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Reviews of New Works, &c., on Postage Stamps
Catalogue of nearly Two Thousand
Postage Stamps' ... ... ... 93
International Postage-Stamp Review' 127
* Zschiesche and Köder's Price Catalogue
of Postage Stamps' ... ... 142
• Timbres-poste d'Amérique' ... ... 157
‘Principaux Timbres-poste d'Europe' 157
Stamps,' by Stafford Smith & Smith 157
* Album de Timbres-Poste, illustré des ar-
moiries des principaux Etats du Globe,
orné de cinq cartes Géographiques, et
classé par ordre alphabétique de chaque
partie du Monde,' par J. B. Moens 176
Guide-Manuel du Collectionneur de
Timbres-poste' ... ... 177
Rise and Progress of Postage Stamps ... 3
... ... ... 170
Lallier ... ... ... 14, 111 Stamps Newly Issued, or First Described 11, 24, 40
57, 74, 92, 108, 123, 140, 156, 172
... ... ... 95
Sydney (The) Stamps ... ... . 26
Tale (A) of a Postage Stamp 33, 49, 69, 85, 101, 117
133, 149, 165
Thurn and Taxis, Something about ... ... 6
To Our Subscribers
... 17, 165
ter on the ... ... ... ... 153
United-States Local Postage Stamps, Second
Chapter on the ... ... ... 170
vanity, proceeded from an unmistakeably
English face, on the neck and shoulders of a
true John Bull of a boy, one of a score or
Now we had heard of fair Saxons, but never
of yellow ones, and of the then celebrated
black Brunswickers of the Royal Academy,
... 14 but a blue one was a strain upon our
Having an objection to trust ourselves
under the horses' legs, or be jammed between
two carts, we had abundance of leisure to
(Registered for Transmission Abroad.
sell again at a profit. The timbromanie, or stamp mania, has long A similar scene is of daily occurrence in prevailed in Belgium, Germany, and France; the gardens of the Tuilleries at Paris, though originating, as we have been given to under Sunday afternoons attract the larger attenstand, in the former country; and though, as dance; but there the fair sex decidedly prewe have just intimated, by no means unknown dominates, and groups of amateurs may be here, it is within the last two or three years observed sitting with their albums on the only that it appears to have taken a firm root chairs under the trees, busily earnest in in the metropolis, extending its ramifications exchanging. The same, on a minor scale, to all parts of the United Kingdom. An might be witnessed in the gardens of the individual in Brighton boasts of being the Luxembourg, on Thursday evenings. first to introduce it generally into England, Marvellous to a degree is the ignorance of and was, we believe, the primary commercial the uninitiated respecting the various kinds speculator in what may be termed a new of postal stamps. We heard a gentleman, trade. Twelve months ago not a stamp who had travelled through the United States, could be purchased in London at any shop, confidently affirm there were no purely local whereas there are now a dozen or more stamps there,-the actual number being then regular dealers, and numbers of private indi something like a hundred. Again, inquiring viduals make a pretty tolerable profit out of of a Spaniard if he could procure us some the coloured rectangles launched into circu specimens of the old issues of his country lation, with no purpose of that kind, by Sir before 1854, he pertinaciously insisted there Rowland Hill.
had been no postage in Spain till after that The (now, alas!) surreptitious 'Change in period, and it was only by producing one of Birchin Lane and its alleys,—where from fifty our own collection dated 1850, that he could to a hundred individuals used to congregate be convinced of his erroneous idea. A in the evenings of last spring,—was an inter Spanish gentleman, of our acquaintance, esting epitome of its typical congener in the had never heard of the nineteen-cuartos neighbourhood. Buying, selling, and ex- | stamp of his own country ; and a Westchanging were then carried on with spirit | Indian merchant of Jamaica, through whose and pleasurable excitement; all ranks (we hands the stamps of that island must have have seen one of her Majesty's ministry | passed for years, had never observed the there) and all ages (ourselves were blandly difference between them and the English. told by X 149, that we were old enough to | Last year we applied at several minor know better) taking part in the traffic. We offices, and even at the general post in Paris, have occasionally seen ladies, album in hand, for the chiffre-taxe stamp-showing one as a on the scene; of whom one contrived to pattern-and were assured by one and all effect a highly-advantageous exchange of a that it could not be French. This will be less very so-so specimen for a rarity, with a | surprising on observing the general ignorance young friend of ours, who salvoed his green- | prevailing as respects our own higher-priced
envelopes. Before we ascertained whence to obtain them, we tried at several post-offices, -among others, at the principal districtoffice at the West End,—and were confidently informed they were not in use then, if they ever had been, which was doubtful. Not two months since we used a fourpenny one in part payment of a registered letter, at Lombard Street, which created quite a sensation among the officials there, who had never seen one before.
Something more excusable was the ignorance of a servant where we were residing, who, remarking our penchant for such items, good-naturedly volunteered the information that her aunt had received a letter from her brother in the West Indies, with a very extraordinary stamp on it. Thinking to draw a prize, we rushed into the city, mounted one of the endless staircases of a seven-storied warehouse ; penetrated the sanctum of the housekeeper, narrowly escaping a broken head from the low roof; and, after waiting till a miscellaneous store of treasures was ransacked for the coveted epistle, were duly rewarded for our enterprise by the sight of the wondrous stamp, which disclosed itself to our eager eyes in the shape of a common penny head stuck cornerwise !!
made simultaneous issues; the former libeling the really handsome countenance of King Leopold, which the too liberal use of cancelling ink tends further to uglify, and the latter imaging the frail but beautiful daughter of Eve, whose effigy realised the ideal goddess of liberty of the first revolution.
About the same time appeared the now rare local Madrid stamp, bearing the arms of that city impressed in bronze. The next year (1850) launched the general Spanish (of which more anon), the Thurn and Taxis, Baden, local Saxon, Wurtemburg, and Prussian. The first and last of these bore the heads of their respective sovereigns, but the German minor states contented themselves with the useful, if unornamental, design of a large figure, denoting the value of the stamp. These, however, with the exception of the Thurn and Taxis, which retain the chiffre, now carry the impress of their various armorial bearings.
It would be tedious to individualise the gradual but rapid enrolment of the other continental states, and, in fact, every part of the known world, under the system. The most recent adopter is Nicaragua; the stamps of Hong Kong, though made some time since, being not yet issued; and Turkey having but lately decided upon a postal emission.
Our own penny and twopenny, with slight variations, have existed three and twenty years, while Hanover, Brazil, and others have issued three; Oldenburg and Prussia, four; the colony of Victoria, six; and Spain no fewer than eight impressions, bearing the same value. The latter country, indeed, for four successive years varied her Catholic Majesty's profile annually, made use of the Spanish arms for a twelvemonth, then settled on the sovereign's face again; and, strange to say, the Queen of Spain looks much younger (on the stamp) at this present year than she did thirteen years ago. The first four years' issue comprehends the rarest and most recherché specimens extant, many being almost unattainable. These are far from attractive in appearance, but the emission of 1854 (armorial bearings) comprehends a series beautiful in colour and finely engraved. For richness of hue, how
RISE AND PROGRESS OF POSTAGE
STAMPS. Sir ROWLAND Hill deservedly claims credit for the introduction,—we may say, invention,-of the adhesive postal stamp; but we cannot congratulate the designer of our penny and twopenny stamps on the display of any taste. Compared with some since issued, they are simply hideous. Those of other denominations are a shade more tasty, but poor in colour; and our envelopes are handsome, though not comparable with the Baden and some others. The newly-issued Antigua is extremely like the first English, but immeasurably superior, being well designed and exquisitely engraved.
Zurich appears to have been the first adopter of the new system, as some of its stamps bear the date of 1843. Half-a-dozen years later Belgium and the French Republic
ever, and exquisite design, the stamps of New Yorks in gold. A different hue is Greece stand pre-eminent, unless Nova generally employed to distinguish each value, Scotia be allowed to dispute the palm. except for the now obsolete Neapolitans,
The most prominent postal pattern is the which were all of the selfsame colour and reigning sovereign's head; witness our own bore a similar device, but within diversely domestic and colonial stamps, and some of formed scrolls; and the Newfoundlands, six the continental states. Next in favour follow of whose stamps were of the same pattern the arms of the country, as in the modern and closely approximating hue, till the last Prussian, Danish, Swedish, Russian, and emission, when a darker shade was employed others. An emblematical device signalises to distinguish the values most closely allied. some states, as the figure of Hope, for the The Peruvian Steam Navigation Company's Cape Colony; a swan for Western Australia, 1 (of which we give an where the rara avis of the Latin poet first engraving), Liberian, and offered itself to modern eyes; Britannia, for very rare old Brazilian Trinidad, Barbadoes, &c.; and a ship for stamps, are among the British Guiana. Under the same category largest; and Brunswick fall the elegantly-designed stamps of Nevis and Mecklenburg-Schweand Liberia, and the very quaint impressions rin issue the smallest of Monte Video and the Argentine Confedera stamps. Those of the mysterions town of tion.
Bergedorf are note-worthy, as varying the More than forty changes have been rung dimensions in accordance with the values of on Queen Victoria's portrait, represented its stamps. in so many ways, and in about a dozen Some of the Natals are truly singular, shades of colour. After the queer shilling being simply rectangles of thin coloured Victoria and the South Australian, our paper, impressed with a hand stamp. British penny would get the prize for Postal stamps most usually have their
ugliness; for the old penny value more or less conspicuously marked,
sives claim pre-eminence in not quite two-fifths of a farthing; and beauty.
the highest (16s. 8d.) by the four-dollar Except the Swiss, whose different cantons Californian Pony Express. Y EXPRESS formerly issued divers patterns, the colonies These are also of lower UPON RESS of Canada and New Brunswick exhibit the denominations, and below greatest diversity of design, each imaging six them rank the five-shilling devices, including the effigy of one of the New South Wales, the onepostmasters, whose harmless vanity cost him scudo Roman, the ninety his appointment.
cents of Hong Kong and the Impressions are usually in black on United States, and the three coloured or in colour on white paper, with lire of Tuscany and Sardinia ; but the more the exception of two of the Mexicans, which usual values range from the equivalent of show colour on colour ; but the Russian and an English penny to a shilling. some of the disused Swiss, and one or The rarest stamps in actual use are those two others, sport two colours on the of Nicaragua, the Philippines, and the Sandsame stamp. The local Spanish stamp, wich Isles; yet these are, of course, comparaalluded to previously, and one of the tively attainable, and will become commoner Sardinian, are printed in bronze; one of the as the demand increases. But the long-disWestern Australians and a few of the local used emissions of Reunion and New Cale