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THE

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE,

AND

LITERARY MISCELLANY.

SEPTEMBER 1821.

#

A BIBLIOGRAPHICAL, ANTIQUARIAN, the spot where Gutenberg is supposed AND PICTURESQUE TOUR IN FRANCE

to have made his first experiments in AND GERMANY.

the art of printing. (Concluded from p. 108.)

“On returning from this agreeable

evening stroll, (says Mr Dibdin,) while we At length we reach the third vo

were discoursing upon different topics, lume, and fancy ourselves giddy as

chiefly political, one of my companions, we gaze from the height of the match- Professor ", stopped for some less cathedral of Strasbourg. But two or three seconds, and with rather a here again we must remonstrate with decided gripe of the arm, and with great the author; for Strasbourg should emphasis and sincerity of manner, exhave been packed up with the preced

claimed,— My friend, it is in YOUR ing volume-thus rendering the ac

COUNTRY where liberty is to be found; count of France complete in the two

PRESERVE it, therefore, I entreat you.' first. Mr Dibdin seems to have been The copperplates scattered about delighted with his stay at this cele- the account of Strasbourg are equal brated city and university, notwith- to their precursors. But the portrait standing the thermometer was some- of the Elder Schweighauser, given in times at 93°, and he was obliged to the author's description of Baden, walk uncovered in the streets, “ with strikes us as incomparably characteran umbrella over his head," to pro- istic and faithful; while the author's tect him from the positive heat, and account of the ORIGINAL is not less his hat before his face

to protect pleasing and interesting. Baden dehim from reflected heat !” "Mor- lights us much ; it seems to be full talibus nihil arduum est.” In his of beauties, natural and acquired. visits to old libraries and cathedrals, When we next visit it, we hope we Mr Dibdin met with the most un- shall fall in with the vencrable bounded confidence. At one time he “ Master-singer and his niece." See is alone in the public library, listen- p. 109. ing to the charity children rehearsing But it is at Stuttgart that our authe hymn of Martin Luther, while thor cuts the most conspicuous figure, the cooling zephyrs steal in at the and performs his first, and his greatopened latticed windows, and his very est act of Bibliographical diplomacy. memoranda papers are tinted with the Here it was that two editions of Virvaried colours of the stained glass ! gil, for the possession of which Lord At another time, he is regaling at the Spencer had been sighing for the last well replenished table of Madame twenty years, were borne off in triFrancs, who closes her shutters to umph by the reverend tourist,-not, keepout the solstitial

and sprinkles however, without a good deal of cauher floor with rose-water, to refresh tious, and sometimes almost hopeless, the wearied Bibliographer. After renewal of projets and contre-projets. dinner, the whole party stroll toward Mr Dibdin borrows point lace, and goes to court unfrocked upon the which, as it was re-opened, presented, in evening of the Sabbath. He sees the the back-ground, the attendants waiting to

ray,

receive them. queen, converses with her, and then

The king and queen then with her husband, his majesty of saluted the circle, and retired. In ten Wirtemberg. The conversation be

minutes we had all retreated, and were tween the king and our author is a

breathing the pure air of heaven. I pre

ferred walking home, and called upon M. good specimen of plain dealing on both sides. The affair is thus told in past nine only, but that philosophical Bib

Le Bret in my way. It was about half the author's own words.

liographer was about retiring to rest. He

received me, however, with a joyous wel" When it came to my turn to be ad- come, re-trimmed his lamp, complimented dressed, the king at once asked, “ If I had me upon the success of the negotiation, not been much gratified with the books in · and told me that I might now depart in the public library, and particularly with the peace from Stuttgart, for that the affair two ancient editions of Virgil ?' I merely might be considered as settled.' pp. 176, indicated an assent to the truth of this re- 171. mark, waiting for the conclusion to be drawn from the premises.

• There has

We think the subjoined note is ab. been some mention made to me (resumed solutely necessary to "put the colo his majesty) about a proposed exchange on phon” (as Mr D. sometimes phrases the part of Lord S-for

these two an. it) to the above story. cient editions, which appear to be wanting *" For the sake of juxta-position, I in his lordship's own magnificent collection. will here mention the SE QUES., as briefly For my part, I see no objection to the final as may be. The affair' was far from arrangement of this business, if it can be being at that time settled.' But, on settled upon terms satisfactory to all par- reaching Manheim, about to cross the ties.' This was the very point to which I Rhine, on my return to Paris, I found a was so anxious to bring the conference. I long and circumstantial letter from my bib. replied coolly and unhesitatingly, That it liographical correspondent at Stuttgart, was precisely as his majesty had observed, which seemed to bring the matter to a final that his own collection was strong in Bibles, and desirable issue. So many thousand but comparatively weak in ancient classics, francs had been agreed upon; there only and that a diminution of the latter would wanted a well bound copy of the Biblionot be of material consequence, if, in lieu graphical Decameron to boot; and the of it, there could be an increase of the for- Virgils were to be considered as his Lordmer, so as to carry it well nigh towards ship's property !' Mr Hamilton, our Charge perfection ; that, in whatever way the ex- d'Afaires, had authority to pay the money, change was effected, whether by money or and I walked instantly to Artaria's, pur. by books, in the first instance, it would chased a copy of the work in question, doubtless be his majesty's desire to direct (which happened to be there, in blue Mothe application of the one or the other to rocco binding,) and desired my valet to get the completion of his Thcological Collection.' ready to start the next morning, by three

“ The king replied, " He saw no ob- or four o'clock, to travel post to Stuttjection whatever to the proposed exchange, gart; from whence he was not to return and left the forms of carrying it into ex- without bringing the Virgils, in the same ecution with his head librarian, Mr Le carriage which would convey him and the Bret.' Having gained my point, it only Decameronic volumes. Charles Rohfritsch remained to make my bow. The king immediately prepared to set out on his then passed on to the remainder of thic journey. He leti Manheim at three in the circle, and was quickly followed by the morning; travelled without intermission to queen. I heard her majesty distinctly tell Stuttgart,-- perhaps fourscore or ninety General Allan, in the English language, miles from thence-put up at his old quar

that she could never forget her reception in ters, Zum Waldhorn, (see p. 13, antè,) England ; that the days spent there were waited upon M. Le Bret with a letter, and among the happiest of her life, and that the Morocco tomes--RECEIVED THE VIRshe hoped, before she died, again to visit GILS--and prepared for his return to Man. our country.' She even expressed • gratis heim-which place he reached by two on tude for the cordial manner in which the following morning. I had told him, she had been received and entertained in (as Louvois told Chamillo, see p. 8, antèg) it.'

that, at whatever hour he arrived, he was 66 The heat had now become almost un- to make his way into my chamber. Hc supportable, as, for the reason before as- did as he was desired. LES VOILA,'signed, every window and door was shut. exclaimed he, on placing the two volumes However, this inconvenience, if it was hastily upon the table, Ma foi, Mon. severe, was luckily of short duration. A sieur, c'est ceci une drôle d'affaire ; il y a je little after nine their majesties retired to- ne sçai pas combien de lieues que j'ai tra, wards the door by which they had entered, versé pour deux anciens livres qui ne va.

lent pas à mes yeux le tiers d'un. Napo- Boiteur, which our author bought on leon ! I readily forgave him all this saucy a stall on a market day. heresy, and almost hugged the volumes, on finding them upon my table. They were

“ Depuis longtems la substance et l'exmy constant travelling companions through istence de cet empire est un probléme pour France to Calais ; and when I shewed the bien des hommes instruits. Après plus de Adam Virgil to M, Van Praet, at Paris, vingt ans d'une guerre gigantesque et conEnfin, (remarked he, as he turned over

tinuelle, elle a viancu la France sa rivale ; the broad-margined and loud-crackling soutenu, avec reconnaissance, par son or, leaves,) voilà un livre dont j'ai beaucoup battre avec elle, et laisse à peine apperce

d'autres potentats de l'Europe, pour comentendu parler, mais que je n'ai jamais voir une indice de son propre épuissement, vu!' These words sounded as sweet melody to my ears ! But I will unfcignedly tandis que d'autres états du continent se declare, that the joy which crowned the reposent exténués. Elle entretient une whole was, when I delivered both the armée de terre excellente et éprouvée, égale books into the hands of their present NOBLE

à la meilleure qui existe dans tout autre OWNER, with whom they will doubtless empire de l'Europe, et en outre une im. find their FIXAL RESTING PLACE.”

mense marine, contre laquelle toutes les

flottes réunies du monde ne pourraient lutBut we must hasten on, as we have ter, ni par la force, ni par la manœuvre; but just crossed the Rhine,--and it is et cependant il a été prédit dès longtems, yet five or six hundred miles to Vien- que ces énormes efforts précipiteraient la na. We cannot, however, quit Stutt- Grande-Bretagne dans l'abîme. Elle regart, dull and dreary as it seems to be, pose sur la large fondation de sa dette pub. without noticing the series of beauti- lique, aussi ferme, aussi fière, aussi sûre, ful wood-cuts from the Faustus of que peuvent l'être d'autres états sur leurs

riches trésors." Sign. D. 3. Goëthe, infinitely preferable, in our estimation, to the horrible “ drolle On the summit of the tower of Ulm ries” (as they are called) which encire cathedral, our author saw, for the first cle a part of Strasbourg cathedral,- time, the Danube flowing rapidly in a and to obtain correct drawings of narrow bed; but he does not appear which, our author was obliged to ne to have paid it so much homage as he gotiate, through his friend the young- did to the Rhine, seen for the first time er Schweighäuser, with the mayor from the summit of Strasbourg catheand corporation of Strasbourg. He dral; consult p. 20. From Ülm Mr rejoices, however, that they are more Dibdin 'went direct to Augsbourg, numerous and more faithful than and took up his quarters (according what Cicognara has given of the same to his own account) at one of the subject, in his splendid folio volumes most magnificent hotels in Europe ! of Continental Antiquities. Of other-called The Three Negroes. At embellishments at Stuttgart, the Cru- Augsbourg our author runs riot in cifix, and the Representation of the the Picture Gallery, as well as in the Trinity from a Psalter of the 12th Public Library. The number of century, are the most deserving of paintings by the old German masters attention. At Ulm, we have a view quite amaze and delight him,--appaof the famous Minster-and a very rently with good reason; for we are amusing account of a certain Professor among those who profess our veneraVeesenmeyer, whose pipe was as long tion for early and great masters of the as himself, --somewhere about five German school,-Burgmair, Ambera feet, -and whose hard-hearted love of ger, the two Holbeins, Cranach, and, his own library would not allow of above all, Albert Durer. The enMr Dibdin's making any impression, graved portrait of Melancthon, from even upon either of his Patient Gria Burgmair, is equally new and estimasels, that is to say, upon two rare and ble in the graphic world; but surely old editions which he possessed of the eyes are too much distendeu ? At that popular tale. We think all the Augsbourg our author completes his Professor's Latin notes to our author next great piece of bibliographical might have been spared, and really wish diplomacy, --carrying away from the Mr Dibdin had stopped a day or two public library some exceedingly valonger at Ulm. We beg leave to sub- luable books,--and quitting the town mit to our learneil political readers with the Polish Bible of Prince Radthe following extract from a miserde zivil, and the first Horace, in his trably printed chap-book, called Aima- velling carriage. We love Professors nach Historique nommé Le Messager Beysilag and Míay exceedingly; and

consider them very faithful guardians of almost every description, which of the public property committed to are crowded into the pages relating to their charge! Doubtless, however, this city, we never before had the they applied the monies received from good fortune to cast our eyes upon! our author to the honourable uses for Such bizarrerie, in the way of art, is which such sums were intended. Mr quite unprecedented ; and we think Dibdin found unquestionable traces the reverend author may bet and back of stereotype printing at Augsbourg as these monsters against any thing in early as the middle of the sixteenth the pages of his own previous public century, and purchased an original cations, or in those of Messrs Heine block, (supposed to be of pear-tree,) ken and Ottley. A beautiful contrast which measured a foot and a half in to these frightful subjects appears at length, by one foot in breadth. The p. 255, in the group of market-people block he considers to be 300 years old; at Munich. of a portion of this he has given us The lists of MSS. and printed books an impression ; beauties it no doubt here are extensive and valuable. The possesses in his eyes, but to us they account of the original prayer books are imperceptible.

of Albert Durer and Lucas Cranach, At Munich, Mr Dibdin appears to that is, books of devotion, with marhave staid as long as he did at Rouen. gins adorned by the drawings of those Indeed, what Rouen is in old houses eminent masters, will be read with no and churches, Munich seems to be in common interest; but more to our old books and pictures. Such a mé- taste are the four folio volumes, conlange of wood-cuts and copperplates,* taining the seven penitential psalms,

of which one Gaspar Ritter, of the • One of the “ hebdomadlal journals," author's account of the curators of the

16th century, was the binder. Our before alluded to, in criticising an engraving of a Dead Christ, in the lap of the Fa. library, and of two booksellers of the ther, in the public library at Munich, up

names of Stoeger and Von Fischeim, on which there had been a MS. coeval is very amusing. We think the wordate of 1462, thought that Mr Dibdin was thy Baron Von Moll a very droll sort an utter ignoramus in the antiquity of sub- of gentleman, although we do not jects of this kind, and recommended him mean to doubt the authenticity of his (whom he knew, and not believed, to live story about Bonaparte and Marshal at Kensington) to look at a similar subject Lasnes; see p. 308. The letter of painted upon an old oaken pannel, in Ken. Professor Hesse is quite an unique. Mr sington palace, which had belonged to Mar- Dibdin performed a third act of his garet, the wife of James IV. of Scotland. Now, in the first place, the reverend author Bibliographical drama at Munich. He was not talking of puintings of this na.

secured the Greek Hours, printed by ture, but he noticed the above, as an early Aldus in 1497, in very small 32mo, engraving, probably the first of its kind, and the folio Mentetin German Bible, upon copper, which had escaped the re- each for the " noble cabinet in St searches of Zani, Strutt, and the eminently James's Place." learned Ottley. In the second place, the Our author at length quits

Munich, reviewer, or critic, or journalist, (or what and makes a digression, for Freysing, ever name delight himn best,) might have Landshut, and Salzburg, in his route been satisfied, on the ground of antiquity,

to the capital of Austria. The forwith the illumination at Stuttgart, from a

mer of these places contains a crypt, psalter of the 12th century, unless lie fancied oil painting upon pannel to be ante

so tempting on the score of its antirior to body-colour painting upon vellum. quity and ugliness, that we are faWe make no doubt, that the subject in voured with two very singular and question may be seen, of the earliest pe- very beautifully executed copperriods, both in oil and in water colours, in plutes of the pillars of this crypt. In half the monastic libraries of Germany. his way to Freysing, Mr Dibdin thus There is nothing more disgusting to us indulges a feeling, in which we go than this “ bow-wow” sort of criticism; along with him toto corde. this swaggering tone, under the affectation of superior knowledge, and a more widely

“ The morning was grey and chill, extended research. This

when we left the Schreartzen Adlen ; but as Πείθού λεγούση χρηστά

we approached Garching, the first stage, κάπ' εμού κλήση χάριν. . the clouds broke, the sun shone forth, and Trachinia, v. 477-8. we saw Freysirg, (the second stage,) si.

BELL

tuated upon a commanding eminence, at a din in the library of St Peter's Moconsiderable distance. ln our way to nastery, the oldest in Austria. We Garching, the river Iser and the plains of next get into a circle of monastic vi. Hohenlinden lay to the right; upon each sits from Salzburg to Chremsminster, of which, as I gazed, I could not but and from thence to St Florian, Mölk, think alternately of MOREAU and Camp and Göttwic. The whole of this por

You will readily guess wherefore. The former won the memorable battle of tion of our author's work, together Hohenlinden,-fought in the depth of win with its fascinating embellishments, ter, by which the Austrians were com is quite new to British readers. pletely defeated, and which led to the trea We hardly know more amiable men, ty of Luneville; and the latter, (that is, in their way, than Mr Hartens our Thomas Campbell,) celebrated that schneider, at Chremsminster, and the battle in an Ode, of which I never knew Abbot Altmann at Göttwic. The vihov to speak in sufficient terms of admi. sit to the latter place assumes almost ration; an ode, which seems to unite all a romantic air. In our opinion, Oxthe fire of Pindar, with all the elegance of ford has no building equal to Mölk, Horace; of which parts equal, Gray, in if the plate do not fatter; and we sublimity, and Collins in pathos." p. 325. would defy the head of Christ Church,

We wish Mr Dibdin had staid long- or of Magdalen, or of Brazen Nose, or er at Freysing, not for the sake of of Oriel, to enact the part of a hospigetting fusty old books from one Mr table host and well-bred gentleman Mozler, but of pursuing his inquiries more thoroughly than did the surespecting the old church and the an- perior of Göttwic monastery. We tiquities of the place. Mr Dibdin also doubt if their united gardens and reached Landshut by moonlight. The cellars would produce peaches and Iugoldstadt University, and its library, wine of a more exquisite favour, than have been transferred to this place. what was placed before our traveller, Here some very curious books are de- at the high table in the hall of this scribed, especially a complete collec- monastery. tion, which belonged to Eckius and At last we reach Vienna, and, al. Luther, and a copy of the Compluten- though the pages which relate to this sian Polyglott, which had been the capital are full of varied, minute, inproperty of Demetrius Chalcondylas, teresting, and valuable informationand had been purchased by him for although the account of the illuminaxiiij ducats. Here, too, Mr Sieben- ted MSS. and early printed books be kees, the librarian, showed our author copious, and, of course, of the highest a unique copy of Der Veis Ritter, or interest to Bibliographers and Collecthe White Knight. We have long tors; yet we must be comparatively thought that there is no such thing as brief in our review of this portion of unignity,—and we think so still. Mr Dibdin's labours.

The copperWe are now full half way to Vien- plates are numerous, almost to rena. On leaving Landshut, Mr Dib- dundancy. We like and love Messrs din darted across a country, fertile in Bartsch and Kopitar, who showed a its cultivation, and graced in its back more than ordinary attention to our ground by a chain of magnificent author, by devoting the first week of mountains, many of which were capt their vacation to the furtherance of with snow. At Altöting, a most cu his researches in the library. The acrious story is told of a church dedica- count of the Prater is evidently an ted to the Black Virgin, and we shall elaborated performance, and parts of take care, when we visit that spot, it glow with nature, and sparkle with never to enter or quit it with a crowd- art. The Great and Little Belvidere ed congregation. The account of are but cursorily described; the forSalzburg is very interesting. This mer seems to contain a countless colfine old, but now half deserted town, lection of pictures, and the latter a is situated at the northern extremity very extraordinary collection of anof the Tyrol, “ in one of the most cient armour. The Cathedral, of course, marvellous and romantic spots in Eu, is not forgotten, and a plate of it is rope,-in the vicinity of lakes, monn- added, (being a reduction from a lar. tains, torrents, trout-streams, and salt ger one,) brilliantly executed. The mines,"mas it is described by our en- description of, and criticism upon, Cathusiastic tourist. But there was nova's famous tomb, to the memory of e metal more attractive” for Mr Dib, the Grand Duchess Albert, merit

quoc

VOL. IX.

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