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on coins are soon effaced by use. Postage convenience all that art and history entrusted stamps, moreover, are infinitely more circu | to ancient coin. lated than coin at a distance, the transmission From these coins it is that we are made of the latter requiring more trouble and | acquainted with and even possess those beauexpense.

tiful types of Nerva, Trajan, Antoninus, &c. It is to be regretted that the different We much doubt if remote posterity will ever states do not adopt for their stamps the possess a single specimen of our copper sovereign's effigy, concurrently with his own coinage. private arms or those of the country over It is true that special medals relate not which he reigns.

only the principal facts, but even facts of a We-devoutly wish the cancellation were secondary interest that the ancients would managed so as not to utterly destroy the disdain to notice. That is some compensation type, as is unfortunately the case in Belgium, doubtless, but by no means satisfactory; and India, Hong Kong, &c.

even in this sense their number is excessively Envelope stamps are generally of perfect limited in comparison with current money, a execution, but it is undoubtedly labour lost; few cabinets alone possessing them. for pressure soon damages the cameo Now since money cannot at present, as in appearance, if not already done by the can Roman times, serve to perpetuate the history celling apparatus.

of nations, why not consecrate postage Would the postal officials only read these stamps to that use ? lines and study their import, we are convinced On an average, six postage stamps are they would take every opportunity of satis employed in each state : the lowest and fying people both in an artistic, scientific, | highest values might bear the sovereign's and historical respect.

effigy; the second and last but one in price It is also to be desired that engravers might carry the arms and colours of the would employ more art in the reproduction country; the intermediate stamps could be of effigies—more exactness in featuring the reserved for perpetuating events of consovereigns—that there may not be official sequence. in flat contradiction to truthful portraits. Four would thus undergo the changes of We do not think history can gain aught | dynasty or reign, and the others be more by the exaggerated flattery of these gentle- | frequently altered. men.

Would this be an inconvenience? We The ancients perpetuated the glorious | think not; especially as in certain states, for deeds of history by means of their coins. the prevention of fraud, impressions are By the same means have been cleared up many knotty historical points : by coins has As to the final complaint of the same its domain been extended, and the precise newspaper, we think it must be a joke; not arms, utensils, and costume of the ancients having the least notion that stamp-trafficking ascertained ; they have preserved to us the ever had an illicit aim. Many amateurs, features of the greatest men of antiquity, as ourselves among others we own, have indeed well as the shape of several large buildings tried to cleanse our specimens as much as since destroyed by arms, fire, or time. As possible from the hideous post marks that true pages of history, they serve as testimony, disfigured them; and we know by experience justification, or contradiction to such writers that these attempts, pushed too far, have as Tacitus, Livy, or Sallust. They establish been attended with disastrous consequences. the dates of great events, they make us The administration is no doubt in the acquainted with the origin of cities, provinces, right to preoccupy itself with a question and Roman colonies.

that would seem to menace financial Can the same be done now-a-days ? Alas ! interests, but we are convinced that so far no. Because now interests of more impor from being prejudicial, the extraordinary tance do not allow us to distort money from extension of this new branch of commerce its veritable intent, and we must sacrifice to that has risen up in so strange a manner

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is wonderfully productive to the revenue ; which we have never heard, as the 3 kr., since, besides these shoals of obliterated orange; 6 kr., green ; 9 kr., pink, and 18 kr., postage stamps—which in our opinion are blue, oval envelope stamps for Würtemberg. exported only to paper the apartments of | We shall be glad to be set right, if such some eccentric celebrities-considerable sums stamps exist. The now well-known old of money are expended for the purchase of Moldavian stamps are unnoticed; the 15 c. unused specimens, destined to adorn the Italy, of the last impression ; the 6 bai. thousands of albums whose leaves are daily | Romagna ; the old issue of Monte Video, turned over in every part of the world. &c. There is room for one Antigua stamp E. DE Rives DE SEINE. only, and no mention even of that in the

letter-press; and one of the three 8-reales REVIEWS OF POSTAL PUBLICATIONS.

Mexican is ignored. Smith and Elder's

stamps are introduced among the Indian. Postage-Stamp Album. Illustrated with

In conclusion, we should be very grateful Maps. By Justin LALLIER, Member of

for a sight of the reddish-brown, octagonal, the Archæological Societies of Orleans

threepenny English envelope; the oval Finand Sens, and of the French Society for

lands which fit into square compartments; the Preservation of Historical Monu

and the upright rectangulars fitting into ments. Second edition, revised, cor

oblong ovals. This reminds us of the quaint rected and enlarged. Paris : A. Lenègre.

conceit of an old author, who compared life "Great cry, and little wool,' as a certain to a board pierced with holes of various unmentionable personage is reported to have shapes, and human beings to pegs in like said on shearing a pig. Mons. Jules Lallier, manner diversely shaped. 'How frequently,' as he calls himself in his preface—we did is his piteous but legitimate complaint, do not know that Justin and Jules are syno we see the round man put in the threenymous-deserves great credit for being one cornered hole !! of the first, if not the primary introducer of postage-stamp albums ; but in the interval

CORRESPONDENCE. between his first and second editions, there has been ample time to make more correc

To the Editor of the "STAMP Collector's MAGAZINE.' tions and additions than he has done,

Sir,-Enclosed I send you five samples of the new United

States two-cent postage stamp; the first of that denominaalthough many improvements, in truth,

tion issued by this Government. The head is that of there are.

Andrew Jackson (and for heaven's sake don't let any of The mythical Newfoundland halfpenny

your correspondents persuade you that it is the late Stone

wall Jackson), twice l'resident of the United States is of course still quoted, although non

and a major-general during the last war with Great existent, and never-existent. To make Britain. I think the stamp a model of ugliness; but I things square, however, he omits the well

may be prejudiced, as my design was rejected.

Yours truly, known fourpenny and sixpenny of that New York,

J. GAYLER. island. And here we may take occasion to own we were mistaken in supposing the

To the Editor of the 'STAMP COLLECTOR'S MAGAZINE.' twopenny has not been printed in the new dark colour. We saw one this morning in

Sir,-In reference to your article on page 56 of the

magazine, I forward you an extract from a Hamburg Mr. Thornton Lewes's choice collection of

newspaper, just come into my hands, and which will unused specimens; also one of much deeper certainly amuse your readers. colour than they now are. We suppose

The postage-stamp exchange has just received a heavy

blow. A certain M. Scheerenbeck, proprietor of the Mons. Lallier ignores colour, as no mention Institut Hamburger Boten, ordered stamps in the usual is made of the change of colour of the postal form, in the centre of which figures the Hamburg

arms-a castle-and his own name beneath. He sent Bahamas, British Guiana penny stamps (of

those stamps to England and elsewhere for sale to which there are four distinct colours), collectors. Some enterprising clerks, in imitation of Turkish, the 2 n. g. Saxon, of the oldest

this, ordered a series of stamps to be struck off, the same

in number (20), inscribed Verein Hamburger Boten, the issue, and numerous others. On the con

figure 1 or in the centre, and Th. Lafrenz below. trary, there are spaces left for stamps of A lot of these were also sent to England, &c.

M. Scheerenbeck, feeling himself insulted by that proceeding, bought 2000 specimens of these Lafrenz stamps, which he consigned as corpus delicti to the police authorities, denouncing his competitors as propagating postage stamps of a non-existing institution. The head of the police gave judgment as summarily as Solomon. He not only confiscated the stamps of the non-existing institution, but threatened M. Scheerenbeck with a fivethaler fine, if he persisted in using the arms of Hamburg for a private speculation.

Our readers may see how far the humbugging system is carried in postage stamps when they hear that stamps are issued by order of the “ Company of Shoeblacks;” others by " The United Theatres,'' inscribed, “ Dissolved in the year so-and-so," and a cipher in the centre. A stamp is now ready for the English market, professedly emanating from pretended agents of the “Society of Publicans," with a pint pot in lieu of arms in the middle! Accept the best compliments of

Yours truly,

OSCAR BERGER-LEVRAULT. Strasburg.

To the Editor of the 'STAMP COLLECTOR'S MAGAZINE.'

DEAR SIK,-Being recently in the company of an Austrian official, I asked him the reason of the changes in the postage stamps. He told me that the Government of Austria decided upon changing the stamps, so as to have the arms instead of the head, for this reason, viz., that when the sovereign dies they would be obliged to have a different set of dies, and therefore they have changed them to the arms instead of having the head; so that they do not anticipate having to change again.

Saxony, I suppose you are also aware, has changed her stamps from the head to the arms. They were issued on the lst of July. The colours are different from the old ones, in several instances.

I have been informed (I cannot, however, answer for its being true) that it is contemplated in Brussels, that the Belgian Government will shortly issue a set of stamps, bearing the lion of Brabant on a shield, and of the values of 1, 5, 10, 20, 40, and 80 c.

On dit in Turin that the Italian essay stamps are expected to take the place of the present issue, and that they will consist of 2, 5, 10, 15, 20, 40, 80, and i lire.

Hoping you will find space for the insertion of the above,

I remain yours truly,

WILLIAM FREDERIC COOKE.

Effigy in an oval, figure indicating value in upper angles, letters C. S. in lower angles. Col. imp. ; rect. 2 c. carmine, value in words.

Dutch Indies | Inscription (NEDERL. INDIF. POST zegel), head of King

William II1. to left. Col. imp. ; rect.
10 cent carmine.

Lubcek.
Name [LUEBECK) white embossed two-head eagie displayed

in oval, value in figures each side. Col. imp.; oral. schilling green. 1 sch. orange. 2 sch, rosc. sch. blue. 4 sch. brown,

ENVELOPES. Same device, brown enrelope inscriplion on left. Col.

imp. ; oval.

schilling green. sch. orange. 2 sch, rose. 2} sch, blue. 4 sch. brown.

Justria.
Embossed white two-headed eagle, crowned and displayed.

Col. imp.; oval.
2 kreuzer yellow. 3 kr. green 5 kr. rose.
10 kr, blue.

15 kr. cinnamon.

NEWSPAPER STAMP. Inscription (K. K. ZEITUNGS POST STÆMPEL] same device in oval. Col. imp.; oct. Lavender.

Saxony. Name (SACHSEN), arms embossed in while relief on lined ground in oval. Col. imp. ; rect.

3 pfennige green. Name [SACHSEN), arms embossed in white relief in

invēcted border. Col. imp. ; oval. neu groschen orange. 1n. gr. pink. 2 n, gr. blue. 3 n, gr. brown.

5 n. gr. lilac.

ENVELOPES. Name (SACHSEN] and arms embossed in white relief on coloured ground. Col. imp.; plain oval.

1 neu groschen red. 2 n. gr. blue.
3 n. gr. brown.

United States of America. | July, 1863. Inscription [U. S. POSTAGE), head of Presi

dent Lincoln in oval, figure indicating value in upper angles ; value in words and letters U. S. in lower angles. Black imp. ; rect.

2 cents. It will thus be seen that the ‘Disunited States' do not despair of becoming United.'

The Baden Land Post stamps are now no longer used, and will soon become scarce.

The Danish government will shortly issue envelope stamps, the design to be adopted being already decided

I am, dear Sir,

Yours truly,

MOUNT BROWN. 124, Cheapside, London, E.C.

To the Editor of the STAMP COLLECTOR'S MAGAZINE.'

Dear Sir,--The following recent issues of postage stamps may be of interest to your readers.

British Gniana.
Inscription [B. GUIANA) ship in full sail to right in

circle, date 1863. Col. imp.; large rect., value in
Roman figures.
6 cents lilac. 24 c. green. 48 c. rose.

Confederate States of America. Inscription [THE CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA]

head of President Jeff. Davis to right in oval. Col.
imp.; fancy frame.

10 cents blue, value in words.
10 c. blue, value in figures.

E. Smith, Liverpool. You will see the distinction between the Portuguese impressions noticed in our addenda, in the present number.- The omission of the shilling and sixpenny octagonal adhesives was mentioned in the last number : it was quite an oversight of Mr. Brown's,

R. S., Oxford.—Your pale and deep-orange 2-annas Indian, may be considered as varieties. The Lafrenz swindles were appended to Mount Brown's third edition, but are properly discarded from his fourth. You will find their history explained in a translation from a Hamburg newspaper, in the present number.

TONY, Birkenhead.- We have ourselves the shilling and sixpenny English octagonal, both as adhesives and envelopes, "We had noticed the two shades of colour in some of the latter. We have never seen the tenpenny otherwise than as adhesive. As you rightly observe, some have threads and others none; the latter may be from envelopes, but the sixpenny appear invariably without threads.

E. B. Shaw.-Your first question has been previously answered. - The l-franc French has been long discontinued.

5. K., Torquay.—The fictitious Danish essay may be easily known from the genuine, by the long beard noticeable in the accompanying engraving.

J. COUPER, Swansea. We have elsewhere acknowledged our error in imagining the twopenny Newfoundland had not been issued of the new colour. Possibly the eightpenny will come out likewise, but we do not see why stamps should be anticipated before issue. Thanks for the information that the Ireland Private Office stamps of Lallier's album are the pink and green Petty Sessions stamps. We have recently seen them.

R.'s., Torquay.-Your Florida stamps, upright rectangular ; without value indicated ; galloping courier on horseback, shoulder-strap and post-bag; marked Express ; one yellow-brown, the other rose-coloured,' may or may not be genuine. We have never heard of or seen them. We believe in the 12h-cents Canada, blue.

R. F. WILME.-The rarest of the Sandwich Island stamps is the 2 cents, large figure.—The 20-c., 25-C., and 40-c. French republic are equally common. The other three are very much scarcer. -A black penny English in good condition is worth the current value.

E. BOLTON SHAW.-The new Saxons, which we describe elsewhere, were issued on the 1st of July. The very minute figures on the right and left sides of the new blue English, represent the number of the complete sheet from which they are taken, which has a corresponding figure in the corner. The new penny issue is marked in the same way.

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ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.

H. EVERALL.-Your 3 n. g. Saxon has not the slightest appearance of ever having been yellow; and, notwithstanding our Leipsig authority, we cannot help believing in the white issue.

SZEZRZEC, Harlow.-The language of the Sandwich Islands is as much an unknown tongue to us, as that to which your own pseudonym belongs.

W. X. Z., Torquay. - The 6 kr. and 9 kr. Baden, black on white, we believe were in Mr. Brown's first and second editions, but have been discarded from the later. They are generally supposed to be, like the 3 n. g. Saxon alluded to above, naturally or artificially faded specimens. You will find your Canton Bern figured in our June number. It is a bill stamp, and there are similar ones of various denominations; but, as we have said before, this stamp seems to have been allowed, like the Jamaica shilling receipt, to do duty occasionally as a postage stamp. Since writing the above, we bave seen what we believe is a genuine specimen of a 9-k. white Baden. It was taken from an old letter, received some years since.

L. M.-Your 15-kr. Austrian on buff may possibly be an envelope stamp, printed on paper such as is now generally used by the Americans. -The French 20 c. republic we have before noted in our addenda as printed on white and on tinted paper.-Your Belgium 40 C., violet brown, and 8 pies, purple, India, must be disa coloured specimens.- T'he ld. Cape of Good Hope is often a very brown red.- We never heard of the 20 c. blue on blue; 20 c., brown; or 40 c., red on blue, Sardinian, 1851. Such peculiar stamps should be sent for inspection, as it is impossible to give an opinion from the simple description.- We intended noticing the two shades of colour in the Swedish 12, 24, and 30 öre in their due place, and also the two colours of the 24-c. U. S., last issue; the two varieties of the 12-cuartos Spain, 1860; and a whole set of Swiss that have never yet been catalogued.-The ld. white envelope of Great Britain, having passed the post, is entitled to be considered a postage stamp.-The twopenny yellow Great Britain must be a chemical swindle. - To distinguish Austrian and some other envelopes from their adhesive congeners, a good margin of paper should be left. We think we have remarked this before.- We introduce two sets of Greeks into our own album. In addition to the numbers impressed upon the backs, except in the 1 1. and 2 l., the later printed stamps are darker in appearance, there being much more shading about the face, giving Mercury what Mercury never had-a whisker.

H. B., Primrose Hill.-Your 12 c. and 24 c. United States are both of the issue of 1857.

C. E. S., Weymouth, states that the 10 and 1-kop. Russian envelope was in use as early as the year 1855,three years before the date given in Mount Brown's manual.

G. E. W., St. Mary's, Harlow.- We have never seen the 6 pfennige of the early issue of Prussia otherwise than brown on white, not vermilion.-The 15-c. Italy, blue, of the present year, was in use two or three months only, having been soon superseded by the present stamp of that value.-The six penny Canada, black, is rare, but the twelvepenny is almost unattainable.—The laureated heads in the New South Wales stamps, on blue paper, are a trifle inferior in execution to those on white. --The 1 peseta, brown, of the present Peruvian issue is noticed in this number, as well as in Mr. Brown's fourth edition.We believe the Moldo-Wallachian, but not the Moldavian, stamps are in actual use.

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. ADVERTISEMENTS for insertion in the STAMP COLLECTOR's

MAGAZINE, should reach the Office, 13. George Street, Bath, lot later than the 10th of the month.

TIMBRES POSTES !-D, DEAN, Hope Square,

1 Weymouth, has a lot of rare used and unused Colonial to exchange for Foreign. All kinds purchased.

A RMS, CRESTS, MONOGRAMS, ETC.- A large

variety of the above, beautifully stamped in Colours, with names. Price 3d. per sheet: postage ld. extra. Address, STAFFORD SMITH & SMITH, 13, George Street, Bath,

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CAUTION! The great sale of the SHILLING

ALBUM'having induced dishonest Dealers to imitate the title and style of advertisement, with the intent to palm off on the publie their very inferior publication, R. PECG hereby gives notice the Sbilling Album can be obtained only at 11, Holles Street, Dublin.

a W. WILKINSON, 9, Goldsmith Square, Stoke U . Newington, London, N., sends Stamps out on approval, on receipt of stamped envelope.

Now Ready. Will be sent for Seren Stampa. COSTA RICA.--A most beautifully-engraved Proof,

U an exact fac-simile of the original Costa Rica Stamp. A very limited number have been taken. Address, COSTA RICA, 24, Bow Street, Covent Garden, W.C.

POSTAGE-STAMP ALBUM TITLES.-Now Ready,

beautifully printed in Colours, a New and complete Set of upwards of 130 Titles for Stamp Albums.. Geographically arranged by Dr. J. E. GRAY, F.R.S., F.L.M., F.Z.s., ete., of the British Museum, Priee 1/6; point free, 1/7. Specimen Sheet post free for two stamps. London: E. MARLBOROUGH & Co.; Bath : STAFFORD SMITU & SMITH, 13, George Street.

D

STAMPS GIVEN AWAY.-Send three stamps for

J. and A. MENLOVE's Priced List, and you will receive an unused Foreign Stamp. Apply by letter to J. and A. MEXLOVE, 22, Upper Baker Street, London, N.W.

COINS! COINS! COINS !—Collectors will receive,

per return of post, the new edition of H. G. Smith's printed Price List of Coins, on receipt of stamped envelope, Stocks of Stampyr selling off at greatly reduced prices. Address, 12, Chestnut Street, Waterloo Road, Manchester,

OBLITERATED FOREIGN STAMPS

WANTED TO PURCHASE, exclusive of French and American. Lowest price per thousand to be forwarded to STAFFORD SMITH & Smith, the Foreign Stamp and Crest Deput, Bath.

I OOK BEFORE YOU PURCHASE.-C. K. JONES.

69, Barlow Street, Ardwick, Manchester, srnds all kinds (both old and new issues) of Stamps on inspection, on receipt of a stamped-directed envelope. Apply at once.

C. HALL, Foreign Stamp Dealer, Hartlepool, U begs to inform the Nobility, Gentry, and Stamp Collectors in general, that he has Postage Stamps of almost every country constantly on hand, a great many of which he receives direct, and can, therefore, offer them cleaper than any other dealer, For one stamp he will send an assortment on inspection. Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Romagne, &e. Orders punctually attended to. E.C.H. is desirous to correspond with parties resident on the Continent and elsewhere.

W ANTED, Agents to sell old Hanover, old Bruns

wiek, old Sachsen (1850, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5), Spanish, Brazil, Antigua. Nevis, American envelopes, French President and French Republie stil. cach, Bremen (1 and 2 .), Helvetia, old Canton Swiss, Bergedorf, Lubeek. and others too numerous to mention, Fineen per cent. allowed on adver tised prices. Apply at once to C. K. Joxes, 89Barlow Street, Ardwick, Manchester.

TMPORTANT to THOSE ABOUT to COLLECT.

C. G., Acomb House, Manchester, has & Collection for sale, containinx 1200 varieties of Stamps, more than 600 of which are unused. Price only £40, but no reasonable offer will be refused.

THE SIXPENNY PACKET of STAMPS. This

Paeket contains 20 varieties of Foreign and Colonial Postage Stamps, all in good condition, many being mmobliterated. Post free for seven stannps. Address, STAFFORD SMITI & SMITH, 13, George Street, Bath.

DECROIX, Wellington Bazaar, Dover, sends U. Stamps on approval on receipt of stamped envelope. Price List for two stamps.

HENRY WHITTAKER, Winchester Terrace, Regent IT Rond, Salford, supplies all kinds of Foreiga Stamps, at extraordinary low prices. For particulars and List send one stamp.

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