of the sale of these postage stamps is destined to ransom an unfortunate slave, who thus by favour of stamps and stamp collectors will enjoy the blessings of liberty.

The article closes with the mot we have used as a heading to this, 'A Hint to Negro EMANCIPATORS.'

'Every man engaged in business, or who is suspected of holding foreign correspondence, no matter where, cannot show himself without being pestered for postage stamps.

'Not only children of a small, but those of a larger growth, devote themselves now-adays, with a perfect furore, to the collection of those little squares appended to letters in payment of their postage.

These squares, representing sovereigns' heads, Phrygian caps, animals, and numbers of other emblems, are destined to figure away in an album, where they form a pretty strange piece of mosaic work.

“The pupils of our schools do not confine themselves, in our town, to begging for stamps from their parents or friends, but these young and zealous collectors repair to the streets leading to the post offices, and petition the merchants, whose well-known habit it is in our city, to open and read their correspondence in the streets.

This mania for collecting postage stamps has arrived at such a pitch that the result is a considerable traffic, which, if we are to believe a Parisian journal, has aroused the attention of the post-office authorities.

• It has been found out, for instance, that French stamps already used are sent in shoals to Germany, and especially to England; and the question has been asked if it were really the case that stamp collectors absorbed these valueless stamps in such large numbers, and if some illicit traffic were not hid under this timbromanie; if, in short, these same ink-spotted and cancelled stamps were not the objects of a guilty speculation, and if, after a good washing, they were not a second time put into circulation.

'It is said that an inquiry has been instituted by the postmaster-general, to make a strict examination of this question, and take measures to prevent the fraud which might result from the reiterated employment of the same stamps.

We are assured that an amateur of collections of this sort, hurt by this suspicion, has given the most satisfactory explanation respecting the postage stamps sent to England. According to him, the aim of collectors would not only be irreproachable, but laudable and even admirable,--for the produce

THE POSTAGE RATES. It is rather interesting to notice how the rarity of different foreign and colonial stamps depends on the proportion their values bear to the postage from their various countries to England. Of course, the kinds we consider most valuable are those which only circulate locally. But of the general stamps of a country, it is natural that by far the most common should be those which exactly cover the charge for letters and papers to this country. A capital example of this is Bremen. T'he green 5 grote of that city was prepared, it seems, expressly for the English postage, and consequently we hardly ever see any other values here.

On the other hand, the Prussian postage of 5 silber groschen is not exactly defrayed by any one stamp now current there, and so we have the 1, 2, and 3 silber groschen in about equal numbers.

The rate to and from the West Indies and the South African colonies has just been raised to one shilling, and we shall doubtless find the shilling stamps of the Cape, Jamaica, and Barbadoes becoming more common, while the sixpenny ones grow comparatively rare. Also, if the original price be not reverted to, we may look for the appearance of stamps of a new value from Antigua, Natal, Grenada, &c. The 10-cent Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia are almost solely used for letters from those colonies to the United States, and are all rather difficult to obtain here. So we see that the enterprising collector should keep his eye on all postal arrangements.

T. H. F.

CONUNDRUM. Why is the Penny English stamp like a newspaper ?

Because it was first black printed on white, and then red (read).

ORIGIN OF POST-PAID ENVELOPES. A PREVIOUS number of this magazine contained the French proclamation of August, 1653, relating to the establishment of a post. Mr. Henry Whymper having since furnished us with additional information on the subject, we here present it to our readers.

In a pamphlet by M. Piron, Sous-Directeur des Postes, published in Paris in 1838, and entitled, Du service des Postes, et de la Taxeation des Lettres au moyen d'un Timbre, I find that the idea of a post-paid envelope originated, early in the reign of Louis XIV., with M. de Velayer, who, in 1653, established (with Royal approbation) a private penny post, placing boxes at the corners of the streets for the reception of letters wrapped up in envelopes, which were to be bought at offices established for that purpose. M. de Velayer had also caused to be printed certain forms of billets or notes, applicable to the ordinary business among the inhabitants

of great towns, with blanks, which were to be filled up by the pen with such special matter as might complete the writer's object. One of these billets has been preserved to our times by a pleasant misapplication of it. Pélisson, Mde. de Sevigné's friend, and the object of the bon mot, that “he abused the privilege which men have of being ugly," was amused at this kind of skeleton correspondence, and, under the affected name of Pisandre (according to the pedantic fashion of the day), he filled up and addressed one of these forms to the celebrated Mademoiselle de Scuderi, in her pseudonyme of Sappho. This strange billet-doux has happened, from the celebrity of the parties, to be preserved, and it is still extant, one of the oldest, we presume, of penny-post letters, and a curious example of a prepaying envelope. I enclose a copy of this note : the words in printed characters are as the billet stood before being filled in, and the writing is M. Pélisson's own addition.

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STAMPS NEWLY ISSUED, OR FIRST We may take this opportunity of reDESCRIBED.

plying to the letter of Nemo, that ap

peared in the last number, objecting to On the 30th of April was issued a new

our placing the diligencia stamps among stamp for Bremen, of which, as we append an those of the Argentine Confederation, in engraving, no description is necessary, ex preference to Monte Video. We had, we cept to note the colour,-orange on white.

submit, convincing reasons for so doing. In Although professedly in the first place, as we believe nothing is tended for local purposes, known for certain as to the date of issue of it may be used for English the stamps in question, and as Monte Video is, postage, as we had eight or was, simply one of the seven provinces of of them on one letter.

the Argentine Confederation, they were just Scheerenbeck, of Ham- |

as likely to be used generally, as for Monte burg, has again favoured

Video exclusively. Again, they are not the collectors with two new same shape as the stamps of the latter place,

series of local stamps; and which are all horizontally, but like those of we shrewdly suspect he will find it his the former, vertically oblong. Moreover, interest to make many a change, as long as

and this we imagine a convincing argument stamp collecting holds its ground. Collectors in our favour, the stamps of Monte Video are beginning to hesitate about accepting

have the values marked in centesimos, whereas these numerous varieties, and certainly H.

the diligencias, as well as those both of the Scheerenbeck's specimens at this rate will Argentine Confederation and Republic bear soon want an album all to themselves. As value in centavos. we have said, there are two distinct issues As specimens of the issues of the Confedeblack, on coloured paper, very poorly exe rate States of America, we give the accomcuted. One series consists of ten stamps panying engravings. We would at the same with the figure 1, and ten more with ž in an

time caution stamp collectors against puroval, with circumscribed inscription, H. chasing imitations of these stamps, offered Scheerenbeck, beneath. Colours of each

for sale by certain unprincipled dealers as series--buff, yellow, rose, brown, light blue, genuine specimens, but which are in reality indigo, pale pink, green, lavender, and violet. manufactured in New York expressly for the The remaining series of Boten bear the

European market. figure of a commissionaire in the centre of an inscribed oval; Hamburg, over; W. Krantz,

XMOBILE X below; and value in cipher on each side. There are two sets, each containing five of the ] and the same number of the 1. One set, yellow, red, and violet, brown, blue, and green, on white; and the other, black, on

XPOST OFFICE yellow, light and dark brown, neutral, and pink, for the 1; and orange, grey, blue, and light and dark green, for the į schilling. The Prussian authorities have issued three The anticipated 60 of

new stamps, which we understand are strictly the new issue of Switzer- PETO. KOTT.27

local for Berlin. They are coarsely executed, land proves to be printed SSL

square, coloured impression on white. On in bronzed gold, not yel

the top, Stadt; on the bottom, Express ; the low. The 24 öre of Swe

value on the sides, and also in large figures den, formerly yellow, is

in the centre. Carmine, ; lilac, l; and now orange. The colours

green, 2. of the two Finland adhe- 7210.KOP.257 We think of noticing a few hitherto unsives are altered to a w


described curious English essays in next shade considerably lighter than before. month's number.

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we have had so often the trouble to answer, -restored to its normal colour ; and we

hasten to avow our error in supposing the Catalogue of British, Colonial, and Foreign Postage Stamps. By Mount Brown.

non-existence of a 100-c Monte Video, brown,

specimens of which we have since seen and Fourth edition. London: F. Passmore.

now possess. This revised, corrected, and augmented We would recommend Mr. Brown to edition of our 'standard catalogue’ is again expunge the 2d. and 8d. Newfoundland, lake, an improvement on the previous improved

which never existed, and the 3 neu-groschen impressions.

Saxony, white, which we are sorry to say a Although the paper is of a quality vastly communication from Leipzig, received the superior to that used before, and the employ very day of penning this, announces, on the ment of a greater variety of type, which is best authority, to be merely a naturally or of material service to the eye when search artificially-faded yellow specimen. ing out a reference, has materially increased With this infinitesimal amount of carping, the expense of printing, the liberal compiler we take leave of Mr. Brown's manual for still maintains the moderate price of one | the present,—jusqu' au revoir. shilling ; and, considering the vast amount of information on the subject treated, and Magazin für Briefmarken-Sammler. Leipzig: the very superior style in which it is got up, C. Č. Zschiesche und C. E. Köder. we believe it may be pronounced the best The first two numbers of this new magazine and cheapest of the numerous tribe of for stamp collectors are now before us. It mauuals.

is a well-printed feuilleton of eight pages, on Many additions have been made to the

very good paper, containing descriptions of stamps enumerated in the former editions, new stamps, sundry postal information, enalthough we imagine, in a numerical point gravings, advertisements, &c.; and is a proof of view, fewer individuals are catalogued, in of the non-decadence of timbromanie on the consequence of the unceremonious dismissal

continent. The publisher has honoured Mr. of the Würtemberg timbres d'instruction, so Whymper by transferring his engravings of long considered as rare old issues; the impu the Hong Kong and Turkish stamps; and dent and unprincipled Lafrenz cheats ; and ourselves by an almost literal rendering of a the still-mysterious Austrian complemen large portion of our article on Bergedorf taries. A number of English essays, the into German. oldest Moldaviaps, the beautiful Costa Rica stamps, those of Nicaragua, the Ottoman Catalogue of nearly Two Thousand varieties of Empire, and no end of American locals, are British, Colonial, and Foreign Postage the principal additions to the stock.

Stamps. By a COLLECTOR. Plenty of novelties are already waiting for This is simply a verbatim et literatim tranappearance (we hope before Christmas) in script of the third edition of Mount Brown's the fifth edition, as the new 2 grote of manual, on inferior paper, not so clearly Bremen (of which we engrave a specimen), printed, and threepence dearer. We chariand the beautiful essays for Italy, to which tably hope the compiler could not have been

we alluded in the last conscious of the serious nature of his piranumber (see engraving). tical appropriation of another party's brainThese appeared in the in- work; but little or no mischief will accrue terval between sending to Mr. Brown, as it has been arranged that the sheets to press, and all existing copies of the work are to be surtheir printing off ; and, rendered to him for destruction. The prinof course, were not in ter of this publication is not perhaps aware time to be included. that he has rendered himself liable to a

We are glad to see the heavy penalty for not appending his name,10-c Parma, flesh, -vain inquiries after which a token that he, at least, is ashamed of his





the benefit of those who do not possess the fourth.-ED.]


share in the nefarious transaction. Mr. The sixpenny slate-colour is added, in the Brown has also taken precautions to prevent fourth edition, to those of the large series the introduction of Kline's American piracy | (circle within hexagon), and the eightpenny of his catalogue into this country, and is yellow (circle within octagon). prepared with stringent measures to resist any infringement on his rights for the

New Zealand. future.

We have never ourselves met with a sixpenny on blue paper, and shall be glad of au

thentic, or, better still, ocular information on ADDENDA TO MOUNT BROWN'S CATALOGUE OF POSTAGE STAMPS,

that point. In Mr. Brown's third edition he

notes a sixpenny red, of 1860; in the fourth COMPRISING NOTES, ADDITIONS, AND EMENDATIONS, he calls it brown. We have both in our BY C. W. VINER, A.M., PH.D.

album, as well as the chocolate of 1862.

The threepenny came out this year, both (We propose continuing this Appendix to Mr. Brown's early editions, for

violet and brown. New South Wales.

Nicaragua For an extended notice of what are usually

The 2 centavos, blue, appears in the fourth termed The Sydney stamps,' we refer to

edition, and we understand this value was Dr. Gray's paper in the March number of

first issued black, previously to its superthis magazine. The id., crimson, and 1d., vermilion, are first noticed in Mr. Brown's

sedure by the blue. fourth edition.

The other issues of New South Wales comprehend many varieties recognised by

The expected issue of envelopes by this some collectors, but not noted by Mr. Brown. country appears to be merely a canard. We simply mention them, leaving amateurs to use their own judgment as to including

Nova Scotia. them in their albums.

The 1d., 5 c., and 10 c., black, and 121 c., The wreath series bas the threepenny in

red, essays of this colony, are added in the two distinct shades of green on blue paper;

last edition; and we refer our readers to a but not on white, as far as we know. We

detailed description of another choice essay have a red and a brown penny, as well as

in our own album, to be found in last month's the orange, on white paper. There are

magazine. three unmistakeable, but scarcely describeable, impressions of the twopenny, besides

Oldenburg. the one on blue paper. One is on white and

We have been shown several times a a second on tinted paper; this latter is, moreover, of a different shade of blue, and

yellow silb. groschen of the first issue, but easily recognised on inspection. The third

cannot vouch for its not having been docis lavender on white.

tored. The į groschen of 1860 is not yellow, The issue with South on the top, has an

but a decided orange, and the į is not of the orange in addition to the red and dark brown

colour usually known as marone, but of a

rich brown, like the penny stamps. Of this series there are

groschen envelope. some curious-looking specimens, perhaps

(To be continued.) essays, which have a blank in place of both postage and value. We have them in red, blue, and green, answering to the 1d., 2d., CANADIAN POSTAL STATISTICS. and 3d.; as well as in mauve and orange, apparently for 6d. and 8d. ; which values DURING last year 32 new post offices were never appeared in this device.

established and 9 offices closed. The number

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