Our plan of campaign is as follows: (1) We Two Hundred Years Ago.

propose to establish a central book depot in London from which supplies of books will circulate to the libraries formed under this scheme, and we ask the public to support us by gifts of books of all kinds for distribution from the central depôt; (2) employers of labour will be canvassed, and, where they are ready to form libraries for the benefit of their employees, the society will assist with advice and gifts of books if needed. We shall, therefore, ask for information from employers already possessing such libraries and from those who wish to possess them.

Messrs. Shoolbred, of Tottenham Court Road, have kindly consented to receive and store gifts of books. These can be handed to their carmen

in London and suburbs free of charge if the donors will notify the hon. secretary of the society, at 24, St. Anne's Terrace, N.W.8, or they can be sent by post or rail addressed to The Workers' Library Society, care of Messrs. Shoolbred, Limited, Tottenham Court Road, London, W.1."

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This seems the beginnings of a sound and useful scheme, but much will depend on the nature of the books sent. Care should be taken to prevent evilly-disposed persons from clearing their shelves of rubbish.

N historic pageant to celebrate the birth AN of Duke Emmanuele Filiberto of Savoy was held in Turin on the day of the Festa dello Statuto. The principal personages in the three episodes were impersonated by the present representatives of the illustrious families to which they belonged. In the first group H.R.H. the Prince of Piedmont impersonated Duke Emmanuele Filiberto, who may be regarded as the first founder of the Kingdom of Italy, having recovered from France the territories lost during the wars between France, Spain and the Empire. His bride Marguerite of France, sister of Henri II, was personated by Princess Yolanda of Savoy, Countess Calvi di Bergolo. The costumes have been taken from the Catherine de Medici tapestries in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence.

The second episode represented the state entry of Victor Amadeus II and his consort, Princess Anne, daughter of Philip, Duke of Orleans, in 1684. They were represented by the Duke and Duchess delle Puglie, descendants of the royal houses of Savoy and of France.

In the third scene King Carlo Alberto was impersonated by Prince Emmanuele Filiberto of Savoia-Genova, Duke of Pistoia and Maria Teresa, daughter of the Grand-duke Ferninand III of Tuscany by Princess Bona of SavoiaGenova, the Duke of Pistoia's sister; while Prince Eugene of Savoy was represented by the Duke of Bergamo.

From the Country Journal: or the Craftsman, Saturday, June 22, 1728.

London, June 22.

We hear that Encouragement will be given for fetting on foot the Silk Manufacture in South Carolina.

The King's Plate, which was run for on Merrow Downs, near Guildford, on Tuesday laft, was won by Duke Hamilton's Grey Horfe Victorious. The next Day the Ld Falconbridge's Mare won the Plate, the last Heat fhe came in first by about 12 Inches only.

On Wednesday laft, being the 62d Day, the BEGGAR'S OPERA was acted at Lincoln's-Inn Fields; but to the great Surprize of the Audience, the Part of Polly Peachum was performed by Mifs WARREN, who was very much applauded; the firft Performer being retired, as it is reported, from the Stage.

France and Italy in order to get some Voices On Sunday laft Mr. Heydegger fet out for for the Opera.

Her Majefty hath given 5001. for the new railing and beautifying Richmond Green; and we hear a Subfcription is intended among the Inhabitants of the Town for erecting the Effigy of her Majesty in the Middle thereof.

Books will be open'd at the Lottery Office, Whitehall, the 26th Instant, for raifing 30,000l. by Subfcription at 4 per Cent, for building a Bridge at Fulham, not less than 1007. will be taken in.

On Thursday the New Church near Milbank, Westminster, was confecrated by the Name of St. John the Evangelift.

We have Advice that the Dutch East India Ship (mentioned in our former) lately caft away on the Rocks of Barra, in the Highlands of Scotland, failed from Amfterdam the 11th of March, and was caft away the 24th of the fame Month: She was a fhip of 8 or 900 Tons. More of the People have been taken up and buried, Seventy in one Day. Several were seen at low Water between the Clefts of the Rock and some Guns, which no one could get at. Amongst the dead there was a Woman with two Children, one ty'd behind and one before her; there was alfo a young Gentlewoman, who had in her Bosom a Letter of Recommendation from her Mother to a Gentlewoman in the Eaft Indies.

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ich v



Literary and Historical bell, provost of Kilmun, the Earl's brother,*




(See ante p. 417).



T Ballimore of Knap, Feb., 1567/8: Sasine (John Watson, clerk of St. Andrew's diocese, notary), given by John dow M'Donche V'Keisaig* of Raschoille, baillie for Archibald, Earl of Argyll, to Patrick Campbell M'Donche V'Patrick as son and heir of deceased Duncan Campbell of Knapt in the 2 merk land of Kilmorie, 2 merk land of Fernoch, 4 merk land of Ballimore and 4 merk land of Stronseill, all in the

lordship of Knapdale and sheriffdom of Tarlbert. Witnesses: Donald M'Donche V'Neill and his son John, John M'Donche V'Kellar Pol and his son Archibald, John reoch M'SrJohn V'Arthur, Niall M'Donche V'Connell, Donald M'SrMorish, t and Archibald In M'Angus V'Inlea. A precept of clare constat is quoted, dated at Edinburgh on 30 Jan., in which it is stated that the lands are held in capite of the Earl for service of ward, relief and marriage; and it was witnessed by Duncan Campbell of Duntroon, John Campbell of Ulva, Colin Leche of § and his brother, John dow of Strone, and Robert and John Stewart, the Earl's

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* MacKeisaig of Raschoille (which is close to Lergie) sold this property soon after to the laird of Duntroon.

There is no actual geographical spot bearing this name, but the four places lie in the small district known as the Point of Knap. This is the only Campbell family that took its territorial designation from a district and not from a definite place.

Evidently his father was a cleric. Knap and Ulva were both cadet families of Duntroon.

§ Craigenterve. For several generations the Maclachlans of Craigenterve were hereditary medical attendants ("leech ") to the Earls of Argyll. See No. 2.

Duncan Campbell of Duntroon, John Campbell of Inverlevir, Colin Campbell of Barbreck, John Campbell of Carrick, et Colino medico de Craginterfe.

3. At Inveraray, 16 Dec., 1593: Procuratory of Resignation by Patrick Campbell of Knap, appointing Mr. Niall Campbell, bishop of Argyll, and Alexander Campbell, apparent of Ellanrie, † his procurators for the resignation of the above 12 merk lands into the hands of the Earl of Argyll, his Superior, for a regrant to Archibald roy Campbell, brother to the said Patrick, and

Archibald's heirs male whatsoever. The liferent is reserved to Patrick, who, if he begets lawful heirs male of his body, has the right to redeem the property from Archibald for £10 Scots. Witnesses: Colin Campbell of Kilberrie, Niall Campbell, apparent of Over Rudill, t Archibald M'Ean V'Illespick V'Iver, Alexander M'Phadrik V'Donel glas,,† Duncan M'Donell oig, and Mr. James Kirk

and Mr. James .


4. At Inveraray, 23 Dec., 1593: Instrument of Resignation (Mr. James Kirk, clerk of St. Andrew's diocese, and James Kincaid, co-notaries), narrating that the above bishop, as procurator, resigned the lands to the Earl, who thereupon re-granted them to the said Archibald roy Campbell. Witnesses: Mr. George Erskine, Colin Campbell of Kilberrie, Alexander Campbell of Torran, Archibald M'Ean V'Allester, Niall Campbell, fiar of Over Rudill, Archibald Maclachlan of Strone,

and Alexander Campbell, apparent of Ellanrie.

5. Same place and date: Charter of Confirmation and novodamus by the Earl, with consent of Mr. Niall Campbell, bishop of Argyll, his curator, confirming the lands to the said Archibald roy Campbell, but reserving the said Patrick's liferent and also a reasonable terce to his present wife or to any future wife he may marry. added, ordering Dougal Campbell of AuchinA precept is breck to give sasine. Witnesses as in last, with two omissions and the addition of Kirk. 6. At Ballimore, etc., in Knap, 3 June, Sasine (James Kincaid, notary) of the


* I understand he was a natural brother. + Ellanrie was another Duntroon cadet. As a rule the members of various families belonging to the same branch of a Clan took an active part in though, as in this case, they lived far apart. one another's affairs, even It would have taken Alexander a full day to get to Knap from Ellanrie.

Both these are of Duntroon stock.

above 12 merk lands,* given personally by Archibald Campbell of Knap to his beloved son and apparent heir, John Campbell. Witnesses: Niall Macneill of Taynish, Hector Macneill, apparent thereof, Duncan Campbell of Ulva, and Duncan Campbell in Stronteale.

7. At Inveraray, 21 July, 1631: Charter of confirmation, in the form of a precept of clare constat, by Lord Lorne in favour of John Campbell, now of Knap, as son and heir of deceased Archibald roy Campbell, who died last vested and seized in the above 12 merk lands,+ appointing Hector Macneill of Taynish to give sasine. Witnesses: Duncan Campbell, fiar of Auchinbreck, Archibald Maclachlan of Craigenterve, William Stirling of Auchyle, Robert Shaw, servitor of the grantor, George Campbell, sheriff clerk of Argyll, and Archibald Campbell of Ottir.

8. 29 May, 1632: Sasine (George Campbell, clerk of Dunkeld diocese, notary) following on last, given by said Taynish to said John Campbell. Witnesses: Alexander Campbell, apparent of Phanans, Dugald Campbell of Laggan, Duncan M'Cannell in Fernoch, Hugh M'Neill in Fernoch of Ross, and Niall MacMillan|| in Kenlochkelisport.

9. At Knap, 19 March, 1641. Sasine (Duncan Duncanson, clerk of Lismore diocese, notary) given personally by John Campbell of Knap to his eldest lawful son, Patrick C., of all the above lands, in implement of a marriage contract (dated 22 Jan., 1641), between the said Patrick and Mary, lawful daughter of Colin Campbell of Kilberrie. The liferent of all except Ballimore is reserved to the father, and also certain life

The fourth place-name is here written "Stronteale."

The place-name again becomes Stronsyll. It will be seen later that the long s was afterwards misread as f, with the curious result that the name has now come down to us as

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Stronfield "an impossible mixture of Gaelic and English!

Another member of the Duntroon branch of the clan. I note these cases specially because although family tradition has always affirmed that Knap sprang from this race, so far no absolute proof of it has been found. There is no reason to doubt the tradition, as a laird's descent was always roughly known in the Middle Ages-though seldom exactly.

The Macmillans once held a large part of South Knapdale and North Kintyre, including Knap; and Ballimore (which means the big house) was one of their manors. At Kilmorie of Knap, where there is a chapel and a fine specimen of Celtic Cross, the numerous incised gravestones show where they were buried.

rent rights over Kilmorie and Fernoch, which are enjoyed by John's wife, Moir Macneill Witnesses: John MacTavish of Dunardary, Duncan M'Cannell in Fernoch, Duncan M'Gillechallum V'Millan there, and Donald Campbell M'Ean V'Neill there.

10. At Edinburgh, 12 Aug., 1643: Pre cept of clare constat by the Marquess of Argyll, addressed to Hector Macneill of Gallichellie, for the infeftment of Patrick Campbell, now of Knap, as son and nearest lawful heir male of deceased John C. of Knap in the above lands. Witnesses: Mr. Alexander Cant, Mr. David Muir, and Mr. John Campbell, all servitors to the Marquess, and George Campbell, sheriff clerk.

11. At Knap, 30 Aug., 1643: Sasine (Donald Cameron, clerk of Lismore diocese, notary) following on last. Witnesses: Donald Campbell, brother of the said Patrick C. of Knap, and others.

12. At Edinburgh, 16 June, 1674: Charter* by the Earl of Argyll to John Campbell, now of Knap, lawful son of deceased Patrick C. of Knap, of the above 12 merk lands; containing precept of sasine for his infeftment, addressed to John Campbell of Stronseill Witnesses: Captain Robert Middletoun and John Campbell, W.S.

13. At Knap, 1 July, 1674: Sasine on above (John Stewart, clerk of Lismore dio cese, notary), given by John Campbell of Stronfeill (sic) to above John Campbell of Knap. Witnesses unimportant.

14. 1 Dec., 1682: Obligation by John Campbell of Knap, stating that a minute was passed between his grandfather,t the de ceased John Campbell of Knap, with consent of deceased Patrick Campbell of Knap, father of the present laird, on the one part, and Donald Campbell, second lawful son of said deceased John, on the other part. whereby the said Donald received from his said father a feu of the 4 merk land of Stronfield (sic)... to pass to the lawful heirs male of said Donald's body, and failing them to their heirs male) seriatim, brothers of said Duncan, Colin and John Campbell (and Donald, whom all failing House of Knap." The fet included also the

to fall in to the

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mill of Stronfield. This minute is now con-
firmed by the present laird of Knap, who,
however, reserves the mill of Stronfield,
I which I am to build on the lands of Balli-
moir and the lands of Stronfield are to be
thirld and succount thereto."* The feuar
is to pay multures to John Campbell of Knap,
to whom is also reserved liberty of the woods
of Stronfield for the use of his lands of Ard-
naw, Kilmorie, Fernoch and Ballimore. On
his side the feuar gives a bond for 250 merks,
and Knap agrees to grant a charter. Wit-
nesses: Niall Campbell of Duntroon, Donald
Macneill of Gallichellie and John M'Gilchrist

in Kilmichael.

15. At Canongate, 1697: General Retour
of John Campbell of Knap as grandson and
heir of deceased John Campbell of Knap,
among the jury being Angus Campbell of

16. At the Tolbooth of Inveraray, 25 Nov.,
1720: General Retour of Colin Campbell of
Stronfield as son and heir of deceased John
Campbell of Stronfield.

17. At Kilmichael in Glassary, 6 Oct.,
1721 Disposition by Duncan Campbell of
Knap (who states that he is the son of the
ter grantor of No. 14) in favour of Colin Camp-
bell of Stronfield, as son and heir of John
C. of Stronfield, ratifying No. 14 and feuing
Stronfield to the said Colin. + Registered at
Inveraray, 2 Oct., 1724, in the presence of
Colin Campbell of Braglein, sheriff substitute
of Argyll.

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18. Same place, 18 Jan., 1727: Instru-
ment of Resignation (Angus Murray, clerk of
Lismore diocese, notary) by Colin Campbell
of Stronfield to his Superior, Duncan Camp-
bell of Knap, of the 4 merk land of Stronfield,
conform to a disposition of same date. John
Maclachlan in Auchindarroch is procurator
for Colin. Witnesses: Duncan Campbell of
Kilduskland, Kenneth Maclachlan of Kilenu-
chanach, James Campbell of Rudill, and
Daniel Campbell, indweller in Kilmichael,
son of the deceased Rudill.

19. At Inverneill, 13 May, 1732: Disposi-
tion by Sir James Campbell of Auchinbreck to
Duncan Campbell of Knap in respect of the
teinds and bailliary of the said Duncan's
lands of Kilmorie, Fernoch, Ballimore and

We may infer that the mill had been
destroyed between the date of the original feu
by the grandfather and the date of this obliga-
tion. Perhaps it was burnt in 1644 by Alex-
ander Macdonald during his raid into Argyll.
+ Duncan's father had apparently never com-
pleted his part by granting the charter.

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7. BUILT at PORTSMOUTH (cont. from p. 420).
24 Mar., 1860. FREDERICK WILLIAM (now
training-ship WORCESTER), originally laid
down as ROYAL FREDERICK in July, 1841, as
1st rate, 110 guns, subsequently razeed on
the stocks. Converted to screw in 1859.
Launched 24 Mar., 1860, as screw_ship_4725
ERICK WILLIAM, January, 1860,
(3241)T. 74 guns.
Name changed to FRED-
and to
WORCESTER, 19 Oct., 1876.

1860-3. DRYAD. Laid down 1860. Not


1860. PRINCE OF WALES, 121, 6201 (3994)T.
Single screw, wood, ship. Re-named BRIT-
ANNIA and took over cadet ship duties, 20
Sept., 1863.

1860. NELSON, 4096 (2736)T. (Colonial
vessel in 1886).

1860. RINALDO, 17, screw




1860 circa. DIDO (1857)T. Not proceeded


1861. GLASGOW, 51, single screw, wood
(4020)T. Sold 1884.

1861. CHANTICLEER. 17, single screw, wood
sloop, 1365 (950)T.

1861. The following 9 small single screw,
wood gun-boats were laid down at Portsmouth
this year:


Not proceeded with.

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1867. DANAE, 6, single screw, wood, ship, 1755 (1287)T.


1868. ELK, 4, twin screw, composite_gunvessel, barque-rigged. 584 (465)T. 603 (465)T.

1868. SIRIUS, 6, single screw, wood, sloop, 1755 (1268)T. Later lists give 1760T.

1868. SWALLOW, 3, twin screw, wood, gunvessel, 774 (664)T.

1868. CRACKER, 4, twin screw, composite gun-vessel. 584 (467)T. Later lists give 603 (467)T.

1868. RINGDOVE, 3, twin screw, wood gunvessel. 774 (666)T.

1868. MAGPIE, 3, twin screw, wood gunvessel. 774 (665)T. 1878-1884, surveying Ivessel in Chinese waters.

1869. DIDO, 8, single screw, wood, ship. Later re-named ACTAEON. 1755 (1277)T.

1870. Sept. 10. SHAH, 26, ex BLONDE, single screw, iron frigate, cased with wood. 5696 (4039)T. Completed 1873/4. Described 1891 N.L. as screw cruiser 6250 (4210)T. Machinery being removed and vessel prepared for hulk at Bermuda. Re-named SHAH in 1873, before completion in honour of the Shah's visit.

1870. COMET, 1, twin screw, iron gun-boat. 254 (245)T.

1870. PLUCKY, single screw, tender. Later re-named BANTERER, 196 (213)T.

1871. October. BLAZER, 1, twin screw, iron gun-boat, 254 (245)T.

1871. July 7. DEVASTATION, 4, twin screw, iron turret-ship. Armour plated 9188 (4407)T. Laid down November, 1869, completed 1873. Later lists give 9330 T.

1875. Oct. 16. BOADICEA, 16, single screw, iron corvette, 4027 (2679)T. Later lists

4140 T.

1876. Apr. 21. INFLEXIBLE, 4, twin screw, iron turret-ship 11,165 T. Later lists 11,880 T. Launched 21 Apr., 1876.

1876. Oct. 19. BACCHANTE, 16, single screw, iron, corvette, 3832 (2679)T. Later lists 4130 (2679)T. Sold 1897.

1881. Aug. 26. CANADA, 10, single screw, barque-rigged, steel, corvette, 2350 T. His Majesty King George V. served as midshipman, September, 1882, to June, 1884, and as Sub.-Lieut. (act.), from June, 1884, to 18 Aug., 1884, on this vessel.

1881. Oct. 25. CORDELIA, 10, single screw, steel and iron corvette, barque-rigged. Trials commenced 19 Feb., 1887. 2380 T.

1882. Mar. 21. COLOSSUS. Completed 1886. Armoured turret-ship. 9420 T. Sold 1908. 1883. Dec. 18. IMPERIEUSE, 14, twin Built in No. 11 Dock.

screw cruiser. 8400 T.

Laid down Aug. 11, 1881. Later re-named SAPPHIRE II, and again IMPERIEUSE.

1884. June 24. CALLIOPE, 16, single screw cruiser. 2770 T. Laid down September, 1881. Completed 1885. Re-named HELICON, after return from Apia incident of 15 Mar., 1889.

1885. Nov. 24. screw, battleship,

CAMPERDOWN, 10, twin 10.600 T. Laid down Mar. 18, 1882. Completed 1889. 1887. Sept. 20. TRAFALGAR, 10, twin screw battleship, 11,940 T. Laid down June 18, 1886. 4 years to complete.

1888. May 1. NYMPHE, 8, twin screw sloop. 1140 T. Re-named WILDFIRE, then GANNET, then PEMBROKE. Was the name ship for Chatham Depôt during the war. Broken up at Milford Haven, 1925.

1888. Sept. 20. MELPOMENE, 6, twin screw cruiser. 2950 T. Laid down October, 1887.

Trials, June 17, 1890.
Feb. 28, 1889. BEAGLE, 8, twin screw, sloop.
1170 T. Laid down May 14, 1888. Trials,
Sept. 24, 1889.

1889. Apr. 16. BARROSA, 6, twin screw, cruiser. 1580 T. Laid down May 14, 1888. Trials 23 Nov., 1889, and 21 July, 1890.

1889. June 13. VULCAN, 8, twin screw torpedo depôt ship, 6620 T. Laid down July 18, 1888. Commissioned 2 Feb., 1890.

1889. Sept. 11. BARHAM, 6, twin screw cruiser. 1830 T. Laid down Nov. 22, 1888. Commissioned July, 1893. Sale List, 1914. 1890. June 30. PALLAS, 8, twin screw cruiser. Laid down June 1, 1889. 2575 T. Completed June 30, 1891. 1891. Feb. 26. ROYAL SOVEREIGN, 14, twin screw battleship. 14150 T. Built in No. 13 Dock. Laid down Sept. 30, 1889.

1891. Feb. 26. ROYAL ARTHUR, 12, twin screw cruiser, 7700 T. Laid down as CENTAUR, re-named at launch. 2 years to complete.

1892. Mar. 30. CRESCENT, 13, twin screw cruiser 7700 T. Laid down Oct. 13, 1890. His Majesty King George V. served as Captain of this vessel from 8 June, 1898, to 26 Aug., 1898.

1892. Mar. 8. CENTURION, 14, twin screw, battleship, 10,500 T. Laid down No. 13 Dock, Mar. 30, 1891. Commissioned February, 1894. Sold July, 1910.

1893. June 13. Fox, 10, twin screw cruiser, 4360 T. Laid down Jan. 17, 1892 Total time to complete, 3 years.

1894. July 19. ECLIPSE, 11, twin screw cruiser, 5600 T. Laid down Dec. 11, 1893. Completed after 2 years 11 months. Disposal List, Apr. 9, 1919.

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