Oldalképek
PDF
ePub

Did not the tenant of yon Indian isle

As bright in purple, gems, and diamonds blaze?
Did not his noon-day sun as cloudless smile,

And shouting millions hail with loud huzzas?
You saw his iron sceptre stretch as far;

His venal minions at his footstool bend ;
You saw him left, forsaken in the war;

And vainly hope to make a foe his friend !
A few short years of power and pleasure flown,

And all must fade before your closing eye:
Like him, you must resign the gilded throne ;

Like him, in dust and silent darkness lie.

THE SHIPWRECK.
MR EDITOR,

“ Now Mary smiles at danger,

Heeds not the tossing wave, As the melancholy fate of the pas

But views with hope yon country, sengers on board the Abeona Trans

Where the treasures she will save, port is so well known, it is almost unnecessary to say, that the story of the “ Shall take her home to Scotland, following ballad is not more sad than There in comfort to abide, true.

And long to bless the hour, love

Had made her William's bride! The good ship. Abeona Unreefs her flapping sail,

“ But see ! 'tis smoke ascending, And many a heart is aching,

Thick rolling from below! And many a cheek is pale:

And oh! this burning heat too!

And hark, those shrieks of woe ! And now she heaves her anchor, And now she cuts the wave;

“ See, the crew on deck all rushing ! O dismal was the parting,

Great Heaven! the flames pursue ! And faint the shout they gave !

O save me, save me, William,

Save thy Mary fond and true !" “ Art thou too sad and weeping, But yesterday a bride ?

Who shall paint the scene of horror ? Cheer up, my bonny Mary,

Not a hope beneath the skies ! 'Tis William, by thy side!

Like lightning to the mast head “ Fear not yon foreign country,

The crackling flames arise ! He'll shield thee from alarms;

They rise, and rage, and widenFear not the tossing billows,

Hark! the shriek of wild despair, Thou'rt safe within his arms !

The cry of bitter anguish, “ I know thou'st left a mother,

The agony of prayer ! But she has bairns beside,

The boats !-too soon they're crowded ! Who'll cheer her, while thy William Shall cheer his bonny bride."

Every mother, frantic, wild,

Forgetting self in danger,
Now swift across the ocean,

Thinks only of her child !
The good ship makes her way,
Divides the dashing billows,

Now God have mercy on you,
And tosses high the spray.

Oh hapless orphan crew!

See their little arms extended !
Long since to merry Scotland

See they weep their last adieu !
They've sighed their last adieu ;
E'en Europe's shores receding

God have mercy on you mothers !
Have faded from their view.

For slow they raise the oar ;

Slow, sad, they strike the billows Beneath, around, above them

Ye will see your babes no more ! Are the ocean and the sky ;God shield thee, lonely vessel,

The crackling blazing timbers From any danger nigh !

Crashing fall from side to side ;

All around the flames devouring, " How swift we sail my William!

All below the rushing tide.
How cool's this evening breeze!
How could I fear with thee, live,

" William, hope is over, To brave the roaring seas !

Thou can'st swim-I do not fear."

" What, leave thee, Mary ? Never ! nument. Will our countrymen through. Cling closer to me dear.

out the world subscribe large sumns * We'll trust the wave together,

merely to build a church for the conveTogether live or die ;

nience of the citizens of Edinburgh ? Is Oh, Mary, fear not danger,

it not, on the contrary, with the express For still thy William's nigh!"

understanding, that the building to be

adopted shall be exclusively, and entireThey plunge—and long does William ly, a National Monument, identified and Throw aside the dashing wave ;

associated with the name of Scotland Love and hope liis arm have nerved, alone, that subscriptions have been obAnd the boat is nigh to save.

tained ? That subscriptions will be with. Now nearer yet, and nearer

drawn, if a church be not adopted, notAlmost he grasps the oar ;

withstanding the assertion of the Lord Another stroke_but William

Advocate, we must take the liberty to

doubt. Such, for onght we know, may Can stem the wave no more !

be his Lordship's sincere opinion, but “ O Mary,”_faint he whispers,

we do, in common with many others, re** Pray to Him who sits above,

gret that he gave it so public expresThou dost_0 yes—together

sion, for he has thereby afforded a cue to Together yet my love !"

certain orthodox politicialis, and fur

nished them with a pretext for opposing They sink-the roaring billow

the adoption of the Parthenon, which, Sweeps in thunder o'er their head

but for the ill-starred suggestion of the Bat Thou wilt not forget them

learned Lord, they would probably never When the “ sea gives up her dead."

have dreamt of. We conclude, by recommending the following communica

tion to the attentive perusal of all true THE PARTHENON.

Scotsmen ] [The following communication was re

MR EDITOR, ceived some time previous to the late Not having been in Scotland for a meeting of the subscribers to the Nation considerable time, I am ignorant of al Monument, and it would now certain the proceedings that have already ly be a little out of place, were it not that

taken place with regard to the Nam the author has, by anticipation, refuted not merely every thing that was lately of the original design. I am happy

tional Monument, or of the nature urged by a certain learned lord in the way of objection to the Parthenon, but, to find, however, that the plan of the we might add, nearly all that can be ad Parthenon is to be discussed, and earvanced in favour of a church, or of any nestly hope it will ultimately be adoptother edifice. We do most fervently ed in spite of any obstacles and difficuldeprecate any admixture of party feeling ties that may seem to stand in the way. with this important question. With re- The expence has been estimated at gard to the embellishment of the Caledo- L. 40,000. I know not the amount nian Capital, there is surely but one feel of the funds already obtained, but I ling ; and whatever tends to disturb the am convinced, were this measure once unanimity which presently prevails, we

resolved upon, that additional subscripa shall regard as a mischievous and wanton injury, both to thearts and to Scotland. tions would pour in not only from This is a church building age; and our

Scotland, but from all parts of the world rulers, we think, deserve credit for their where our countrymen are to be found. zeal to accommodate the lieges with pla. For my own part, I am one of those ces where they may worship their Maker who would most cheerfully subscribe in comfort. But did it never occur to for the Parthenon, BUT WOULD NOT them, that churches ought to be reckon- GIVE ONE FARTHING FOR ANY OTHER ed, not according to the gross amount of BUILDING THAT MIGHT BE SUBSTIthe population, but according to that pro- TUTED IN ITS PLACE! whether an portion of the people which is found to

imitation of a Roman triumphal arch, attend regularly on Divine service? We

or a modern church with its domes have already more churches than are filled: if we need more, let them be supone heaps of pilasters, because, from

or spires, awkward pediments and plied, as heretofore. A new would, indeed, be a new, though but a

the adoption of such a plan, I can small accession to the already volumin. anticipate little satisfaction to the ous roll of patronage, but, as our Cor. public, no ornament to the city, and respondent remarks, would be every way no glory to the country. Any attempt unfit for the purposes of a National Mo- to produce a reduced design after Št

VOL, IX.

G

Peter's, St Paul's, or the Pantheon, cellus at Rome has always been rehumble and puny as it must be, would garded the chief model for regulating most probably end in disappointment, the proportions of the order: The and turn out an expensive patched examples from the baths of Diocleup job.: The Gothic is, I presume, sian, and ruins of Albano, no longer entirely out of the quest on.

exist, and the designs from drawings Since the revival of Grecian archi- said to have been taken from them by tecture, the greatest architects of Italy Pyrrho Ligorio do not appear suffand other countries have been con- ciently authenticated. But how poor tent to borrow their ideas of the dif- and fat is the order of the Theatre of ferent orders, and their relative pro- Marcellus, when placed beside the portions and combinations, from the simple majesty and severe magnifiRoman ruins, with the assistance of cence of even the earliest examples the text of Vitruvius, without at- of the Grecian Doric — the temples tempting to imitate the purer models of Jupiter Panhellenius of Corinth of Greece. Hence all the corruptions —of the Minerva at Syracuse of and deviations introduced by the Ro- Juno Lucina at Agrigentum-and mans, with many more of modern the hypothral Temple of Pæstum : times, have become embodied into our Still more, when contrasted with the theory and practice, of what is called more elegant and perfect proportions Grecian architecture. The classical of the Temple of Minerva at Sunium, works, indeed, of Le Roi, Stuart, Re- of Theseus at Athens, and, above all, vett, Chandler, and others, have been the Temple of Minerva, or Parthenon, for many years before the public; at Athens,-productions of the nobut their splendid designs operated blest period of Grecian art, and unibut little practical change on a sys- versally acknowledged, particularly tem that had become so long and in the latter, to be the perfection of the veterately established. But now that Doric order. The three last examples so many travellers and professional men exhibit, with some diminution of have, within a few years, visited the massive proportion, all the sublime ruins of Greece and Pæstum, a new characteristics of the primitive style, era in architecture seems about to a crowned with additional elegance and rise. It is only necessary to compare grace. The Temple of Apollo at Dethe genuine Doric and lonic of the los, the Agora, and the Portico of Greeks with the Roman orders of the Philip at Athens, are remarkable for a same name, to be struck with the de- mixture of style, and a sensible deviacided superiority of the former, not tion from the fine taste of the others, only in the forms and execution of They are exceedingly interesting, the parts in detail, but in the chaste however, as displaying, when comgrandeur and symmetrical effect as a pared with the primitive style, and whole. In the Roman, the orna that of the best times, the small variaments and mouldings are crowded and tion from the expression and identical meagre, the curvilinear profiles being character of the order that took place segments of the circle ; in the Gre- throughout the empire of Greece durcian, they are simple and well defin- ing the space of nearly eight hundred ed, the echinus and ovolo assuming years. uniformly the more varied and ele Permit me to suggest the necessity gant contours of the Conic Sections. of taking the most effectual means of The superiority is remarkably conspi- leading the public taste to the beauty cuous in the Doric, the favourite, and, and sublimity of the Grecian Doric indeed, only order used by the Greeks Temple, by exhibiting either a model, and their colonies, till the Asiatic or elevations and picturesque views, Greeks invented the order called Ionic, as seen from different points. A Prono example of which is to be found spectus, with a short account of the in Greece Proper before the Macedo- proposed edifice, and containing some nian Conquest. With respect to the lithographic engravings from sketches Corinthian and Composite, which may by such an artist as Mr Williains, be considered almost entirely Roman, might be executed at a trifling exthey do not seem to have been intro- pence, and circulated all over the duced into Greece or her colonies, till country. after the whole became a Roman pro No site can be imagined more clasvince.

sically appropriate than ihe Calton The Doric of the Theatre of Mar. Hill. It is truly Athenian.

The

What may

best situation is perhaps already occu- -besides, galleries and boxed up pews pied by the Observatory and other are quite incompatible with architecerections. This cannot be remedied: tural effect. Why not make it a naAt same time, it will scarcely be de- tional hall for meetings on great ocnied, that even a secondary situation casions, and, like Westminster Abon this site must be preferable to any bey, a Pantheon for the reception of other in the vicinity of the city. Nel. statues and monuments, in honour of son's Monument, perched up on a si- distinguished Scotsmen ? The meettuation so very conspicuous and ob- ing ought to look, not so much to the trusive, is a glaring deformity, and funds already subscribed, as to what an utter disgrace to the times in may be anticipated, from the taste which it was built. I should not be and zeal of the public, were such a sorry to see it pulled down, for it is plan adopted ; and I hope those who only fit for a light-house or watch- take the lead in this great undertower.

taking, will not think it necessary to It has been alleged, as a formidable have it hurried through from any illobjection to the Parthenon, that it judged impatience to have it finished, would be impossible to execute sculp- within a certain period, and with the ture in the style of the original. But funds already collected. sculpture, it must be recollected, is be prudence in a private individual, merely ornamental, and forms no ne becomes narrow-minded and mistaken cessary part of the order. All the policy in a matter of this kind. Had early examples, and many of the Pope Julius II. proceeded on such later, have none. The architecture calculations, the world would never is in itself so rich from the try- have beheld the glories of the Vatigliphs, mutules, and fluted columns, can Basilica. that decoration becomes almost a Many well-informed people entersubordinate attribute, nor does the tain very erroneous ideas of the size want of it impair the general effect. of the Parthenon, as well as all anThe Parthenon, even without the cient temples, which they suppose to sculptural ornaments, would, in my be of gigantic dimensions. They are opinion, be superior to any other plan naturally led to draw such conclusions that could be adopted. Yet I am at from most of the antiquarians who a loss to imagine any good grounds have treated this subject, who expafur abandoning, in despair, all idea of tiate on the pomp and magnificence of ornamental statuary. "Is it because the ancient religious rites, and, in their We despair of funds, or of artists capa- descriptions of the architecture of these ble of executing it? I am far from edifices, apply indiscriminately to all meaning to recommend the hopeless what could only be applicable to a very attempt to restore the identical sculp- few of the largest class. They do not ture of the original; I merely suggest distinguish between the essential parts the propriety of adorning it with sculp- and those that were merely accessory. ture illustrative of our national histo- They would seem to make no disry and achievements, and approaching tinction between the Temple of Epheas nearly to the grouping style and sus or Serapis and that erected to Jugeneral appearance of the original, as lius Cæsar after the battle of Philippi, circumstances, and a humbler execu which was just large enough to contion, will permit. If we possess not

tain his statue. Every temple, acthe fine marble of Athens, or the cording to them, must have its area, hand of a Phidias, we have at least atrium, and vestibule,-—its cella, adyexcellent freestone, that might be tum, penetrale, and sacrarium. The substituted for the larger figures - greatest proportion of the ancient temand it is in our power to command ples were, however, of very moderate talents, in this department of art, dimensions, and many what we would equal to produce all that would be call merely shrines or altars. We required as architectural decoration. know that the Pantheon of Agrippa, The interior should correspond with

the cella of which is of nearly the same the elevation, and be as near an ap

diameter as the dome of St Peter's, proximation, as convenience will ads was, next to the Temple of Peace, mit

, to the cella of a Grecian temple,' reckoned one of the largest in Rome, or to the Roman Basilica. Its situa "the city of all the gods.” The Partion would be ill adapted for a church: thenon, though large in proportion to

most of the ancient temples, is not mer attain its highest elegance and more so than is consistent with clig- grace without the latter. Edinburgh nity and effect, and falls far short of has been called the Northern Athens : our cathedrals and many of our mo- were this plan realized, she would dern buildings. The magnificence have a better title to the comparison. and grandeur of both Grecian and Ro. Let my countrymen, then, imitate the man temples did not depend so much patriotism and enthusiasm of those on their size as their fine proportion Athenians and Greeks, who, divided and rich decoration.

into separate commonwealths, and Before concluding these hasty ob- scattered over distant colonies in Asia servations, which have insensibly led and Magna Græcia-all hostile, and me into a longer discussion than I generally waging war with each originally intended, I cannot help other-yet, to promote the common remerking, no party feelings, in- glory of their country, combined their considerate haste, or limited views, united efforts in preserving and adornought to interfere with the execution ing the Olympian and Delphian Temof a plan that would shed an extraor- ples. dinary degree of splendour around the If London boasts of St Paul's-Pacity and nation, and would, in all pro- ris of the colonnade of the Louvrebability, be productive of consequen- and Rome of St Peter's were the ces, in the encouragement of the arts, Caledonian Capital to possess the Parwhich it would be difficult to appre- thenon restored, in addition to Traciate. The arts are all connected to- jan's Tuscan Column, and her other gether ; but architecture and sculp- architectural beauties, well might she ture may be said to be twin-sisters. raise her head among these proud ciThe latter cannot appear to advantage ties, and, in one respect at least, surs without the former, nor can the for- pass the glories of even the Eternal

City itself.

C. The greater proportion of the Roman temples being the early works of the republic, are inferior, both in magnitude and THE MODERN HORACE. taste, to those of the Greeks. Every stran. ger who visits the Roman ruins for the It is parliamentary, and not unfirst time is struck with the small dimen- reasonable, to estimate the progress of sions of these edifices, compared to what public economy, by referring to the his imagination had anticipated, with the year of national peace. They who single exception of the Temple of Peace. admit the progressive nature of poetry, The author experienced the same disap, cannot object to a similar mode of espointment. The designs of Palladio and the views of Piranesi are very apt to lead timating our present position. The 11s into mistaken notions of their former long, unprincipled, and extravagant dimensions. Indeed, all the architects, war, which barbarism and superstifrom Palladio downwards, who have at

tion had waged against poetry from tempted to design the restoration of the Ro. the departure of the Roman legions, man ruins, have rather indulged the heat (the peaceful but ominous 1791 of liof their imagination than confined them- terature,)-to the birth of Shakeselves to matter of fact and probability. A speare,- (the peace of 1815,)-left gemoment's reflection on the accounts given nius and taste encumbered with a load by ancient authors, must convince us of the as grievous, and almost as permanent, small size of these temples. Sixty are said as the national debt. If we compare to have stood on the site of the Capitol, of which that of Jupiter Capitolinus occupied of the first year of peace, we find un

our poetry altogether with the poetry the principal station. Many are enumerated in the Forum, which likewise contain: doubtedly a great reduction of bared within its area triumphal arches, Basilicbarity and absurdity, but the fair quescæ, equestrian statues, fountains, Rostra, tion is, has the reduction been stea&c. The fame of the Roncan architecture, dily progressive, and have we not ochowever, does not rest on the temples, or casionally admitted fresh burdens? on the purity of the Grecian orders, but on It is now two centuries since Shake, a mixed style, combining the arcade and column, as displayed in their Therma, Ba. silicæ, Amphitheatres, Circuses, and Aque. The Garden of Florence, and other ducts --works unknown to the Greeks, and Poems. By John Hamilton. London, pp. of stupendous magnificence.

175.

« ElőzőTovább »