Hichm. Why then 'tis time to arm, and give Our archers shall be placed in the midst:

direction.- [lle advances in the Troops. John duke of Norfolk, Thomas earl of Surres, More than I have said, loving com trymen, Shall have the leading of this foot and horse. The leisure and enforcement of the time They thus directed, we ourself will follow Forbids to dwell on : Yet remember this,- In the main battle; whose puissance on either God, and our good cause, fight upon our side:

side The prayers of holy saints, and wronged souls, Shall be well winged with our chiefest horse. Like high rear'd bulwarks, stand before our This, and Saint George to boot !- What think'st faces;

thou, Norfolk Richard except, those whom we fight against, Nor. A good direction, warlike sovereign.-llad rather have us win, than him they follow. This found I on my tent this morning. For what is he they follow ? truly, gentlemen,

[Giving a scroll. A bloody tyrant, and a hornicide;

K. Rich. Jocky of Norfolk, be not too bolih, One rais'd in blood, and one in blood establish'd ;

(reads. One that made means to come by what he hath, For Diekon thy master is bought and sold. And slaughter'd those that were the means to A thing devised by the enemy.-. help him;

Go, gentlemen, every man unto his charge : A base foul stone, made precious by the foil Let not our babbling dreams atfright our souls Of England's chair, where he is falsely set; Conscience is but a word that cowards use, One that hath ever been God's enemy:

Devis'd at first to keep the strong in awe; Then, if you fight against God's enerny, Our strong arms be our conscience, swords our God will, in justice, ward you as his soldiers; law. If you do sweat to put a tyrant down, March on, join bravely, let 118 to't pell-mell; You sleep in peace, the tyrant being slain; If not to heaven, then hand in hand to hell.If you do fight againt your country's foes, What shall I say more than I have inferrd? Your country's fat shall pay your pains the hire; Remember whom you are to cope withal;If you do fight in safeguard of your wives, A sort of vagabonds, rascals, and runaways, Your wives shall welcome home the conquerors; A seum of Bretagnes, and base lackey peasants, If you do free your children from the sword, Whom their o'ercloyed country vomits forth Your children's children quit it in your age. To desperate ventures and assurd destruction. Then, in the name of God, and all these rights, You sleeping safe, they bring you to unrest; Advance your standards, draw your willing You having lands, and bless'd with beauteous swords;

wives, For me, the ransome of my bold attempt They would restrain the one, distain the other Shall be this cold corpse on the earth's cold face; And who doth lead them, but a paltry fellow, But if I thrive, the gain of my attempt Long kept in Bretagne at our mother's cost? The least of you shall share his part thereof. A milk-sop, one that never in his life Sound, drums and trumpets, boldly and cheer- Felt so much cold as over shoes in snow? fully :

Let's whip these stragulers o'er the seas again; God, and Saint Georgel Richmond, and victory! Lash hence these overweening rags of France,

[Errunt. These famish'd beggars, weary of their lives; Re-enter King RICHARD, RATCLIFF, Attendants, Who, but for dreaming on this fond exploit, and Forces.

For want of means, poor rats, had hang'd themK. Rich. Whatsaid Northumberland, as touch- Ifwe be conquer'd, let men conquerus, (selves ing Richmond ?

And not these bastard Bretagnes; whom our hat. That he was never trained up in arms.


[thump’d, K. Pich. He said the truth: And what said Have in their own land beaten, bobb'd and Surrey then ?

[purpose. And, on record, left them the heirs of shame. Pat. He smild and said, the better for our Shall these enjoy our lands? lie with our wives? K. Rich. He was i' the right; and so, indeed, Ravish our daughters?-Hark, I hear theirdrum. it is. [ Clock strikes.

[Drum afar of Tell the clock there.—Give me the calendar.- Fight, gentlemen of England! fight, bold yeo. Who saw the sun w day?

men! hat.

Not I, my lord. Draw, archers, draw your arrows to the head ! K. Rich. Then he disdains to shine; for, by Spur your proud, horses hard, and ride in blood; the book,

Amaze the welkin with your broken staves ! lle should have brav'd the east an hour ago:

Enter a Messenger. (power? A black day will it be to somebody.

What says Lord Stanley? will he bring his katcliff,

Mess. My lord, he doth deny to come. [head. Rat. My lord ?

K. Rich. Off instantly with his son George's K. Rich. The sun will not be seen to-day; Nor. My lord, the enemy is pass'd the marsh; The sky doth frown and lour upon our army.

After the battle let George Stanley die. I would, these dewy tears were from the ground. K. Rich. A thousand hearts are great within Not shine to-day! Why, what is that to me,

my bosom: More than to Richmond?

for the self same heaven, Advance our standards, set upon our foes; That frowns on me, looks sadly upon him. Our ancient word of courage, fair Saint George, Enter NORFOLK.

Inspire ns with the spleen of fiery dragons ! Nor. Arm, arm, my lord; the foe vaunts in Upon them! Victory sits on our helms. the field. (my horse ;

[Exeunt. K. Rich. Come, bustle, bustle: – Caparison

SCENE IV. Another part of the Field, Call up Lord Stanley, bid him bring his power:I will lead forth my soldiers to the plain,

Alarum. Excursions. Enter NORFOLK, and And thus my battle shall be ordered.

Forces; to him CATESBY. My fore ward shall be drawn out all in length, Cate. Rescue, my lord of Norfolk, rescue, Cons sting equally of horse and foot;


The king enacts more wonders than a man, Stan. John Duke of Norfolk, Walter Lord Daring an opposite to every danger;

Ferrers, His horse is slain, and all on foot he fights, Sir Robert Brakenbary, and Sir William BranSeeking for Richmond in the throat of death:


[births. Rescue, fair lord, or else the day is lost?

Richm. Inter their bodies as becomes their Alarum. Enter King RICHARD.

Proclaim a pardon to the soldiers tled, K. Rich. A horse! a horse ! my kingdom for That in submission will return to us ; a horse !

(horse. And then, as we have ta’en the sacrament, Cate. Withdraw, my lord, I'll help you to a We will unite the white rose with the red :

K. Rich. Slave, I have set my life upon a cast, Smile heaven upon this fair conjunction, And I will stand the hazard of the die: That long hath frown'd upon their enmity!I think, there be six Richmonds in the field; What traitor hears me, and says not-amen ? Five have I slain to-day, instead of him: England hath long been mad, and scarrd herself; A horse! a horse! my kingdom for a horse ! The brother blindly shed the brother's blood

(Exeunt. The father rashly slaughter'd his own son, Alarums. Enter King RICHARD and RICHMOND; The son, compelld, been butcher to the sire;

and exeunt fighting. Retreat, and flourish. Then All this divided York and Lancaster,
enter RICHMOND, STANLEY bearing the Crown, Divided, in their dire division.-
with divers other Lords, and Forces.

O, now, let Richmond and Elizabeth, Richm. God, and your arms, be prais'd, vic- The true succeeders of each royal house, torious friends;

By God's fair ordinance conjoin together! The day is ours, the bloody dog is dead. And let their heirs (God, if thy will be so), Stan. Courageous Richmond, well hast thou Enrich the time to come with smooth-fac'd acquit thee!

peace, Lo, here, this long usurped royalty,

With smiling plenty, and fair prosperous days! From the dead temples of this bloody wretch Abate the edge of traitors, gracious Lord, Have I pluck'd off, to grace thy brows withal. That would reduce these bloody days again! Wear it, enjoy it, and make much of it. (all l- And make poor England weep in streams of Richm. Great God of heaven, say, amen to

blood! But,tell me first, is young George Stanley living? Let them live to taste this land's increase, Stan. He is, my lord, and safe in Leicester That would with treason wound this fair land's town;

[us, peace! Whither,if it please you, we may now withdraw Now civil wounds are stoppid, peace lives again; Richm.' What men of name are slain on either That she may long live here, God say-- Amen. side ?


king Benry the Eightly


Persons Kepresented.

Garter, King at Arms.
CARDINAL WOLSEY. CARDINAL CAMPEIUS. Surveyor to the Duke of Buckingham.
CAPUCICS, Ambassador from the Emp. Charles V. BRANDON, and a Sergeant at Arms.
CRANMER, Archbishop of Canterbury.

Door-keeper of the Council Chamber.

Page to Gardiner. A Crier.
GARDINER, Bishop of Winchester.

QUEEN KATHARINE, Wife to King Henry, after


ANNE Bullen, her Maid of Honour; afterwards Sie HENRY GUILDFORD. SIR THOMAS LOVELL.


An old Lady, Friend to Anne Bullen.
Secretaries to Wolsey.

PATIENCE, Woman to Queen Katharine.
CROMWELL, Servant lo Wolsey.

Several Lords and Ladies in the Dumb Shonos : GRIFFITH, Gentleman Usher to Queen Katherine. Women attending upon the Queen; Spirits, which Three other Gentlemen,

appear to her; Scribes, Officers, Guards, anul Doctor BUTTS, Physician to the King.

other Attendants.
SCENE-chiefly in London and Westminster: once, at Kimbolton.

Their money out of hope they may believe,
May here find truth too. Those, that come to see

Only a show or two, and so agree,
I come no more to make you laugh; things now, The play may pass; if they be still, and willing,
That bear a weighty and a serious brow, I'll undertake, may see away their shilling
Sad, high, and working, full of state and woe, Richly in two short hours. Only they,
Such noble scenes as draw the eye to flow, That come to hear a merry, bawdy play,
We now present. Those that can pity, here A noise of targets; or to see a fellow
May, if they think it well, let fall a tear; In a long motley coat, guarded with yellow,
The subject will deserve it. Such, as give

Will be di ceived: for, gentle hearers, krow,

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Art First.

To rank our chosen truth with such a show Nor. As I belong to worship, and affect
As fool and fight is, beside forfeiting

In honour honesty, the tract of every thing Our own brains, and the opinion that we bring, Would by a good discourser lose some life. (To make that only true we now intend), Which action's self was tongue to. All was Will leave us never an understanding friend. To the disposing of it nought rebell'd, (royal; Therefore, for goodness' sake, and as you are Order gave each thing view; the office did known

Distinctly his full function. The first and happiest hearers of the town, Buck.

Who did guide, Be sad, as we would make you: Think, ye see I mean, who set the body and the limbs The very persons of our noble story,

Of this great sport together, as you guess! As they were living; think you see them great, Nor. One, certes, that promises no element And follow'd with the general throng, and sweat, In such a business. Of thousand friends; then in a moment, see


I pray you, who, my lord ? How soon this mightiness meets misery! Nor. All this was order'd by the good discretion And, if you can be merry then, I'll say, of the right reverend cardinal of York. [free'd A man may weep upon his wedding day. Buck. The devil speed him ! no man's pie is

From his ambitious finger. What had he
To do in these tierce vanities? I wonder,
That such a keech can with his very bulk
Take up the rays o' the beneficial sun,

And keep it from the earth.
SCENE I. London. An Antichamber in the


Surely, sir,

There's in him stuff that puts him to these ends; Enter the DUKE OF NORFOLK, at one door : at the For, being not propp'd by ancestry (whose grace

other, the DUKE OF BUCKINGHAM, and the LORD Chalks successors their way), nor call'd upon ABERGAVENNY.

For high feats done to the crown; neither allied Buck. Good morrow, and well met. How To eminent assistants, but, spider-like, have you done,

Out of his self-drawing web, he gives us note, Since last we saw in France ?

The force of his own merit makes his way; Vor.

I thank your grace: A gift that heaven gives for him, which buys Healthful; and ever since a fresh adınirer A place next to the king. Of what I saw there.


I cannot tell
An untimely ague

What heaven hath given him, let some graver Stay'd me a prisoner in my chamber, when Pierce into that; but I can see his pride [ero Those suns of glory, those two lights of men, Peep through each part of him: Whence has he Met in the vale of Arde.

If not from hell, the devil is a niggard ; [that? Vor.

"Twixt Guynes and Arde: Or has given all before, and he begins I was then present, saw them salute on horse- A new hell in himself. back;


Why the devil, Beheld them, when they lighted, how they clung Upon this French going-out, took he upon him, In their embracement, as they grew together; Without the privity o' the king, to appoint Which had they, what four thron'd ones could Who should attend on him? He makes up the Such a compounded one? (have weigh'd Of all the gentry; for the most part such, [file Buck.

All the whole time Too, whom as great a charge as little honour I was my chamber's prisoner.

He meant to lay upon; and his own letter, Nor.

Then you lost The honourable board of council out,
The view of earthly glory : Men might say, Must fetch him in the papers.
Till this time, pomp was single: but now mar- Aber.

I do know

Kinsmen of mine, three at the least, that have To one above itself. Each following day By this so sicken'd their estates, that never Became the next day's master, till the last They shall abound as formerly. Made former wonders it's : To-day, the French, Buck.

O, many All clinquant, all in gold, like heathen gods, Have broke their backs with laying manors en Shone down the English: and, to-morrow, they

them Made Britain, India: every man, that stood, For this great journey. What did this vanity Show'd like a mine. Their dwarfish pages were But minister communication of As cherubims, all gilt: the madams too, A most poor issue ? Not usd to toil, did almost sweat to bear


Grievingly I think, The pride upon them, that their very labour The peace between the French and us not values Was to them as a painting : now this mask The cost that did conclude it. Was cry'd incomparable; and the ensuing night Buck.

Every man, Made it a fool and beggar. These two kings, After the hideous storm that follow'd, was Equal in lustre, were now best, now worst, A thing inspird: and, pot consulting, broke As presence did present them; him in eye, Irto a general prophesy,—That this tempest, Still him in praise : and, being present both, Dashing the garment of this peace, aboded 'Twas said, they saw but one; and no discerner The sudden breach on't. Durst wag his tongue in censure. When these Nor.

Which is budded out: sung

(challeng'd For France hath flaw'd the league, and hath (For as they phrase them) by their heralds Our merchants' goods at Bourdeaux. [attach'd The noble spirits to arms, they did perform Aber.

Is it therefore Beyond thought's compass; that former fabu- The ambassador is silenc'd ? lous story,


Marry, is't.
Being now seen possible enough, got credit, Aber. A proper title of a peace, and purchas'd
That Bevis was believ'd,

At a superfluous rate!
O, you go far. Bucke.

Why, all this business

Our reverend cardinal carried.

Buck. To the king I'll say't; and make my Nor. Like it your grace,

vonch as strong The state takes notice of the private difference As shore of rock. Attend. This holy fos, Betwixt you and the cardinal. I advise you Or wolf, or both (for he is equal ravenous, Aud take it from a heart that wishes towards you As he is subtle; and as prone to mischief, Ìlonour and plenteous safety), that you read As able to perform it: his mind and place The cardinal's malice and his potency Infecting one another, yea reciprocally), Together: to consider further, that

Only to show his pomp as well in France What his high hatred would affect, wants not As here at home, suggests the king our master A minister in his power: You know his nature, To this last costly treaty, the interview, That he's revengeful; and I know, his sword That swallow'd so much treasure, and like a Ilath a sharp edge: it's long, and, it may be said, Did break i' the rinsing.

(glass It reaches far; and where 'twill not extend, Nor.

'Faith, and so it did. Thither he darts it. Bosom up my counsel, Buck. Pray, give me favour, sir. Tiris cunYou'll find it wholesome. Lo, where comes ning cardinal That I advise your shunning. (that rock, The articles o' the combination drew,

As himself pleas'd; and they were ratified, Enter CARDINAL WOLSEY, (the purse borne before As he cried, Thus let be: to as much end,

him), certain of the Guard, and two Secretaries As give a crutch to the dead: But our count with papers. TheCARDINAL in his passage fixcth

cardinal kis eye on BUCKINGHAM, and BUCKINGHAM on Has done this, and 'tis well: for worthy Wolsey, him, both full of disdain.

Who cannot err, he did it. Now this follows Wol. The duke of Buckingham's surveyor? (Which, as I take it, is a kind of puppy Where's his examination?

(ha? To the old dam treason),-Charles the emperor, 1 Secr.

Here, so please you. Under pretence to see the queen his aunt, Wol. Is he in person ready?

(For 'twas, indeed, his colour; but he came 1 Secr.

Ay, please your grace. To whisper Wolsey), here makes visitation: Wol. Well, we shall then know more ; and His fears were, that the interview, betwixt Shall lessen his big look. (Buckingham England and France,might through their amity,

[Exeunt WOLSEY and Train. Breed him some prejudice; for from this leagie Buck. This butcher's cur is venom-mouth'd, Peep'd harms that menaced him: He privily and I

(best Deals with our cardinal; and, as I trow, Have not the power to muzzle him; therefore, which I do well; for, I am sure, the emperor Not wake him in his slumber. A beggar's book Paid ere he promis'd; whereby his suit was Out-worths a noble's blood.

granted, Yor.

What, are you chaf"d? | Ere it was ask'd:--but when the way was made, Ask God for temperance; that's the appliance And pav'd with gold, the emperor thus desir'd; Which your disease requires. (only, That he would please to alter the king's course, Buck.

I read in his looks And break the foresaid peace. Let the king know Matter against me: and his eye revil'd (As soon he shall by me), that thus the cardinal Me, as his abject object : at this instant Does buy and sell his honour as he pleases, He bores me with some trick: He's gone to And for his own advantage. I'll follow, and outstare him. (the king; Nor.

I am sorry Nor.

Stay, my lord, To hear this of him; and could wish, he were And let your reason with your choler question Something mistaken in 't. What'tis you go about: To climb steep hills, Buck.

No, not a syllable Requires slow pace at first: Anger is like I do pronounce him in that very shape, A full hot horse; who, being allow'd his way, He shall appear in proof. Self-maettle tires him. Not a man in England Enter BRANDON; a Sergeant at Arms before him, Can advise me like you: be to yourself As you would to your friend.

and two or three of the Guard. Buck.

I'll to the king; Bran. Your office, sergeant; execute it. And from a mouth of honour quite cry down Serg.

Sir, This Ipswich fellow's insolence; or proclaim, My lord the duke of Buckingham, and earl There's difference in no persons.

of Hereford, Stafford, and Northampton, I Nor,

Be advis'd; Arrest thee of high treason, in the name
Heat not a furnace for your foe so hot Of our most sovereign king.
That it do singe yourself: We may outrun, Buck.

Lo, you, my lord,
By violent swiftness, that which we run at, The net has fall'n upon me; I shall perish
And lose by overrunning. Know you not, Under device and practice.
The fire, that mounts the liquor till it run o'er, Bran,

I am sorry In seeming to augment it, wastes it? Be advis'd: To see you ta'en from liberty, to look on I say again, there is no English soul

The business present. 'Tis his highness' pleaMore stronger to direct you than yourself; You shall to the Tower.

(sure, If with the sap of reason you would quench, Buck.

It will help me nothing, Or but allay, the fire of passion.

To plead mine innocence; for that dye is on me, Buck,

Sir, Which makes my whitest part black. The I am thankful to you; and I'll go along (low, will of heaven By your prescription :- but this top-proud fel- Be done in this and all things!-I obey. (Whom from the flow of gall, I name not, but O my lord Aberga'ny, fare you well. From sincere motions), by intelligence,

Bran. Nay, he must bear you company : And proofs as clear as founts in July, when

The king

[TO ABERGAVENNY, We see each grain of gravel, I do know Is pleas'd, you shall to the Tower, till you know To be corrupt and treasonous.

How he determines further.
Say not, treasonous.! Aber.

As the duke said,

The will of heaven be done, and the king's And lack of other means, in desperate manner By me obey'd.

[pleasure Daring the event to the teeth, are all in uproar, Bran. Here is a warrant from And Danger serves among them. The king, to attach Lord Montacute, and the K. Hen.

Taxation! bodies

Wherein ? and what taxation ?- My lord CarOf the duke's confessor, John de la Car, You that are blam'd for it alike with us, [dinal, One Gilbert Peck his chancellor,

Kaow you of this taxation ?

So, so;

Please you, sir,
These are the limbs of the plot: no more, I hope. I know but of a single part, in aught
Bran. A monk o' the Chartreux.

Pertains to the state; and front but in that file Buck.

0, Nicholas Hopkins ? Where others tell steps with me. Bran.

He. Q. Kath.

No, my lord, Buck. My surveyor is false, the o'ergreat You know no more than others: but you frame cardinal

Things, that are known alike; which are not Hath show'd him gold: my life is spann'd wholesome

(must already :

To those which would not know them, and yet I am the shadow of poor Buckingham; Perforce be their acquaintance. These exactions, Whose figure even this instant cloud put on, Whereof my sovereign would have note, they are By dark'ning my clear sun.--My lord, farewell. Most pestilent to the hearing; and, to bear them,

[Exeunt. The back is sacrifice to the load. They say, SCENE II. The Council Chamber.

They are devis'd by you; or else you suffer

Too hard an exclamation. Cornets. Enter KING HENRY, CARDINAL WOL- K. Hen.

Still exaction! SEY, the Lords of the Council, Sir THONAs The nature of it? In what kind, let's know LOVELL, Officers, and Attendants. The King Is this exaction? enters, leaning on the Cardinal's shoulder.

Q. Kath. I am much too venturous K. Hen. My life itself, and the best heart of it, In tempting of your patience; but am bolden'd Thanks you for this great care: I stood i'the level Under your promis'd pardon. The subject's griet Of a full charg'd confederacy, and give thanks Comes through commissions, which compel from To you that chok'd it.-Let be call'd before us each That gentleman of Buckingham's: in person The sixth part of his substance, to be levied I'll hear him his confessions justify;

Without delay: and the pretence for this And point by point the treasons of his master Is nam'd, your wars in France: This makes He shall again relate.

bold inouths:

(freeze The King takes his state. The Lords of the Council Tongues spit their duties out, and cold hearts

take their several places. The Cardinal places Allegiance in them; their curses now (pass, himself under the King's feet, on his right side.

Live where their prayers did; and it's come to

That tractable obedieuce is a slave
A noise within, crying, Room for the Queen. En- To each incensed will. I would, your highness

ter the Queen, ushered by the Dukes or Non- Would give it quick consideration, for
FOLK and SUFFOLK: she kneels. The King riseth There is no primer business.
from his state, lakes her up, kisses, and placeth

K. Ien.

By my life, her by him.

This is against our pleasure. Q. Kath. Nay, we must longer kneel: I am a Wol.

And for me, suitor.

[your suit I have no farther gone in this, than by K. Hen. Arise, and take place by us :--Hall A single voice; and that not pass'd me, but Never name to us; you have half our power: By learned approbation of the judges. If I am The other moiety, ere you ask, is given; Traduc'd by iguorant tongues, which neither Repeat your will, and take it.

My faculties, nor person, yet will be (know Q. Kath.

Thank your majesty. The chronicles of my doing,-let me say, That you would love yourself; and, in that love, "Tis but the fate of place, and the rough brake Not unconsider'd leave your honour, por That virtue must go through. We must not stint The dignity of your office, is the point Our necessary actions, in the fear Of my petition.

To cope malicious censurers; which ever, K. Hen. Lady mine, proceed. As ravenous fishes, do a vessel follow

Q. Kath. I am solicited, not by a few, That is new trimınd; but benefit no further And those of true condition, that your subjects Than vainly longing. What we oft do best, Are in great grievance : there have been com- By sick interpreters, once weak ones, is missions

[heart Not ours, or not allow'd; what worst, as oft, Sent down among them, which have flaw'd the Hitting a grosser quality, is cried up Of all their loyalties :-wherein, although, For our best act. If we shall stand still, My good lord cardinal, they vent reproaches In fear, our motion will be mock'd or carp'd at. Most bitterly on you, as putter on

We should take root here where we sit, or sit Of these exactions, yet the king our master State statues only, (Whose honour heaven shield from soil !) even K. Hen.

Things done well, he escapes not

And with a care, exempt themselves from fear: Language uumannerly, yea, such which breaks Things done without example, in their issue The sides of loyalty, and almost appears Are to be fear'd. Have you a precedent In loud rebellion.

of this commission ? I believe, not any. Nor.

Not almost appears, We must not rend our subjects from our laws, It doth appear; for, upon these taxations, And stick thein in our will. Sixth part of each? The clothiers all, not able to maintain A trembling contribution! Why, we take, The many to them 'longing, have put off From every tree, lop, bark, and part of the The spinsters, carders, fullers, wearers, who timber; Unfit for other life, compellid by hunger And, though we leave it with a root, thus hack'd,

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