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DUNN (DONNE) OF PEMBROKE OR CARMARTHEN.-Can any reader give me particulars of any printed pedigree of the Dunn or Donne family of Pembrokeshire or Carmarthen after about 1600? I believe there was one printed about 1850. I should be glad to hear of any genealogical record of the last three centuries.

F. Z. O. HEN ENRY HAWLEY.-At 11 S. vii. 251, a correspondent requested information concerning one Henry Hawley, of Lincoln's Inn Fields, Steward of the Westminster School Anniversary Dinner, in 1782. No reply seems to have been made. Can any reader state who was this Henry Hawley?

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Steals away,
First the hours
And then the day."

Spennymoor.

POEM WANTED.

H. ASKEW.

Where can I obtain a copy of the poem by Swain one verse of which goes somewhat as follows? :Be kind to each other, the night's drawing

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When friend and when brother perchance may be gone

And 'midst our dejection how sweet to have earned

The blest recollection of kindness returned. T. B. PEACOCK.

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SOURCES OF QUOTATIONS WANTED.—In the second edition of Collected Poems' Thomas Hardy added, as a motto to The Interloper (Moments of Vision')" And I saw the figure and visage of Madness seeking for a home." Can anyone tell me where this quotation comes from? V. H. COLLINS. "What is hit is history, what is missed is mystery.' Where does this statement first occur in print? H. S.-G.

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THE story mentioned by CAPTAIN R. M. GRAZEBROOK at the reference is only of two incidents to which tradition ascribes the origin of the nickname the 28th Foot, now the 1st Battalion of the Gloucestershire Regiment. It is more gener ally accepted in the Regiment that the name of Slashers was gained at the battle of the White Plains, when, having expended all their ammunition, the men drew the short swords with which they were then armed and routed the enemy in their front.

That the nickname Slashers was almost officially recognised is shown by the fact that a reef off the coast of Queensland in Lat. S. 18° 32', Long. E 147°, on which the 28th Foot nearly came to grief, was named Slasher Reef. On June 16, 1842, the regiment, consisting of 26 officers and 709 men, embarked at Sydney for India in the three ships John Brewer, Kelso and Arab. On June 29 they were joined by a fourth ship named the Hopkinson, and during the night the four ships ran almost simultaneously on a coral reef. They were got off at the next tide not much the worse for their stranding and, after some delay, were able to resume their voyage. The reef was named Slasher Reef, and the name appeared on Admiralty chart No. 2349. In 1889 recent surveys were embolied in the chart, but the origin of the name Slasher Reef had apparently been lost sight of, and the reefs shown in the locality in the revised chart were given the names of Leaf Reef, Oleose Reef, and Maxwell Reef (the last name appears in The Times Atlas. 1920, Plate 106).

The Hydrographic Department of the Admiralty recently stated that it is proposed to restore the name of Slasher Reef to the whole group of reefs, giving the name of Kelso, Arab and Hopkinson to the separate reefs constituting the group, and the name of John Brewer to another reef a few miles to the southward.

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Anderson (1779-1810) of the 12th Bengal Infantry, and his brother General John Anderson (1784-1866), Colonel of the 61st Bengal Infantry, and sister Mrs. Outram, were the children of William Anderson of the Three Cranes Wharf, London, and Ann Grisel Boardman (see Major Hodson's List of Officers of the Bengal Army from 1758 to 1834,' vol. i. pp. 30, 31).

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Bengal in the Civil Service before the year David Anderson seems to have gone out to 1777, for in a letter written to Hastings from Edinburgh on Jan. 22, 1797, he speaks of himone who can look back to twenty (Lawyears of uninterrupted friendship 248). He was Resident at the Court of the son, Private Life of Warren Hastings,' p. famous Mahdaji Rao Sindhia from 1782 to rington Indiaman with Hastings, and was 1785, when he sailed for Europe in the Bersucceeded as Resident by his brother Lieut. James Anderson of the Bengal Army. It was of David Anderson that Hastings wrote that talents and wariness." "he gained the treaty of Salbai by peculiar By that treaty, which 1782, peace was assured with the Mahrattas was concluded with the Peshwa on May 17, which had been damaged by the disastrous for twenty years, and British ascendancy, convention of Wargaum in 1780, was re-established. He must have returned to India, for when he gave evidence at Hastings' trial in 1790, he was President of the Board of Revenue in Bengal.

Anderson's younger son, Warren Hastings Anderson (1796-1847) was Hastings' godchild. He married Mary Dewar, the daughter of the laird of Vogrie, and was the grandfather of Major-General Sir Warren Hastings Anderson, the present Quartermaster-General, and Vice-Admiral David Murray Anderson. Captain David Anderson, of Bourhouse, Dunbar, is descended from David Anderson, the elder son of Hastings' friend.

EVAN COTTON.

Was the son of David Anderson, Writer to the Signet, Edinburgh, by his wife Mary Mitchelson. He was born in 1750 and entered the service of the Hon. East India Company as a writer in 1767, and was President of the Calcutta Revenue Committee in 1779. He married in 1788 Christian, daughter of the Rev. D. Findlay.

He was an intimate friend of Warren Hastings, and stood by him during his long impeachment, and died at his home, St. Germains, East Lothian, on 2 Aug., 1825.

H. A. P.

EDWARD BABER (cliv. 21, 68, 120, 191).

The Baber family resided in Berkshire about the time Warren Hastings was in England. Thomas Draper Baber, of Sunninghall Park, entered the Berkshire Militia, 1759. His father, John Baber, had owned Sunninghill, which was sold in 1769. Baber died 1783, at Newton, Co. Cambridge.

Richard Baber, of Tiverton, Co. Somerset, mayor three times of Bath, died 1705, aged 87. His son Benjamin, alderman of Bath, married Elizabeth, dau. of William Fox, of Farley (near Reading ?), and had an only son, Stephen Baber, b. 1663, d. 1679, bur. at Westminster Abbey.

John Baber, father of T. D. Baber, was in the Berks Militia as captain, 1758; he died

1765.

Sir John Baber, Knt., died 1703, aged 70. E. E. COPE.

XVI CENTURY PLACE-NAMES: IDENTIFICATION SOUGHT (cliv. 225). Kimberworth at the present day is a populous part of the Rotherham district. It is connected with Rotherham by the bridge over the Don-the bridge which contains the chapel. In 1593 Kimberworth belonged to Francis Earl of Shrewsbury. After the death of Richard III, who by virtue of his marriage with Anne Nevil of Kimberworth, the place became part of the royal demesne, and Henry VII granted the office of bailiff and keeper of the park to Richard Byerley, one of his gentlemen ushers May I suggest that Kankwood or Cankwood has nothing to do with Cannock Chase, but should be Canklow Wood, a place in the township of Tinsley, between Rotherham and Sheffield.

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The parks of the Foljambe's were in the Rotherham neighbourhood and in the Worksop district. In the former was Aldwark, which came into the possession of this family by the marriages of Godfrey Foljambe to Margaret, and Sir James Foljambe, Knt., to Alice, the co-heirs of Sir Thomas Fitzwilliam, Osberton, near Worksop, was the second Foljambe park. Sir Thomas Fitzwilliam fell at Flodden.

By Hadsock, Hodsock is probably meant. Hodsock Park lies south-west of Blyth, Notts, and was at one time a township in the parish of Blyth, if it is not so yet. It anciently belonged to the Cressy family. Sir Hugh Cressy died without issue 9 Hen. IV. Hodsock was inherited by his sister Katherine, who had married Sir John Clifton.

Newall is mentioned in a return of the pro

perty of the Earl of Shrewsbury, the owner of Kimberworth mentioned above. It may be that Shurland should be Shirland; Winkfield, Wingfield; Welbie, Welbeck; and Stakelie, Stavely. Bromeley may indicate Bromley, a place situated in the neighbourhood of Tankersley, seven miles south-west of Barnsley. H. ASKEW.

BANK NOTES (cliv. 136, 178, 194, 213).

The practice of cutting Bank of England notes into halves and remitting the halves by separate mails began at a very early date in the Bank's history, and has never been discontinued. The object was, as your cor respondent supposes, to prevent the entire note falling into the wrong hands, and in the days when the mails were carried by road and were frequently robbed by highwaymen, this was a useful precaution, as the sender would half-note await the acknowledgment of one before despatching the other. Since the introduction of cheques, it is not usual for remittances to be made by bank notes, so that the practice of cutting notes is less common, but Bank of England notes sent by foreign banks to their London correspondents for collection are still, I believe, cut into halves, and the halves sent by different posts. The matching of half-notes gave some trouble to the Bank in the eighteenth century, and it was for this reason that in 1791 an arrangement was made for the number to appear on both halves of bank notes.

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W. MARSTON ACRES. HE STORY OF SAVILE ROW (cliv. 147, 192, 230).-With regard to Squibb's Auction Room having been used by Lord Barrymore as his private theatre, Mr. Gordon Craig sends me the following:

"Miss Mary Berry writes, July 23, 1790: I went to carry my niece, Sophia Walpole, home last night from her Mother's, and found Little Burlington Street blocked by coaches. Lord Barrymore, his sister Lady Caroline, and Mrs. Goodall the actress, were performing the Beaux Stratagem' in Squib's Auction-room, which his Lordship has converted into 8 Theatre."

I have also seen it stated that John Michael Haydn writes in his Diary in November, 1791, of Lord Barrymore's private theatre in Saville Street. This I have had no opportunity to verify, but if it is correct it would appear that it must have been the Auction Room at 20, Savile Row, that Lord Barrymore made his theatre. The Little Burlington Street mentioned by Miss Berry would be, I suppose, New Burlington Street,

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which is shown on Horwood's map 1792-9; while the other Burlington Street (which on the title deeds of Queensberry House is called Great Burlington Street) is called Old Bur lington Street. With regard to Charles Kemble's occupation of No. 16, in 1855, I have been reminded that he died in 1854. There is no doubt, however, that his daughter Fanny was living there in July, 1855.

W. COURTHOPE FORMAN.

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279), which transcribes a Copy of a Paper
Roll, temp. Hy. VI, containing charges
against the Duke of Suffolk.' It is not the
same, it is added, as that given in the Pas-
ton Letters. One of the charges is that he
took a nun oute of holy profession" and by
her, whose name was Malyne de Cay, was the
marred
father of a daughter, nowe
to
Stonard of Oxenfordshire.' Whether she or
Jacqueline of Hainault was the mother of
Beatrix Barentyne does not appear.
E. ST. JOHN BROOKS.
BUDDHIST PRAYER (cliv. 188, 231).
A
lation of the very common mystic ejacula-
-The usual, but unauthenticated, trans-
tion or prayer of the Buddhists-Om mani
padme hum-is" Om, the jewel in the
lotus. The ejaculation Om in Hinduism
meaningless. It is the spell of spells, and in
and Buddhism is especially holy because
the Yoga Philosophy, at any rate, it has been
identified with Sound and then used in many
esoteric and mystic senses. The explanation
is too long for a note, but the enquirer will
find much about it in the present writer's
'Word of Lalla the Prophetess,' if he will
look up Om in the glossary and in the index
attached to that work.

WILLIAM AND LAMBERT OSBALDE-
STONE (cxlvi. 363, 422; cxlix. 105,
137). At the last reference I gave
abstract of the administration by his widow
Diones of the goods of Lamberte Osbal-
stone late of the paryshe of Saynte Ebbe
withyn the Citie of Oxforde deceased," dated
1546, and noted that his debts included one
to "Master Wyllyam Osbalston of Wallyng-
forde." I now find that Hedges's History
of Wallingford' states that Lambert Osbalde-
stone was Mayor of Wallingford in 1514,
1525, 1527-9, 1532-3, 1538, and 1541-2. There
may be other references to him in this book,
but it is poorly indexed, and the name does
not occur in the index. Probably some-
thing about him could be found in the Wal-
lingford muniments. I am indebted to Rev.
H. E. Salter, of Magdalen College, Oxford,
for the information that Lambert Osbaston,
beer brewer, was admitted a freeman of
Oxford in 1542 (Records of the City of
Oxford,' p. 167), and paid to the subsidies of
1543 and 1544.

The name reappears in

1710, when a Charles Osbaldstone had pro-
perty there, and in a few years is Sir
Charles'." If we are dealing with the same
man, he therefore left Wallingford in 1542,
and went to Oxford, where he died in 1546.

E. ST. JOHN BROOKS.

WILLIAM DE LA POLE, DUKE OF

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R. C. TEMPLE.

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It was curious that MR. NOBLE's friend, the Siamese medical student, should have been of the old Sanscrit prayer Om mani padme unable to throw any light on the meaning hum. The translation of these words understood as usually [ut supra]; but it may likewise be "Salvation (is) in the JewelLotus: Amen.' The author of this prayer is said to have been Dhyâni Bodhisattwa, the deified saint Avalokites' wara, or as the Tibetans call him-Padmapân'i; that is, the "Lotus-handed."

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Throughout most Buddhist countries, the SUFFOLK: HIS DAUGHTER JOAN prayer here under discussion is found in(cxlvi. 299). At this reference I inquired scribed on rocks, trees, utensils for domestic about the mother of Joan, natural daughter use, skulls and other bones, and, in fact, on of William de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk, who, every available article. Taught to children it is stated in the Heralds' Visitation of when they first learn to speak, it is likewise Oxfordshire, 1574, married Thomas Stonor repeated beside the dying; for it is supposed of Stonor, Oxon (1424-74). I quoted to release the soul from inferior forms of Leland's remark that de la Pole " secretly re-incarnation; and to be a safeguard against maried" the Countess of Henaude (? the the five evils. Its syllables are also underCountess Jacqueline of Hainault), by whom stood to represent the six worlds into which he had a daughter, married to Drew Baren- mortals are re-born; and likewise the six tyne of Oxfordshire, and conjectured that she transcendental virtues. Just prior to 1863, was also the mother of Joan Stonor. Dr. Emil Schlagintweit discovered a cylinder, containing a leaf, measuring forty-nine feet long, by four inches in breadth; and, upon this, the prayer was inscribed an innumerable

I am indebted to MRS. COPE for a reference to the papers of the Nevilles of Holt (Hist. MSS. Comm. 3rd Report, App. p.

number of times. Dr. C. F. Köppen's Die Religion des Buddha,' should be consulted for further valuable information on this subject. EDWARD P. SMART.

AF RTIFICIAL STONE (cliv. 210, 248). This must have been Coade's Patent Stone, much in use at the end of the eighteenth century. According to Malcolm's Londinium Redivivum,' it was used on cer tain London churches. Horace Walpole also used it for his Gothic constructions at Strawberry Hill.

Coade's factory was near Lambeth, and Cary's 1818 map of London gives the name of Coade's Row to a row of houses just on the south side of Westminster Bridge. The Coade family came from Lyme Regis and a known eighteenth century house there (which belonged to the Coades from 1784 onwards) is

faced with this stone.

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C. WANKLYN.

In A Companion from London to Brighthelmstone, etc.,' by J. Edwards, Topographer, London, 1801, 4to., p. 18, opposite to which is an engraving of a river god in artificial stone, it is stated that "Coade's Artificial Stone Manufactory was started in 1769.' Apparently it was situated at Narrow Wall, St. George's, Lambeth (?). The process was by firing in a kiln. The results seem to have been very good.

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F. WILLIAM COCK.

SUNDAY ENTERTAINMENTS (cliv. 136, 248). There is no national law prohibiting the running of shows, either in cinemas The or legitimate theatres in the U.S. matter is left entirely to the municipal authorities. Our larger cities, Chicago and New York, are wide-open on Sunday. Indianopolis, Ind., and Evansville, Ind., are also open; in fact, all our larger cities are free to have Sunday entertainment. Yet, here in Bloomington, a college town, shows are prohibited by city ordinance.

Indiana University.

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RAMON KESSLER.

Student.

ENGLISH OFFICERS IN AUSTRIAN SERVICE (cliv. 188, 228, 249).-Lucius Cary, Lieut. Walmoden Cuirassiers, was 3rd son of John Cary (1770-1820), by Sophia, dau. of Edward Sulyard, and grandson of George Cary of Torr Abbey, Devon, by Cecilia Fagniani.

1866), 5th Austrian Hussars, 3rd son of 4th Bart." J. P.

A GE OF BEARING ARMS AND OF

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KNIGHTHOOD (cliv. 225).-If history is examined it will be found that boys were evidently considered as grown up at fourteen or fifteen, and as capable of bearing arms. The fact of a King's son joining the army so young would set the fashion for other boys. READER.

RIGHTS PERTAINING TO A GRAVE (cliv. 226). I think the clergy charge for graves, as they consider the churchyard their private property. If a charge is made, it is surely the case that the payee has a right to that for which he pays, i.e., the grave. This question of the parishioners' rights as against the clergy is one which causes intense ill-feeling in country places, and has done much to alienate country folk from the parish church.

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SUMAC TREE (cliv. 190, 232).-Some very beautiful specimens of this tree grow (or once grew), together with other shrubs and the railway embankment at flowers, on Upminster station on the L.M. and S. Railway, but these have recently been displaced by long and hideous advertisement hoardings, despite the protests of the inhabitants of this "Garden Suburb." This former very attractive display of horticulture brought much than more credit to the railway company wooden boards ever can.

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Hampstead, Upminster, Essex. In London Trees' (Webster, 1920), the Venetian Sumach (R. Cotinus) is mentioned as a success in the smoky parts of the metropolis. Reference is made to a noble clump" in Regent's Park, to its appearance in St. Paul's Churchyard, and that it is plentiful in many dusty, confined East End gardens.

The full chapter (pp. 116 seq.) Sumach is worth attention.

on the

MINERAL OIL IN ANCIENT WRIT

INGS (cliii. 480; cliv. 51). At the latter reference, the conventional view, as to bitumen is stated: "It played the chief part in the preparation of mummies." But in a recent work written with exceptional knowledge and care (viz.: Ancient Egyptian Horace Osborne St. John-Mildmay (1817- Materials,' by A. Lucas, 1926), the matter is

Gideon Ernst Loudon (1716-1790), Freiherr Von, Austrian General. Life by Colonel Malleson, 1884.

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