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Postage Stamps, New Use for

Reviews of New Works, &c., on Postage Stamps
Postage Stamps, Rise and Progress of ...

Catalogue of nearly Two Thousand
Postage (The) Rates ... ... ... 90

Postage Stamps' ... ... ... 93
Postal Chit-Chat ... ... ... 1, 17, 38

International Postage-Stamp Review' 127
l'ost-paid Envelopes, Origin of ... ...

* Zschiesche and Köder's Price Catalogue
Posts and their Origin ... ... ...

of Postage Stamps' ... ... 142
Rationale (The) of a Postage-Stamp Album

• Timbres-poste d'Amérique' ... ... 157
Reply to the Attack on Postage-Stamp Collectors

‘Principaux Timbres-poste d'Europe' 157
in the Semaphore of Marseilles ... 109 * Descriptive Price Catalogue of Postage
Returned Letters

... 173

Stamps,' by Stafford Smith & Smith 157
Reviews of New Works, &c., on Postage Stamps

* Album de Timbres-Poste, illustré des ar-
Catalogue of Postage Stamps,' by Mount

moiries des principaux Etats du Globe,
Brown ... ... ... 12, 93

orné de cinq cartes Géographiques, et
'Aids to Stamp Collectors,' by Frederick

classé par ordre alphabétique de chaque
Booty' ... ... .. 13

partie du Monde,' par J. B. Moens 176
'Hand Catalogue of Postage Stamps,' by

Guide-Manuel du Collectionneur de
Dr. Gray, F.R.S., &c. ... ... 13, 28

Timbres-poste' ... ... 177
Illustrations du Manuel du Collectionneur

Rise and Progress of Postage Stamps ... 3
de Timbres-Poste' de J. B. Moens 14 Second Chapter on the United-States Local
‘Postage-Stamp Collector's Pocket Album' 14 Postage Stamp ...

... ... ... 170
• Postage-Stamp Album,' by Justin Something about Thurn and Taxis ... 6

Lallier ... ... ... 14, 111 Stamps Newly Issued, or First Described 11, 24, 40
Manuel de Moens' ... ... 29

57, 74, 92, 108, 123, 140, 156, 172
* Leisure Hour.' No. 579 ... ... 29 Stamps, A New Use for Postage ... 122
‘Postage Stamp Album and Catalogue,' by Stamp Storing

... ... ... 95
Edward Oppen ... ... 29, 79 Strange (A) 'Change ... ... ... 174
‘Le Timbre-Poste; Journal du Collec.

Sydney (The) Stamps ... ... . 26
tionneur' ... ... ... 43

Tale (A) of a Postage Stamp 33, 49, 69, 85, 101, 117
* Union Review' ...

133, 149, 165
* Forged Stamps : How to Detect Them'

Thurn and Taxis, Something about ... ... 6
*Stamp-Collector's Manual, by A. C. Timbromanie, On the Increase of the ... 170
Kline

To Our Subscribers

... 17, 165
Petit Manuel de l' Amateur des Timbres United-States Local Postage Stamps, A Chap-
Postes' ... ... ... 62

ter on the ... ... ... ... 153
‘Postage-Stamp Album Titles;' Geographi-

United-States Local Postage Stamps, Second
cally Arranged by Dr. Gray, F.R.S., &c. 79

Chapter on the ... ... ... 170
* Magazin für Briefmarken-Sammler'. 93 What's the Use of Them ?' ... ... 25

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CONTENTS.

vanity, proceeded from an unmistakeably

English face, on the neck and shoulders of a
POSTAL CHIT-CHAT .........
RISE AND PROGRESS OF POSTAGE STAMPS ............

true John Bull of a boy, one of a score or
THE ARRANGEMENT OF POSTAGE STAMPS ............ more youths just poured forth from a noble
SOMETHING ABOUT THURN AND TAXIS ............... educational institution in the neighbourhood.
A CHAPTER ON THE PENNY POSTAGE STAMP .........

Now we had heard of fair Saxons, but never
STAMPS LATELY ISSUED ........

of yellow ones, and of the then celebrated
REVIEWS OF NEW WORKS, ETC., ON POSTAGE
STAMPS ........

black Brunswickers of the Royal Academy,
CORRESPONDENCE...................

... 14 but a blue one was a strain upon our
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS ..

imagination,

Having an objection to trust ourselves

under the horses' legs, or be jammed between
POSTAL CHIT-CHAT.

two carts, we had abundance of leisure to
HAVE you a yellow Saxon?' 'I want a take note of what was going on, and found
Russian.' 'I'll give a red Prussian for a each of the juvenile locutants was provided
blue Brunswicker.' Will you exchange al with a small book studded with dark patches,
Russian for a black English ?' 'I wouldn't | which a closer examination discovered to be
give a Russian for twenty English!! Such postage stamps of all nations.
were the exclamations that saluted our ears Further inquiries initiated us more deeply
two years or so since, when waiting for an in its mysteries, and a very brief time saw us
interminable line of vehicles to break suf regularly enrolled as a votary of what a
ficiently to allow us to cross Cheapside. The special English appellation is wanted for,
singularity of the conversation attracted our but which the Belgians and French appro-
attention and excited our curiosity. The last priately term TIMBROMANIE.
phrase particularly surprised us, and we The now prevalent, —we had almost writ-
turned round in expectancy of seeing some ten fashionable,-furore in question, is of by no
sallow foreigner's countenance, but found means such modern growth as many suppose;
the remark, so disparaging to our national for, some eight or nine years since, we re-
No. 1. Feb. 1, 1863. Price Fourpence.]

(Registered for Transmission Abroad.
member being asked to search among our ness with the apologetic remark, that he old letters for the black English postage could not drive a hard bargain with a lady. stamp; and we have at times contributed a The variation in prices was right notestray specimen towards the store of a young worthy :-a stamp fetching sixpence or a lady, who had been even then some time shilling one evening, the next realising but collecting, and we are frequently inclined a penny or twópence; some merchant's clerk to wish our said friend and her stamps | or office-boy, with an eye to business, at the place whence we are impatiently having rummaged to some purpose for a expecting an importation, viz., Hong Kong, packet of old letters laden with the stamp -for, albeit we never seemed to take any in demand. We have seen a set of the Nevis interest therein, we must have imbibed the stamps the same evening pass from hand to seeds of a malady which has entailed on us a hand for four, six, and eight shillings succesfrightful amount of trouble, excitement, and sively, and even at the last price bought to anxiety.

sell again at a profit. The timbromanie, or stamp mania, has long A similar scene is of daily occurrence in prevailed in Belgium, Germany, and France; the gardens of the Tuilleries at Paris, though originating, as we have been given to under Sunday afternoons attract the larger attenstand, in the former country; and though, as dance; but there the fair sex decidedly prewe have just intimated, by no means unknown dominates, and groups of amateurs may be here, it is within the last two or three years observed sitting with their albums on the only that it appears to have taken a firm root chairs under the trees, busily earnest in in the metropolis, extending its ramifications exchanging. The same, on a minor scale, to all parts of the United Kingdom. An might be witnessed in the gardens of the individual in Brighton boasts of being the Luxembourg, on Thursday evenings. first to introduce it generally into England, Marvellous to a degree is the ignorance of and was, we believe, the primary commercial the uninitiated respecting the various kinds speculator in what may be termed a new of postal stamps. We heard a gentleman, trade. Twelve months ago not a stamp who had travelled through the United States, could be purchased in London at any shop, confidently affirm there were no purely local whereas there are now a dozen or more stamps there,-the actual number being then regular dealers, and numbers of private indi something like a hundred. Again, inquiring viduals make a pretty tolerable profit out of of a Spaniard if he could procure us some the coloured rectangles launched into circu specimens of the old issues of his country lation, with no purpose of that kind, by Sir before 1854, he pertinaciously insisted there Rowland Hill.

had been no postage in Spain till after that The (now, alas!) surreptitious 'Change in period, and it was only by producing one of Birchin Lane and its alleys,—where from fifty our own collection dated 1850, that he could to a hundred individuals used to congregate be convinced of his erroneous idea. A in the evenings of last spring,—was an inter Spanish gentleman, of our acquaintance, esting epitome of its typical congener in the had never heard of the nineteen-cuartos neighbourhood. Buying, selling, and ex- | stamp of his own country ; and a Westchanging were then carried on with spirit | Indian merchant of Jamaica, through whose and pleasurable excitement; all ranks (we hands the stamps of that island must have have seen one of her Majesty's ministry | passed for years, had never observed the there) and all ages (ourselves were blandly difference between them and the English. told by X 149, that we were old enough to | Last year we applied at several minor know better) taking part in the traffic. We offices, and even at the general post in Paris, have occasionally seen ladies, album in hand, for the chiffre-taxe stamp-showing one as a on the scene; of whom one contrived to pattern-and were assured by one and all effect a highly-advantageous exchange of a that it could not be French. This will be less very so-so specimen for a rarity, with a | surprising on observing the general ignorance young friend of ours, who salvoed his green- | prevailing as respects our own higher-priced

envelopes. Before we ascertained whence to obtain them, we tried at several post-offices, -among others, at the principal districtoffice at the West End,—and were confidently informed they were not in use then, if they ever had been, which was doubtful. Not two months since we used a fourpenny one in part payment of a registered letter, at Lombard Street, which created quite a sensation among the officials there, who had never seen one before.

Something more excusable was the ignorance of a servant where we were residing, who, remarking our penchant for such items, good-naturedly volunteered the information that her aunt had received a letter from her brother in the West Indies, with a very extraordinary stamp on it. Thinking to draw a prize, we rushed into the city, mounted one of the endless staircases of a seven-storied warehouse ; penetrated the sanctum of the housekeeper, narrowly escaping a broken head from the low roof; and, after waiting till a miscellaneous store of treasures was ransacked for the coveted epistle, were duly rewarded for our enterprise by the sight of the wondrous stamp, which disclosed itself to our eager eyes in the shape of a common penny head stuck cornerwise !!

made simultaneous issues; the former libeling the really handsome countenance of King Leopold, which the too liberal use of cancelling ink tends further to uglify, and the latter imaging the frail but beautiful daughter of Eve, whose effigy realised the ideal goddess of liberty of the first revolution.

About the same time appeared the now rare local Madrid stamp, bearing the arms of that city impressed in bronze. The next year (1850) launched the general Spanish (of which more anon), the Thurn and Taxis, Baden, local Saxon, Wurtemburg, and Prussian. The first and last of these bore the heads of their respective sovereigns, but the German minor states contented themselves with the useful, if unornamental, design of a large figure, denoting the value of the stamp. These, however, with the exception of the Thurn and Taxis, which retain the chiffre, now carry the impress of their various armorial bearings.

It would be tedious to individualise the gradual but rapid enrolment of the other continental states, and, in fact, every part of the known world, under the system. The most recent adopter is Nicaragua; the stamps of Hong Kong, though made some time since, being not yet issued; and Turkey having but lately decided upon a postal emission.

Our own penny and twopenny, with slight variations, have existed three and twenty years, while Hanover, Brazil, and others have issued three; Oldenburg and Prussia, four; the colony of Victoria, six; and Spain no fewer than eight impressions, bearing the same value. The latter country, indeed, for four successive years varied her Catholic Majesty's profile annually, made use of the Spanish arms for a twelvemonth, then settled on the sovereign's face again; and, strange to say, the Queen of Spain looks much younger (on the stamp) at this present year than she did thirteen years ago. The first four years' issue comprehends the rarest and most recherché specimens extant, many being almost unattainable. These are far from attractive in appearance, but the emission of 1854 (armorial bearings) comprehends a series beautiful in colour and finely engraved. For richness of hue, how

RISE AND PROGRESS OF POSTAGE

STAMPS. Sir ROWLAND Hill deservedly claims credit for the introduction,—we may say, invention,-of the adhesive postal stamp; but we cannot congratulate the designer of our penny and twopenny stamps on the display of any taste. Compared with some since issued, they are simply hideous. Those of other denominations are a shade more tasty, but poor in colour; and our envelopes are handsome, though not comparable with the Baden and some others. The newly-issued Antigua is extremely like the first English, but immeasurably superior, being well designed and exquisitely engraved.

Zurich appears to have been the first adopter of the new system, as some of its stamps bear the date of 1843. Half-a-dozen years later Belgium and the French Republic

OS

ever, and exquisite design, the stamps of New Yorks in gold. A different hue is Greece stand pre-eminent, unless Nova generally employed to distinguish each value, Scotia be allowed to dispute the palm. except for the now obsolete Neapolitans,

The most prominent postal pattern is the which were all of the selfsame colour and reigning sovereign's head; witness our own bore a similar device, but within diversely domestic and colonial stamps, and some of formed scrolls; and the Newfoundlands, six the continental states. Next in favour follow of whose stamps were of the same pattern the arms of the country, as in the modern and closely approximating hue, till the last Prussian, Danish, Swedish, Russian, and emission, when a darker shade was employed others. An emblematical device signalises to distinguish the values most closely allied. some states, as the figure of Hope, for the The Peruvian Steam Navigation Company's Cape Colony; a swan for Western Australia, 1 (of which we give an where the rara avis of the Latin poet first engraving), Liberian, and offered itself to modern eyes; Britannia, for very rare old Brazilian Trinidad, Barbadoes, &c.; and a ship for stamps, are among the British Guiana. Under the same category largest; and Brunswick fall the elegantly-designed stamps of Nevis and Mecklenburg-Schweand Liberia, and the very quaint impressions rin issue the smallest of Monte Video and the Argentine Confedera stamps. Those of the mysterions town of tion.

Bergedorf are note-worthy, as varying the More than forty changes have been rung dimensions in accordance with the values of on Queen Victoria's portrait, represented its stamps. in so many ways, and in about a dozen Some of the Natals are truly singular, shades of colour. After the queer shilling being simply rectangles of thin coloured Victoria and the South Australian, our paper, impressed with a hand stamp. British penny would get the prize for Postal stamps most usually have their

ugliness; for the old penny value more or less conspicuously marked,
and tenpenny Van Diemen's but the obsolete Barbadoes, Trinidad, and
Land, and the curious native Mauritius, and current St. Lucia and Ionian
Mauritius impressions, have stamps, are distinguishable only by their
a sort of barbaric simplicity; colours.
while the Ceylon envelopes The lowest money value is borne by the
and the Nova Scotian adhe one centime of France and Belgium, being

sives claim pre-eminence in not quite two-fifths of a farthing; and beauty.

the highest (16s. 8d.) by the four-dollar Except the Swiss, whose different cantons Californian Pony Express. Y EXPRESS formerly issued divers patterns, the colonies These are also of lower UPON RESS of Canada and New Brunswick exhibit the denominations, and below greatest diversity of design, each imaging six them rank the five-shilling devices, including the effigy of one of the New South Wales, the onepostmasters, whose harmless vanity cost him scudo Roman, the ninety his appointment.

cents of Hong Kong and the Impressions are usually in black on United States, and the three coloured or in colour on white paper, with lire of Tuscany and Sardinia ; but the more the exception of two of the Mexicans, which usual values range from the equivalent of show colour on colour ; but the Russian and an English penny to a shilling. some of the disused Swiss, and one or The rarest stamps in actual use are those two others, sport two colours on the of Nicaragua, the Philippines, and the Sandsame stamp. The local Spanish stamp, wich Isles; yet these are, of course, comparaalluded to previously, and one of the tively attainable, and will become commoner Sardinian, are printed in bronze; one of the as the demand increases. But the long-disWestern Australians and a few of the local used emissions of Reunion and New Cale

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