied, and after a long principled, and only dreaded sin and wrong and tedious interval before convalescence, I according to the amount of odium and retriwas able to sit up and feel the soft, sweet bution they would meet in the world. I had summer's breezes on my wasted cheeks. a sister some four or five years my senior.

Listlessly and languidly I glanced at the On her sweet, good disposition this evil numerous letters which had accumulated training had no effect. On her, all perduring my illness. Careless and indifferent, nicious influences fell harmless; but being I took up the first that came to my hand, naturally of a quick, passionate temper, and found the superscription to be in the bold, and self-willed, I needed a careful and handwriting of Edward Allan's sister. Feel judicious parent to guide and correct my ing my curiosity and interest awakened by early character. its black seal and deep-mourning border, I “I am dying, Sotherby, just when a life of tore it open. It contained two enclosures ; hope and comfort seemed opening for me; one, small and thin, addressed to myself, and I but I feel that it is only a just recompense another, large and thick, to “Miss Emily for days wickedly squandered in folly and Davenport !' Too much surprised and be- dissipation, and total disregard of any higher wildered for speech, I gazed some time at will than my own. I do not murmur; I these three astounding words. Surely I am content to go; all pain is gone; and I must be mad, or dreaming! Had the fever welcome my approach to the gates of death, left any lurking insanity in my brain ? I trusting in the mercy and pardon promised doubted the evidence of my senses, and to poor lost sinners. remained for some time in a state of the "With my latest breath I conjure you to profoundest astonishment and perplexity. | deliver the letter contained in this envelope I could not reason and reflect. Deep, niute with your own hands to the person to whom surprise held all my powers as it were in a it is addressed. You will then be as happy vice, and swallowed up every other feeling as you deserve: she whose name I cannot of my nature; but suddenly rousing myself mention will tell you all. to fathom this strange affair, I opened the My sister, the loving soother of my dying letter addressed to myself, and cominenced bed, has promised to transmit this to you its perusal.

when I am gone; and now I must wish you

an eternal farewell, as my strength is nearly * Dear Sotherby,- When you roceive this gone. my wretched life will be over, and my wild, Adieu for ever in this world, dearest sinful career ended in a quiet grave; but I friend.

EDWARD ALLAN.' could not die in peace with the crime which (To be concluded in the next number).

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