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which places these wonderfully rare speci

WILLIAM MULREADY, R.A. mens would most probably be found, collectors need not now despair of procuring them It may interest some of our stamp-collecting genuine. In the interim,

friends to read the following observations of a they must be content with


writer in a late number of the Athenæum, on exhibiting the copies, as

the character and talents of W. Mulready, specimens of the multifa

Esq., R.A., the designer of the envelopes now rious changes in the Spanish

known by his name, and which—owing to stamps. An engraving is

the short time they were in use (viz. six given of one of the 1851


months)—are now so rare. issue.

One of the oldest and best-known artists The 1 real of 1854 is not black, but plum

of this age has gone from amongst us. Last coloured on white. The 4 cuartos of 1855

Tuesday will be remembered for a long time is brownish lake as well as carmine. The 4

as the day of the death of William Mulready, cuartos of 1856 is rather dull scarlet than

a painter, during whose long life many lake. The 4 cuartos of 1857 is found in changes have occurred, and much general, two distinct colours-rose on white, and

and therefore sound, advance in English Art dull scarlet on tinted paper. The 1 real of has taken place. To this advance no indi. this issue is light blue and dark blue; and

vidual, either amongst the now living or the the 2 reales is reddish and bluish lilac, as

dead, contributed so successfully, so earnestly, well as chocolate. The 12 cuartos of 1860 thoughtfully, and unselfishly as Mulready. was on yellowish-tinted and on white paper. Several generations of students have received The 12 cuartos and 2 reales of tbe present the kindly counsel and genial, but not thereseries are sometimes on pink-tinted paper. fore thoughtless, encouragement which MulOFFICIAL LABELS.

ready was willing to yive to the poor, the

rich, the swift of thought, the tardy in conThe onza is now straw-coloured.

ception, the laborious, or the superficial. To CUBA, HAYTI, AND PORTO RICO.

the very last, so late as the evening before In the present number we have alluded to

his death, this faithful student--a student,

born in 1786 (the year before Lawrence came the black and red essays of Cuba, the former of which are mentioned in Mount Brown's

to London), who came to London about fourth edition. We have seen some older

seventy years ago—drew in the Life School

of the Academy together with some youths issues of Cuba in continental collections, but

whose grandfathers were his contemporaries. cannot describe with sufficient accuracy from memory. We shall see them again shortly,

Mulready was fifteen when admitted a stu

dent of the Academy. He came from Ennis, and will not fail to take notes for the benefit of our readers.

being born while his country was in the

fervent simmer of insurrection, and the PHILIPPINE ISLANDS.

armed bodies of " volunteers " disturbed the The 1 r. Fte. of 1854 and 255 is black, not | English Government. brown. We have the 2 r. green of the same Banks, the sculptor, of whom the deceased issue, and have elsewhere noticed the 5 always spoke not only gratefully, but in high cuartos red.

appreciation of his artistic powers, was of the later issue there are two quite dis | Mulready's first instructor, having allowed tinct varieties of the 5 cuartos. The one is him to work in his studio gratuitously, and almost identical in design with the 10 c. rose having given him all the professional counsel --the head being nearer the top than the bot- that was needed. Neither master nor pupil tom of the circle in which it lies; the other thought this was much, for Mulready was has the same inscription, but the letters and always of opinion, and no one could be said figures are smaller; and the head is a fac- to have had greater experience in teaching simile of that on the Cuba stamps, and those art, that to keep a pupil out of error was all of the 1855, 6, and 7 issues of Spain.

a good master could serviceably do. The system adopted by the painter was no small and painting from nature in the neighbourportion of his life, and deserves to be stated


hood of his life-long residence at Bayswater, here, because it was put in practice in his

which was then a rural village, and supplying boybood and only relinquished when all had

in the famous “Kensington Gravel Pits" to be relinquished. Mulready's practice was

the school of more than one great landscapea singularly fortunate example of singleness

painter. of aim steadfastly pursued. He married It is hardly necessary to sum up the young, and not happily ; devoting himself

technical merits of Mulready's pictures. He fully to study, he underwent labour in art

was a humorist, without a shade of malice; such as would daunt most men, while few,

his laugh had nothing sardonic. As thorough unless gifted with his perfect constitution,

a lover of domestic life as Wilkie, he added would even attempt it. Deriving his know

to that feeling in colour, tone, and drawing, ledge of art from practice in its strictest

an art-power which was a thousand years in sense, he-in youth from poverty, and, when

advance of the Scotch artist. In expression, in better circumstances, holding that Nature,

no genre painter surpassed Mulready: noas she came before himself, was the best

thing could be more genial and characteristic instructress-never visited the great centres

than his works. He added love for homely of European art.

beauty to these excellencies, as in “The ‘Mulready always drew with the greatest Wedding Gown,” which is inestimable. In completeness in execution ; in the treatment

some respects one might call him, so highly of minor things nothing could exceed his should the last-named quality be prized the attention to detail. Innumerable studies

Raphael of genre painters. Personally, no attest this practice, and his felicity bore

man was more esteemed-indeed, reverenced witness toitssuccess. Hewould reproduce with

-by the young artists who had grown up extraordinary facility the details of foliage, about him, none more affectionately regarded not only from one but several points of view, | by his brother painters. His manliness, and prepare exquisite memoranda of the bark | simplicity, and kindly heart, drew people's

regard without consideration of professional an anatomist, his aim being thoroughly to

honours. Always strong in body, Mulready understand the things that came in his way. | was, while age permitted, devoted to manly Great boughs of trees he drew with the

sports : a boxer, a great walker, swimmer, utmost minuteness and noble breadth, such

and cricketer. Altogether he was a brave as is rarely attained by artists even of the

man. Peace be with him!' greatest schools. Thus, he would render the subtleties of every curve, or foreshortening of each leaf, in a way that was delightful to

AN AMERICAN TRICK. study. He made similar studies of the colour UIGHLY IMPORTANT.- WE WILL SEND, on receipt of of details, and carried these principles into

11 25 cents, a beantiful Steel Engraving of Gen. Jackson,

the Hero of New Orleans. Address, c. B. & Co., Elizabeth every department of art.

port, N. J. The result of this system was that the The above advertisement recently appeared painter's various pictures represent grades of in the New York Herald, under the head of advancement secured step by step in execu- ' • Fine Arts.' It is a most plausible and tion. Like most young men, he began with innocent-looking announcement, and one grand subjects, and produced “ Ulysses and which few would suspect as intended to Polyphemus," "The Disobedient Prophet,” | effect the extraction of postage currency &c. Even in these works sound and solid | from the pockets of the unwary. Yet we workmanship bore testimony to the value of | regret to state that such is the case. The his system and the skill of the artist. Not | hallowed memory of Old Hickory has been satisfied with the ability thus displayed, he desecrated by a Jeremy Diddler; and the continued his studies in a still more rigid affectionate veneration in which he is held manner, copying the most powerful of the by a grateful people has been taken advanDutch painters' works, Jan Steen, and others, | tage of by an impecunious vagabond to fraudulently replenish his collapsed porte-monnaie. But let us not do injustice, even to the un

REVIEWS OF POSTAL PUBLICATIONS. worthy. The patrons of ‘C. B. & Co. diel | International Postage-Stamp Review. Loneach receive a beautiful steel engraving'

don : Wilks. not of the largest size, it is true, but still an OPENS well, with abundance of promises excellent work of art, and a capital likeness which the postage stamp collecting coterie of the “Hero of New Orleans. So far, all will thankfully welcome, if fulfilled. There was 'on the square'--the only irregularity is a furious and merited diatribe against the which a strict moralist could detect in the

vendors of fictitious specimens; but we transaction being the fact that the 'engra doubt the propriety of appending the epithet ving' consisted of a specimen of the new of Sacknowledged respectability to the two-cent stamp which was issued on the 1st names of such. of July! Unfortunately for 'C. B. & Co.,' The new Saxons and Austrians, but not they are likely to find to their cost that the the Lubecks, are described ; and we think sale of postage stamps in the States for a

the 2-gr Bremen scarcely comes under the greater amount than the value expressed on denomination of new at four months' expiry. their face, is one of the fine arts' the prac The Austrian complementaries are alluded tice of which is attended with disagreeable to; and we are glad to avail ourselves of this consequences, being forbidden, under heavy opportunity of clearing up the mystery that penalties, by Act of Congress.

has so long hovered round them. Their filling up the four otherwise vacant spaces

in each sheet of Austrian and Venetian MOURNING STAMPS.

stamps has been long known, but their emA Few days since, a female entered the post ployment or not for postal purposes has office in Pekin, Illinois, for the purpose of been hitherto hidden as the sources of the mailing a letter to a friend who is in the Nile. They were not intended for use, but army. Calling for an envelope, and while the post-office clerks frequently found them depositing the document therein, she gravely conveniently at hand to affix to returned or informed the postmaster that it contained insufficiently-paid letters ; their being adhevery bad news,--no less than the decease of sive saving the trouble of sticking on plain a beloved nephew. As she dilated upon the pieces of paper. They were thus utilised, melancholy theme, her feelings became very not for the sake of their faces, but their much excited, and the epistle being duly backs; and for this reason many of them sealed and superscribed, she in sorrowing have by chance borne the postage mark. tones inquired, “If the gentleman would be We had this information but a day or two kind enough to place a black postage stamp since from the possessor of the finest collecupon it, that her friend might know there was tion of postage stamps we have yet seen, a death in the letter before she opened it?' and who kindly presented us with seven

Notwithstanding the mournful tone in specimens that have never appeared in any which the question was propounded, the catalogue. Government official could not restrain his We are quite of the editor's opinion, that risibilities, and was compelled to answer the collection of postage stamps is by no that 'Uncle Sam had not yet furnished his means on the decrease, but quite the condeputies with any postage stamps especially trary. It may have subsided a little in adapted to mourning purposes.'. This an- | London, but has ramified into the country nouncement seemed very much to surprise towns of England, and, as has been rethe good woman, who was also equally marked elsewhere, to distant parts of the shocked at the want of feeling displayed by world. the government in not furnishing its children If one of the contributors had read our with such an outward sign of inward woe; magazine regularly, he would have seen it for, to use her own expression, 'It would be long since pronounced on authority, that the so convenient.'-- United States Muil.

hero of the anecdote related by Miss Mar

tineau was not Rowland Hill, but Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

The editor, professing to give a complete catalogue of postage stamps, should not have omitted mention in his very first quotation-Belgium--of the rare but undoubtedly genuine yellow essay, 10 cents, of that country. We wish every success to the publication, and take leave with one more objection—that the last word of the eleventh line of the fourth page is not according to Murray.

changed in colour; but on a closer examination it is clearly seen, that in this individual we hare a specimen whose existence has been doubtless hitherto generally unknown. The stamp being post-marked (with the word Bremen in an oblong), I presume we shall be justified in cataloguing it as a newly-acquired specimen

I am, Sir, yours obediently, London.


Sir,- On looking attentively at the old Baden and Wurtenburg stamps (with figure), I observe some peculiarities hitherto unnoticed in them, viz., the indication of the date-6th of April, 1850. This applies to the 1 kr. white, 3 kr, green, 6 kr. yellow, 9 kr. pink, of the 80-called issue of 1855; the 3 kr. blue-which by some is called an issue of 1859!; the I kr. buff, 3 kr. jellow, and 6 kr. green, 1851 ; where is all of the Baden and Wurtemburg stamps (and I suppose the I kr. black of Bavaria) with large figure in the middle were issued on the same day, 6th of April, 1850. This will be found on the right-hand side of the stamp. I mean by this to throw a doubt on the reality of the various shades of the 3 kr., &c., especially as green can be so easily changed to blue by acids, and also white to buff.

I beg to tell you also that the French 10 c. à percevoir is now no longer used, and is already rare in France; unused specimens being sold in Boulogne for as much as 75 c. (710.) for each impression.

If these facts would be useful to your valuable maga. zinc, they are quite at your service. Believe me, Sir, yours obediently,

J. M. STOURTON. Boulogne-sur-Mer.


Sir,-Can any of your numerous correspondents help me to any particulars relating to an English essay that appears to have hitherto escaped all notice? It is simi. lar in all respects to the black penny Victoria Stamp of 1840; letters F. J. in the lower corners only ; but in place of the Queen's head, it is that of Prince Albert to ihe left. I have six of them, in two rows of three each, found among some old letters, evidently torn from a sheet, and apparently engraved by the same hands which had produced those established for general use. Was there any project of using the Prince Consort's head on the stanips instead of the Queen's-a proposition overruled by more retlective heads? London.


To the Editor of the “StayP COLLECTOR's MAGAZINE.'

Sir,-- Will you allow me to give my testimony in regard to the Colombo stamps ? I received letters from New Zealand by that unfortunate ship, all the outside stamps of which had been washed off, but one of them happened to have some colonial stamps enclosed. All the penny vermilion New Zealands were changed to dark brown, and the twopenny blue to blue-black. I have preserved two in my collection as curiosities. I may also mention that the last mail brought me what I think must be a new issue of the twopenny New Zealand. It is on very thin paper, without watermark, of the new blue colour, but very pale.

Believe me, Sir, yours faithfully, Brighton.


R. HARVEY.- The stamp you refer to is the new 2-cent United States stamp. There is also an envelope stamp of the same denomination just issued. A description of each will be found in the present number, under our usual notice of the newly-issued stamps.

• MULREADY.'-- An unobliterated copy of the black penny Mulready envelope is seldom to be met with. You inay procure a used specimen of almost any dealer, at prices varying from one shilling to half a crown.

NELLY.--In the May number of this Magazine will be found an ably-written article by Dr. Gray, of the British Museum, which gives a full description of the English Essay stamps referred to in your letter.

KARL VAXCAUWENBURG, Amsterdam.-The reason of your not receiving the foreign postage stamp away with each number of the Stamp Collector's Magazine, will be found in our Notice on the last page of the present number.

Doxald Mc Neil, Aberdeen.-There is such a stamp as the half-anna red India. One was sold but a few days since for as much as a guinea. The specimen alluded to had passed the post, and there is not the slightest doubt of its being a bona fide stamp.

EDWARD HAMILTON.--The article you refer to appeared iu Once a IVeek, No. 215. It is entitled “Tinbromanie,' and consists for the most part of extracts from the Stamp Collector's Magazine.

ATHENS. The stamps of the Ionian Islands will, we expect, be shortly superseded by those of Greece.

ILENRI BERANGE, Bordeaux.--The English envelope stamps of the higher values cannot be procured at the post-offices, but must be ordered expressly from the office of Inland Rovenue, Somerset House, London.


To the Editor of the Stamp COLLECTOR'S MAGAZINE.'

Sir,-Knowing that you are desirous, through the columns of your invaluable magazine, to furnish collectors with every particular concerning stamps, both obsolete and in present use, I take the liberty of sending a description of a specimen which I saw some few days back in an extensive collection, and which I believe has not yet been described in any postal publication. The stamp to which I allude emanated from Bremen, and in design is similar to the 5 s. gr. of that town, but its value is 1 8. gr., aud it is printed in blue on white paper. A hasty glance at this stamp would doubtless to many (as it did to myself) suggest the idea that it is one of the chemical faniily,' being the 5 s. gr. just alluded to

* ADVERTISEMENTS for insertiou in the STAMP Coli cron's

MAGAZINE, should reach the Office, 13 George Street, Bath, hot later than the Toth of the month.

I OOK BEFORE YOU PURCIIASE.- C. K. JONES, 1 59, Birlow Stret, Ardwick, Manchnster, s ndx all kin:ls of Postage Stamps on insction on receipt of stuinpad envelope. C. R. J. also wants Avents and Correspondenti in all parts of England, Ireland, and Seotland, and in France, Switz'rland, Bulgium, Germany, Humburg, also in all the schools therein. Commission allowed, 15 per cent. off the lowes tra le price. Apply at once to the above. P.S.-Stamps and Col. lections bought to any amount.




SHILLING. -Just published, cart. de visite size, beau.ifully ex cut d, 1030 Microscop'e Portraits of Eminent Personages. Pric 1'; post frer, 1/1. Address, STAFFORD SMITH & SMITH, 13, George Street, Bath



Court, Milton Street, London, E.C. Foreign Postage Stamps Bought, Sold, or Exchanged. The largest strek of Foreign Posta Stamps, and the cheapest Dealers in the trade. Their Price List for Xop.ember now ready, describing furm, colour, value, data of issue, &c., of 1000 varieties. This is thebeap st and mos comprehensive yet published. Sent, post free, on reipt of a stamp d envelope. Correspondence in English, French, or (ierinan languages.


PENCE.-- Just published, carte de visit siz, beau ifully exeeut , Mier scopie Photour ophıs of upstards of roo Eminent Personiigs. Prie 6d. : post free, 7.1. Aldress, STAFFORD SAUTII & SMITH, 13, George Stret, Bath.

INOR SALE.-A Splendid Collection of 316 Stamps to

T b: sold for £4. List sint on r ceipt of a stund envelope. Address, C. W., Pust Onice, Hayle, Cornwall."

F. HOLDING, London.--The Canada 10 cents brown bust of Prince Albert to right) will be found catalogued in Mount Brown's fourth edition.- We believe it was originally intended to issue the 60 c, and I f, Helvetia tellow and carmine. Their change to brown was subsequently determined upon.-If the head of the lion on Your I quattr black and I soldi yellow Tuscany is more like the head of a mian than that of a lion,' we should certainly pronounce them to be forgeries.

E. J. S.-The stamp of the ArgenOnurunun

tine Confederation you forward us NFE ARGENTINA

for inspection is a badly-executed forgery. The genuine stamp, as will be seen by the annexed engraring, has the cap of Liberty, which is omitted in your specimen. Also

the inscription on the genuine stamp PS.CENTANG

is Confcon Argentina, not Confeon Argentine. We advise you to pro

cure a copy of Messrs. Lewes and l'emberton's pamphlet, which will greatly aid you in detecting forged stamps.

k. S., Oxford._ The difference of colour in the expected and actual new stamps of Helvetia has been remarked elsewhere. --The tenpenny Engli h was disused before perforations were adopted; it is consequently never found perforated, nor has it been used for enres lopes. The sixpenny and fourpenny are now printed side by side, after the United States fashion, to form a tenpeune envelope _The U.S. P. O 1 cent. black on rose, with the letters L. P. on each side of the value below, is wanting in Mr. Brown's Catalogue.-- We believe the 2-anna Indiau stamps were returned.--The American local stamps are the emanations of private speculators in New York and elsewhere, and supply the want of district post-offices.

ALPHA, Leeds: -The later general issue of the United States stamps may be readily known from the former, by noticing the leiters U. S. in each of the lower angles.

J. N. NUTTER, Montreal, Canada.--The 1 cent and threepenny Canada are chenically changed in colour; but the Canada newspaper wrapper we have never seen before, consequently can give no information respecting it. It is very badly executed, and we should scarcely think it was a bona fide postage stamp.

JOHN WILKIE -No special stamps have been issued for Gibraltar. The English postage stamps do service there.

E. N. Davis, Liverpool.- We beliere the error in the green 1 cents Boyd's City Express you send for inspection to be a blunder of the engraver.

R.S.-If this correspondent's eyes are not sufficiently acute to distinguish the excessively minute figures on all the blue English stamps of the present issue, he will readily detect them with a magnifier, which will be lound generally convenient for apprehending slight peculiarities in different varieties. Both figures are on a line with the mouth of the Queen,

l'at, BROMSGROVE,- We have alluded to the Irish sixpenny Petty Sessions stamps in the last number.

M. T. SHORTT.-- The black penny V. R. English has been sold for as much as a sovereign, and the large Brazilian 90 reis for 30s.

J. LEVY, I'lyniouth.--Your Java stamp may be a i wspaper or receipt impre-sion. The legend is Dutch; but we do not understand that tongue

J. A., Hertford.—The 121-c. Canada, as well as the beaters, the 1 cent, and one halfpenny of that colony, and mans of the stanips of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland, have been printed in black as essays.

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Now ready. Fourth edition, rerised, augmented, and corrected, CATALOGUE of POSTAGE STAMPS,-BRITISH,

COLONIAL, and FOREIGN. By Mount Brown. Containing an accurate description of the form, colour, date of issue, and value, of 1700 varieties. Price 1/ : post free, 11. Bound in norocco leather, and interleaved for Collectors, 2 : post free, 22. Address, Mr. BROWN, care of Mr. Passmore, Bookseller, 124, Cheapside, London. Priced List of unused and rare stamps, post free, 3d.

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lished, the GREAT SENSATION CARD for carte de visite Albums. Containing photographie portraits of over 1000 Living and Historical Celebrities. Price 1/: post free, 11. Address, STAFFORD SMITH & SMUTH, 13, George S.reet, Bath.

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