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ture, Mines, Inhabitants, &c.; illustrated The Edinburgh Almanack, or Univer. with 30 plates, &c. By P. Schmidtmeyer. sal Scots and Imperial Register, for 1824; 4to. £.2, 25. boards.
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for the last seven years. The Edinburgh Gazetteer, or compen. The whole carefully corrected to dious Geographical Dictionary: contain the latest date. 5s. bound in red, or ing a description of the various Countries, 43. 6d. sewed. Kingdoms, States, Cities, Towns, Moun. No. I. of a New Weekly Publication, tains, Seas, Rivers, Harbours, &c. of the entitled the Cabinet, or the Selected World ; an account of the Government, Beauties of Literature. Contents The Customs, and Religion, of the Inhabi. Rainbow, Wilson ; Caroline, Campbell ; tants ; the Boundaries and Natural Pro the Broken Heart, Irving. 2d. ductions of each Country, &c. Forming
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of the higher clergy, and has instituted FRANCE. The Moniteur of the 24th a new order for those who distinguish December contained an ordonnance re themselves for the cause of legitimacy garding the dissolution of the Chamber of and religion, which is to bear the motto Deputies. The Electoral Colleges are of “ The King to the Faithful." A mi. convoked, and the Session of the Cham- litary junta has been named for the or. bers of 1824 is to meet on the 230 Marchganization of the army. The Directornext, when, of course, the grand projects General of the Police of Spain has issued for new-modelling the Chambers will be a very rigorous order, to be enforced in brought forward. The latest accounts Madrid, which enjoins the Magistrates state, that the Royalist party is likely to to register the names of all the inhabi. predominate in the new elections. On the tants within their jurisdictions, to which 16th December, a grand fete was given by are to be annexed their age, condition, the city of Paris, in honour of the Duke profession, and remarks on their conduct. d'Angouleme and the Spanish campaign. The proprietors of in lodging-houses, The Hotel de Ville was splendidly fitted &c., are bound to notify to the police all up, and all the Royal Family, the King arrivals and departures the instant they excepted, were present. In the preced
Servants are forbidden to change ing part of the day, the good people of their places without magisterial autho. Paris were, as usual on fete occasions, rity. The inhabitants of the capital, geamused with scrambling for bread, sau. nerally, are forbidden to receive into sages, and wine, distributed in the Champ their houses any relation or friend, until Elysees by the government.
they have given 24 hours notice thereof It is said to be stipulated in the treaty to the Magistrates of the district in which to regulate the military occupation of they reside. Spain by France, that the whole of the In the meantime, as might be expectFrench troops are to be withdrawn from ed, the state of the country is described as that country by Juiy next. Of course, truly lamentable, dreadful atrocities and however, this period has been contingent reprisals being made on each other by the ly specified, as less likely to excite dis. two opposing parties. It appears that content than a longer one ; but it may the Constitutionalists venture to appear be renewed, in case Spain be not then publicly in the streets of Barcelona, and tranquil.
this is remonstrated against as an act of SPAIN.–The amnesty promised by audacity and outrage ; but in other places, Ferdinand has not yet appeared : and it the Serviles, in the absence of the French, is now said that, when it does, it will con. take ample revenge. The General of the tain a multitude of exceptions.
Faith, Sampere, succeeded the French in It appears to be the determination of the government of Alicant. His conduct the restored government not to sanction has been such, that he cannot venture any of the acts of the Cortes ; and as they abroad without a strong escort, and has cannot hope to raise money in any fo. his house protected by pieces of artillery. reign country, without first guaranteeing His avowed system is to exterminate all those loans raised by the Constitutional the partisans of the Constitution. In the Government, applications have been made provinces of Valencia and Murcia, 5000 to the clergy for assistance in the pre Constitutionalists have been incarcerated. sent embarrassed state of the finances. SICILY.-A dreadful inundation took The chapters of the dignified clergy, 10 place at Messina on the night of the 14th whom this application was first made, December, which is thus described in a lethave announced their inability to furnish ter of the 15th.-“ A deluge of rain, duthe supply wanted, and suggest that the ring the greater part of last night, has deother public bodies, especially the monks, stroyed a great number of the small houses should bear their part; so that the mi. in these suburbs, carrying them and their nistry will perhads be obliged to lay an wretched inhabitants along with it, many extraordinary contribution on the great of them into the sea. To what extent nobility, the ciergy, the monks, and the the melancholy effects have reached is not merehants, to meet the most urgent yet ascertained ; but a church not many wants.
yards distant from my house already conFerdinand has bestowed orders on some tains twenty-three dead bodies-men,
women, and children. The sea is covered one empire to another, for the purpose of with wrecks of buildings ; and the dead temporary sojournment, shall be subject. bodies of the victims, who have there ed to the usual tribute and regulations. found a temporary grave, will soon be Persian pilgrims to Mecca and Medina floating on the waters, to increase the hor. shall be free from all tribute, and be treat. rors of the scene. So dreadful a visita. ed with all convenient attention, accord. tion is not remembered by the oldest in- ing to their rank. The subjects of both habitants to have taken place here before. empires shall be liable to a duty of no The greater part of the calamity is owing more than four per cent., to be paid once to the high lands, at the back of the town, only. The trade in tobacco-pipes, from been reduced to cultivation instead of Schiraz to Constantinople, shall be free. being planted, as the laws direct, with an If the Kurdes shall pass the Persian fron. annual increase of large trees. The rub. tier, and give themselves to pillage, the bish and loose mould mixing with the Turkish authorities shall endeavour to waters, became irresistible, and swept' prevent it, and to punish the guilty. If away every thing in their progress to the the Turkish authorities should fail in their
efforts, the protection of the Porte shall RUSSIA AND TURKEY.-From a state be withdrawn from these tribes. The said ment in the Vienna Gazette, it appears tribes shall be free to transport themselves that all matters are not yet amicably set. in Persia, but not to return again into tled between Turkey and Russia. In Turkey. The seventh article provides, answer to a formal demand of the Aus that there shall be appointed to the two trian Internuncio, for the evacuation of Courts respectively new Ambassadors Moldavia and Wallachia, a new note had every third year. been written by the Reis Effendi, in which RUSSIA AND CHINA.-The Peters. it is declared, that the Turkish forces shall burgh Court Gazette, of December last, not be withdrawn from these Principali contains the following article regarding ties unless the troops of Russia are pre the inland trade between Russia and viously withdrawn from the Ottoman China :-“ All the merchandise sent to frontier. The Emperor Alexander, on China does not amount to a million ster. his part, had given positive orders that ling a year. Their carriage to Kiatcha the Russian armies shall remain in their costs about three times the original purpresent cantonments until the differences chase. The conveyance from Petersburgh with the Porte are finally settled. The to Kiatcha is accomplished in five months, Vienna Gazette says, that the note of the when no obstacles intervene. But if, as Reis Effendi has actually been received frequently happens, the goods change in the Austrian capital by an extraordi owners in the mart of Nischenei Novo. nary courier.
gorod, a year may elapse before they
reach their destination. The produce of ASIA.
China takes nearly as long in reaching TURKEY AND PERSIA-A treaty of the European markets of Russia. Con. peace between these two powers was con. sequently a commercial transaction becluded on the 28th of July 1823. The tween Petersburgh and Kiatcha cannot basis of the treaty provides that the sti. be settled in less than two years. The pulations made in 1744, relative to the orders begin to be given in November, ancient frontiers of both empires, shall and continue to the month of March. be observed, as well as the stipulations of The mart of Nischenei Novogorod opens former treaties relative to pilgrims, mer in the month of August. At that period, chandise, fugitives, prisoners, and the re the Chinese come to Kiatcha, which is a sidence of Ambassadors at both Courts large village situated 6508 wersts from respectively. All places on the frontier Pekin. A bridge separates the Russian of the Ottoman empire, of which the Per. and the Chinese empires. Beyond the sians took possession in the course of the bridge is a Chinese village, completely una war, are to restored, in their actual state, inhabited. Kiatcha, on the contrary, is within the term of sixty days. The pri. inhabited during the whole year. These soners taken on both sides are to be re. two villages were built in 1728, in con. stored mutually. By the first article, it sequence of a commercial treaty con. is provided, that neither power shall in cluded between the two empires. Each terfere in the internal affairs of the other; is defended by several pieces of artillery that the Persian Government shall in no of large calibre. From 40,000 to 50,000 wise intermeddle in the districts of Bag. chests of tea are annually imported by dad and Curdistan, nor assume any sort the way of Kiatcha, one thousand of of authority over the present or the for which is sold at Novogorod. In 1820 mer occupiers of these countries. Such there were sold in that mart 27,000 persons as may pass from the frontiers of chests of Borg tea, independently of the
green in packets, called by the Russians ment has never intermeddled with their little lozenge tea. The Russians are ex. wars in matters relating to themselves tremely jealous of their trade with China. but with the movements in their own None but native merchants, furnished hemisphere the case was different. He with imperial licences, can repair to Kiat. declares, therefore, that with the Governcha. The Chinese, on the contrary, have ments who have declared their indepencreated a privileged company, which has dence and maintained it, and whose inde. a monopoly of the trade on their part. pendence they have acknowledged, they No English goods can reach Kiatcha ex will permit no interference. " We could cept by smuggling, Russian merchandise not,” says he, “ view any interposition being alone admitted. There are regular for the purpose of oppressing them, or markets in Chinese Tartary, to which, controlling, in any other manner, their however, the natives only are admitted. destiny, by a European Power, in any The road from Pekin to Kiatcha passes other light than as the manifestation of an through a barren plain. The merchan. unfriendly disposition towards the United dise is brought to Kiatcha in waggons.” States. In the war between these new
INDIA.-It appears (says the London Governments and Spain, we declared our Courier) that the Siek Chief, Runjeet neutrality at the time of their recogni. Sing, who has lately so successfully in- tion; and to this we have adhered, and vaded the country of the Afghans, and shall continue to adhere, provided no placed himself on the throne of the great change shall occur, which, in the judgSubactagi, at Cabool, or Cabul, has now ment of the competent authorities of this acquired such power, and with it the Government, shall make a corresponding usual concomitant of usurpation, inso change on the part of the United States lence, that in some late discussions he even indispensable to their security.” This is, hinted he had many Russians in his ser in fact, saying as clearly, and indeed much vice, and that it would be easy for him to more clearly than diplomatic language get more. Here, then, we see, in this. generally speaks, that the emancipated Chieftain's successful attempt on an inde. South American provinces must be left to pendent nation, the first dawning of a themselves, and that any interference union between Indian and European poli. with them by any European Powers will tics. There can be no doubt that the be regarded by the United States as a sufIndian government will keep a watchfulficient ground for war. eye upon the future projects of Runjeet ; There is another point in the Presibut the only possible cause for apprehen- dent's speech of some importance, namely, sion is, that one Chief should possess the that which relates to part of the northcountries on both sides of the Indus, as is west coast of America, which was first now the case with Runjeet Sing. He explored, we believe, by Captain Cook. will have much to do, however, before he Russia had set up some territorial claims consolidates his power, and many ob which neither Great Britain nor the Unitstacles may be thrown in his way without ed States could submit to. They are proceeding to open war. Our Ambassa. now the subject of an amicable negociador at the Persian Court will be able to tion between the three Powers. But Amecontribute much towards this object. rica has thought proper to lay down in
limine the principle, that the American AMERICA.
continents, by the free and independent UNITED STATES.- A copy of the condition which they have assumed, and President's message to the Congress of maintain, are henceforth not to be conthe United States, which assembled on the sidered as subjects for future colonization 20 December, has been received. This do- by any European Powers. What effect cument contains, as usual, a view of the this notice to the Emperor of Russia, that internal condition and foreign relations of he must abandon his favourite project of the United States. The country being at making a settlement upon the American peace, is of course flourishing ; the coffers coast, will produce, we are yet to learn. of the treasury are replenished by an in Among other propositions contained in creasing revenue, and the public debt is the speech, there is one for abolishing gradually decreasing. In the mean time, privateering, as an unlawful species of the atmost attention of Government is maritime war, and another for punishdirected to the improvement of the army ing those engaged in the slave-trade as and navy, and to establish fortifications pirates. on the different points of the coast.
MEXICO...The Mexican government Alluding to the amicable relations ex has issued a declaration of war against isting between the United States and the Spain. All political and commercia reAllied European Powers, the President Jations between the two countries are destates, that the North American Govern- clared to be at an end ; but four months
are allowed before this notification is to of great importance to the independent affect vessels arriving from Spain, and cause in South America. The letters forty days for those from the Havannah. are deficient in details of the important After these respective periods, the produc- events related, but are sufficiently precise tions of the Spanish soil will not be ad- in the nature of the information to give mitted to an entry in Mexico under any confidence in their authenticity. It apflag whatever, and all Spanish vessels will pears, that the Spanish Royalist army, be lawful prizes. The commissioners sent under General Canterac, which retreated out by Spain, instead of being authorized, from Lima in the latter part of July, was as was asserted, to recognise the indepene encountered, in its retreat, in the begin. dence of Mexico, had instructions only to ning of September, by the Colombian negotiate a commercial treaty. The Mexi- forces under General Sucre, when an ac. can government insisted that the basis of tion ensued, which ended in the total de. any treaty must be an unconditional ac- feat of the Royalists. Cantaras, it is said, knowledgment of Mexican independence, was taken prisoner, and Valdes, his se. and the “ delivery of the castle of St. cond in command, was killed. A second John de Ulloa as an integral part there affair had taken place at La Paz, a large of." The commissioners having no power and strong town in the interior of Peru, to accede to these propositions, they were occupied by a divison of the Royalist ordered to leave the country in eight days. troops, but who had been driven from Gen. Cortez had arrived from Mexico in that post by a detachment of the Peru. the United States, to negotiate a political vian troops, commanded by General and commercial treaty between them and Santa Cruz. The fugitives from La Paz, the Mexican government. Two French as well as the remnant of the army of officers, who had landed at Vera Cruz, in Cantarac, had retired upon Potosi. This September, under the character of mer intelligence was brought to Buenos Ayres chants, but whose real views, it is sup- by a special courier from Salla, who reposed, were to foment revolt in favour of ported, that, in the whole of his route from a Bourbon Prince, had been seized and im. Potosi, he did not fall in with a single prisoned.
Royalist soldier. The positions and force Another of the ci-devant Spanish Ame- of the Independent troops are represented rican colonies has proclaimed its separate to be extremely favourable for following independence. The kingdom of Guate- up the victory gained over Cantarac, and mala, formerly a dependency on the king- completing the deliverance of Peru. Bodom of Mexico, and which, in the first livar had sailed from Guayaquil on the instance, joined it in declaring their com. 21st of August, with 3000 troops, and mon independence of Spain, has since the same number were collected at Arica. separated, and the Guatemalans have es. These two divisions were to rendezvous tablished themselves as a sovereign state. at Arequipa, a large town to the southward The population of this state amounts to of Lima, when Bolivar, who was to take only 1,600,000.
the chief command, would be at the head COLOMBIA Accounts from New of 12,000 men. O'Higgins, the late Su. York, of the 30th November, convey the preme Director of the Chilian Governimportant intelligence of the fall of Porto ment, was to have a command under BoCabello, the last part of any consequence
livar. He sailed from Valparaiso, for that in Colombia which was in possession of parpose, early in September, on board his the Spanish Royalists.
Britannic Majesty's brig the Fly. Gen. " New York, Nov. 30. Freire was elected the successor of O'Hig“ Letters from Laguira of the 11th and gins in the office of Supreme Director of 13th instant state, that the troops under Chile. Generals Paez and Bermudez made an Later intelligence from Carthagena assault on the town of Puerto Cavello on states, that Bolivar entered Lima on the the morning of the 18th instant, and 1st of Sept. and was received with enthuafter having put to the sword every one siasm by all ranks of the people. He found making resistance, the Colombian was next day vested by the Congress with troops were, at four o'clock, in peaceable the supreme military authority in all the possession of the town. In this assault territories of the republic ; and no doubt General Clazada and Colonel Carrera fell seemed to be entertained, that, with the at the commencement of the attack. The aid of his name and talents, the Spaonly remaining fort, (the castle at the niards would soon be driven from this entrance of the harbour) surrendered on last portion of South America, in which the 10th ;-the garrison to be sent to they maintain even the semblance of an. Cuba."
thority. PERU.-Letters received from Buenos' WEST INDIES.-It appears from Ja. Ayres, dated September 29, contain news maica papers, lately received, that much